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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword positive solutions

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1. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 102)

Kong, Qingkai; Wang, Min
 Eigenvalue Approach to Even Order System Periodic Boundary Value Problems We study an even order system boundary value problem with periodic boundary conditions. By establishing the existence of a positive eigenvalue of an associated linear system Sturm-Liouville problem, we obtain new conditions for the boundary value problem to have a positive solution. Our major tools are the Krein-Rutman theorem for linear spectra and the fixed point index theory for compact operators. Keywords:Green's function, high order system boundary value problems, positive solutions, Sturm-Liouville problemCategories:34B18, 34B24

2. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 386)

Lan, K. Q.; Yang, G. C.
 Positive Solutions of the Falkner--Skan Equation Arising in the Boundary Layer Theory The well-known Falkner--Skan equation is one of the most important equations in laminar boundary layer theory and is used to describe the steady two-dimensional flow of a slightly viscous incompressible fluid past wedge shaped bodies of angles related to $\lambda\pi/2$, where $\lambda\in \mathbb R$ is a parameter involved in the equation. It is known that there exists $\lambda^{*}<0$ such that the equation with suitable boundary conditions has at least one positive solution for each $\lambda\ge \lambda^{*}$ and has no positive solutions for $\lambda<\lambda^{*}$. The known numerical result shows $\lambda^{*}=-0.1988$. In this paper, $\lambda^{*}\in [-0.4,-0.12]$ is proved analytically by establishing a singular integral equation which is equivalent to the Falkner--Skan equation. The equivalence result provides new techniques to study properties and existence of solutions of the Falkner--Skan equation. Keywords:Falkner-Skan equation, boundary layer problems, singular integral equation, positive solutionsCategories:34B16, 34B18, 34B40, 76D10

3. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 356)

Filippakis, Michael E.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
 Existence of Positive Solutions for Nonlinear Noncoercive Hemivariational Inequalities In this paper we investigate the existence of positive solutions for nonlinear elliptic problems driven by the $p$-Laplacian with a nonsmooth potential (hemivariational inequality). Under asymptotic conditions that make the Euler functional indefinite and incorporate in our framework the asymptotically linear problems, using a variational approach based on nonsmooth critical point theory, we obtain positive smooth solutions. Our analysis also leads naturally to multiplicity results. Keywords:$p$-Laplacian, locally Lipschitz potential, nonsmooth critical point theory, principal eigenvalue, positive solutions, nonsmooth Mountain Pass TheoremCategories:35J20, 35J60, 35J85