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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword unitary group

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1. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 297)

Glasner, Eli
The Group $\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ is Roelcke Precompact
Following a similar result of Uspenskij on the unitary group of a separable Hilbert space, we show that, with respect to the lower (or Roelcke) uniform structure, the Polish group $G= \operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ of automorphisms of an atomless standard Borel probability space $(X,\mu)$ is precompact. We identify the corresponding compactification as the space of Markov operators on $L_2(\mu)$ and deduce that the algebra of right and left uniformly continuous functions, the algebra of weakly almost periodic functions, and the algebra of Hilbert functions on $G$, i.e., functions on $G$ arising from unitary representations, all coincide. Again following Uspenskij, we also conclude that $G$ is totally minimal.

Keywords:Roelcke precompact, unitary group, measure preserving transformations, Markov operators, weakly almost periodic functions
Categories:54H11, 22A05, 37B05, 54H20

2. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 340)

Andruchow, Esteban
Short Geodesics of Unitaries in the $L^2$ Metric
Let $\M$ be a type II$_1$ von Neumann algebra, $\tau$ a trace in $\M$, and $\l2$ the GNS Hilbert space of $\tau$. We regard the unitary group $U_\M$ as a subset of $\l2$ and characterize the shortest smooth curves joining two fixed unitaries in the $L^2$ metric. As a consequence of this we obtain that $U_\M$, though a complete (metric) topological group, is not an embedded riemannian submanifold of $\l2$

Keywords:unitary group, short geodesics, infinite dimensional riemannian manifolds.
Categories:46L51, 58B10, 58B25

3. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 54)

Cheung, Wai-Shun; Li, Chi-Kwong
Linear Maps Transforming the Unitary Group
Let $U(n)$ be the group of $n\times n$ unitary matrices. We show that if $\phi$ is a linear transformation sending $U(n)$ into $U(m)$, then $m$ is a multiple of $n$, and $\phi$ has the form $$ A \mapsto V[(A\otimes I_s)\oplus (A^t \otimes I_{r})]W $$ for some $V, W \in U(m)$. From this result, one easily deduces the characterization of linear operators that map $U(n)$ into itself obtained by Marcus. Further generalization of the main theorem is also discussed.

Keywords:linear map, unitary group, general linear group

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