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Christ, Michael; Rieffel, Marc A.
 Nilpotent group C*-algebras as compact quantum metric spaces Let $\mathbb{L}$ be a length function on a group $G$, and let $M_\mathbb{L}$ denote the operator of pointwise multiplication by $\mathbb{L}$ on $\lt(G)$. Following Connes, $M_\mathbb{L}$ can be used as a Dirac'' operator for the reduced group C*-algebra $C_r^*(G)$. It defines a Lipschitz seminorm on $C_r^*(G)$, which defines a metric on the state space of $C_r^*(G)$. We show that for any length function satisfying a strong form of polynomial growth on a discrete group, the topology from this metric coincides with the weak-$*$ topology (a key property for the definition of a compact quantum metric space''). In particular, this holds for all word-length functions on finitely generated nilpotent-by-finite groups. Keywords:group C*-algebra, Dirac operator, quantum metric space, discrete nilpotent group, polynomial growthCategories:46L87, 20F65, 22D15, 53C23, 58B34
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