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1. CMB Online first

Marković, Marijan
 A Sharp Constant for the Bergman Projection For the Bergman projection operator $P$ we prove that \begin{equation*} \|P\colon L^1(B,d\lambda)\rightarrow B_1\| = \frac {(2n+1)!}{n!}. \end{equation*} Here $\lambda$ stands for the hyperbolic metric in the unit ball $B$ of $\mathbb{C}^n$, and $B_1$ denotes the Besov space with an adequate semi--norm. We also consider a generalization of this result. This generalizes some recent results due to PerÃ¤lÃ¤. Keywords:Bergman projections, Besov spacesCategories:45P05, 47B35

2. CMB Online first

Cavalieri, Renzo; Marcus, Steffen
 Geometric Perspective on Piecewise Polynomiality of Double Hurwitz Numbers We describe double Hurwitz numbers as intersection numbers on the moduli space of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Using a result on the polynomiality of intersection numbers of psi classes with the Double Ramification Cycle, our formula explains the polynomiality in chambers of double Hurwitz numbers, and the wall crossing phenomenon in terms of a variation of correction terms to the $\psi$ classes. We interpret this as suggestive evidence for polynomiality of the Double Ramification Cycle (which is only known in genera $0$ and $1$). Keywords:double Hurwitz numbers, wall crossings, moduli spaces, ELSV formulaCategory:14N35

3. CMB Online first

Khamsi, M. A.
 Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces In this paper, we investigate the common approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that $T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space $(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family. Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings. Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic spaceCategories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10

4. CMB Online first

Gabriyelyan, S. S.
 Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$-space Property Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$. Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$-space, countable tightnessCategories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25

5. CMB Online first

Erzakova, Nina A.
 Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces Previous results by the author on the connection between three of measures of non-compactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended to regular spaces of measurable functions. An example of advantage in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given. Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined. New theorems for $(k,\beta)$-boundedness of partially additive operators are proved. Keywords:measure of non-compactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal spaceCategories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10

6. CMB Online first

Aurichi, Leandro F.; Dias, Rodrigo R.
 Topological games and Alster spaces In this paper we study connections between topological games such as Rothberger, Menger and compact-open, and relate these games to properties involving covers by $G_\delta$ subsets. The results include: (1) If Two has a winning strategy in the Menger game on a regular space $X$, then $X$ is an Alster space. (2) If Two has a winning strategy in the Rothberger game on a topological space $X$, then the $G_\delta$-topology on $X$ is LindelÃ¶f. (3) The Menger game and the compact-open game are (consistently) not dual. Keywords:topological games, selection principles, Alster spaces, Menger spaces, Rothberger spaces, Menger game, Rothberger game, compact-open game, $G_\delta$-topologyCategories:54D20, 54G99, 54A10

7. CMB Online first

da Silva, Rosângela Maria; Tenenblat, Keti
 Helicoidal Minimal Surfaces in a Finsler Space of Randers Type We consider the Finsler space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$ obtained by perturbing the Euclidean metric of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by a rotation. It is the open region of $\mathbb{R}^3$ bounded by a cylinder with a Randers metric. Using the Busemann-Hausdorff volume form, we obtain the differential equation that characterizes the helicoidal minimal surfaces in $\bar{M}^3$. We prove that the helicoid is a minimal surface in $\bar{M}^3$, only if the axis of the helicoid is the axis of the cylinder. Moreover, we prove that, in the Randers space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$, the only minimal surfaces in the Bonnet family, with fixed axis $O\bar{x}^3$, are the catenoids and the helicoids. Keywords:minimal surfaces, helicoidal surfaces, Finsler space, Randers spaceCategories:53A10, 53B40

8. CMB Online first

Fang, Zhong-Shan; Zhou, Ze-Hua
 New Characterizations of the Weighted Composition Operators Between Bloch Type Spaces in the Polydisk We give some new characterizations for compactness of weighted composition operators $uC_\varphi$ acting on Bloch-type spaces in terms of the power of the components of $\varphi,$ where $\varphi$ is a holomorphic self-map of the polydisk $\mathbb{D}^n,$ thus generalizing the results obtained by HyvÃ¤rinen and LindstrÃ¶m in 2012. Keywords:weighted composition operator, compactness, Bloch type spaces, polydisk, several complex variablesCategories:47B38, 47B33, 32A37, 45P05, 47G10

9. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 598)

Lu, Yufeng; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen
 Interpolation of Morrey Spaces on Metric Measure Spaces In this article, via the classical complex interpolation method and some interpolation methods traced to Gagliardo, the authors obtain an interpolation theorem for Morrey spaces on quasi-metric measure spaces, which generalizes some known results on ${\mathbb R}^n$. Keywords:complex interpolation, Morrey space, Gagliardo interpolation, CalderÃ³n product, quasi-metric measure spaceCategories:46B70, 46E30

10. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 90)

Lazar, Aldo J.
 Compact Subsets of the Glimm Space of a $C^*$-algebra If $A$ is a $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra and $a$ is a strictly positive element of $A$ then for every compact subset $K$ of the complete regularization $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ of $\mathrm{Prim}(A)$ there exists $\alpha \gt 0$ such that $K\subset \{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$. This extends a result of J. Dauns to all $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebras. However, there are a $C^*$-algebra $A$ and a compact subset of $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ that is not contained in any set of the form $\{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$, $a\in A$ and $\alpha \gt 0$. Keywords:primitive ideal space, complete regularizationCategory:46L05

11. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 42)

 Covering the Unit Sphere of Certain Banach Spaces by Sequences of Slices and Balls e prove that, given any covering of any infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a point-finite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball. Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spacesCategories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17

12. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 166)

Öztop, Serap; Spronk, Nico
 On Minimal and Maximal $p$-operator Space Structures We show that for $p$-operator spaces, there are natural notions of minimal and maximal structures. These are useful for dealing with tensor products. Keywords:$p$-operator space, min space, max spaceCategories:46L07, 47L25, 46G10

13. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 145)

Mustafayev, H. S.
 The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right)$ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left( T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$ is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}-T^{\ast }T$ is compact. We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then for every $f$ from the disc-algebra, \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left( T\right) \right) , \end{equation*} where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class $C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right) \cap \Gamma \right) , \end{equation*} where $\Gamma$ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed. Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculusCategories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07

14. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)

Bourin, Jean-Christophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, Eun-Young
 Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings. Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalitiesCategories:47A63, 15A45

15. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 466)

 Inclusion Relations for New Function Spaces on Riemann Surfaces We introduce and study some new function spaces on Riemann surfaces. For certain parameter values these spaces coincide with the classical Dirichlet space, BMOA or the recently defined $Q_p$ space. We establish inclusion relations that generalize earlier known inclusions between the above-mentioned spaces. Keywords:Bloch space, BMOA, $Q_p$, Green's function, hyperbolic Riemann surfaceCategories:30F35, 30H25, 30H30

16. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 551)

Handelman, David
 Real Dimension Groups Dimension groups (not countable) that are also real ordered vector spaces can be obtained as direct limits (over directed sets) of simplicial real vector spaces (finite dimensional vector spaces with the coordinatewise ordering), but the directed set is not as interesting as one would like, i.e., it is not true that a countable-dimensional real vector space that has interpolation can be represented as such a direct limit over the a countable directed set. It turns out this is the case when the group is additionally simple, and it is shown that the latter have an ordered tensor product decomposition. In the Appendix, we provide a huge class of polynomial rings that, with a pointwise ordering, are shown to satisfy interpolation, extending a result outlined by Fuchs. Keywords:dimension group, simplicial vector space, direct limit, Riesz interpolationCategories:46A40, 06F20, 13J25, 19K14

17. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 503)

Bu, Qingying
 Weak Sequential Completeness of $\mathcal K(X,Y)$ For Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, we show that if $X^\ast$ and $Y$ are weakly sequentially complete and every weakly compact operator from $X$ to $Y$ is compact then the space of all compact operators from $X$ to $Y$ is weakly sequentially complete. The converse is also true if, in addition, either $X^\ast$ or $Y$ has the bounded compact approximation property. Keywords:weak sequential completeness, reflexivity, compact operator spaceCategories:46B25, 46B28

18. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 306)

Pérez, Juan de Dios; Suh, Young Jin
 Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Projective Space Whose Structure Jacobi Operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel We prove the non-existence of real hypersurfaces in complex projective space whose structure Jacobi operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel and satisfies a further condition. Keywords:complex projective space, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operatorCategories:53C15, 53C40

19. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 225)

Agashe, Amod
 On the Notion of Visibility of Torsors Let $J$ be an abelian variety and $A$ be an abelian subvariety of $J$, both defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $x$ be an element of $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A)$. Then there are at least two definitions of $x$ being visible in $J$: one asks that the torsor corresponding to $x$ be isomorphic over $\mathbf{Q}$ to a subvariety of $J$, and the other asks that $x$ be in the kernel of the natural map $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A) \to H^1(\mathbf{Q},J)$. In this article, we clarify the relation between the two definitions. Keywords:torsors, principal homogeneous spaces, visibility, Shafarevich-Tate groupCategories:11G35, 14G25

20. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 400)

Prunaru, Bebe
 A Factorization Theorem for Multiplier Algebras of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces Let $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space and let $H\subset L^2(X,\mu)$ be a separable reproducing kernel Hilbert space on $X$. We show that the multiplier algebra of $H$ has property $(A_1(1))$. Keywords:reproducing kernel Hilbert space, Berezin transform, dual algebraCategories:46E22, 47B32, 47L45

21. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 388)

Mursaleen, M.
 Application of Measure of Noncompactness to Infinite Systems of Differential Equations In this paper we determine the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness on the sequence space $n(\phi)$ of W. L. C. Sargent. Further we apply the technique of measures of noncompactness to the theory of infinite systems of differential equations in the Banach sequence spaces $n(\phi)$ and $m(\phi)$. Our aim is to present some existence results for infinite systems of differential equations formulated with the help of measures of noncompactness. Keywords:sequence spaces, BK spaces, measure of noncompactness, infinite system of differential equationsCategories:46B15, 46B45, 46B50, 34A34, 34G20

22. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 203)

Tall, Franklin D.
 Productively LindelÃ¶f Spaces May All Be $D$ We give easy proofs that (a) the Continuum Hypothesis implies that if the product of $X$ with every LindelÃ¶f space is LindelÃ¶f, then $X$ is a $D$-space, and (b) Borel's Conjecture implies every Rothberger space is Hurewicz. Keywords:productively LindelÃ¶f, $D$-space, projectively $\sigma$-compact, Menger, HurewiczCategories:54D20, 54B10, 54D55, 54A20, 03F50

23. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)

Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
 Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a $(p-1)$-superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$ near $\pm\infty$ and near zero. A special case of the differential operator is the scalar $p$-Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which have constant sign (one positive, the other negative). Keywords:$C$-condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invarianceCategories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05

24. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)

Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.
 CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane In this article we study the CesÃ ro operator $$\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,$$ and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also discussed. Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operatorsCategories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03

25. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 434)

Wnuk, Witold
 Some Remarks on the Algebraic Sum of Ideals and Riesz Subspaces Following ideas used by Drewnowski and Wilansky we prove that if $I$ is an infinite dimensional and infinite codimensional closed ideal in a complete metrizable locally solid Riesz space and $I$ does not contain any order copy of $\mathbb R^{\mathbb N}$ then there exists a closed, separable, discrete Riesz subspace $G$ such that the topology induced on $G$ is Lebesgue, $I \cap G = \{0\}$, and $I + G$ is not closed. Keywords:locally solid Riesz space, Riesz subspace, ideal, minimal topological vector space, Lebesgue propertyCategories:46A40, 46B42, 46B45
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