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1. CMB Online first

 Small Flag Complexes with Torsion We classify flag complexes on at most $12$ vertices with torsion in the first homology group. The result is moderately computer-aided. As a consequence we confirm a folklore conjecture that the smallest poset whose order complex is homotopy equivalent to the real projective plane (and also the smallest poset with torsion in the first homology group) has exactly $13$ elements. Keywords:clique complex, order complex, homology, torsion, minimal modelCategories:55U10, 06A11, 55P40, 55-04, 05-04

2. CMB Online first

 Left-orderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$ We show that the resulting manifold by $r$-surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is the two-bridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has left-orderable fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$. Keywords:left-ordering, Dehn surgeryCategories:57M25, 06F15

3. CMB Online first

 Left-orderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$ We show that the resulting manifold by $r$-surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is the two-bridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has left-orderable fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$. Keywords:left-ordering, Dehn surgeryCategories:57M25, 06F15

4. CMB Online first

Sokić, Miodrag
 Indicators, chains, antichains, Ramsey property We introduce two Ramsey classes of finite relational structures. The first class contains finite structures of the form $(A,(I_{i})_{i=1}^{n},\leq ,(\preceq _{i})_{i=1}^{n})$ where $\leq$ is a total ordering on $A$ and $% \preceq _{i}$ is a linear ordering on the set $\{a\in A:I_{i}(a)\}$. The second class contains structures of the form $(A,\leq ,(I_{i})_{i=1}^{n},\preceq )$ where $(A,\leq )$ is a weak ordering and $% \preceq$ is a linear ordering on $A$ such that $A$ is partitioned by $% \{a\in A:I_{i}(a)\}$ into maximal chains in the partial ordering $\leq$ and each $\{a\in A:I_{i}(a)\}$ is an interval with respect to $\preceq$. Keywords:Ramsey property, linear orderingsCategories:05C55, 03C15, 54H20

5. CMB Online first

Hakamata, Ryoto; Teragaito, Masakazu
 Left-orderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$ We show that the resulting manifold by $r$-surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is the two-bridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has left-orderable fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$. Keywords:left-ordering, Dehn surgeryCategories:57M25, 06F15

6. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 850)

Teragaito, Masakazu
 Left-orderability and Exceptional Dehn Surgery on Twist Knots We show that any exceptional non-trivial Dehn surgery on a twist knot, except the trefoil, yields a $3$-manifold whose fundamental group is left-orderable. This is a generalization of a result of Clay, Lidman and Watson, and also gives a new supporting evidence for a conjecture of Boyer, Gordon and Watson. Keywords:left-ordering, twist knot, Dehn surgeryCategories:57M25, 06F15

7. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 39)

Ben Amara, Jamel
 Comparison Theorem for Conjugate Points of a Fourth-order Linear Differential Equation In 1961, J. Barrett showed that if the first conjugate point $\eta_1(a)$ exists for the differential equation $(r(x)y'')''= p(x)y,$ where $r(x)\gt 0$ and $p(x)\gt 0$, then so does the first systems-conjugate point $\widehat\eta_1(a)$. The aim of this note is to extend this result to the general equation with middle term $(q(x)y')'$ without further restriction on $q(x)$, other than continuity. Keywords:fourth-order linear differential equation, conjugate points, system-conjugate points, subwronskiansCategories:47E05, 34B05, 34C10

8. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 102)

Kong, Qingkai; Wang, Min
 Eigenvalue Approach to Even Order System Periodic Boundary Value Problems We study an even order system boundary value problem with periodic boundary conditions. By establishing the existence of a positive eigenvalue of an associated linear system Sturm-Liouville problem, we obtain new conditions for the boundary value problem to have a positive solution. Our major tools are the Krein-Rutman theorem for linear spectra and the fixed point index theory for compact operators. Keywords:Green's function, high order system boundary value problems, positive solutions, Sturm-Liouville problemCategories:34B18, 34B24

9. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)

Loring, Terry A.
 From Matrix to Operator Inequalities We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations being residually finite dimensional. Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices. Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials. Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensionalCategories:46L05, 47B99

10. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 566)

Zhou, Xiang-Jun; Shi, Lei; Zhou, Ding-Xuan
 Non-uniform Randomized Sampling for Multivariate Approximation by High Order Parzen Windows We consider approximation of multivariate functions in Sobolev spaces by high order Parzen windows in a non-uniform sampling setting. Sampling points are neither i.i.d. nor regular, but are noised from regular grids by non-uniform shifts of a probability density function. Sample function values at sampling points are drawn according to probability measures with expected values being values of the approximated function. The approximation orders are estimated by means of regularity of the approximated function, the density function, and the order of the Parzen windows, under suitable choices of the scaling parameter. Keywords:multivariate approximation, Sobolev spaces, non-uniform randomized sampling, high order Parzen windows, convergence ratesCategories:68T05, 62J02

11. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 277)

Farley, Jonathan David
 Maximal Sublattices of Finite Distributive Lattices. III: A Conjecture from the 1984 Banff Conference on Graphs and Order Let $L$ be a finite distributive lattice. Let $\operatorname{Sub}_0(L)$ be the lattice $$\{S\mid S\text{ is a sublattice of }L\}\cup\{\emptyset\}$$ and let $\ell_*[\operatorname{Sub}_0(L)]$ be the length of the shortest maximal chain in $\operatorname{Sub}_0(L)$. It is proved that if $K$ and $L$ are non-trivial finite distributive lattices, then $$\ell_*[\operatorname{Sub}_0(K\times L)]=\ell_*[\operatorname{Sub}_0(K)]+\ell_*[\operatorname{Sub}_0(L)].$$ A conjecture from the 1984 Banff Conference on Graphs and Order is thus proved. Keywords:(distributive) lattice, maximal sublattice, (partially) ordered setCategories:06D05, 06D50, 06A07

12. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 270)

Dow, Alan
 Sequential Order Under PFA It is shown that it follows from PFA that there is no compact scattered space of height greater than $\omega$ in which the sequential order and the scattering heights coincide. Keywords:sequential order, scattered spaces, PFACategories:54D55, 03E05, 03E35, 54A20

13. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 381)

Velušček, Dejan
 A Short Note on the Higher Level Version of the Krull--Baer Theorem Klep and Velu\v{s}\v{c}ek generalized the Krull--Baer theorem for higher level preorderings to the non-commutative setting. A $n$-real valuation $v$ on a skew field $D$ induces a group homomorphism $\overline{v}$. A section of $\overline{v}$ is a crucial ingredient of the construction of a complete preordering on the base field $D$ such that its projection on the residue skew field $k_v$ equals the given level $1$ ordering on $k_v$. In the article we give a proof of the existence of the section of $\overline{v}$, which was left as an open problem by Klep and Velu\v{s}\v{c}ek, and thus complete the generalization of the Krull--Baer theorem for preorderings. Keywords:orderings of higher level, division rings, valuationsCategories:14P99, 06Fxx

14. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 475)

 Nonlinear Multipoint Boundary Value Problems for Second Order Differential Equations In this paper we shall discuss nonlinear multipoint boundary value problems for second order differential equations when deviating arguments depend on the unknown solution. Sufficient conditions under which such problems have extremal and quasi-solutions are given. The problem of when a unique solution exists is also investigated. To obtain existence results, a monotone iterative technique is used. Two examples are added to verify theoretical results. Keywords:second order differential equations, deviated arguments, nonlinear boundary conditions, extremal solutions, quasi-solutions, unique solutionCategories:34A45, 34K10

15. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 315)

Yi, Taishan; Zou, Xingfu
 Generic Quasi-Convergence for Essentially Strongly Order-Preserving Semiflows By employing the limit set dichotomy for essentially strongly order-preserving semiflows and the assumption that limit sets have infima and suprema in the state space, we prove a generic quasi-convergence principle implying the existence of an open and dense set of stable quasi-convergent points. We also apply this generic quasi-convergence principle to a model for biochemical feedback in protein synthesis and obtain some results about the model which are of theoretical and realistic significance. Keywords:Essentially strongly order-preserving semiflow, compactness, quasi-convergenceCategories:34C12, 34K25

16. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)

Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob
 A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras. An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules on commutative rings. We show that this theorem is a consequence of the Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras. A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution. Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometryCategories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99

17. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 15)

Aqzzouz, Belmesnaoui; Nouira, Redouane; Zraoula, Larbi
 The Duality Problem for the Class of AM-Compact Operators on Banach Lattices We prove the converse of a theorem of Zaanen about the duality problem of positive AM-compact operators. Keywords:AM-compact operator, order continuous norm, discrete vector latticeCategories:46A40, 46B40, 46B42

18. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 105)

Klep, Igor
 On Valuations, Places and Graded Rings Associated to $*$-Orderings We study natural $*$-valuations, $*$-places and graded $*$-rings associated with $*$-ordered rings. We prove that the natural $*$-valuation is always quasi-Ore and is even quasi-commutative (\emph{i.e.,} the corresponding graded $*$-ring is commutative), provided the ring contains an imaginary unit. Furthermore, it is proved that the graded $*$-ring is isomorphic to a twisted semigroup algebra. Our results are applied to answer a question of Cimpri\v c regarding $*$-orderability of quantum groups. Keywords:$*$--orderings, valuations, rings with involutionCategories:14P10, 16S30, 16W10

19. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 161)

Betancor, Jorge J.
 Hankel Convolution Operators on Spaces of Entire Functions of Finite Order In this paper we study Hankel transforms and Hankel convolution operators on spaces of entire functions of finite order and their duals. Keywords:Hankel transform, convolution, entire functions, finite orderCategory:46F12

20. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 530)

Iranmanesh, A.; Khosravi, B.
 A Characterization of $PSU_{11}(q)$ Order components of a finite simple group were introduced in [4]. It was proved that some non-abelian simple groups are uniquely determined by their order components. As the main result of this paper, we show that groups $PSU_{11}(q)$ are also uniquely determined by their order components. As corollaries of this result, the validity of a conjecture of J. G. Thompson and a conjecture of W. Shi and J. Bi both on $PSU_{11}(q)$ are obtained. Keywords:Prime graph, order component, finite group,simple groupCategories:20D08, 20D05, 20D60

21. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 310)

Wang, Xiaofeng
 Second Order Dehn Functions of Asynchronously Automatic Groups Upper bounds of second order Dehn functions of asynchronously automatic groups are obtained. Keywords:second order Dehn function, combing, asynchronously automatic groupCategories:20E06, 20F05, 57M05

22. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 268)

Puls, Michael J.
 Group Cohomology and $L^p$-Cohomology of Finitely Generated Groups Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite group, let $p>1$, and let $L^p(G)$ denote the Banach space $\{ \sum_{x\in G} a_xx \mid \sum_{x\in G} |a_x |^p < \infty \}$. In this paper we will study the first cohomology group of $G$ with coefficients in $L^p(G)$, and the first reduced $L^p$-cohomology space of $G$. Most of our results will be for a class of groups that contains all finitely generated, infinite nilpotent groups. Keywords:group cohomology, $L^p$-cohomology, central element of infinite order, harmonic function, continuous linear functionalCategories:43A15, 20F65, 20F18

23. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 397)

Bonato, Anthony; Cameron, Peter; Delić, Dejan
 Tournaments and Orders with the Pigeonhole Property A binary structure $S$ has the pigeonhole property ($\mathcal{P}$) if every finite partition of $S$ induces a block isomorphic to $S$. We classify all countable tournaments with ($\mathcal{P}$); the class of orders with ($\mathcal{P}$) is completely classified. Keywords:pigeonhole property, tournament, orderCategories:05C20, 03C15

24. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 478)

Pruss, Alexander R.
 A Remark On the Moser-Aubin Inequality For Axially Symmetric Functions On the Sphere Let $\scr S_r$ be the collection of all axially symmetric functions $f$ in the Sobolev space $H^1(\Sph^2)$ such that $\int_{\Sph^2} x_ie^{2f(\mathbf{x})} \, d\omega(\mathbf{x})$ vanishes for $i=1,2,3$. We prove that $$\inf_{f\in \scr S_r} \frac12 \int_{\Sph^2} |\nabla f|^2 \, d\omega + 2\int_{\Sph^2} f \, d\omega- \log \int_{\Sph^2} e^{2f} \, d\omega > -\oo,$$ and that this infimum is attained. This complements recent work of Feldman, Froese, Ghoussoub and Gui on a conjecture of Chang and Yang concerning the Moser-Aubin inequality. Keywords:Moser inequality, borderline Sobolev inequalities, axially symmetric functionsCategories:26D15, 58G30