1. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 237)
 Laubie, François

Ramification des sÃ©ries formelles
Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $k$ be a finite field of characteristic $p$.
The subset $X+X^2 k[[X]]$ of the ring $k[[X]]$ is a group under the substitution
law $\circ $ sometimes called the Nottingham group of $k$; it is denoted by
$\mathcal{R}_k$. The ramification of one series $\gamma\in\mathcal{R}_k$ is
caracterized by its lower ramification numbers: $i_m(\gamma)=\ord_X
\bigl(\gamma^{p^m} (X)/X  1\bigr)$, as well as its upper ramification numbers:
$$
u_m (\gamma) = i_0 (\gamma) + \frac{i_1 (\gamma)  i_0(\gamma)}{p} +
\cdots + \frac{i_m (\gamma)  i_{m1} (\gamma)}{p^m} , \quad (m \in
\mathbb{N}).
$$
By Sen's theorem, the $u_m(\gamma)$ are integers. In this paper, we determine
the sequences of integers $(u_m)$ for which there exists $\gamma\in\mathcal{R}_k$
such that $u_m(\gamma)=u_m$ for all integer $m \geq 0$.
Keywords:ramification, Nottingham group Categories:11S15, 20E18 
