76. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 102)
 Khan, Rizwanur

Spacings Between Integers Having Typically Many Prime Factors
We show that the sequence of integers which have nearly the typical number of distinct prime factors forms a Poisson process. More precisely, for $\delta$ arbitrarily small and positive, the nearest neighbor spacings between integers n with $\omega(n)  log log n < (log log n)^{\delta}$ obey the Poisson distribution law.
Category:11K99 

77. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 204)
78. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 481)
 Alaca, Ay\c{s}e; Alaca, \c{S}aban; Williams, Kenneth S.

Some Infinite Products of Ramanujan Type
In his ``lost'' notebook, Ramanujan stated two results, which are equivalent to the identities
\[
\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1q^n)^5}{(1q^{5n})}
=15\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{d} d \Big) q^n
\]
and
\[
q\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1q^{5n})^5}{(1q^{n})}
=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{n/d} d \Big) q^n.
\]
We give several more identities of this type.
Keywords:Power series expansions of certain infinite products Categories:11E25, 11F11, 11F27, 30B10 

79. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 511)
80. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 583)
81. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 195)
82. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 237)
83. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 186)
 Broughan, Kevin A.

Extension of the Riemann $\xi$Function's Logarithmic Derivative Positivity Region to Near the Critical Strip
If $K$ is a number field with $n_k=[k:\mathbb{Q}]$, and $\xi_k$
the symmetrized
Dedekind zeta function of the field, the inequality
$$\Re\,{\frac{ \xi_k'(\sigma + {\rm i} t)}{\xi_k(\sigma
+ {\rm i} t)}} > \frac{ \xi_k'(\sigma)}{\xi_k(\sigma)}$$ for $t\neq 0$ is
shown
to be true for $\sigma\ge 1+ 8/n_k^\frac{1}{3}$ improving the result of
Lagarias where the constant in the inequality was 9. In the case $k=\mathbb{Q}$
the
inequality is extended to $\si\ge 1$ for all $t$ sufficiently large or small
and to the region $\si\ge 1+1/(\log t 5)$ for all $t\neq 0$. This
answers positively a question posed by Lagarias.
Keywords:Riemann zeta function, xi function, zeta zeros Categories:11M26, 11R42 

84. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 66)
 Dryden, Emily B.; Strohmaier, Alexander

Huber's Theorem for Hyperbolic Orbisurfaces
We show that for compact orientable hyperbolic orbisurfaces, the
Laplace spectrum determines the length spectrum as well as the
number of singular points of a given order. The converse also holds, giving
a full generalization of Huber's theorem to the setting of
compact orientable hyperbolic orbisurfaces.
Keywords:Huber's theorem, length spectrum, isospectral, orbisurfaces Categories:58J53, 11F72 

85. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 63)
 Dietmann, Rainer

Small Zeros of Quadratic Forms Avoiding a Finite Number of Prescribed Hyperplanes
We prove a new upper bound for the smallest zero $\mathbf{x}$
of a quadratic form over a number field with the additional
restriction that $\mathbf{x}$ does not lie in a finite number of $m$ prescribed
hyperplanes. Our bound is polynomial in the height of the quadratic
form, with an exponent depending only on the number of variables but
not on $m$.
Categories:11D09, 11E12, 11H46, 11H55 

86. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 53)
 Cummins, C. J.

Cusp Forms Like $\Delta$
Let $f$ be a squarefree integer and denote by $\Gamma_0(f)^+$ the
normalizer of $\Gamma_0(f)$ in $\SL(2,\R)$. We find the analogues of
the cusp form $\Delta$ for the groups $\Gamma_0(f)^+$.
Categories:11F03, 11F22, 30F35 

87. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 117)
 Poulakis, Dimitrios

On the Rational Points of the Curve $f(X,Y)^q = h(X)g(X,Y)$
Let $q = 2,3$ and $f(X,Y)$, $g(X,Y)$, $h(X)$ be polynomials with
integer coefficients. In this paper we deal with the curve
$f(X,Y)^q = h(X)g(X,Y)$, and we show that under some favourable
conditions it is possible to determine all of its rational points.
Categories:11G30, 14G05, 14G25 

88. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 3)
 Banks, W. D.

Carmichael Numbers with a Square Totient
Let $\varphi$ denote the Euler function. In this paper, we show that
for all large $x$ there are more than $x^{0.33}$ Carmichael numbers
$n\le x$ with the property that $\varphi(n)$ is a perfect square. We
also obtain similar results for higher powers.
Categories:11N25, 11A25 

89. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 497)
 Borwein, Peter; Choi, KwokKwong Stephen; Mercer, Idris

Expected Norms of ZeroOne Polynomials
Let $\cA_n = \big\{ a_0 + a_1 z + \cdots + a_{n1}z^{n1} : a_j \in \{0, 1 \
} \big\}$, whose elements are called \emf{zeroone polynomials}
and correspond naturally to the $2^n$ subsets of $[n] := \{ 0, 1,
\ldots, n1 \}$. We also let $\cA_{n,m} = \{ \alf(z) \in \cA_n :
\alf(1) = m \}$, whose elements correspond to the ${n \choose m}$
subsets of~$[n]$ of size~$m$, and let $\cB_n = \cA_{n+1} \setminus
\cA_n$, whose elements are the zeroone polynomials of degree
exactly~$n$.
Many researchers have studied norms of polynomials with restricted
coefficients. Using $\norm{\alf}_p$ to denote the usual $L_p$ norm
of~$\alf$ on the unit circle, one easily sees that $\alf(z) = a_0 +
a_1 z + \cdots + a_N z^N \in \bR[z]$ satisfies $\norm{\alf}_2^2 = c_0$
and $\norm{\alf}_4^4 = c_0^2 + 2(c_1^2 + \cdots + c_N^2)$, where $c_k
:= \sum_{j=0}^{Nk} a_j a_{j+k}$ for $0 \le k \le N$.
If $\alf(z) \in \cA_{n,m}$, say $\alf(z) = z^{\beta_1} + \cdots +
z^{\beta_m}$ where $\beta_1 < \cdots < \beta_m$, then $c_k$ is the
number of times $k$ appears as a difference $\beta_i  \beta_j$. The
condition that $\alf \in \cA_{n,m}$ satisfies $c_k \in \{0,1\}$ for $1
\le k \le n1$ is thus equivalent to the condition that $\{ \beta_1,
\ldots, \beta_m \}$ is a \emf{Sidon set} (meaning all differences of
pairs of elements are distinct).
In this paper, we find the average of~$\\alf\_4^4$ over $\alf \in
\cA_n$, $\alf \in \cB_n$, and $\alf \in \cA_{n,m}$. We further show
that our expression for the average of~$\\alf\_4^4$ over~$\cA_{n,m}$
yields a new proof of the known result: if $m = o(n^{1/4})$ and
$B(n,m)$ denotes the number of Sidon sets of size~$m$ in~$[n]$, then
almost all subsets of~$[n]$ of size~$m$ are Sidon, in the sense that
$\lim_{n \to \infty} B(n,m)/\binom{n}{m} = 1$.
Categories:11B83, 11C08, 30C10 

90. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 561)
91. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 627)
 Vidanovi\'{c}, Mirjana V.; Tri\v{c}kovi\'{c}, Slobodan B.; Stankovi\'{c}, Miomir S.

Summation of Series over Bourget Functions
In this paper we derive formulas for summation of series involving
J.~Bourget's generalization of Bessel functions of integer order, as
well as the analogous generalizations by H.~M.~Srivastava. These series are
expressed in terms of the Riemann $\z$ function and Dirichlet
functions $\eta$, $\la$, $\b$, and can be brought into closed form in
certain cases, which means that the infinite series are represented
by finite sums.
Keywords:Riemann zeta function, Bessel functions, Bourget functions, Dirichlet functions Categories:33C10, 11M06, 65B10 

92. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 337)
 Bennett, Michael A.

Differences between Perfect Powers
We apply the hypergeometric method of Thue and Siegel to prove
that if $a$ and $b$ are positive integers, then the inequality $
0 < a^x  b^y  < \frac{1}{4} \, \max \{ a^{x/2}, b^{y/2} \}$
has at most a single solution in positive integers $x$ and $y$.
This essentially sharpens a classic result of LeVeque.
Categories:11D61, 11D45 

93. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 399)
 Meng, Xianmeng

Linear Equations with Small Prime and Almost Prime Solutions
Let $b_1, b_2$ be any integers such that
$\gcd(b_1, b_2)=1$ and $c_1b_1<b_2\leq c_2b_1$, where
$c_1, c_2$ are any given positive constants. Let $n$ be any
integer satisfying $\{gcd(n, b_i)=1$, $i=1,2$. Let $P_k$ denote
any integer with no more than $k$ prime factors, counted according
to multiplicity. In this paper, for almost all $b_2$, we prove (i)
a sharp lower bound for $n$ such that the equation $b_1p+b_2m=n$
is solvable in prime $p$ and almost prime $m=P_k$, $k\geq 3$
whenever both $b_i$ are positive, and (ii) a sharp upper bound for the
least solutions $p, m$ of the above equation whenever $b_i$ are
not of the same sign, where $p$ is a prime and $m=P_k, k\geq 3$.
Keywords:sieve method, additive problem Categories:11P32, 11N36 

94. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 172)
95. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 3)
96. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 32)
 Choi, Stephen; Zhou, Ping

On Linear Independence of a Certain Multivariate Infinite Product
Let $q,m,M \ge 2$ be positive integers and
$r_1,r_2,\dots ,r_m$ be positive rationals and
consider the following $M$ multivariate infinite products
\[
F_i = \prod_{j=0}^\infty ( 1+q^{(Mj+i)}r_1+q^{2(Mj+i)}r_2+\dots +
q^{m(Mj+i)}r_m)
\]
for $i=0,1,\dots ,M1$.
In this article, we study the linear independence of these infinite products.
In particular, we obtain a lower bound for the dimension of the vector space
$\IQ F_0+\IQ F_1 +\dots + \IQ F_{M1} + \IQ$ over $\IQ$ and show that
among these $M$ infinite products, $F_0, F_1,\dots ,F_{M1}$, at least
$\sim M/m(m+1)$ of them are irrational for fixed $m$ and $M \rightarrow
\infty$.
Category:11J72 

97. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 57)
 Dobrowolski, Edward

A Note on Integer Symmetric Matrices and Mahler's Measure
We find a lower bound on the absolute value of the discriminant of
the minimal polynomial of an integral symmetric matrix and apply
this result to find a lower bound on Mahler's measure of related
polynomials and to disprove a conjecture of D. Estes and R. Guralnick.
Keywords:integer matrices, Lehmer's problem, Mahler's measure Categories:11C20, 11R06 

98. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 100)
 Petkov, Vesselin

Dynamical Zeta Function for Several Strictly Convex Obstacles
The behavior of the dynamical zeta function $Z_D(s)$ related to
several strictly convex disjoint obstacles is similar to that of the
inverse $Q(s) = \frac{1}{\zeta(s)}$ of the Riemann zeta function
$\zeta(s)$. Let $\Pi(s)$ be the series obtained from $Z_D(s)$ summing
only over primitive periodic rays. In this paper we examine the
analytic singularities of $Z_D(s)$ and $\Pi(s)$ close to the line $\Re
s = s_2$, where $s_2$ is the abscissa of absolute convergence of the
series obtained by the second iterations of the primitive periodic
rays. We show that at least one of the functions $Z_D(s), \Pi(s)$
has a singularity at $s = s_2$.
Keywords:dynamical zeta function, periodic rays Categories:11M36, 58J50 

99. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 134)
100. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 594)
 Laubie, François

Ramification des groupes abÃ©liens d'automorphismes des corps $\mathbb F_q(\!(X)\!)$
Soit $q$ une puissance d'un nombre premier
$p$. Dans cette note on \'etablit la g\'en\'eralisation suivante
d'un th\'eor\`eme de Wintenberger : tout sousgroupe ab\'elien
ferm\'e du groupe des $\mathbb F_q$auto\morphismes continus du corps
des s\'eries formelles $\mathbb F_q(\!(X)\!)$ muni de sa filtration
de ramification est un groupe filtr\'e isomorphe au groupe de Galois
d'une extension ab\'elienne d'un corps local {\`a} corps
r\'esiduel $\mathbb F_q$, filtr\'e par les groupes de ramification
de l'extension en num\'erotation inf\'erieure.
Category:11S15 
