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76. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 497)

Borwein, Peter; Choi, Kwok-Kwong Stephen; Mercer, Idris
Expected Norms of Zero-One Polynomials
Let $\cA_n = \big\{ a_0 + a_1 z + \cdots + a_{n-1}z^{n-1} : a_j \in \{0, 1 \ } \big\}$, whose elements are called \emf{zero-one polynomials} and correspond naturally to the $2^n$ subsets of $[n] := \{ 0, 1, \ldots, n-1 \}$. We also let $\cA_{n,m} = \{ \alf(z) \in \cA_n : \alf(1) = m \}$, whose elements correspond to the ${n \choose m}$ subsets of~$[n]$ of size~$m$, and let $\cB_n = \cA_{n+1} \setminus \cA_n$, whose elements are the zero-one polynomials of degree exactly~$n$. Many researchers have studied norms of polynomials with restricted coefficients. Using $\norm{\alf}_p$ to denote the usual $L_p$ norm of~$\alf$ on the unit circle, one easily sees that $\alf(z) = a_0 + a_1 z + \cdots + a_N z^N \in \bR[z]$ satisfies $\norm{\alf}_2^2 = c_0$ and $\norm{\alf}_4^4 = c_0^2 + 2(c_1^2 + \cdots + c_N^2)$, where $c_k := \sum_{j=0}^{N-k} a_j a_{j+k}$ for $0 \le k \le N$. If $\alf(z) \in \cA_{n,m}$, say $\alf(z) = z^{\beta_1} + \cdots + z^{\beta_m}$ where $\beta_1 < \cdots < \beta_m$, then $c_k$ is the number of times $k$ appears as a difference $\beta_i - \beta_j$. The condition that $\alf \in \cA_{n,m}$ satisfies $c_k \in \{0,1\}$ for $1 \le k \le n-1$ is thus equivalent to the condition that $\{ \beta_1, \ldots, \beta_m \}$ is a \emf{Sidon set} (meaning all differences of pairs of elements are distinct). In this paper, we find the average of~$\|\alf\|_4^4$ over $\alf \in \cA_n$, $\alf \in \cB_n$, and $\alf \in \cA_{n,m}$. We further show that our expression for the average of~$\|\alf\|_4^4$ over~$\cA_{n,m}$ yields a new proof of the known result: if $m = o(n^{1/4})$ and $B(n,m)$ denotes the number of Sidon sets of size~$m$ in~$[n]$, then almost all subsets of~$[n]$ of size~$m$ are Sidon, in the sense that $\lim_{n \to \infty} B(n,m)/\binom{n}{m} = 1$.

Categories:11B83, 11C08, 30C10

77. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 627)

Vidanovi\'{c}, Mirjana V.; Tri\v{c}kovi\'{c}, Slobodan B.; Stankovi\'{c}, Miomir S.
Summation of Series over Bourget Functions
In this paper we derive formulas for summation of series involving J.~Bourget's generalization of Bessel functions of integer order, as well as the analogous generalizations by H.~M.~Srivastava. These series are expressed in terms of the Riemann $\z$ function and Dirichlet functions $\eta$, $\la$, $\b$, and can be brought into closed form in certain cases, which means that the infinite series are represented by finite sums.

Keywords:Riemann zeta function, Bessel functions, Bourget functions, Dirichlet functions
Categories:33C10, 11M06, 65B10

78. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 561)

Kuznetsov, Alexey
Expansion of the Riemann $\Xi$ Function in Meixner--Pollaczek Polynomials
In this article we study in detail the expansion of the Riemann $\Xi$ function in Meixner--Pollaczek polynomials. We obtain explicit formulas, recurrence relation and asymptotic expansion for the coefficients and investigate the zeros of the partial sums.

Categories:41A10, 11M26, 33C45

79. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 337)

Bennett, Michael A.
Differences between Perfect Powers
We apply the hypergeometric method of Thue and Siegel to prove that if $a$ and $b$ are positive integers, then the inequality $ 0 <| a^x - b^y | < \frac{1}{4} \, \max \{ a^{x/2}, b^{y/2} \}$ has at most a single solution in positive integers $x$ and $y$. This essentially sharpens a classic result of LeVeque.

Categories:11D61, 11D45

80. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 399)

Meng, Xianmeng
Linear Equations with Small Prime and Almost Prime Solutions
Let $b_1, b_2$ be any integers such that $\gcd(b_1, b_2)=1$ and $c_1|b_1|<|b_2|\leq c_2|b_1|$, where $c_1, c_2$ are any given positive constants. Let $n$ be any integer satisfying $\{gcd(n, b_i)=1$, $i=1,2$. Let $P_k$ denote any integer with no more than $k$ prime factors, counted according to multiplicity. In this paper, for almost all $b_2$, we prove (i) a sharp lower bound for $n$ such that the equation $b_1p+b_2m=n$ is solvable in prime $p$ and almost prime $m=P_k$, $k\geq 3$ whenever both $b_i$ are positive, and (ii) a sharp upper bound for the least solutions $p, m$ of the above equation whenever $b_i$ are not of the same sign, where $p$ is a prime and $m=P_k, k\geq 3$.

Keywords:sieve method, additive problem
Categories:11P32, 11N36

81. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 172)

Alkan, Emre; Zaharescu, Alexandru
Consecutive Large Gaps in Sequences Defined by Multiplicative Constraints
In this paper we obtain quantitative results on the occurrence of consecutive large gaps between $B$-free numbers, and consecutive large gaps between nonzero Fourier coefficients of a class of newforms without complex multiplication.

Keywords:$B$-free numbers, consecutive gaps
Categories:11N25, 11B05

82. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 57)

Dobrowolski, Edward
A Note on Integer Symmetric Matrices and Mahler's Measure
We find a lower bound on the absolute value of the discriminant of the minimal polynomial of an integral symmetric matrix and apply this result to find a lower bound on Mahler's measure of related polynomials and to disprove a conjecture of D. Estes and R. Guralnick.

Keywords:integer matrices, Lehmer's problem, Mahler's measure
Categories:11C20, 11R06

83. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 3)

84. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 32)

Choi, Stephen; Zhou, Ping
On Linear Independence of a Certain Multivariate Infinite Product
Let $q,m,M \ge 2$ be positive integers and $r_1,r_2,\dots ,r_m$ be positive rationals and consider the following $M$ multivariate infinite products \[ F_i = \prod_{j=0}^\infty ( 1+q^{-(Mj+i)}r_1+q^{-2(Mj+i)}r_2+\dots + q^{-m(Mj+i)}r_m) \] for $i=0,1,\dots ,M-1$. In this article, we study the linear independence of these infinite products. In particular, we obtain a lower bound for the dimension of the vector space $\IQ F_0+\IQ F_1 +\dots + \IQ F_{M-1} + \IQ$ over $\IQ$ and show that among these $M$ infinite products, $F_0, F_1,\dots ,F_{M-1}$, at least $\sim M/m(m+1)$ of them are irrational for fixed $m$ and $M \rightarrow \infty$.

Category:11J72

85. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 100)

Petkov, Vesselin
Dynamical Zeta Function for Several Strictly Convex Obstacles
The behavior of the dynamical zeta function $Z_D(s)$ related to several strictly convex disjoint obstacles is similar to that of the inverse $Q(s) = \frac{1}{\zeta(s)}$ of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$. Let $\Pi(s)$ be the series obtained from $Z_D(s)$ summing only over primitive periodic rays. In this paper we examine the analytic singularities of $Z_D(s)$ and $\Pi(s)$ close to the line $\Re s = s_2$, where $s_2$ is the abscissa of absolute convergence of the series obtained by the second iterations of the primitive periodic rays. We show that at least one of the functions $Z_D(s), \Pi(s)$ has a singularity at $s = s_2$.

Keywords:dynamical zeta function, periodic rays
Categories:11M36, 58J50

86. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 134)

Rosales, J. C.; Garc\'{\i}a-Sánchez, P. A.
Numerical Semigroups Having a Toms Decomposition
We show that the class of system proportionally modular numerical semigroups coincides with the class of numerical semigroups having a Toms decomposition.

Categories:20M14, 11D75

87. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 486)

Cynk, S.; Hulek, K.
Higher-Dimensional Modular\\Calabi--Yau Manifolds
We construct several examples of higher-dimensional Calabi--Yau manifolds and prove their modularity.

Categories:14G10, 14J32, 11G40

88. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 594)

Laubie, François
Ramification des groupes abéliens d'automorphismes des corps $\mathbb F_q(\!(X)\!)$
Soit $q$ une puissance d'un nombre premier $p$. Dans cette note on \'etablit la g\'en\'eralisation suivante d'un th\'eor\`eme de Wintenberger : tout sous-groupe ab\'elien ferm\'e du groupe des $\mathbb F_q$-auto\-morphismes continus du corps des s\'eries formelles $\mathbb F_q(\!(X)\!)$ muni de sa filtration de ramification est un groupe filtr\'e isomorphe au groupe de Galois d'une extension ab\'elienne d'un corps local {\`a} corps r\'esiduel $\mathbb F_q$, filtr\'e par les groupes de ramification de l'extension en num\'erotation inf\'erieure.

Category:11S15

89. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 399)

Komornik, Vilmos; Loreti, Paola
Expansions in Complex Bases
Beginning with a seminal paper of R\'enyi, expansions in noninteger real bases have been widely studied in the last forty years. They turned out to be relevant in various domains of mathematics, such as the theory of finite automata, number theory, fractals or dynamical systems. Several results were extended by Dar\'oczy and K\'atai for expansions in complex bases. We introduce an adaptation of the so-called greedy algorithm to the complex case, and we generalize one of their main theorems.

Keywords:non-integer bases, greedy expansions, beta-expansions
Categories:11A67, 11A63, 11B85

90. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 334)

Chiang-Hsieh, Hung-Jen; Yang, Yifan
Determination of Hauptmoduls and Construction of Abelian Extensions of Quadratic Number Fields
We obtain Hauptmoduls of genus zero congruence subgroups of the type $\Gamma_0^+(p):=\linebreak\Gamma_0(p)+w_p$, where $p$ is a prime and $w_p$ is the Atkin--Lehner involution. We then use the Hauptmoduls, along with modular functions on $\Gamma_1(p)$ to construct families of cyclic extensions of quadratic number fields. Further examples of cyclic extension of bi-quadratic and tri-quadratic number fields are also given.

Categories:11F03, 11G16, 11R20

91. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 409)

Luca, Florian; Shparlinski, Igor E.
Discriminants of Complex Multiplication Fields of Elliptic Curves over Finite Fields
We show that, for most of the elliptic curves $\E$ over a prime finite field $\F_p$ of $p$ elements, the discriminant $D(\E)$ of the quadratic number field containing the endomorphism ring of $\E$ over $\F_p$ is sufficiently large. We also obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of distinct quadratic number fields generated by the endomorphism rings of all elliptic curves over $\F_p$.

Categories:11G20, 11N32, 11R11

92. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 196)

Fernández, Julio; González, Josep; Lario, Joan-C.
Plane Quartic Twists of $X(5,3)$
Given an odd surjective Galois representation $\varrho\from \G_\Q\to\PGL_2(\F_3)$ and a positive integer~$N$, there exists a twisted modular curve $X(N,3)_\varrho$ defined over $\Q$ whose rational points classify the quadratic $\Q$-curves of degree $N$ realizing~$\varrho$. This paper gives a method to provide an explicit plane quartic model for this curve in the genus-three case $N=5$.

Categories:11F03, 11F80, 14G05

93. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 313)

Tzermias, Pavlos
On Cauchy--Liouville--Mirimanoff Polynomials
Let $p$ be a prime greater than or equal to 17 and congruent to 2 modulo 3. We use results of Beukers and Helou on Cauchy--Liouville--Mirimanoff polynomials to show that the intersection of the Fermat curve of degree $p$ with the line $X+Y=Z$ in the projective plane contains no algebraic points of degree $d$ with $3 \leq d \leq 11$. We prove a result on the roots of these polynomials and show that, experimentally, they seem to satisfy the conditions of a mild extension of an irreducibility theorem of P\'{o}lya and Szeg\"{o}. These conditions are \emph{conjecturally} also necessary for irreducibility.

Categories:11G30, 11R09, 12D05, 12E10

94. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 284)

McIntosh, Richard J.
Second Order Mock Theta Functions
In his last letter to Hardy, Ramanujan defined 17 functions $F(q)$, where $|q|<1$. He called them mock theta functions, because as $q$ radially approaches any point $e^{2\pi ir}$ ($r$ rational), there is a theta function $F_r(q)$ with $F(q)-F_r(q)=O(1)$. In this paper we establish the relationship between two families of mock theta functions.

Keywords:$q$-series, mock theta function, Mordell integral
Categories:11B65, 33D15

95. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 234)

Kuo, Wentang
A Remark on a Modular Analogue of the Sato--Tate Conjecture
The original Sato--Tate Conjecture concerns the angle distribution of the eigenvalues arising from non-CM elliptic curves. In this paper, we formulate a modular analogue of the Sato--Tate Conjecture and prove that the angles arising from non-CM holomorphic Hecke eigenforms with non-trivial central characters are not distributed with respect to the Sate--Tate measure for non-CM elliptic curves. Furthermore, under a reasonable conjecture, we prove that the expected distribution is uniform.

Keywords:$L$-functions, Elliptic curves, Sato--Tate
Categories:11F03, 11F25

96. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 215)

Kloosterman, Remke
Elliptic $K3$ Surfaces with Geometric Mordell--Weil Rank $15$
We prove that the elliptic surface $y^2=x^3+2(t^8+14t^4+1)x+4t^2(t^8+6t^4+1)$ has geometric Mordell--Weil rank $15$. This completes a list of Kuwata, who gave explicit examples of elliptic $K3$-surfaces with geometric Mordell--Weil ranks $0,1,\dots, 14, 16, 17, 18$.

Categories:14J27, 14J28, 11G05

97. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 191)

Drungilas, Paulius; Dubickas, Artūras
Every Real Algebraic Integer Is a Difference of Two Mahler Measures
We prove that every real algebraic integer $\alpha$ is expressible by a difference of two Mahler measures of integer polynomials. Moreover, these polynomials can be chosen in such a way that they both have the same degree as that of $\alpha$, say $d$, one of these two polynomials is irreducible and another has an irreducible factor of degree $d$, so that $\alpha=M(P)-bM(Q)$ with irreducible polynomials $P, Q\in \mathbb Z[X]$ of degree $d$ and a positive integer $b$. Finally, if $d \leqslant 3$, then one can take $b=1$.

Keywords:Mahler measures, Pisot numbers, Pell equation, $abc$-conjecture
Categories:11R04, 11R06, 11R09, 11R33, 11D09

98. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 11)

Borwein, David; Borwein, Jonathan
van der Pol Expansions of L-Series
We provide concise series representations for various L-series integrals. Different techniques are needed below and above the abscissa of absolute convergence of the underlying L-series.

Keywords:Dirichlet series integrals, Hurwitz zeta functions, Plancherel theorems, L-series
Categories:11M35, 11M41, 30B50

99. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 71)

Gurak, S.
Polynomials for Kloosterman Sums
Fix an integer $m>1$, and set $\zeta_{m}=\exp(2\pi i/m)$. Let ${\bar x}$ denote the multiplicative inverse of $x$ modulo $m$. The Kloosterman sums $R(d)=\sum_{x} \zeta_{m}^{x + d{\bar x}}$, $1 \leq d \leq m$, $(d,m)=1$, satisfy the polynomial $$f_{m}(x) = \prod_{d} (x-R(d)) = x^{\phi(m)} +c_{1} x^{\phi(m)-1} + \dots + c_{\phi(m)},$$ where the sum and product are taken over a complete system of reduced residues modulo $m$. Here we give a natural factorization of $f_{m}(x)$, namely, $$ f_{m}(x) = \prod_{\sigma} f_{m}^{(\sigma)}(x),$$ where $\sigma$ runs through the square classes of the group ${\bf Z}_{m}^{*}$ of reduced residues modulo $m$. Questions concerning the explicit determination of the factors $f_{m}^{(\sigma)}(x)$ (or at least their beginning coefficients), their reducibility over the rational field ${\bf Q}$ and duplication among the factors are studied. The treatment is similar to what has been done for period polynomials for finite fields.

Categories:11L05, 11T24

100. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 158)

Tipu, Vicentiu
A Note on Giuga's Conjecture
Let $G(X)$ denote the number of positive composite integers $n$ satisfying $\sum_{j=1}^{n-1}j^{n-1}\equiv -1 \tmod{n}$. Then $G(X)\ll X^{1/2}\log X$ for sufficiently large $X$.

Category:11A51
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