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26. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 337)

Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei
Spectral Transformations of the Laurent Biorthogonal Polynomials, II. Pastro Polynomials
We continue to study the simplest closure conditions for chains of spectral transformations of the Laurent biorthogonal polynomials ($\LBP$). It is shown that the 1-1-periodic $q$-closure condition leads to the $\LBP$ introduced by Pastro. We introduce classes of semi-classical and Laguerre-Hahn $\LBP$ associated to generic closure conditions of the chain of spectral transformations.

Keywords:Laurent orthogonal polynomials, Pastro polynomials, spectral transformations
Category:33D45

27. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 125)

Smith, Larry
Modular Vector Invariants of Cyclic Permutation Representations
Vector invariants of finite groups (see the introduction for an explanation of the terminology) have often been used to illustrate the difficulties of invariant theory in the modular case: see, \eg., \cite{Ber}, \cite{norway}, \cite{fossum}, \cite{MmeB}, \cite{poly} and \cite{survey}. It is therefore all the more surprising that the {\it unpleasant} properties of these invariants may be derived from two unexpected, and remarkable, {\it nice} properties: namely for vector permutation invariants of the cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order in characteristic $p$ the image of the transfer homomorphism $\Tr^{\mathbb{Z}/p} \colon \mathbb{F}[V] \lra \mathbb{F}[V]^{\mathbb{Z}/p}$ is a prime ideal, and the quotient algebra $\mathbb{F}[V]^{\mathbb{Z}/p}/ \Im (\Tr^{\mathbb{Z}/p})$ is a polynomial algebra on the top Chern classes of the action.

Keywords:polynomial invariants of finite groups
Category:13A50

28. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 442)

Chamberland, Marc; Meisters, Gary
A Mountain Pass to the Jacobian Conjecture.
This paper presents an approach to injectivity theorems via the Mountain Pass Lemma and raises an open question. The main result of this paper (Theorem~1.1) is proved by means of the Mountain Pass Lemma and states that if the eigenvalues of $F' (\x)F' (\x)^{T}$ are uniformly bounded away from zero for $\x \in \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^{n}$, where $F \colon \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n \rightarrow \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$ is a class $\cC^{1}$ map, then $F$ is injective. This was discovered in a joint attempt by the authors to prove a stronger result conjectured by the first author: Namely, that a sufficient condition for injectivity of class $\cC^{1}$ maps $F$ of $\hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$ into itself is that all the eigenvalues of $F'(\x)$ are bounded away from zero on $\hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$. This is stated as Conjecture~2.1. If true, it would imply (via {\it Reduction-of-Degree}) {\it injectivity of polynomial maps} $F \colon \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n \rightarrow \hbox{\Bbbvii R}^n$ {\it satisfying the hypothesis}, $\det F'(\x) \equiv 1$, of the celebrated Jacobian Conjecture (JC) of Ott-Heinrich Keller. The paper ends with several examples to illustrate a variety of cases and known counterexamples to some natural questions.

Keywords:Injectivity, ${\cal C}^1$-maps, polynomial maps, Jacobian Conjecture, Mountain Pass
Categories:14A25, 14E09

29. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 47)

Hartl, Manfred
A universal coefficient decomposition for subgroups induced by submodules of group algebras
Dimension subgroups and Lie dimension subgroups are known to satisfy a `universal coefficient decomposition', {\it i.e.} their value with respect to an arbitrary coefficient ring can be described in terms of their values with respect to the `universal' coefficient rings given by the cyclic groups of infinite and prime power order. Here this fact is generalized to much more general types of induced subgroups, notably covering Fox subgroups and relative dimension subgroups with respect to group algebra filtrations induced by arbitrary $N$-series, as well as certain common generalisations of these which occur in the study of the former. This result relies on an extension of the principal universal coefficient decomposition theorem on polynomial ideals (due to Passi, Parmenter and Seghal), to all additive subgroups of group rings. This is possible by using homological instead of ring theoretical methods.

Keywords:induced subgroups, group algebras, Fox subgroups, relative dimension, subgroups, polynomial ideals
Categories:20C07, 16A27
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