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Search: MSC category 11E25 ( Sums of squares and representations by other particular quadratic forms )

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1. CMB Online first

Williams, Kenneth S.
Ternary quadratic forms and eta quotients
Let $\eta(z)$ $(z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0)$ denote the Dedekind eta function. We use a recent product-to-sum formula in conjunction with conditions for the non-representability of integers by certain ternary quadratic forms to give explicitly 10 eta quotients \[ f(z):=\eta^{a(m_1)}(m_1 z)\cdots \eta^{{a(m_r)}}(m_r z)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}c(n)e^{2\pi i nz},\quad z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0, \] such that the Fourier coefficients $c(n)$ vanish for all positive integers $n$ in each of infinitely many non-overlapping arithmetic progressions. For example, it is shown that for $f(z)=\eta^4(z)\eta^{9}(4z)\eta^{-2}(8z)$ we have $c(n)=0$ for all $n$ in each of the arithmetic progressions $\{16k+14\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{64k+56\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{256k+224\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{1024k+896\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\ldots$.

Keywords:Dedekind eta function, eta quotient, ternary quadratic forms, vanishing of Fourier coefficients, product-to-sum formula
Categories:11F20, 11E20, 11E25

2. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 70)

Hrubeš, P.; Wigderson, A.; Yehudayoff, A.
An Asymptotic Bound on the Composition Number of Integer Sums of Squares Formulas
Let $\sigma_{\mathbb Z}(k)$ be the smallest $n$ such that there exists an identity \[ (x_1^2 + x_2^2 + \cdots + x_k^2) \cdot (y_1^2 + y_2^2 + \cdots + y_k^2) = f_1^2 + f_2^2 + \cdots + f_n^2, \] with $f_1,\dots,f_n$ being polynomials with integer coefficients in the variables $x_1,\dots,x_k$ and $y_1,\dots,y_k$. We prove that $\sigma_{\mathbb Z}(k) \geq \Omega(k^{6/5})$.

Keywords:composition formulas, sums of squares, Radon-Hurwitz number

3. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 481)

Alaca, Ay\c{s}e; Alaca, \c{S}aban; Williams, Kenneth S.
Some Infinite Products of Ramanujan Type
In his ``lost'' notebook, Ramanujan stated two results, which are equivalent to the identities \[ \prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1-q^n)^5}{(1-q^{5n})} =1-5\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{d} d \Big) q^n \] and \[ q\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1-q^{5n})^5}{(1-q^{n})} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{n/d} d \Big) q^n. \] We give several more identities of this type.

Keywords:Power series expansions of certain infinite products
Categories:11E25, 11F11, 11F27, 30B10

4. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 3)

Alaca, Ay\c{s}e; Alaca, \c{S}aban; Williams, Kenneth S.

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