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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword real

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1. CMB Online first

Boulabiar, Karim
Characters on $C( X)$
The precise condition on a completely regular space $X$ for every character on $C(X) $ to be an evaluation at some point in $X$ is that $X$ be realcompact. Usually, this classical result is obtained relying heavily on involved (and even nonconstructive) extension arguments. This note provides a direct proof that is accessible to a large audience.

Keywords:characters, realcompact, evaluation, real-valued continuous functions
Categories:54C30, 46E25

2. CMB Online first

Jeong, Imsoon; Kim, Seonhui; Suh, Young Jin
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Two-Plane Grassmannians with Reeb Parallel Structure Jacobi Operator
In this paper we give a characterization of a real hypersurface of Type~$(A)$ in complex two-plane Grassmannians ${ { {G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})} } }$, which means a tube over a totally geodesic $G_{2}(\mathbb C^{m+1})$ in ${G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})}$, by the Reeb parallel structure Jacobi operator ${\nabla}_{\xi}R_{\xi}=0$.

Keywords:real hypersurfaces, complex two-plane Grassmannians, Hopf hypersurface, Reeb parallel, structure Jacobi operator
Categories:53C40, 53C15

3. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 640)

Türkmen, İnan Utku
Regulator Indecomposable Cycles on a Product of Elliptic Curves
We provide a novel proof of the existence of regulator indecomposables in the cycle group $CH^2(X,1)$, where $X$ is a sufficiently general product of two elliptic curves. In particular, the nature of our proof provides an illustration of Beilinson rigidity.

Keywords:real regulator, regulator indecomposable, higher Chow group, indecomposable cycle

4. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 306)

Pérez, Juan de Dios; Suh, Young Jin
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Projective Space Whose Structure Jacobi Operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel
We prove the non-existence of real hypersurfaces in complex projective space whose structure Jacobi operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel and satisfies a further condition.

Keywords:complex projective space, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operator
Categories:53C15, 53C40

5. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 752)

Hickel, M.; Rond, G.
Approximation of Holomorphic Solutions of a System of Real Analytic Equations
We prove the existence of an approximation function for holomorphic solutions of a system of real analytic equations. For this we use ultraproducts and Weierstrass systems introduced by J. Denef and L. Lipshitz. We also prove a version of the Płoski smoothing theorem in this case.

Keywords:Artin approximation, real analytic equations
Categories:13B40, 13L05, 14F12

6. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 611)

Özgür, Cihan; Mihai, Adela
Chen Inequalities for Submanifolds of Real Space Forms with a Semi-Symmetric Non-Metric Connection
In this paper we prove Chen inequalities for submanifolds of real space forms endowed with a semi-symmetric non-metric connection, i.e., relations between the mean curvature associated with a semi-symmetric non-metric connection, scalar and sectional curvatures, Ricci curvatures and the sectional curvature of the ambient space. The equality cases are considered.

Keywords:real space form, semi-symmetric non-metric connection, Ricci curvature
Categories:53C40, 53B05, 53B15

7. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 114)

Kon, S. H.; Loo, Tee-How
On Characterizations of Real Hypersurfaces in a Complex Space Form with $\eta$-Parallel Shape Operator
In this paper we study real hypersurfaces in a non-flat complex space form with $\eta$-parallel shape operator. Several partial characterizations of these real hypersurfaces are obtained.

Keywords:complex space form, Hopf hypersurfaces, ruled real hypersurfaces, $\eta$-parallel shape operator
Categories:53C40, 53C15

8. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 422)

Pérez, Juan de Dios; Suh, Young Jin
Two Conditions on the Structure Jacobi Operator for Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Projective Space
We classify real hypersurfaces in complex projective space whose structure Jacobi operator satisfies two conditions at the same time.

Keywords:complex projective space, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operator, two conditions
Categories:53C15, 53B25

9. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 593)

Boersema, Jeffrey L.; Ruiz, Efren
Stability of Real $C^*$-Algebras
We will give a characterization of stable real $C^*$-algebras analogous to the one given for complex $C^*$-algebras by Hjelmborg and Rørdam. Using this result, we will prove that any real $C^*$-algebra satisfying the corona factorization property is stable if and only if its complexification is stable. Real $C^*$-algebras satisfying the corona factorization property include AF-algebras and purely infinite $C^*$-algebras. We will also provide an example of a simple unstable $C^*$-algebra, the complexification of which is stable.

Keywords:stability, real C*-algebras

10. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 51)

Cobos, Fernando; Fernández-Cabrera, Luz M.
On the Relationship Between Interpolation of Banach Algebras and Interpolation of Bilinear Operators
We show that if the general real method $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$ preserves the Banach-algebra structure, then a bilinear interpolation theorem holds for $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$.

Keywords:real interpolation, bilinear operators, Banach algebras
Categories:46B70, 46M35, 46H05

11. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)

Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob
A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings
We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras. An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules on commutative rings. We show that this theorem is a consequence of the Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras. A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution.

Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometry
Categories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99

12. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 359)

Cho, Jong Taek; Ki, U-Hang
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Space Forms with Reeb Flow Symmetric Structure Jacobi Operator
Real hypersurfaces in a complex space form whose structure Jacobi operator is symmetric along the Reeb flow are studied. Among them, homogeneous real hypersurfaces of type $(A)$ in a complex projective or hyperbolic space are characterized as those whose structure Jacobi operator commutes with the shape operator.

Keywords:complex space form, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operator
Categories:53B20, 53C15, 53C25

13. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 561)

Foth, Philip
A Note on Lagrangian Loci of Quotients
We study Hamiltonian actions of compact groups in the presence of compatible involutions. We show that the Lagrangian fixed point set on the symplectically reduced space is isomorphic to the disjoint union of the involutively reduced spaces corresponding to involutions on the group strongly inner to the given one. Our techniques imply that the solution to the eigenvalues of a sum problem for a given real form can be reduced to the quasi-split real form in the same inner class. We also consider invariant quotients with respect to the corresponding real form of the complexified group.

Keywords:Quotients, involutions, real forms, Lagrangian loci

14. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 121)

Mollin, R. A.
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the Central Norm to Equal $2^h$ in the Simple Continued Fraction Expansion of $\sqrt{2^hc}$ for Any Odd $c>1$
We look at the simple continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{D}$ for any $D=2^hc $ where $c>1$ is odd with a goal of determining necessary and sufficient conditions for the central norm (as determined by the infrastructure of the underlying real quadratic order therein) to be $2^h$. At the end of the paper, we also address the case where $D=c$ is odd and the central norm of $\sqrt{D}$ is equal to $2$.

Keywords:quadratic Diophantine equations, simple continued fractions,, norms of ideals, infrastructure of real quadratic fields
Categories:11A55, 11D09, 11R11

15. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 274)

Dădărlat, Marius; Eilers, Søren
The Bockstein Map is Necessary
We construct two non-isomorphic nuclear, stably finite, real rank zero $C^\ast$-algebras $E$ and $E'$ for which there is an isomorphism of ordered groups $\Theta\colon \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E;\ZZ/n) \to \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E';\ZZ/n)$ which is compatible with all the coefficient transformations. The $C^\ast$-algebras $E$ and $E'$ are not isomorphic since there is no $\Theta$ as above which is also compatible with the Bockstein operations. By tensoring with Cuntz's algebra $\OO_\infty$ one obtains a pair of non-isomorphic, real rank zero, purely infinite $C^\ast$-algebras with similar properties.

Keywords:$K$-theory, torsion coefficients, natural transformations, Bockstein maps, $C^\ast$-algebras, real rank zero, purely infinite, classification
Categories:46L35, 46L80, 19K14

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