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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword operators

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1. CMB Online first

Koh, Doowon
Restriction Operators Acting on Radial Functions on Vector Spaces Over Finite Fields
We study $L^p-L^r$ restriction estimates for algebraic varieties $V$ in the case when restriction operators act on radial functions in the finite field setting. We show that if the varieties $V$ lie in odd dimensional vector spaces over finite fields, then the conjectured restriction estimates are possible for all radial test functions. In addition, assuming that the varieties $V$ are defined in even dimensional spaces and have few intersection points with the sphere of zero radius, we also obtain the conjectured exponents for all radial test functions.

Keywords:finite fields, radial functions, restriction operators
Categories:42B05, 43A32, 43A15

2. CMB Online first

Kalantar, Mehrdad
Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups
We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains non-zero compact operators on $\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$. As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where $\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the Radon--Nikodym property.

Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operators
Category:46L89

3. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)

Bourin, Jean-Christophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, Eun-Young
Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators
Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings.

Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalities
Categories:47A63, 15A45

4. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)

Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.
Cesàro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane
In this article we study the Cesàro operator $$ \mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta, $$ and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also discussed.

Keywords:Cesàro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operators
Categories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03

5. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 65)

Ghenciu, Ioana
The Uncomplemented Subspace $\mathbf K(X,Y) $
A vector measure result is used to study the complementation of the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators in the spaces $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators, and $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators. Results of Kalton and Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X,Y)$ in $L(X,Y)$ and in $W(X,Y)$ are generalized. The containment of $c_0$ and $\ell_\infty$ in spaces of operators is also studied.

Keywords:compact operators, weakly compact operators, uncomplemented subspaces of operators
Categories:46B20, 46B28

6. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 449)

Bahreini, Manijeh; Bator, Elizabeth; Ghenciu, Ioana
Complemented Subspaces of Linear Bounded Operators
We study the complementation of the space $W(X,Y)$ of weakly compact operators, the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators, the space $U(X,Y)$ of unconditionally converging operators, and the space $CC(X,Y)$ of completely continuous operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. Feder proved that if $X$ is infinite-dimensional and $c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0 \hookrightarrow K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. Bator and Lewis showed that if $X$ is not a Grothendieck space and $c_0 \hookrightarrow Y$, then $W(X,Y)$ is uncomplemented in $L(X,Y)$. In this paper, classical results of Kalton and separably determined operator ideals with property $(*)$ are used to obtain complementation results that yield these theorems as corollaries.

Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspaces, compact operators, weakly compact operators, completely continuous operators
Categories:46B20, 46B28

7. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 579)

Ndogmo, J. C.
Casimir Operators and Nilpotent Radicals
It is shown that a Lie algebra having a nilpotent radical has a fundamental set of invariants consisting of Casimir operators. A different proof is given in the well known special case of an abelian radical. A result relating the number of invariants to the dimension of the Cartan subalgebra is also established.

Keywords:nilpotent radical, Casimir operators, algebraic Lie algebras, Cartan subalgebras, number of invariants
Categories:16W25, 17B45, 16S30

8. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 548)

Lewis, Paul; Schulle, Polly
Non-complemented Spaces of Operators, Vector Measures, and $c_o$
The Banach spaces $L(X, Y)$, $K(X, Y)$, $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$, and $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are studied to determine when they contain the classical Banach spaces $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$. The complementation of the Banach space $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ is discussed as well as what impact this complementation has on the embedding of $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$ in $K(X, Y)$ or $L(X, Y)$. Results of Kalton, Feder, and Emmanuele concerning the complementation of $K(X, Y)$ in $L(X, Y)$ are generalized. Results concerning the complementation of the Banach space $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ in $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ are also explored as well as how that complementation affects the embedding of $c_o$ or $\ell_\infty$ in $K_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$ or $L_{w^*}(X^*, Y)$. The $\ell_p$ spaces for $1 = p < \infty$ are studied to determine when the space of compact operators from one $\ell_p$ space to another contains $c_o$. The paper contains a new result which classifies these spaces of operators. A new result using vector measures is given to provide more efficient proofs of theorems by Kalton, Feder, Emmanuele, Emmanuele and John, and Bator and Lewis.

Keywords:spaces of operators, compact operators, complemented subspaces, $w^*-w$-compact operators
Category:46B20

9. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 297)

Glasner, Eli
The Group $\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ is Roelcke Precompact
Following a similar result of Uspenskij on the unitary group of a separable Hilbert space, we show that, with respect to the lower (or Roelcke) uniform structure, the Polish group $G= \operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ of automorphisms of an atomless standard Borel probability space $(X,\mu)$ is precompact. We identify the corresponding compactification as the space of Markov operators on $L_2(\mu)$ and deduce that the algebra of right and left uniformly continuous functions, the algebra of weakly almost periodic functions, and the algebra of Hilbert functions on $G$, i.e., functions on $G$ arising from unitary representations, all coincide. Again following Uspenskij, we also conclude that $G$ is totally minimal.

Keywords:Roelcke precompact, unitary group, measure preserving transformations, Markov operators, weakly almost periodic functions
Categories:54H11, 22A05, 37B05, 54H20

10. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 456)

Gustafson, Karl
On Operator Sum and Product Adjoints and Closures
We comment on domain conditions that regulate when the adjoint of the sum or product of two unbounded operators is the sum or product of their adjoints, and related closure issues. The quantum mechanical problem PHP essentially selfadjoint for unbounded Hamiltonians is addressed, with new results.

Keywords:unbounded operators, adjoints of sums and products, quantum mechanics
Category:47A05

11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)

Loring, Terry A.
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities
We generalize Löwner's method for proving that matrix monotone functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations being residually finite dimensional. Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices. Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.

Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional
Categories:46L05, 47B99

12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 441)

Zorboska, Nina
Univalently Induced, Closed Range, Composition Operators on the Bloch-type Spaces
While there is a large variety of univalently induced closed range composition operators on the Bloch space, we show that the only univalently induced, closed range, composition operators on the Bloch-type spaces $B^{\alpha}$ with $\alpha \ne 1$ are the ones induced by a disc automorphism.

Keywords:composition operators, Bloch-type spaces, closed range, univalent
Categories:47B35, 32A18

13. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 498)

Mortad, Mohammed Hichem
On the Adjoint and the Closure of the Sum of Two Unbounded Operators
We prove, under some conditions on the domains, that the adjoint of the sum of two unbounded operators is the sum of their adjoints in both Hilbert and Banach space settings. A similar result about the closure of operators is also proved. Some interesting consequences and examples "spice up" the paper.

Keywords:unbounded operators, sum and products of operators, Hilbert and Banach adjoints, self-adjoint operators, closed operators, closure of operators
Category:47A05

14. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 716)

Okassa, Eugène
Symplectic Lie-Rinehart-Jacobi Algebras and Contact Manifolds
We give a characterization of contact manifolds in terms of symplectic Lie-Rinehart-Jacobi algebras. We also give a sufficient condition for a Jacobi manifold to be a contact manifold.

Keywords:Lie-Rinehart algebras, differential operators, Jacobi manifolds, symplectic manifolds, contact manifolds
Categories:13N05, 53D05, 53D10

15. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 141)

Kim, Sang Og; Park, Choonkil
Linear Maps on $C^*$-Algebras Preserving the Set of Operators that are Invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$
For $C^*$-algebras $\mathcal{A}$ of real rank zero, we describe linear maps $\phi$ on $\mathcal{A}$ that are surjective up to ideals $\mathcal{I}$, and $\pi(A)$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ if and only if $\pi(\phi(A))$ is invertible in $\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$, where $A\in\mathcal{A}$ and $\pi:\mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{A}/\mathcal{I}$ is the quotient map. We also consider similar linear maps preserving zero products on the Calkin algebra.

Keywords:preservers, Jordan automorphisms, invertible operators, zero products
Categories:47B48, 47A10, 46H10

16. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 327)

Luor, Dah-Chin
Multidimensional Exponential Inequalities with Weights
We establish sufficient conditions on the weight functions $u$ and $v$ for the validity of the multidimensional weighted inequality $$ \Bigl(\int_E \Phi(T_k f(x))^q u(x)\,dx\Bigr)^{1/q} \le C \Bigl (\int_E \Phi(f(x))^p v(x)\,dx\Bigr )^{1/p}, $$ where 0<$p$, $q$<$\infty$, $\Phi$ is a logarithmically convex function, and $T_k$ is an integral operator over star-shaped regions. The condition is also necessary for the exponential integral inequality. Moreover, the estimation of $C$ is given and we apply the obtained results to generalize some multidimensional Levin--Cochran-Lee type inequalities.

Keywords:multidimensional inequalities, geometric mean operators, exponential inequalities, star-shaped regions
Categories:26D15, 26D10

17. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 118)

Lewis, Paul
The Uncomplemented Spaces $W(X,Y)$ and $K(X,Y)$
Classical results of Kalton and techniques of Feder are used to study the complementation of the space $W(X, Y)$ of weakly compact operators and the space $K(X,Y)$ of compact operators in the space $L(X,Y)$ of all bounded linear maps from X to Y.

Keywords:spaces of operators, complemented subspace, weakly compact operator, basic sequence
Categories:46B28, 46B15, 46B20

18. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 51)

Cobos, Fernando; Fernández-Cabrera, Luz M.
On the Relationship Between Interpolation of Banach Algebras and Interpolation of Bilinear Operators
We show that if the general real method $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$ preserves the Banach-algebra structure, then a bilinear interpolation theorem holds for $(\cdot ,\cdot )_\Gamma$.

Keywords:real interpolation, bilinear operators, Banach algebras
Categories:46B70, 46M35, 46H05

19. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 213)

Ghenciu, Ioana; Lewis, Paul
Dunford--Pettis Properties and Spaces of Operators
J. Elton used an application of Ramsey theory to show that if $X$ is an infinite dimensional Banach space, then $c_0$ embeds in $X$, $\ell_1$ embeds in $X$, or there is a subspace of $X$ that fails to have the Dunford--Pettis property. Bessaga and Pelczynski showed that if $c_0$ embeds in $X^*$, then $\ell_\infty$ embeds in $X^*$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0$ embeds in $K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is not complemented in $L(X,Y)$. Classical results from Schauder basis theory are used in a study of Dunford--Pettis sets and strong Dunford--Pettis sets to extend each of the preceding theorems. The space $L_{w^*}(X^* , Y)$ of $w^*-w$ continuous operators is also studied.

Keywords:Dunford--Pettis property, Dunford--Pettis set, basic sequence, complemented spaces of operators
Categories:46B20, 46B28

20. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 618)

Valmorin, V.
Vanishing Theorems in Colombeau Algebras of Generalized Functions
Using a canonical linear embedding of the algebra ${\mathcal G}^{\infty}(\Omega)$ of Colombeau generalized functions in the space of $\overline{\C}$-valued $\C$-linear maps on the space ${\mathcal D}(\Omega)$ of smooth functions with compact support, we give vanishing conditions for functions and linear integral operators of class ${\mathcal G}^\infty$. These results are then applied to the zeros of holomorphic generalized functions in dimension greater than one.

Keywords:Colombeau generalized functions, linear integral operators, generalized holomorphic functions
Categories:32A60, 45P05, 46F30

21. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 195)

Chen, Huaihui; Gauthier, Paul
Boundedness from Below of Composition Operators on $\alpha$-Bloch Spaces
We give a necessary and sufficient condition for a composition operator on an $\alpha$-Bloch space with $\alpha\ge 1$ to be bounded below. This extends a known result for the Bloch space due to P. Ghatage, J. Yan, D. Zheng, and H. Chen.

Keywords:Bloch functions, composition operators
Categories:32A18, 30H05

22. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 434)

Õzarslan, M. Ali; Duman, Oktay
MKZ Type Operators Providing a Better Estimation on $[1/2,1)$
In the present paper, we introduce a modification of the Meyer-K\"{o}nig and Zeller (MKZ) operators which preserve the test functions $f_{0}(x)=1$ and $f_{2}(x)=x^{2}$, and we show that this modification provides a better estimation than the classical MKZ operators on the interval $[\frac{1}{2},1)$ with respect to the modulus of continuity and the Lipschitz class functionals. Furthermore, we present the $r-$th order generalization of our operators and study their approximation properties.

Keywords:Meyer-König and Zeller operators, Korovkin type approximation theorem, modulus of continuity, Lipschitz class functionals
Categories:41A25, 41A36

23. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 505)

Bouikhalene, Belaid
On the Generalized d'Alembert's and Wilson's Functional Equations on a Compact group
Let $G$ be a compact group. Let $\sigma$ be a continuous involution of $G$. In this paper, we are concerned by the following functional equation $$\int_{G}f(xtyt^{-1})\,dt+\int_{G}f(xt\sigma(y)t^{-1})\,dt=2g(x)h(y), \quad x, y \in G,$$ where $f, g, h \colonG \mapsto \mathbb{C}$, to be determined, are complex continuous functions on $G$ such that $f$ is central. This equation generalizes d'Alembert's and Wilson's functional equations. We show that the solutions are expressed by means of characters of irreducible, continuous and unitary representations of the group $G$.

Keywords:Compact groups, Functional equations, Central functions, Lie, groups, Invariant differential operators.
Categories:39B32, 39B42, 22D10, 22D12, 22D15

24. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 607)

Park, Efton
Toeplitz Algebras and Extensions of\\Irrational Rotation Algebras
For a given irrational number $\theta$, we define Toeplitz operators with symbols in the irrational rotation algebra ${\mathcal A}_\theta$, and we show that the $C^*$-algebra $\mathcal T({\mathcal A}_\theta)$ generated by these Toeplitz operators is an extension of ${\mathcal A}_\theta$ by the algebra of compact operators. We then use these extensions to explicitly exhibit generators of the group $KK^1({\mathcal A}_\theta,\mathbb C)$. We also prove an index theorem for $\mathcal T({\mathcal A}_\theta)$ that generalizes the standard index theorem for Toeplitz operators on the circle.

Keywords:Toeplitz operators, irrational rotation algebras, index theory
Categories:47B35, 46L80

25. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 175)

Borwein, David; Kratz, Werner
Weighted Convolution Operators on $\ell_p$
The main results deal with conditions for the validity of the weighted convolution inequality $\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}\left|b_n\sum_{k\in\mathbb Z} a_{n-k}x_k\right|^p\le C^p\sum_{k\in\mathbb Z} |x_k|^p$ when $p\ge1$.

Keywords:convolution operators on $\ell_p$
Categories:40G10;, 40E05
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