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1. CMB Online first

Lu, Yufeng; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen
 Interpolation of Morrey Spaces on Metric Measure Spaces In this article, via the classical complex interpolation method and some interpolation methods traced to Gagliardo, the authors obtain an interpolation theorem for Morrey spaces on quasi-metric measure spaces, which generalizes some known results on ${\mathbb R}^n$. Keywords:complex interpolation, Morrey space, Gagliardo interpolation, CalderÃ³n product, quasi-metric measure spaceCategories:46B70, 46E30

2. CMB Online first

Lazar, Aldo J.
 Compact Subsets of the Glimm Space of a $C^*$-algebra If $A$ is a $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra and $a$ is a strictly positive element of $A$ then for every compact subset $K$ of the complete regularization $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ of $\mathrm{Prim}(A)$ there exists $\alpha \gt 0$ such that $K\subset \{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$. This extends a result of J. Dauns to all $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebras. However, there are a $C^*$-algebra $A$ and a compact subset of $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ that is not contained in any set of the form $\{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$, $a\in A$ and $\alpha \gt 0$. Keywords:primitive ideal space, complete regularizationCategory:46L05

3. CMB Online first

 Covering the unit sphere of certain Banach spaces by sequences of slices and balls e prove that, given any covering of any infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a point-finite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball. Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spacesCategories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17

4. CMB Online first

Öztop, Serap; Spronk, Nico
 Minimal and Maximal $p$-operator Space Structures We show that for $p$-operator spaces, there are natural notions of minimal and maximal structures. These are useful for dealing with tensor products. Keywords:$p$-operator space, min space, max spaceCategories:46L07, 47L25, 46G10

5. CMB Online first

Mustafayev, H. S.
 The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right)$ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left( T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$ is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}-T^{\ast }T$ is compact. We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then for every $f$ from the disc-algebra, \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left( T\right) \right) , \end{equation*} where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class $C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right) \cap \Gamma \right) , \end{equation*} where $\Gamma$ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed. Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculusCategories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07

6. CMB Online first

Bourin, Jean-Christophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, Eun-Young
 Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings. Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalitiesCategories:47A63, 15A45

7. CMB Online first

 Inclusion Relations for New Function Spaces on Riemann Surfaces We introduce and study some new function spaces on Riemann surfaces. For certain parameter values these spaces coincide with the classical Dirichlet space, BMOA or the recently defined $Q_p$ space. We establish inclusion relations that generalize earlier known inclusions between the above-mentioned spaces. Keywords:Bloch space, BMOA, $Q_p$, Green's function, hyperbolic Riemann surfaceCategories:30F35, 30H25, 30H30

8. CMB Online first

Handelman, David
 Real Dimension Groups Dimension groups (not countable) that are also real ordered vector spaces can be obtained as direct limits (over directed sets) of simplicial real vector spaces (finite dimensional vector spaces with the coordinatewise ordering), but the directed set is not as interesting as one would like, i.e., it is not true that a countable-dimensional real vector space that has interpolation can be represented as such a direct limit over the a countable directed set. It turns out this is the case when the group is additionally simple, and it is shown that the latter have an ordered tensor product decomposition. In the Appendix, we provide a huge class of polynomial rings that, with a pointwise ordering, are shown to satisfy interpolation, extending a result outlined by Fuchs. Keywords:dimension group, simplicial vector space, direct limit, Riesz interpolationCategories:46A40, 06F20, 13J25, 19K14

9. CMB Online first

Bu, Qingying
 Weak Sequential Completeness of $\mathcal K(X,Y)$ For Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, we show that if $X^\ast$ and $Y$ are weakly sequentially complete and every weakly compact operator from $X$ to $Y$ is compact then the space of all compact operators from $X$ to $Y$ is weakly sequentially complete. The converse is also true if, in addition, either $X^\ast$ or $Y$ has the bounded compact approximation property. Keywords:weak sequential completeness, reflexivity, compact operator spaceCategories:46B25, 46B28

10. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 306)

Pérez, Juan de Dios; Suh, Young Jin
 Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Projective Space Whose Structure Jacobi Operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel We prove the non-existence of real hypersurfaces in complex projective space whose structure Jacobi operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel and satisfies a further condition. Keywords:complex projective space, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operatorCategories:53C15, 53C40

11. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 225)

Agashe, Amod
 On the Notion of Visibility of Torsors Let $J$ be an abelian variety and $A$ be an abelian subvariety of $J$, both defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $x$ be an element of $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A)$. Then there are at least two definitions of $x$ being visible in $J$: one asks that the torsor corresponding to $x$ be isomorphic over $\mathbf{Q}$ to a subvariety of $J$, and the other asks that $x$ be in the kernel of the natural map $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A) \to H^1(\mathbf{Q},J)$. In this article, we clarify the relation between the two definitions. Keywords:torsors, principal homogeneous spaces, visibility, Shafarevich-Tate groupCategories:11G35, 14G25

12. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 400)

Prunaru, Bebe
 A Factorization Theorem for Multiplier Algebras of Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces Let $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ be a $\sigma$-finite measure space and let $H\subset L^2(X,\mu)$ be a separable reproducing kernel Hilbert space on $X$. We show that the multiplier algebra of $H$ has property $(A_1(1))$. Keywords:reproducing kernel Hilbert space, Berezin transform, dual algebraCategories:46E22, 47B32, 47L45

13. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 388)

Mursaleen, M.
 Application of Measure of Noncompactness to Infinite Systems of Differential Equations In this paper we determine the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness on the sequence space $n(\phi)$ of W. L. C. Sargent. Further we apply the technique of measures of noncompactness to the theory of infinite systems of differential equations in the Banach sequence spaces $n(\phi)$ and $m(\phi)$. Our aim is to present some existence results for infinite systems of differential equations formulated with the help of measures of noncompactness. Keywords:sequence spaces, BK spaces, measure of noncompactness, infinite system of differential equationsCategories:46B15, 46B45, 46B50, 34A34, 34G20

14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 203)

Tall, Franklin D.
 Productively LindelÃ¶f Spaces May All Be $D$ We give easy proofs that (a) the Continuum Hypothesis implies that if the product of $X$ with every LindelÃ¶f space is LindelÃ¶f, then $X$ is a $D$-space, and (b) Borel's Conjecture implies every Rothberger space is Hurewicz. Keywords:productively LindelÃ¶f, $D$-space, projectively $\sigma$-compact, Menger, HurewiczCategories:54D20, 54B10, 54D55, 54A20, 03F50

15. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)

Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
 Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a $(p-1)$-superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$ near $\pm\infty$ and near zero. A special case of the differential operator is the scalar $p$-Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which have constant sign (one positive, the other negative). Keywords:$C$-condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invarianceCategories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05

16. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)

Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.
 CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane In this article we study the CesÃ ro operator $$\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,$$ and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also discussed. Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operatorsCategories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03

17. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 434)

Wnuk, Witold
 Some Remarks on the Algebraic Sum of Ideals and Riesz Subspaces Following ideas used by Drewnowski and Wilansky we prove that if $I$ is an infinite dimensional and infinite codimensional closed ideal in a complete metrizable locally solid Riesz space and $I$ does not contain any order copy of $\mathbb R^{\mathbb N}$ then there exists a closed, separable, discrete Riesz subspace $G$ such that the topology induced on $G$ is Lebesgue, $I \cap G = \{0\}$, and $I + G$ is not closed. Keywords:locally solid Riesz space, Riesz subspace, ideal, minimal topological vector space, Lebesgue propertyCategories:46A40, 46B42, 46B45

18. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 65)

Ghenciu, Ioana
 The Uncomplemented Subspace $\mathbf K(X,Y)$ A vector measure result is used to study the complementation of the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators in the spaces $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators, and $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators. Results of Kalton and Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X,Y)$ in $L(X,Y)$ and in $W(X,Y)$ are generalized. The containment of $c_0$ and $\ell_\infty$ in spaces of operators is also studied. Keywords:compact operators, weakly compact operators, uncomplemented subspaces of operatorsCategories:46B20, 46B28

19. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 821)

Perez-Garcia, C.; Schikhof, W. H.
 New Examples of Non-Archimedean Banach Spaces and Applications The study carried out in this paper about some new examples of Banach spaces, consisting of certain valued fields extensions, is a typical non-archimedean feature. We determine whether these extensions are of countable type, have $t$-orthogonal bases, or are reflexive. As an application we construct, for a class of base fields, a norm $\|\cdot\|$ on $c_0$, equivalent to the canonical supremum norm, without non-zero vectors that are $\|\cdot\|$-orthogonal and such that there is a multiplication on $c_0$ making $(c_0,\|\cdot\|)$ into a valued field. Keywords:non-archimedean Banach spaces, valued field extensions, spaces of countable type, orthogonal basesCategories:46S10, 12J25

20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 523)

Iwase, Norio; Mimura, Mamoru; Oda, Nobuyuki; Yoon, Yeon Soo
 The Milnor-Stasheff Filtration on Spaces and Generalized Cyclic Maps The concept of $C_{k}$-spaces is introduced, situated at an intermediate stage between $H$-spaces and $T$-spaces. The $C_{k}$-space corresponds to the $k$-th Milnor-Stasheff filtration on spaces. It is proved that a space $X$ is a $C_{k}$-space if and only if the Gottlieb set $G(Z,X)=[Z,X]$ for any space $Z$ with ${\rm cat}\, Z\le k$, which generalizes the fact that $X$ is a $T$-space if and only if $G(\Sigma B,X)=[\Sigma B,X]$ for any space $B$. Some results on the $C_{k}$-space are generalized to the $C_{k}^{f}$-space for a map $f\colon A \to X$. Projective spaces, lens spaces and spaces with a few cells are studied as examples of $C_{k}$-spaces, and non-$C_{k}$-spaces. Keywords:Gottlieb sets for maps, L-S category, T-spacesCategories:55P45, 55P35

21. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 723)

Gigli, Nicola; Ohta, Shin-Ichi
 First Variation Formula in Wasserstein Spaces over Compact Alexandrov Spaces We extend results proved by the second author (Amer. J. Math., 2009) for nonnegatively curved Alexandrov spaces to general compact Alexandrov spaces $X$ with curvature bounded below. The gradient flow of a geodesically convex functional on the quadratic Wasserstein space $(\mathcal P(X),W_2)$ satisfies the evolution variational inequality. Moreover, the gradient flow enjoys uniqueness and contractivity. These results are obtained by proving a first variation formula for the Wasserstein distance. Keywords:Alexandrov spaces, Wasserstein spaces, first variation formula, gradient flowCategories:53C23, 28A35, 49Q20, 58A35

22. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 611)

 Chen Inequalities for Submanifolds of Real Space Forms with a Semi-Symmetric Non-Metric Connection In this paper we prove Chen inequalities for submanifolds of real space forms endowed with a semi-symmetric non-metric connection, i.e., relations between the mean curvature associated with a semi-symmetric non-metric connection, scalar and sectional curvatures, Ricci curvatures and the sectional curvature of the ambient space. The equality cases are considered. Keywords:real space form, semi-symmetric non-metric connection, Ricci curvatureCategories:53C40, 53B05, 53B15

23. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 449)

Bahreini, Manijeh; Bator, Elizabeth; Ghenciu, Ioana
 Complemented Subspaces of Linear Bounded Operators We study the complementation of the space $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators, the space $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators, and the space $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. Feder proved that if $X$ is infinite-dimensional and $c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0 \hookrightarrow K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. Bator and Lewis showed that if $X$ is not a Grothendieck space and $c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $W(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. In this paper, classical results of Kalton and separably determined operator ideals with property $(*)$ are used to obtain complementation results that yield these theorems as corollaries. Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspaces, compact operators, weakly compact operators, completely continuous operatorsCategories:46B20, 46B28

24. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 548)

Lewis, Paul; Schulle, Polly
 Non-complemented Spaces of Operators, Vector Measures, and $c_o$ The Banach spaces $L(X, Y)$, $K(X, Y)$, $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$, and $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are studied to determine when they contain the classical Banach spaces $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$. The complementation of the Banach space $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ is discussed as well as what impact this complementation has on the embedding of $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$ in $K(X, Y)$ or $L(X, Y)$. Results of Kalton, Feder, and Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ are generalized. Results concerning the complementation of the Banach space $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ in $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are also explored as well as how that complementation affects the embedding of $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$ in $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ or $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$. The $\ell_p$ spaces for $1 = p < \infty$ are studied to determine when the space of compact operators from one $\ell_p$ space to another contains $c_o$. The paper contains a new result which classifies these spaces of operators. A new result using vector measures is given to provide more efficient proofs of theorems by Kalton, Feder, Emmanuele, Emmanuele and John, and Bator and Lewis. Keywords:spaces of operators, compact operators, complemented subspaces, $w^*-w$-compact operatorsCategory:46B20

25. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 410)

Service, Robert
 A Ramsey Theorem with an Application to Sequences in Banach Spaces The notion of a maximally conditional sequence is introduced for sequences in a Banach space. It is then proved using Ramsey theory that every basic sequence in a Banach space has a subsequence which is either an unconditional basic sequence or a maximally conditional sequence. An apparently novel, purely combinatorial lemma in the spirit of Galvin's theorem is used in the proof. An alternative proof of the dichotomy result for sequences in Banach spaces is also sketched, using the Galvin-Prikry theorem. Keywords:Banach spaces, Ramsey theoryCategories:46B15, 05D10
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