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1. CMB Online first

Liu, Zhixin
 Small prime solutions to cubic Diophantine equations II Let $a_1, \cdots, a_9$ be non-zero integers and $n$ any integer. Suppose that $a_1+\cdots+a_9 \equiv n( \textrm{mod}\,2)$ and $(a_i, a_j)=1$ for $1 \leq i \lt j \leq 9$. In this paper we prove that (i) if $a_j$ are not all of the same sign, then the cubic equation $a_1p_1^3+\cdots +a_9p_9^3=n$ has prime solutions satisfying $p_j \ll |n|^{1/3}+\textrm{max}\{|a_j|\}^{8+\varepsilon};$ (ii) if all $a_j$ are positive and $n \gg \textrm{max}\{|a_j|\}^{25+\varepsilon}$, then $a_1p_1^3+\cdots +a_9p_9^3=n$ is soluble in primes $p_j$. This results improve our previous results (Canad. Math. Bull., 56 (2013), 785-794) with the bounds $\textrm{max}\{|a_j|\}^{14+\varepsilon}$ and $\textrm{max}\{|a_j|\}^{43+\varepsilon}$ in place of $\textrm{max}\{|a_j|\}^{8+\varepsilon}$ and $\textrm{max}\{|a_j|\}^{25+\varepsilon}$ above, respectively. Keywords:small prime, Waring-Goldbach problem, circle methodCategories:11P32, 11P05, 11P55

2. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 869)

Wright, Thomas
 Variants of Korselt's Criterion Under sufficiently strong assumptions about the first term in an arithmetic progression, we prove that for any integer $a$, there are infinitely many $n\in \mathbb N$ such that for each prime factor $p|n$, we have $p-a|n-a$. This can be seen as a generalization of Carmichael numbers, which are integers $n$ such that $p-1|n-1$ for every $p|n$. Keywords:Carmichael number, pseudoprime, Korselt's Criterion, primes in arithmetic progressionsCategory:11A51

3. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 704)

Benamar, H.; Chandoul, A.; Mkaouar, M.
 On the Continued Fraction Expansion of Fixed Period in Finite Fields The Chowla conjecture states that, if $t$ is any given positive integer, there are infinitely many prime positive integers $N$ such that $\operatorname{Per} (\sqrt{N})=t$, where $\operatorname{Per} (\sqrt{N})$ is the period length of the continued fraction expansion for $\sqrt{N}$. C. Friesen proved that, for any $k\in \mathbb{N}$, there are infinitely many square-free integers $N$, where the continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{N}$ has a fixed period. In this paper, we describe all polynomials $Q\in \mathbb{F}_q[X]$ for which the continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt {Q}$ has a fixed period, also we give a lower bound of the number of monic, non-squares polynomials $Q$ such that $\deg Q= 2d$ and $Per \sqrt {Q}=t$. Keywords:continued fractions, polynomials, formal power seriesCategories:11A55, 13J05

4. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 774)

Hanson, Brandon
 Character Sums over Bohr Sets We prove character sum estimates for additive Bohr subsets modulo a prime. These estimates are analogous to classical character sum bounds of PÃ³lya-Vinogradov and Burgess. These estimates are applied to obtain results on recurrence mod $p$ by special elements. Keywords:character sums, Bohr sets, finite fieldsCategories:11L40, 11T24, 11T23

5. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 858)

Williams, Kenneth S.
 Ternary Quadratic Forms and Eta Quotients Let $\eta(z)$ $(z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0)$ denote the Dedekind eta function. We use a recent product-to-sum formula in conjunction with conditions for the non-representability of integers by certain ternary quadratic forms to give explicitly 10 eta quotients $f(z):=\eta^{a(m_1)}(m_1 z)\cdots \eta^{{a(m_r)}}(m_r z)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}c(n)e^{2\pi i nz},\quad z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0,$ such that the Fourier coefficients $c(n)$ vanish for all positive integers $n$ in each of infinitely many non-overlapping arithmetic progressions. For example, it is shown that for $f(z)=\eta^4(z)\eta^{9}(4z)\eta^{-2}(8z)$ we have $c(n)=0$ for all $n$ in each of the arithmetic progressions $\{16k+14\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{64k+56\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{256k+224\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{1024k+896\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\ldots$. Keywords:Dedekind eta function, eta quotient, ternary quadratic forms, vanishing of Fourier coefficients, product-to-sum formulaCategories:11F20, 11E20, 11E25

6. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 119)

Hu, Pei-Chu; Li, Bao Qin
 A Simple Proof and Strengthening of a Uniqueness Theorem for L-functions We give a simple proof and strengthening of a uniqueness theorem for functions in the extended Selberg class. Keywords:meromorphic function, Dirichlet series, L-function, zero, order, uniquenessCategories:30B50, 11M41

7. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 548)

 Higher Moments of Fourier Coefficients of Cusp Forms Let $S_{k}(\Gamma)$ be the space of holomorphic cusp forms of even integral weight $k$ for the full modular group $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$. Let $\lambda_f(n)$, $\lambda_g(n)$, $\lambda_h(n)$ be the $n$th normalized Fourier coefficients of three distinct holomorphic primitive cusp forms $f(z) \in S_{k_1}(\Gamma), g(z) \in S_{k_2}(\Gamma), h(z) \in S_{k_3}(\Gamma)$ respectively. In this paper we study the cancellations of sums related to arithmetic functions, such as $\lambda_f(n)^4\lambda_g(n)^2$, $\lambda_g(n)^6$, $\lambda_g(n)^2\lambda_h(n)^4$, and $\lambda_g(n^3)^2$ twisted by the arithmetic function $\lambda_f(n)$. Keywords:Fourier coefficients of automorphic forms, Dirichlet series, triple product $L$-function, Perron's formulaCategories:11F30, 11F66

8. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 730)

Efrat, Ido; Matzri, Eliyahu
 Vanishing of Massey Products and Brauer Groups Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ a field containing a root of unity of order $p$. We relate recent results on vanishing of triple Massey products in the mod-$p$ Galois cohomology of $F$, due to Hopkins, Wickelgren, MinÃ¡Ä, and TÃ¢n, to classical results in the theory of central simple algebras. For global fields, we prove a stronger form of the vanishing property. Keywords:Galois cohomology, Brauer groups, triple Massey products, global fieldsCategories:16K50, 11R34, 12G05, 12E30

9. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 580)

 A Specialisation of the Bump-Friedberg $L$-function We study the restriction of the Bump-Friedberg integrals to affine lines $\{(s+\alpha,2s),s\in\mathbb{C}\}$. It has a simple theory, very close to that of the Asai $L$-function. It is an integral representation of the product $L(s+\alpha,\pi)L(2s,\Lambda^2,\pi)$ which we denote by $L^{lin}(s,\pi,\alpha)$ for this abstract, when $\pi$ is a cuspidal automorphic representation of $GL(k,\mathbb{A})$ for $\mathbb{A}$ the adeles of a number field. When $k$ is even, we show that for a cuspidal automorphic representation $\pi$, the partial $L$-function $L^{lin,S}(s,\pi,\alpha)$ has a pole at $1/2$, if and only if $\pi$ admits a (twisted) global period, this gives a more direct proof of a theorem of Jacquet and Friedberg, asserting that $\pi$ has a twisted global period if and only if $L(\alpha+1/2,\pi)\neq 0$ and $L(1,\Lambda^2,\pi)=\infty$. When $k$ is odd, the partial $L$-function is holmorphic in a neighbourhood of $Re(s)\geq 1/2$ when $Re(\alpha)$ is $\geq 0$. Keywords:automorphic L functionsCategories:11F70, 11F66

10. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 620)

Sands, Jonathan W.
 $L$-functions for Quadratic Characters and Annihilation of Motivic Cohomology Groups Let $n$ be a positive even integer, and let $F$ be a totally real number field and $L$ be an abelian Galois extension which is totally real or CM. Fix a finite set $S$ of primes of $F$ containing the infinite primes and all those which ramify in $L$, and let $S_L$ denote the primes of $L$ lying above those in $S$. Then $\mathcal{O}_L^S$ denotes the ring of $S_L$-integers of $L$. Suppose that $\psi$ is a quadratic character of the Galois group of $L$ over $F$. Under the assumption of the motivic Lichtenbaum conjecture, we obtain a non-trivial annihilator of the motivic cohomology group $H_\mathcal{M}^2(\mathcal{O}_L^S,\mathbb{Z}(n))$ from the lead term of the Taylor series for the $S$-modified Artin $L$-function $L_{L/F}^S(s,\psi)$ at $s=1-n$. Keywords:motivic cohomology, regulator, Artin L-functionsCategories:11R42, 11R70, 14F42, 19F27

11. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 423)

Yamagishi, Masakazu
 Resultants of Chebyshev Polynomials: The First, Second, Third, and Fourth Kinds We give an explicit formula for the resultant of Chebyshev polynomials of the first, second, third, and fourth kinds. We also compute the resultant of modified cyclotomic polynomials. Keywords:resultant, Chebyshev polynomial, cyclotomic polynomialCategories:11R09, 11R18, 12E10, 33C45

12. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 115)

Mantilla-Soler, Guillermo
 Weak Arithmetic Equivalence Inspired by the invariant of a number field given by its zeta function, we define the notion of weak arithmetic equivalence and show that under certain ramification hypotheses, this equivalence determines the local root numbers of the number field. This is analogous to a result of Rohrlich on the local root numbers of a rational elliptic curve. Additionally, we prove that for tame non-totally real number fields, the integral trace form is invariant under arithmetic equivalence. Keywords:arithmeticaly equivalent number fields, root numbersCategories:11R04, 11R42

13. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 160)

Pollack, Paul; Vandehey, Joseph
 Some Normal Numbers Generated by Arithmetic Functions Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$-normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sum-of-divisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambda-function. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number $0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots$ obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$-values is $g$-normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$-normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$. Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sum-of-divisors function, Carmichael lambda-function, Champernowne's numberCategories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37

14. CMB Online first

Pollack, Paul; Vandehey, Joseph
 Some normal numbers generated by arithmetic functions Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$-normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sum-of-divisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambda-function. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number $0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots$ obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$-values is $g$-normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$-normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$. Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sum-of-divisors function, Carmichael lambda-function, Champernowne's numberCategories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37

15. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 551)

Kane, Daniel M.; Kominers, Scott Duke
 Asymptotic Improvements of Lower Bounds for the Least Common Multiples of Arithmetic Progressions For relatively prime positive integers $u_0$ and $r$, we consider the least common multiple $L_n:=\mathop{\textrm{lcm}}(u_0,u_1,\dots, u_n)$ of the finite arithmetic progression $\{u_k:=u_0+kr\}_{k=0}^n$. We derive new lower bounds on $L_n$ that improve upon those obtained previously when either $u_0$ or $n$ is large. When $r$ is prime, our best bound is sharp up to a factor of $n+1$ for $u_0$ properly chosen, and is also nearly sharp as $n\to\infty$. Keywords:least common multiple, arithmetic progressionCategory:11A05

16. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 495)

Fujita, Yasutsugu; Miyazaki, Takafumi
 JeÅmanowicz' Conjecture with Congruence Relations. II Let $a,b$ and $c$ be primitive Pythagorean numbers such that $a^{2}+b^{2}=c^{2}$ with $b$ even. In this paper, we show that if $b_0 \equiv \epsilon \pmod{a}$ with $\epsilon \in \{\pm1\}$ for certain positive divisors $b_0$ of $b$, then the Diophantine equation $a^{x}+b^{y}=c^z$ has only the positive solution $(x,y,z)=(2,2,2)$. Keywords:exponential Diophantine equations, Pythagorean triples, Pell equationsCategories:11D61, 11D09

17. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 538)

Ide, Joshua; Jones, Lenny
 Infinite Families of $A_4$-Sextic Polynomials In this article we develop a test to determine whether a sextic polynomial that is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$ has Galois group isomorphic to the alternating group $A_4$. This test does not involve the computation of resolvents, and we use this test to construct several infinite families of such polynomials. Keywords:Galois group, sextic polynomial, inverse Galois theory, irreducible polynomialCategories:12F10, 12F12, 11R32, 11R09

18. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 485)

Franc, Cameron; Mason, Geoffrey
 Fourier Coefficients of Vector-valued Modular Forms of Dimension $2$ We prove the following Theorem. Suppose that $F=(f_1, f_2)$ is a $2$-dimensional vector-valued modular form on $\operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ whose component functions $f_1, f_2$ have rational Fourier coefficients with bounded denominators. Then $f_1$ and $f_2$ are classical modular forms on a congruence subgroup of the modular group. Keywords:vector-valued modular form, modular group, bounded denominatorsCategories:11F41, 11G99

19. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 845)

Lei, Antonio
 Factorisation of Two-variable $p$-adic $L$-functions Let $f$ be a modular form which is non-ordinary at $p$. Loeffler has recently constructed four two-variable $p$-adic $L$-functions associated to $f$. In the case where $a_p=0$, he showed that, as in the one-variable case, Pollack's plus and minus splitting applies to these new objects. In this article, we show that such a splitting can be generalised to the case where $a_p\ne0$ using Sprung's logarithmic matrix. Keywords:modular forms, p-adic L-functions, supersingular primesCategories:11S40, 11S80

20. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 877)

Schoen, Tomasz
 On Convolutions of Convex Sets and Related Problems We prove some results concerning covolutions, the additive energy and sumsets of convex sets and its generalizations. In particular, we show that if a set $A=\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}_\lt \subseteq \mathbb R$ has the property that for every fixed $1\leqslant d\lt n,$ all differences $a_i-a_{i-d}$, $d\lt i\lt n,$ are distinct, then $|A+A|\gg |A|^{3/2+c}$ for a constant $c\gt 0.$ Keywords:convex sets, additive energy, sumsetsCategory:11B99

21. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 381)

 On Complex Explicit Formulae Connected with the MÃ¶bius Function of an Elliptic Curve We study analytic properties function $m(z, E)$, which is defined on the upper half-plane as an integral from the shifted $L$-function of an elliptic curve. We show that $m(z, E)$ analytically continues to a meromorphic function on the whole complex plane and satisfies certain functional equation. Moreover, we give explicit formula for $m(z, E)$ in the strip $|\Im{z}|\lt 2\pi$. Keywords:L-function, MÃ¶bius function, explicit formulae, elliptic curveCategories:11M36, 11G40

22. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 827)

Petridis, Yiannis N.; Raulf, Nicole; Risager, Morten S.
 Erratum to Quantum Limits of Eisenstein Series and Scattering States'' This paper provides an erratum to Y. N. Petridis, N. Raulf, and M. S. Risager, Quantum Limits of Eisenstein Series and Scattering States.'' Canad. Math. Bull., published online 2012-02-03, http://dx.doi.org/10.4153/CMB-2011-200-2. Keywords:quantum limits, Eisenstein series, scattering polesCategories:11F72, 8G25, 35P25

23. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 673)

Ayadi, K.; Hbaib, M.; Mahjoub, F.
 Diophantine Approximation for Certain Algebraic Formal Power Series in Positive Characteristic In this paper, we study rational approximations for certain algebraic power series over a finite field. We obtain results for irrational elements of strictly positive degree satisfying an equation of the type $$\alpha=\displaystyle\frac{A\alpha^{q}+B}{C\alpha^{q}}$$ where $(A, B, C)\in (\mathbb{F}_{q}[X])^{2}\times\mathbb{F}_{q}^{\star}[X]$. In particular, we will give, under some conditions on the polynomials $A$, $B$ and $C$, well approximated elements satisfying this equation. Keywords:diophantine approximation, formal power series, continued fractionCategories:11J61, 11J70

24. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 105)

Luca, Florian; Shparlinski, Igor E.
 On the Counting Function of Elliptic Carmichael Numbers We give an upper bound for the number elliptic Carmichael numbers $n \le x$ that have recently been introduced by J. H. Silverman in the case of an elliptic curve without complex multiplication (non CM). We also discuss several possible ways for further improvements. Keywords:elliptic Carmichael numbers, applications of sieve methodsCategories:11Y11, 11N36

25. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 570)

Hoang, Giabao; Ressler, Wendell
 Conjugacy Classes and Binary Quadratic Forms for the Hecke Groups In this paper we give a lower bound with respect to block length for the trace of non-elliptic conjugacy classes of the Hecke groups. One consequence of our bound is that there are finitely many conjugacy classes of a given trace in any Hecke group. We show that another consequence of our bound is that class numbers are finite for related hyperbolic $$\mathbb{Z}[\lambda]$$-binary quadratic forms. We give canonical class representatives and calculate class numbers for some classes of hyperbolic $$\mathbb{Z}[\lambda]$$-binary quadratic forms. Keywords:Hecke groups, conjugacy class, quadratic formsCategories:11F06, 11E16, 11A55
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