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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword polynomials

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1. CMB Online first

Aghigh, Kamal; Nikseresht, Azadeh
Characterizing Distinguished Pairs by Using Liftings of Irreducible Polynomials
Let $v$ be a henselian valuation of any rank of a field $K$ and $\overline{v}$ be the unique extension of $v$ to a fixed algebraic closure $\overline{K}$ of $K$. In 2005, it was studied properties of those pairs $(\theta,\alpha)$ of elements of $\overline{K}$ with $[K(\theta): K]\gt [K(\alpha): K]$ where $\alpha$ is an element of smallest degree over $K$ such that $$ \overline{v}(\theta-\alpha)=\sup\{\overline{v}(\theta-\beta) |\ \beta\in \overline{K}, \ [K(\beta): K]\lt [K(\theta): K]\}. $$ Such pairs are referred to as distinguished pairs. We use the concept of liftings of irreducible polynomials to give a different characterization of distinguished pairs.

Keywords:valued fields, non-Archimedean valued fields, irreducible polynomials
Categories:12J10, 12J25, 12E05

2. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 844)

Shparlinski, Igor E.
On the Average Number of Square-Free Values of Polynomials
We obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of square-free integers in $N$ consecutive values of polynomials on average over integral polynomials of degree at most $k$ and of height at most $H$, where $H \ge N^{k-1+\varepsilon}$ for some fixed $\varepsilon\gt 0$. Individual results of this kind for polynomials of degree $k \gt 3$, due to A. Granville (1998), are only known under the $ABC$-conjecture.

Keywords:polynomials, square-free numbers
Category:11N32

3. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 602)

Louboutin, Stéphane R.
Resultants of Chebyshev Polynomials: A Short Proof
We give a simple proof of the value of the resultant of two Chebyshev polynomials (of the first or the second kind), values lately obtained by D. P. Jacobs, M. O. Rayes and V. Trevisan.

Keywords:resultant, Chebyshev polynomials, cyclotomic polynomials
Categories:11R09, 11R04

4. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 510)

Dubickas, Artūras
Linear Forms in Monic Integer Polynomials
We prove a necessary and sufficient condition on the list of nonzero integers $u_1,\dots,u_k$, $k \geq 2$, under which a monic polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is expressible by a linear form $u_1f_1+\dots+u_kf_k$ in monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$. This condition is independent of $f$. We also show that if this condition holds, then the monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k$ can be chosen to be irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$.

Keywords:irreducible polynomial, height, linear form in polynomials, Eisenstein's criterion
Categories:11R09, 11C08, 11B83

5. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 251)

Borwein, Peter; Choi, Stephen K. K.; Ganguli, Himadri
Sign Changes of the Liouville Function on Quadratics
Let $\lambda (n)$ denote the Liouville function. Complementary to the prime number theorem, Chowla conjectured that \begin{equation*} \label{a.1} \sum_{n\le x} \lambda (f(n)) =o(x)\tag{$*$} \end{equation*} for any polynomial $f(x)$ with integer coefficients which is not of form $bg(x)^2$. When $f(x)=x$, $(*)$ is equivalent to the prime number theorem. Chowla's conjecture has been proved for linear functions, but for degree greater than 1, the conjecture seems to be extremely hard and remains wide open. One can consider a weaker form of Chowla's conjecture. Conjecture 1. [Cassaigne et al.] If $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z} [x]$ and is not in the form of $bg^2(x)$ for some $g(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, then $\lambda (f(n))$ changes sign infinitely often. Clearly, Chowla's conjecture implies Conjecture 1. Although weaker, Conjecture 1 is still wide open for polynomials of degree $\gt 1$. In this article, we study Conjecture 1 for quadratic polynomials. One of our main theorems is the following. Theorem 1 Let $f(x) = ax^2+bx +c $ with $a\gt 0$ and $l$ be a positive integer such that $al$ is not a perfect square. If the equation $f(n)=lm^2 $ has one solution $(n_0,m_0) \in \mathbb{Z}^2$, then it has infinitely many positive solutions $(n,m) \in \mathbb{N}^2$. As a direct consequence of Theorem 1, we prove the following. Theorem 2 Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$ with $a \in \mathbb{N}$ and $b,c \in \mathbb{Z}$. Let \[ A_0=\Bigl[\frac{|b|+(|D|+1)/2}{2a}\Bigr]+1. \] Then either the binary sequence $\{ \lambda (f(n)) \}_{n=A_0}^\infty$ is a constant sequence or it changes sign infinitely often. Some partial results of Conjecture 1 for quadratic polynomials are also proved using Theorem 1.

Keywords:Liouville function, Chowla's conjecture, prime number theorem, binary sequences, changes sign infinitely often, quadratic polynomials, Pell equation
Categories:11N60, 11B83, 11D09

6. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 194)

Stefánsson, Úlfar F.
On the Smallest and Largest Zeros of Müntz-Legendre Polynomials
Müntz-Legendre polynomials $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ associated with a sequence $\Lambda=\{\lambda_k\}$ are obtained by orthogonalizing the system $(x^{\lambda_0}, x^{\lambda_1}, x^{\lambda_2}, \dots)$ in $L_2[0,1]$ with respect to the Legendre weight. If the $\lambda_k$'s are distinct, it is well known that $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ has exactly $n$ zeros $l_{n,n}\lt l_{n-1,n}\lt \cdots \lt l_{2,n}\lt l_{1,n}$ on $(0,1)$. First we prove the following global bound for the smallest zero, $$ \exp\biggl(-4\sum_{j=0}^n \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}\biggr) \lt l_{n,n}. $$ An important consequence is that if the associated Müntz space is non-dense in $L_2[0,1]$, then $$ \inf_{n}x_{n,n}\geq \exp\biggl({-4\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}}\biggr)\gt 0, $$ so the elements $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ have no zeros close to 0. Furthermore, we determine the asymptotic behavior of the largest zeros; for $k$ fixed, $$ \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \vert \log l_{k,n}\vert \sum_{j=0}^n (2\lambda_j+1)= \Bigl(\frac{j_k}{2}\Bigr)^2, $$ where $j_k$ denotes the $k$-th zero of the Bessel function $J_0$.

Keywords:Müntz polynomials, Müntz-Legendre polynomials
Categories:42C05, 42C99, 41A60, 30B50

7. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 217)

Chen, William Y. C.; Wang, Larry X. W.; Yang, Arthur L. B.
Recurrence Relations for Strongly $q$-Log-Convex Polynomials
We consider a class of strongly $q$-log-convex polynomials based on a triangular recurrence relation with linear coefficients, and we show that the Bell polynomials, the Bessel polynomials, the Ramanujan polynomials and the Dowling polynomials are strongly $q$-log-convex. We also prove that the Bessel transformation preserves log-convexity.

Keywords:log-concavity, $q$-log-convexity, strong $q$-log-convexity, Bell polynomials, Bessel polynomials, Ramanujan polynomials, Dowling polynomials
Categories:05A20, 05E99

8. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 511)

Bonciocat, Anca Iuliana; Bonciocat, Nicolae Ciprian
The Irreducibility of Polynomials That Have One Large Coefficient and Take a Prime Value
We use some classical estimates for polynomial roots to provide several irreducibility criteria for polynomials with integer coefficients that have one sufficiently large coefficient and take a prime value.

Keywords:Estimates for polynomial roots, irreducible polynomials
Categories:11C08, 11R09

9. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 95)

Miranian, L.
Matrix Valued Orthogonal Polynomials on the Unit Circle: Some Extensions of the Classical Theory
In the work presented below the classical subject of orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle is discussed in the matrix setting. An explicit matrix representation of the matrix valued orthogonal polynomials in terms of the moments of the measure is presented. Classical recurrence relations are revisited using the matrix representation of the polynomials. The matrix expressions for the kernel polynomials and the Christoffel--Darboux formulas are presented for the first time.

Keywords:Matrix valued orthogonal polynomials, unit circle, Schur complements, recurrence relations, kernel polynomials, Christoffel-Darboux
Category:42C99

10. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 547)

Fehér, L. M.; Némethi, A.; Rimányi, R.
Degeneracy of 2-Forms and 3-Forms
We study some global aspects of differential complex 2-forms and 3-forms on complex manifolds. We compute the cohomology classes represented by the sets of points on a manifold where such a form degenerates in various senses, together with other similar cohomological obstructions. Based on these results and a formula for projective representations, we calculate the degree of the projectivization of certain orbits of the representation $\Lambda^k\C^n$.

Keywords:Classes of degeneracy loci, 2-forms, 3-forms, Thom polynomials, global singularity theory
Categories:14N10, 57R45

11. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 337)

Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei
Spectral Transformations of the Laurent Biorthogonal Polynomials, II. Pastro Polynomials
We continue to study the simplest closure conditions for chains of spectral transformations of the Laurent biorthogonal polynomials ($\LBP$). It is shown that the 1-1-periodic $q$-closure condition leads to the $\LBP$ introduced by Pastro. We introduce classes of semi-classical and Laguerre-Hahn $\LBP$ associated to generic closure conditions of the chain of spectral transformations.

Keywords:Laurent orthogonal polynomials, Pastro polynomials, spectral transformations
Category:33D45

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