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1. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 39)

Ben Amara, Jamel
Comparison Theorem for Conjugate Points of a Fourth-order Linear Differential Equation
In 1961, J. Barrett showed that if the first conjugate point $\eta_1(a)$ exists for the differential equation $(r(x)y'')''= p(x)y,$ where $r(x)\gt 0$ and $p(x)\gt 0$, then so does the first systems-conjugate point $\widehat\eta_1(a)$. The aim of this note is to extend this result to the general equation with middle term $(q(x)y')'$ without further restriction on $q(x)$, other than continuity.

Keywords:fourth-order linear differential equation, conjugate points, system-conjugate points, subwronskians
Categories:47E05, 34B05, 34C10

2. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 500)

Browning, T. D.
The Lang--Weil Estimate for Cubic Hypersurfaces
An improved estimate is provided for the number of $\mathbb{F}_q$-rational points on a geometrically irreducible, projective, cubic hypersurface that is not equal to a cone.

Keywords:cubic hypersurface, rational points, finite fields
Categories:11G25, 14G15

3. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 842)

Sairaiji, Fumio; Yamauchi, Takuya
The Rank of Jacobian Varieties over the Maximal Abelian Extensions of Number Fields: Towards the Frey-Jarden Conjecture
Frey and Jarden asked if any abelian variety over a number field $K$ has the infinite Mordell-Weil rank over the maximal abelian extension $K^{\operatorname{ab}}$. In this paper, we give an affirmative answer to their conjecture for the Jacobian variety of any smooth projective curve $C$ over $K$ such that $\sharp C(K^{\operatorname{ab}})=\infty$ and for any abelian variety of $\operatorname{GL}_2$-type with trivial character.

Keywords:Mordell-Weil rank, Jacobian varieties, Frey-Jarden conjecture, abelian points
Categories:11G05, 11D25, 14G25, 14K07

4. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 193)

Ulas, Maciej
Rational Points in Arithmetic Progressions on $y^2=x^n+k$
Let $C$ be a hyperelliptic curve given by the equation $y^2=f(x)$ for $f\in\mathbb{Z}[x]$ without multiple roots. We say that points $P_{i}=(x_{i}, y_{i})\in C(\mathbb{Q})$ for $i=1,2,\dots, m$ are in arithmetic progression if the numbers $x_{i}$ for $i=1,2,\dots, m$ are in arithmetic progression. In this paper we show that there exists a polynomial $k\in\mathbb{Z}[t]$ with the property that on the elliptic curve $\mathcal{E}': y^2=x^3+k(t)$ (defined over the field $\mathbb{Q}(t)$) we can find four points in arithmetic progression that are independent in the group of all $\mathbb{Q}(t)$-rational points on the curve $\mathcal{E}'$. In particular this result generalizes earlier results of Lee and V\'{e}lez. We also show that if $n\in\mathbb{N}$ is odd, then there are infinitely many $k$'s with the property that on curves $y^2=x^n+k$ there are four rational points in arithmetic progressions. In the case when $n$ is even we can find infinitely many $k$'s such that on curves $y^2=x^n+k$ there are six rational points in arithmetic progression.

Keywords:arithmetic progressions, elliptic curves, rational points on hyperelliptic curves
Category:11G05

5. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 340)

Lusala, Tsasa; Śniatycki, Jędrzej; Watts, Jordan
Regular Points of a Subcartesian Space
We discuss properties of the regular part $S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ of a subcartesian space $S$. We show that $S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ is open and dense in $S$ and the restriction to $ S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ of the tangent bundle space of $S$ is locally trivial.

Keywords:differential structures, singular and regular points
Category:58A40

6. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 398)

McKinnon, David
A Reduction of the Batyrev-Manin Conjecture for Kummer Surfaces
Let $V$ be a $K3$ surface defined over a number field $k$. The Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ states that for every nonempty open subset $U$ of $V$, there exists a finite set $Z_U$ of accumulating rational curves such that the density of rational points on $U-Z_U$ is strictly less than the density of rational points on $Z_U$. Thus, the set of rational points of $V$ conjecturally admits a stratification corresponding to the sets $Z_U$ for successively smaller sets $U$. In this paper, in the case that $V$ is a Kummer surface, we prove that the Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ can be reduced to the Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ modulo the endomorphisms of $V$ induced by multiplication by $m$ on the associated abelian surface $A$. As an application, we use this to show that given some restrictions on $A$, the set of rational points of $V$ which lie on rational curves whose preimages have geometric genus 2 admits a stratification of

Keywords:rational points, Batyrev-Manin conjecture, Kummer, surface, rational curve, abelian surface, height
Categories:11G35, 14G05

7. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 373)

Laugesen, Richard S.; Pritsker, Igor E.
Potential Theory of the Farthest-Point Distance Function
We study the farthest-point distance function, which measures the distance from $z \in \mathbb{C}$ to the farthest point or points of a given compact set $E$ in the plane. The logarithm of this distance is subharmonic as a function of $z$, and equals the logarithmic potential of a unique probability measure with unbounded support. This measure $\sigma_E$ has many interesting properties that reflect the topology and geometry of the compact set $E$. We prove $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for polygons inscribed in a circle, with equality if and only if $E$ is a regular $n$-gon for some odd $n$. Also we show $\sigma_E(E) = \frac12$ for smooth convex sets of constant width. We conjecture $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for all~$E$.

Keywords:distance function, farthest points, subharmonic function, representing measure, convex bodies of constant width
Categories:31A05, 52A10, 52A40

8. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 337)

Chen, Imin
Surjectivity of $\mod\ell$ Representations Attached to Elliptic Curves and Congruence Primes
For a modular elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$, we show a number of links between the primes $\ell$ for which the mod $\ell$ representation of $E/\mathbb{Q}$ has projective dihedral image and congruence primes for the newform associated to $E/\mathbb{Q}$.

Keywords:torsion points of elliptic curves, Galois representations, congruence primes, Serre tori, grossencharacters, non-split Cartan
Categories:11G05, 11F80

9. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 294)

Bracci, Filippo
Fixed Points of Commuting Holomorphic Maps Without Boundary Regularity
We identify a class of domains of $\C^n$ in which any two commuting holomorphic self-maps have a common fixed point.

Keywords:Holomorphic self-maps, commuting functions, fixed points, Wolff point, Julia's Lemma
Categories:32A10, 32A40, 32H15, 32A30

10. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 118)

Rao, T. S. S. R. K.
Points of Weak$^\ast$-Norm Continuity in the Unit Ball of the Space $\WC(K,X)^\ast$
For a compact Hausdorff space with a dense set of isolated points, we give a complete description of points of weak$^\ast$-norm continuity in the dual unit ball of the space of Banach space valued functions that are continuous when the range has the weak topology. As an application we give a complete description of points of weak-norm continuity of the unit ball of the space of vector measures when the underlying Banach space has the Radon-Nikodym property.

Keywords:Points of weak$^\ast$-norm continuity, space of vector valued weakly continuous functions, $M$-ideals
Categories:46B20, 46E40

11. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 356)

Mazet, Pierre
Principe du maximum et lemme de Schwarz, a valeurs vectorielles
Nous {\'e}tablissons un th{\'e}or{\`e}me pour les fonctions holomorphes {\`a} valeurs dans une partie convexe ferm{\'e}e. Ce th{\'e}or{\`e}me pr{\'e}cise la position des coefficients de Taylor de telles fonctions et peut {\^e}tre consid{\'e}r{\'e} comme une g{\'e}n{\'e}ralisation des in{\'e}galit{\'e}s de Cauchy. Nous montrons alors comment ce th{\'e}or{\`e}me permet de retrouver des versions connues du principe du maximum et d'obtenir de nouveaux r{\'e}sultats sur les applications holomorphes {\`a} valeurs vectorielles.

Keywords:Principe du maximum, lemme de Schwarz, points extr{émaux.
Categories:30C80, 32A30, 46G20, 52A07

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