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1. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 378)
On Modules Whose Proper Homomorphic Images Are of Smaller Cardinality Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity, and let $M$ be a
unitary module over $R$. We call $M$ H-smaller (HS for short) if and only if
$M$ is infinite and $|M/N|<|M|$ for every nonzero submodule $N$ of
$M$. After a brief introduction, we show that there exist nontrivial
examples of HS modules of arbitrarily large cardinality over
Noetherian and non-Noetherian domains. We then prove the following
result: suppose $M$ is faithful over $R$, $R$ is a domain (we will
show that we can restrict to this case without loss of generality),
and $K$ is the quotient field of $R$. If $M$ is HS over $R$, then
$R$ is HS as a module over itself, $R\subseteq M\subseteq K$, and
there exists a generating set $S$ for $M$ over $R$ with $|S|<|R|$.
We use this result to generalize a problem posed by Kaplansky and
conclude the paper by answering an open question on JÃ³nsson
modules.
Keywords:Noetherian ring, residually finite ring, cardinal number, continuum hypothesis, valuation ring, JÃ³nsson module Categories:13A99, 13C05, 13E05, 03E50 |
2. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone
functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded
operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations
being residually finite dimensional.
Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations
on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional
relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a
theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices.
Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms
of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.
Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional Categories:46L05, 47B99 |
3. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 335)
Cyclic Subgroup Separability of HNN-Extensions with Cyclic Associated Subgroups We derive a necessary and sufficient condition for HNN-extensions
of cyclic subgroup separable groups with cyclic associated
subgroups to be cyclic subgroup separable. Applying this, we
explicitly characterize the residual finiteness and the cyclic
subgroup separability of HNN-extensions of abelian groups with
cyclic associated subgroups. We also consider these residual
properties of HNN-extensions of nilpotent groups with cyclic
associated subgroups.
Keywords:HNN-extension, nilpotent groups, cyclic subgroup separable $(\pi_c)$, residually finite Categories:20E26, 20E06, 20F10 |