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1. CMB Online first

Bao, Guanlong; Göğüş, Nıhat Gökhan; Pouliasis, Stamatis
 $\mathcal{Q}_p$ spaces and Dirichlet type spaces In this paper, we show that the MÃ¶bius invariant function space $\mathcal {Q}_p$ can be generated by variant Dirichlet type spaces $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ induced by finite positive Borel measures $\mu$ on the open unit disk. A criterion for the equality between the space $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ and the usual Dirichlet type space $\mathcal {D}_p$ is given. We obtain a sufficient condition to construct different $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces and we provide examples. We establish decomposition theorems for $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces, and prove that the non-Hilbert space $\mathcal {Q}_p$ is equal to the intersection of Hilbert spaces $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$. As an application of the relation between $\mathcal {Q}_p$ and $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces, we also obtain that there exist different $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces; this is a trick to prove the existence without constructing examples. Keywords:$\mathcal {Q}_p$ space, Dirichlet type space, MÃ¶bius invariant function spaceCategories:30H25, 31C25, 46E15

2. CMB Online first

Sickel, Winfried; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen; Zhuo, Ciqiang
 Characterizations of Besov-Type and Triebel-Lizorkin-Type Spaces via Averages on Balls Let $\ell\in\mathbb N$ and $\alpha\in (0,2\ell)$. In this article, the authors establish equivalent characterizations of Besov-type spaces, Triebel-Lizorkin-type spaces and Besov-Morrey spaces via the sequence $\{f-B_{\ell,2^{-k}}f\}_{k}$ consisting of the difference between $f$ and the ball average $B_{\ell,2^{-k}}f$. These results give a way to introduce Besov-type spaces, Triebel-Lizorkin-type spaces and Besov-Morrey spaces with any smoothness order on metric measure spaces. As special cases, the authors obtain a new characterization of Morrey-Sobolev spaces and $Q_\alpha$ spaces with $\alpha\in(0,1)$, which are of independent interest. Keywords:Besov space, Triebel-Lizorkin space, ball average, CalderÃ³n reproducing formulaCategories:42B25, 46E35, 42B35

3. CMB Online first

Chen, Chung-Chuan
 Disjoint hypercyclicity and weighted translations on discrete groups Let $1\leq p\lt \infty$, and let $G$ be a discrete group. We give a sufficient and necessary condition for weighted translation operators on the Lebesgue space $\ell^p(G)$ to be densely disjoint hypercyclic. The characterization for the dual of a weighted translation to be densely disjoint hypercyclic is also obtained. Keywords:disjoint hypercyclicity, topological transitivity, weighted translation, $\ell^p$-spaceCategories:47A16, 47B38, 43A15

4. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 131)

Gürbüz, Ferit
 Some Estimates for Generalized Commutators of Rough Fractional Maximal and Integral Operators on Generalized Weighted Morrey Spaces In this paper, we establish $BMO$ estimates for generalized commutators of rough fractional maximal and integral operators on generalized weighted Morrey spaces, respectively. Keywords:fractional integral operator, fractional maximal operator, rough kernel, generalized commutator, $A(p,q)$ weight, generalized weighted Morrey spaceCategories:42B20, 42B25

5. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 217)

Wang, Yuanyi
 Condition $C'_{\wedge}$ of Operator Spaces In this paper, we study condition $C'_{\wedge}$ which is a projective tensor product analogue of condition $C'$. We show that the finite-dimensional OLLP operator spaces have condition $C'_{\wedge}$ and $M_{n}$ $(n\gt 2)$ does not have that property. Keywords:operator space, local theory, tensor productCategory:46L07

6. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 104)

Diestel, Geoff
 An Extension of Nikishin's Factorization Theorem A Nikishin-Maurey characterization is given for bounded subsets of weak-type Lebesgue spaces. New factorizations for linear and multilinear operators are shown to follow. Keywords:factorization, type, cotype, Banach spacesCategories:46E30, 28A25

7. CMB Online first

Iena, Oleksandr; Leytem, Alain
 On the singular sheaves in the fine Simpson moduli spaces of $1$-dimensional sheaves In the Simpson moduli space $M$ of semi-stable sheaves with Hilbert polynomial $dm-1$ on a projective plane we study the closed subvariety $M'$ of sheaves that are not locally free on their support. We show that for $d\ge 4$ it is a singular subvariety of codimension $2$ in $M$. The blow up of $M$ along $M'$ is interpreted as a (partial) modification of $M\setminus M'$ by line bundles (on support). Keywords:Simpson moduli spaces, coherent sheaves, vector bundles on curves, singular sheavesCategory:14D20

8. CMB Online first

Liu, Feng; Wu, Huoxiong
 Endpoint Regularity of Multisublinear Fractional Maximal Functions In this paper we investigate the endpoint regularity properties of the multisublinear fractional maximal operators, which include the multisublinear Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator. We obtain some new bounds for the derivative of the one-dimensional multisublinear fractional maximal operators acting on vector-valued function $\vec{f}=(f_1,\dots,f_m)$ with all $f_j$ being $BV$-functions. Keywords:multisublinear fractional maximal operators, Sobolev spaces, bounded variationCategories:42B25, 46E35

9. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 813)

Kaimakamis, George; Panagiotidou, Konstantina; Pérez, Juan de Dios
 A Classification of Three-dimensional Real Hypersurfaces in Non-flat Complex Space Forms in Terms of Their generalized Tanaka-Webster Lie Derivative On a real hypersurface $M$ in a non-flat complex space form there exist the Levi-Civita and the k-th generalized Tanaka-Webster connections. The aim of the present paper is to study three dimensional real hypersurfaces in non-flat complex space forms, whose Lie derivative of the structure Jacobi operator with respect to the Levi-Civita connections coincides with the Lie derivative of it with respect to the k-th generalized Tanaka-Webster connection. The Lie derivatives are considered in direction of the structure vector field and in directions of any vecro field orthogonal to the structure vector field. Keywords:$k$-th generalized Tanaka-Webster connection, non-flat complex space form, real hypersurface, Lie derivative, structure Jacobi operatorCategories:53C15, 53B25

10. CMB Online first

Karzhemanov, Ilya
 On polarized K3 surfaces of genus 33 We prove that the moduli space of smooth primitively polarized $\mathrm{K3}$ surfaces of genus $33$ is unirational. Keywords:K3 surface, moduli space, unirationalityCategories:14J28, 14J15, 14M20

11. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 77)

Christ, Michael; Rieffel, Marc A.
 Nilpotent Group C*-algebras as Compact Quantum Metric Spaces Let $\mathbb{L}$ be a length function on a group $G$, and let $M_\mathbb{L}$ denote the operator of pointwise multiplication by $\mathbb{L}$ on $\lt(G)$. Following Connes, $M_\mathbb{L}$ can be used as a Dirac'' operator for the reduced group C*-algebra $C_r^*(G)$. It defines a Lipschitz seminorm on $C_r^*(G)$, which defines a metric on the state space of $C_r^*(G)$. We show that for any length function satisfying a strong form of polynomial growth on a discrete group, the topology from this metric coincides with the weak-$*$ topology (a key property for the definition of a compact quantum metric space''). In particular, this holds for all word-length functions on finitely generated nilpotent-by-finite groups. Keywords:group C*-algebra, Dirac operator, quantum metric space, discrete nilpotent group, polynomial growthCategories:46L87, 20F65, 22D15, 53C23, 58B34

12. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 834)

Liao, Fanghui; Liu, Zongguang
 Some Properties of Triebel-Lizorkin and Besov Spaces Associated with Zygmund Dilations In this paper, using CalderÃ³n's reproducing formula and almost orthogonality estimates, we prove the lifting property and the embedding theorem of the Triebel-Lizorkin and Besov spaces associated with Zygmund dilations. Keywords:Triebel-Lizorkin and Besov spaces, Riesz potential, CalderÃ³n's reproducing formula, almost orthogonality estimate, Zygmund dilation, embedding theoremCategories:42B20, 42B35

13. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 111)

Ghaani Farashahi, Arash
 Abstract Plancherel (Trace) Formulas over Homogeneous Spaces of Compact Groups This paper introduces a unified operator theory approach to the abstract Plancherel (trace) formulas over homogeneous spaces of compact groups. Let $G$ be a compact group and $H$ be a closed subgroup of $G$. Let $G/H$ be the left coset space of $H$ in $G$ and $\mu$ be the normalized $G$-invariant measure on $G/H$ associated to the Weil's formula. Then, we present a generalized abstract notion of Plancherel (trace) formula for the Hilbert space $L^2(G/H,\mu)$. Keywords:compact group, homogeneous space, dual space, Plancherel (trace) formulaCategories:20G05, 43A85, 43A32, 43A40

14. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 673)

Bačák, Miroslav; Kovalev, Leonid V.
 Lipschitz Retractions in Hadamard Spaces Via Gradient Flow Semigroups Let $X(n),$ for $n\in\mathbb{N},$ be the set of all subsets of a metric space $(X,d)$ of cardinality at most $n.$ The set $X(n)$ equipped with the Hausdorff metric is called a finite subset space. In this paper we are concerned with the existence of Lipschitz retractions $r\colon X(n)\to X(n-1)$ for $n\ge2.$ It is known that such retractions do not exist if $X$ is the one-dimensional sphere. On the other hand L. Kovalev has recently established their existence in case $X$ is a Hilbert space and he also posed a question as to whether or not such Lipschitz retractions exist for $X$ being a Hadamard space. In the present paper we answer this question in the positive. Keywords:finite subset space, gradient flow, Hadamard space, Lie-Trotter-Kato formula, Lipschitz retractionCategories:53C23, 47H20, 54E40, 58D07

15. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 769)

García-Pacheco, Francisco Javier; Hill, Justin R.
 Geometric Characterizations of Hilbert Spaces We study some geometric properties related to the set $\Pi_X:= \{ (x,x^* )\in\mathsf{S}_X\times \mathsf{S}_{X^*}:x^* (x )=1 \}$ obtaining two characterizations of Hilbert spaces in the category of Banach spaces. We also compute the distance of a generic element $(h,k )\in H\oplus_2 H$ to $\Pi_H$ for $H$ a Hilbert space. Keywords:Hilbert space, extreme point, smooth, $\mathsf{L}^2$-summandsCategories:46B20, 46C05

16. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 606)

Mihăilescu, Mihai; Moroşanu, Gheorghe
 Eigenvalues of $-\Delta_p -\Delta_q$ Under Neumann Boundary Condition The eigenvalue problem $-\Delta_p u-\Delta_q u=\lambda|u|^{q-2}u$ with $p\in(1,\infty)$, $q\in(2,\infty)$, $p\neq q$ subject to the corresponding homogeneous Neumann boundary condition is investigated on a bounded open set with smooth boundary from $\mathbb{R}^N$ with $N\geq 2$. A careful analysis of this problem leads us to a complete description of the set of eigenvalues as being a precise interval $(\lambda_1, +\infty )$ plus an isolated point $\lambda =0$. This comprehensive result is strongly related to our framework which is complementary to the well-known case $p=q\neq 2$ for which a full description of the set of eigenvalues is still unavailable. Keywords:eigenvalue problem, Sobolev space, Nehari manifold, variational methodsCategories:35J60, 35J92, 46E30, 49R05

17. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 878)

Wang, Jianfei
 The Carleson Measure Problem Between Analytic Morrey Spaces The purpose of this paper is to characterize positive measure $\mu$ on the unit disk such that the analytic Morrey space $\mathcal{AL}_{p,\eta}$ is boundedly and compactly embedded to the tent space $\mathcal{T}_{q,1-\frac{q}{p}(1-\eta)}^{\infty}(\mu)$ for the case $1\leq q\leq p\lt \infty$ respectively. As an application, these results are used to establish the boundedness and compactness of integral operators and multipliers between analytic Morrey spaces. Keywords:Morrey space, Carleson measure problem, boundedness, compactnessCategories:30H35, 28A12, 47B38, 46E15

18. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 692)

Anona, F. M.; Randriambololondrantomalala, Princy; Ravelonirina, H. S. G.
 Sur les algÃ¨bres de Lie associÃ©es Ã  une connexion Let $\Gamma$ be a connection on a smooth manifold $M$, in this paper we give some properties of $\Gamma$ by studying the corresponding Lie algebras. In particular, we compute the first Chevalley-Eilenberg cohomology space of the horizontal vector fields Lie algebra on the tangent bundle of $M$, whose the corresponding Lie derivative of $\Gamma$ is null, and of the horizontal nullity curvature space. Keywords:algÃ¨bre de Lie, connexion, cohomologie de Chevalley-Eilenberg, champs dont la dÃ©rivÃ©e de Lie correspondante Ã  une connexion est nulle, espace de nullitÃ© de la courbureCategories:17B66, 53B15

19. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 104)

He, Ziyi; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen
 Littlewood-Paley Characterizations of Second-Order Sobolev Spaces via Averages on Balls In this paper, the authors characterize second-order Sobolev spaces $W^{2,p}({\mathbb R}^n)$, with $p\in [2,\infty)$ and $n\in\mathbb N$ or $p\in (1,2)$ and $n\in\{1,2,3\}$, via the Lusin area function and the Littlewood-Paley $g_\lambda^\ast$-function in terms of ball means. Keywords:Sobolev space, ball means, Lusin-area function, $g_\lambda^*$-functionCategories:46E35, 42B25, 42B20, 42B35

20. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 3)

Alfuraidan, Monther Rashed
 The Contraction Principle for Multivalued Mappings on a Modular Metric Space with a Graph We study the existence of fixed points for contraction multivalued mappings in modular metric spaces endowed with a graph. The notion of a modular metric on an arbitrary set and the corresponding modular spaces, generalizing classical modulars over linear spaces like Orlicz spaces, were recently introduced. This paper can be seen as a generalization of Nadler's and Edelstein's fixed point theorems to modular metric spaces endowed with a graph. Keywords:fixed point theory, modular metric spaces, multivalued contraction mapping, connected digraph.Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10

21. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 757)

Han, Yanchang
 Embedding Theorem for Inhomogeneous Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin Spaces on RD-spaces In this article we prove the embedding theorem for inhomogeneous Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces on RD-spaces. The crucial idea is to use the geometric density condition on the measure. Keywords:spaces of homogeneous type, test function space, distributions, CalderÃ³n reproducing formula, Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces, embeddingCategories:42B25, 46F05, 46E35

22. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 459)

Casini, Emanuele; Miglierina, Enrico; Piasecki, Lukasz
 Hyperplanes in the Space of Convergent Sequences and Preduals of $\ell_1$ The main aim of the present paper is to investigate various structural properties of hyperplanes of $c$, the Banach space of the convergent sequences. In particular, we give an explicit formula for the projection constants and we prove that an hyperplane of $c$ is isometric to the whole space if and only if it is $1$-complemented. Moreover, we obtain the classification of those hyperplanes for which their duals are isometric to $\ell_{1}$ and we give a complete description of the preduals of $\ell_{1}$ under the assumption that the standard basis of $\ell_{1}$ is weak$^{*}$-convergent. Keywords:space of convergent sequences, projection, $\ell_1$-predual, hyperplaneCategories:46B45, 46B04

23. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 596)

Ongaro, Jared; Shapiro, Boris
 A Note on Planarity Stratification of Hurwitz Spaces One can easily show that any meromorphic function on a complex closed Riemann surface can be represented as a composition of a birational map of this surface to $\mathbb{CP}^2$ and a projection of the image curve from an appropriate point $p\in \mathbb{CP}^2$ to the pencil of lines through $p$. We introduce a natural stratification of Hurwitz spaces according to the minimal degree of a plane curve such that a given meromorphic function can be represented in the above way and calculate the dimensions of these strata. We observe that they are closely related to a family of Severi varieties studied earlier by J. Harris, Z. Ran and I. Tyomkin. Keywords:Hurwitz spaces, meromorphic functions, Severi varieties

24. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 271)

 On Domination of Zero-divisor Graphs of Matrix Rings We study domination in zero-divisor graphs of matrix rings over a commutative ring with $1$. Keywords:vector space, linear transformation, zero-divisor graph, domination, local ringCategory:05C69
 On Closed Ideals in a Certain Class of Algebras of Holomorphic Functions We recently introduced a weighted Banach algebra $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ of functions which are holomorphic on the unit disc $\mathbb{D}$, continuous up to the boundary and of the class $C^{(n)}$ at all points where the function $G$ does not vanish. Here, $G$ refers to a function of the disc algebra without zeros on $\mathbb{D}$. Then we proved that all closed ideals in $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ with at most countable hull are standard. In the present paper, on the assumption that $G$ is an outer function in $C^{(n)}(\overline{\mathbb{D}})$ having infinite roots in $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ and countable zero set $h(G)$, we show that all the closed ideals $I$ with hull containing $h(G)$ are standard. Keywords:Banach algebra, disc algebra, holomorphic spaces, standard idealCategories:46J15, 46J20, 30H50