Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 11 of 11 |
1. CMB Online first
Characterizing Distinguished Pairs by Using Liftings of Irreducible Polynomials Let $v$ be a henselian valuation of any rank of a field
$K$ and $\overline{v}$ be the unique extension of $v$ to a
fixed algebraic closure $\overline{K}$ of $K$. In 2005, it was studied properties
of those pairs $(\theta,\alpha)$ of elements of $\overline{K}$
with $[K(\theta): K]\gt [K(\alpha): K]$ where $\alpha$ is an element
of smallest degree over $K$ such that
$$
\overline{v}(\theta-\alpha)=\sup\{\overline{v}(\theta-\beta)
|\ \beta\in \overline{K}, \ [K(\beta): K]\lt [K(\theta): K]\}.
$$
Such pairs are referred to as distinguished pairs.
We use the concept of liftings of irreducible polynomials to give a
different characterization of distinguished pairs.
Keywords:valued fields, non-Archimedean valued fields, irreducible polynomials Categories:12J10, 12J25, 12E05 |
2. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 844)
On the Average Number of Square-Free Values of Polynomials We obtain an asymptotic formula for the number
of square-free integers in $N$ consecutive values
of polynomials on average over integral
polynomials of degree at most $k$ and of
height at most $H$, where $H \ge N^{k-1+\varepsilon}$
for some fixed $\varepsilon\gt 0$.
Individual results of this kind for polynomials of degree $k \gt 3$,
due to A. Granville (1998),
are only known under the $ABC$-conjecture.
Keywords:polynomials, square-free numbers Category:11N32 |
3. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 602)
Resultants of Chebyshev Polynomials: A Short Proof We give a simple proof of the value of the resultant of two Chebyshev polynomials
(of the first or the second kind),
values lately obtained by D. P. Jacobs, M. O. Rayes and V. Trevisan.
Keywords:resultant, Chebyshev polynomials, cyclotomic polynomials Categories:11R09, 11R04 |
4. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 510)
Linear Forms in Monic Integer Polynomials We prove a necessary and sufficient condition on the list of
nonzero integers $u_1,\dots,u_k$, $k \geq 2$, under which a monic
polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is expressible by a linear form
$u_1f_1+\dots+u_kf_k$ in monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k \in
\mathbb{Z}[x]$. This condition is independent of $f$. We also show that if
this condition holds, then the monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k$
can be chosen to be irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$.
Keywords:irreducible polynomial, height, linear form in polynomials, Eisenstein's criterion Categories:11R09, 11C08, 11B83 |
5. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 251)
Sign Changes of the Liouville Function on Quadratics Let $\lambda (n)$ denote the Liouville function. Complementary to the prime number theorem, Chowla conjectured
that
\begin{equation*}
\label{a.1}
\sum_{n\le x} \lambda (f(n)) =o(x)\tag{$*$}
\end{equation*}
for any polynomial $f(x)$ with integer coefficients which is not of
form $bg(x)^2$.
When $f(x)=x$, $(*)$ is equivalent to the prime number theorem.
Chowla's conjecture has been proved for linear functions,
but for degree
greater than 1, the conjecture seems
to be extremely hard and remains wide open.
One can consider a weaker form
of Chowla's conjecture.
Conjecture 1.
[Cassaigne et al.]
If $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z} [x]$ and is not in the form of $bg^2(x)$
for some $g(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, then $\lambda (f(n))$
changes sign infinitely often.
Clearly, Chowla's conjecture implies Conjecture 1.
Although weaker,
Conjecture 1 is still wide open for polynomials of degree $\gt 1$.
In this article, we study Conjecture 1 for
quadratic polynomials. One of our main theorems is the following.
Theorem 1
Let $f(x) = ax^2+bx +c $ with $a\gt 0$ and $l$
be a positive integer such that $al$ is
not a perfect square. If the
equation $f(n)=lm^2 $ has one solution
$(n_0,m_0) \in \mathbb{Z}^2$, then it has infinitely
many positive solutions $(n,m) \in \mathbb{N}^2$.
As a direct consequence of Theorem 1, we prove the following.
Theorem 2
Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ with $a \in \mathbb{N}$ and $b,c \in \mathbb{Z}$. Let
\[
A_0=\Bigl[\frac{|b|+(|D|+1)/2}{2a}\Bigr]+1.
\]
Then either the binary sequence $\{ \lambda (f(n)) \}_{n=A_0}^\infty$ is
a constant sequence or it changes sign infinitely often.
Some partial results of Conjecture 1 for quadratic polynomials are also proved using Theorem 1.
Keywords:Liouville function, Chowla's conjecture, prime number theorem, binary sequences, changes sign infinitely often, quadratic polynomials, Pell equation Categories:11N60, 11B83, 11D09 |
6. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 194)
On the Smallest and Largest Zeros of MÃ¼ntz-Legendre Polynomials MÃ¼ntz-Legendre
polynomials $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ associated with a
sequence $\Lambda=\{\lambda_k\}$ are obtained by orthogonalizing the
system $(x^{\lambda_0}, x^{\lambda_1}, x^{\lambda_2}, \dots)$ in
$L_2[0,1]$ with respect to the Legendre weight. If the $\lambda_k$'s
are distinct, it is well known that $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ has exactly $n$
zeros $l_{n,n}\lt l_{n-1,n}\lt \cdots \lt l_{2,n}\lt l_{1,n}$ on $(0,1)$.
First we prove the following global bound for the smallest zero,
$$
\exp\biggl(-4\sum_{j=0}^n \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}\biggr) \lt l_{n,n}.
$$
An important consequence is that if the associated MÃ¼ntz space is
non-dense in $L_2[0,1]$, then
$$
\inf_{n}x_{n,n}\geq
\exp\biggl({-4\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}}\biggr)\gt 0,
$$
so
the elements $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ have no zeros close to 0.
Furthermore, we determine the asymptotic behavior of the largest zeros; for $k$ fixed,
$$
\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \vert \log l_{k,n}\vert \sum_{j=0}^n
(2\lambda_j+1)= \Bigl(\frac{j_k}{2}\Bigr)^2,
$$
where $j_k$ denotes the $k$-th zero of the Bessel function $J_0$.
Keywords:MÃ¼ntz polynomials, MÃ¼ntz-Legendre polynomials Categories:42C05, 42C99, 41A60, 30B50 |
7. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 217)
Recurrence Relations for Strongly $q$-Log-Convex Polynomials
We consider a class of
strongly $q$-log-convex polynomials based on a triangular recurrence
relation with linear coefficients, and we show that the Bell
polynomials, the Bessel polynomials, the Ramanujan polynomials and
the Dowling polynomials are strongly $q$-log-convex. We also prove
that the Bessel transformation preserves log-convexity.
Keywords:log-concavity, $q$-log-convexity, strong $q$-log-convexity, Bell polynomials, Bessel polynomials, Ramanujan polynomials, Dowling polynomials Categories:05A20, 05E99 |
8. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 511)
The Irreducibility of Polynomials That Have One Large Coefficient and Take a Prime Value We use some classical estimates for polynomial roots to provide
several irreducibility criteria for polynomials with integer
coefficients that have one sufficiently large coefficient and take a
prime value.
Keywords:Estimates for polynomial roots, irreducible polynomials Categories:11C08, 11R09 |
9. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 95)
Matrix Valued Orthogonal Polynomials on the Unit Circle: Some Extensions of the Classical Theory In the work presented below the classical subject of orthogonal
polynomials on the unit
circle is discussed in the matrix setting. An explicit matrix
representation of the matrix valued orthogonal polynomials in terms of
the moments of the measure is presented. Classical recurrence
relations are revisited using the matrix representation of the
polynomials. The matrix expressions for the kernel polynomials and the
Christoffel--Darboux formulas are presented for the first time.
Keywords:Matrix valued orthogonal polynomials, unit circle, Schur complements, recurrence relations, kernel polynomials, Christoffel-Darboux Category:42C99 |
10. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 547)
Degeneracy of 2-Forms and 3-Forms We study some global aspects of differential complex 2-forms and 3-forms
on complex manifolds.
We compute the cohomology classes represented by the sets of points
on a manifold where such a form degenerates in various senses,
together with other similar cohomological obstructions.
Based on these results and a formula for projective
representations, we calculate the degree of the projectivization
of certain orbits of the representation $\Lambda^k\C^n$.
Keywords:Classes of degeneracy loci, 2-forms, 3-forms, Thom polynomials, global singularity theory Categories:14N10, 57R45 |
11. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 337)
Spectral Transformations of the Laurent Biorthogonal Polynomials, II. Pastro Polynomials We continue to study the simplest closure conditions for chains of
spectral transformations of the Laurent biorthogonal polynomials
($\LBP$). It is shown that the 1-1-periodic $q$-closure condition
leads to the $\LBP$ introduced by Pastro. We introduce classes of
semi-classical and Laguerre-Hahn $\LBP$ associated to generic closure
conditions of the chain of spectral transformations.
Keywords:Laurent orthogonal polynomials, Pastro polynomials, spectral transformations Category:33D45 |