Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 11 of 11 |
1. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 39)
Comparison Theorem for Conjugate Points of a Fourth-order Linear Differential Equation In 1961, J. Barrett showed that if the first conjugate point
$\eta_1(a)$ exists for the differential equation $(r(x)y'')''=
p(x)y,$ where $r(x)\gt 0$ and $p(x)\gt 0$, then so does the first
systems-conjugate point $\widehat\eta_1(a)$. The aim of this note is to
extend this result to the general equation with middle term
$(q(x)y')'$ without further restriction on $q(x)$, other than
continuity.
Keywords:fourth-order linear differential equation, conjugate points, system-conjugate points, subwronskians Categories:47E05, 34B05, 34C10 |
2. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 500)
The Lang--Weil Estimate for Cubic Hypersurfaces An improved estimate is provided for the number of $\mathbb{F}_q$-rational points
on a geometrically irreducible, projective, cubic hypersurface that is
not equal to a cone.
Keywords:cubic hypersurface, rational points, finite fields Categories:11G25, 14G15 |
3. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 842)
The Rank of Jacobian Varieties over the Maximal Abelian Extensions of Number Fields: Towards the Frey-Jarden Conjecture |
The Rank of Jacobian Varieties over the Maximal Abelian Extensions of Number Fields: Towards the Frey-Jarden Conjecture Frey and Jarden asked if
any abelian variety over a number field $K$
has the infinite Mordell-Weil rank over
the maximal abelian extension $K^{\operatorname{ab}}$.
In this paper,
we give an affirmative answer to their conjecture
for the Jacobian variety
of any smooth projective curve $C$
over $K$
such that $\sharp C(K^{\operatorname{ab}})=\infty$
and for any abelian variety of $\operatorname{GL}_2$-type with trivial character.
Keywords:Mordell-Weil rank, Jacobian varieties, Frey-Jarden conjecture, abelian points Categories:11G05, 11D25, 14G25, 14K07 |
4. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 193)
Rational Points in Arithmetic Progressions on $y^2=x^n+k$
Let $C$ be a hyperelliptic curve given by the equation $y^2=f(x)$
for $f\in\mathbb{Z}[x]$ without multiple roots. We say that points
$P_{i}=(x_{i}, y_{i})\in C(\mathbb{Q})$ for $i=1,2,\dots, m$ are in
arithmetic progression if the numbers $x_{i}$ for $i=1,2,\dots, m$
are in arithmetic progression.
In this paper we show that there exists a polynomial $k\in\mathbb{Z}[t]$
with the property that on the elliptic curve $\mathcal{E}':
y^2=x^3+k(t)$ (defined over the field $\mathbb{Q}(t)$) we can find four
points in arithmetic progression that are independent in the group
of all $\mathbb{Q}(t)$-rational points on the curve $\mathcal{E}'$. In
particular this result generalizes earlier results of Lee and
V\'{e}lez. We also show that if $n\in\mathbb{N}$ is odd,
then there are infinitely many $k$'s with the property that on
curves $y^2=x^n+k$ there are four rational points in arithmetic
progressions. In the case when $n$ is even we can find infinitely
many $k$'s such that on curves $y^2=x^n+k$ there are six rational
points in arithmetic progression.
Keywords:arithmetic progressions, elliptic curves, rational points on hyperelliptic curves Category:11G05 |
5. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 340)
Regular Points of a Subcartesian Space We discuss properties of the regular part $S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ of
a subcartesian space $S$. We show that $S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ is open and dense in
$S$ and the restriction to $ S_{\operatorname{reg}}$ of the tangent
bundle space of $S$ is locally trivial.
Keywords:differential structures, singular and regular points Category:58A40 |
6. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 398)
A Reduction of the Batyrev-Manin Conjecture for Kummer Surfaces Let $V$ be a $K3$ surface defined over a number field $k$. The
Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ states that for every nonempty open
subset $U$ of $V$, there exists a finite set $Z_U$ of accumulating
rational curves such that the density of rational points on $U-Z_U$ is
strictly less than the density of rational points on $Z_U$. Thus,
the set of rational points of $V$ conjecturally admits a stratification
corresponding to the sets $Z_U$ for successively smaller sets $U$.
In this paper, in the case that $V$ is a Kummer surface, we prove that
the Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ can be reduced to the
Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ modulo the endomorphisms of $V$
induced by multiplication by $m$ on the associated abelian surface
$A$. As an application, we use this to show that given some restrictions
on $A$, the set of rational points of $V$ which lie on rational curves
whose preimages have geometric genus 2 admits a stratification of
Keywords:rational points, Batyrev-Manin conjecture, Kummer, surface, rational curve, abelian surface, height Categories:11G35, 14G05 |
7. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 373)
Potential Theory of the Farthest-Point Distance Function We study the farthest-point distance function, which measures the
distance from $z \in \mathbb{C}$ to the farthest point or points of
a given compact set $E$ in the plane.
The logarithm of this distance is subharmonic as a function of $z$,
and equals the logarithmic potential of a unique probability measure
with unbounded support. This measure $\sigma_E$ has many interesting
properties that reflect the topology and geometry of the compact set
$E$. We prove $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for polygons inscribed in a
circle, with equality if and only if $E$ is a regular $n$-gon for some
odd $n$. Also we show $\sigma_E(E) = \frac12$ for smooth convex sets of
constant width. We conjecture $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for all~$E$.
Keywords:distance function, farthest points, subharmonic function, representing measure, convex bodies of constant width Categories:31A05, 52A10, 52A40 |
8. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 337)
Surjectivity of $\mod\ell$ Representations Attached to Elliptic Curves and Congruence Primes For a modular elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$, we show a number of
links between the primes $\ell$ for which the mod $\ell$
representation of $E/\mathbb{Q}$ has projective dihedral image and
congruence primes for the newform associated to $E/\mathbb{Q}$.
Keywords:torsion points of elliptic curves, Galois representations, congruence primes, Serre tori, grossencharacters, non-split Cartan Categories:11G05, 11F80 |
9. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 294)
Fixed Points of Commuting Holomorphic Maps Without Boundary Regularity We identify a class of domains of $\C^n$ in which any two commuting
holomorphic self-maps have a common fixed point.
Keywords:Holomorphic self-maps, commuting functions, fixed points, Wolff point, Julia's Lemma Categories:32A10, 32A40, 32H15, 32A30 |
10. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 118)
Points of Weak$^\ast$-Norm Continuity in the Unit Ball of the Space $\WC(K,X)^\ast$ For a compact Hausdorff space with a dense set of isolated points, we
give a complete description of points of weak$^\ast$-norm continuity
in the dual unit ball of the space of Banach space valued functions
that are continuous when the range has the weak topology. As an
application we give a complete description of points of weak-norm
continuity of the unit ball of the space of vector measures when
the underlying Banach space has the Radon-Nikodym property.
Keywords:Points of weak$^\ast$-norm continuity, space of vector valued weakly continuous functions, $M$-ideals Categories:46B20, 46E40 |
11. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 356)
Principe du maximum et lemme de Schwarz, a valeurs vectorielles Nous {\'e}tablissons un
th{\'e}or{\`e}me pour les fonctions holomorphes {\`a} valeurs dans une
partie convexe ferm{\'e}e. Ce th{\'e}or{\`e}me pr{\'e}cise
la position des coefficients de Taylor de telles fonctions et peut
{\^e}tre consid{\'e}r{\'e} comme une g{\'e}n{\'e}ralisation des
in{\'e}galit{\'e}s de Cauchy. Nous montrons alors comment ce
th{\'e}or{\`e}me permet de retrouver des versions connues du principe
du maximum et d'obtenir de nouveaux r{\'e}sultats sur les
applications holomorphes {\`a} valeurs vectorielles.
Keywords:Principe du maximum, lemme de Schwarz, points extr{Ã©maux. Categories:30C80, 32A30, 46G20, 52A07 |