Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 25 of 38 |
1. CMB Online first
Some normal numbers generated by arithmetic functions Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$-normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sum-of-divisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambda-function. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number
\[ 0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots \]
obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$-values is $g$-normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$-normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$.
Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sum-of-divisors function, Carmichael lambda-function, Champernowne's number Categories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37 |
2. CMB Online first
Irreducible Tuples without Boundary Property We examine spectral behavior of irreducible tuples which do not
admit boundary property. In particular, we prove under some mild
assumption that the spectral radius of such an $m$-tuple $(T_1,
\dots, T_m)$ must be the operator norm of $T^*_1T_1 + \cdots +
T^*_mT_m$. We use this simple observation to ensure boundary
property for an irreducible, essentially normal joint $q$-isometry provided it
is not a joint isometry.
We further exhibit a family of
reproducing Hilbert $\mathbb{C}[z_1, \dots, z_m]$-modules (of which
the Drury-Arveson Hilbert module is a prototype) with the property that any
two nested unitarily equivalent submodules are indeed equal.
Keywords:boundary representations, subnormal, joint p-isometry Categories:47A13, 46E22 |
3. CMB Online first
Some normal numbers generated by arithmetic functions Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$-normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sum-of-divisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambda-function. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number
\[ 0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots \]
obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$-values is $g$-normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$-normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$.
Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sum-of-divisors function, Carmichael lambda-function, Champernowne's number Categories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37 |
4. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 579)
On the Hereditary Paracompactness of Locally Compact, Hereditarily Normal Spaces We establish that if it is consistent that there is a
supercompact cardinal, then it is consistent that every locally
compact, hereditarily normal space which does not include a perfect
pre-image of $\omega_1$ is hereditarily paracompact.
Keywords:locally compact, hereditarily normal, paracompact, Axiom R, PFA$^{++}$ Categories:54D35, 54D15, 54D20, 54D45, 03E65, 03E35 |
5. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 745)
Dimension Functions of Self-Affine Scaling Sets In this paper, the dimension function of a self-affine generalized scaling set associated with an $n\times n$ integral expansive dilation $A$ is studied. More specifically, we consider the dimension function of an $A$-dilation generalized scaling set $K$ assuming that $K$ is a self-affine tile satisfying $BK = (K+d_1) \cup (K+d_2)$, where $B=A^t$, $A$ is an $n\times n$ integral expansive matrix with $\lvert \det A\rvert=2$, and $d_1,d_2\in\mathbb{R}^n$. We show that the dimension function of $K$ must be constant if either $n=1$ or $2$ or one of the digits is $0$, and that it is bounded by $2\lvert K\rvert$ for any $n$.
Keywords:scaling set, self-affine tile, orthonormal multiwavelet, dimension function Category:42C40 |
6. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 593)
On the $p$-norm of an Integral Operator in the Half Plane We give a partial answer to a conjecture of DostaniÄ on the
determination of the norm of a class of integral operators induced
by the weighted Bergman projection in the upper half plane.
Keywords:Bergman projection, integral operator, $L^p$-norm, the upper half plane Categories:47B38, 47G10, 32A36 |
7. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 459)
On Certain Multivariable Subnormal Weighted Shifts and their Duals To every subnormal $m$-variable weighted shift $S$ (with bounded
positive weights) corresponds a positive Reinhardt measure $\mu$
supported on a compact Reinhardt subset of $\mathbb C^m$. We show that, for
$m \geq 2$, the dimensions of the $1$-st cohomology vector spaces
associated with the Koszul complexes of $S$ and its dual ${\tilde S}$
are different if a certain radial function happens to be integrable
with respect to $\mu$ (which is indeed the case with many classical
examples). In particular, $S$ cannot in that case be similar to
${\tilde S}$. We next prove that, for $m \geq 2$, a Fredholm subnormal
$m$-variable weighted shift $S$ cannot be similar to its dual.
Keywords:subnormal, Reinhardt, Betti numbers Category:47B20 |
8. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 272)
On Super Weakly Compact Convex Sets and Representation of the Dual of the Normed Semigroup They Generate |
On Super Weakly Compact Convex Sets and Representation of the Dual of the Normed Semigroup They Generate In this note, we first give a characterization of super weakly
compact convex sets of a Banach space $X$:
a closed bounded convex set $K\subset X$ is
super weakly compact if and only if there exists a $w^*$ lower
semicontinuous seminorm $p$ with $p\geq\sigma_K\equiv\sup_{x\in
K}\langle\,\cdot\,,x\rangle$ such that $p^2$ is uniformly FrÃ©chet
differentiable on each bounded set of $X^*$. Then we present a
representation theorem for the dual of the semigroup $\textrm{swcc}(X)$
consisting of all the nonempty super weakly compact convex sets of the
space $X$.
Keywords:super weakly compact set, dual of normed semigroup, uniform FrÃ©chet differentiability, representation Categories:20M30, 46B10, 46B20, 46E15, 46J10, 49J50 |
9. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 555)
Weighted $L^p$ Boundedness of Pseudodifferential Operators and Applications In this paper we prove weighted norm inequalities with weights in
the $A_p$ classes, for pseudodifferential operators with symbols in
the class ${S^{n(\rho -1)}_{\rho, \delta}}$ that fall outside the
scope of CalderÃ³n-Zygmund theory. This is accomplished by
controlling the sharp function of the pseudodifferential operator by
Hardy-Littlewood type maximal functions. Our weighted norm
inequalities also yield $L^{p}$ boundedness of commutators of
functions of bounded mean oscillation with a wide class of operators
in $\mathrm{OP}S^{m}_{\rho, \delta}$.
Keywords:weighted norm inequality, pseudodifferential operator, commutator estimates Categories:42B20, 42B25, 35S05, 47G30 |
10. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 774)
Pell Equations: Non-Principal Lagrange Criteria and Central Norms We provide a criterion for the central norm to be
any value in the simple continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{D}$
for any non-square integer $D>1$. We also provide a simple criterion
for the solvability of the Pell equation $x^2-Dy^2=-1$ in terms of
congruence conditions modulo $D$.
Keywords:Pell's equation, continued fractions, central norms Categories:11D09, 11A55, 11R11, 11R29 |
11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 697)
Constructions of Uniformly Convex Functions We give precise conditions under which the composition
of a norm with a convex function yields a
uniformly convex function on a Banach space.
Various applications are given to functions of power type.
The results are dualized to study uniform smoothness
and several examples are provided.
Keywords:convex function, uniformly convex function, uniformly smooth function, power type, Fenchel conjugate, composition, norm Categories:52A41, 46G05, 46N10, 49J50, 90C25 |
12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 597)
Sharp Inequalities for Differentially Subordinate Harmonic Functions and Martingales
We determine the best constants $C_{p,\infty}$ and $C_{1,p}$,
$1 < p < \infty$, for which the following holds. If $u$, $v$ are
orthogonal harmonic functions on a Euclidean domain such that $v$ is
differentially subordinate to $u$, then
$$ \|v\|_p \leq C_{p,\infty}
\|u\|_\infty,\quad
\|v\|_1 \leq C_{1,p} \|u\|_p.
$$
In particular, the inequalities are still sharp for the conjugate
harmonic functions on the unit disc of $\mathbb R^2$.
Sharp probabilistic versions of these estimates are also studied.
As an application, we establish a sharp version of the classical logarithmic inequality of Zygmund.
Keywords: harmonic function, conjugate harmonic functions, orthogonal harmonic functions, martingale, orthogonal martingales, norm inequality, optimal stopping problem Categories:31B05, 60G44, 60G40 |
13. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 767)
On Zindler Curves in Normed Planes We extend the notion of Zindler curve from the Euclidean plane to
normed planes. A characterization of Zindler curves for general
normed planes is given, and the relation between Zindler curves and
curves of constant area-halving distances in such planes is
discussed.
Keywords:rc length, area-halving distance, Birkhoff orthogonality, convex curve, halving pair, halving distance, isosceles orthogonality, midpoint curve, Minkowski plane, normed plane, Zindler curve Categories:52A21, 52A10, 46C15 |
14. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 654)
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm |
Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm For a locally compact group $G$, let $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra, let $M_{cb}A(G)$ denote the completely
bounded multipliers of $A(G)$, and let $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ stand for the closure of $A(G)$ in $M_{cb}A(G)$. We
characterize the norm one idempotents in $M_{cb}A(G)$: the indicator function of a set $E \subset G$ is a norm
one idempotent in $M_{cb}A(G)$ if and only if $E$ is a coset of an open subgroup of $G$. As applications, we
describe the closed ideals of $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ with an approximate identity bounded by $1$, and we characterize
those $G$ for which $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ is $1$-amenable in the sense of B. E. Johnson. (We can even slightly
relax the norm bounds.)
Keywords:amenability, bounded approximate identity, $cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, norm one idempotent Categories:43A22, 20E05, 43A30, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25 |
15. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 368)
The Secondary Chern-Euler Class for a General Submanifold We define and study the secondary Chern-Euler class for a general submanifold of a Riemannian manifold. Using this class, we define and study the index for a vector field with non-isolated singularities on a submanifold. As an application, we give conceptual proofs of a result of Chern.
Keywords:secondary Chern-Euler class, normal sphere bundle, Euler characteristic, index, non-isolated singularities, blow-up Category:57R20 |
16. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 689)
A Pointwise Estimate for the Fourier Transform and Maxima of a Function We show a pointwise estimate for the Fourier
transform on the line involving the number of times the function
changes monotonicity. The contrapositive of the theorem may be used to
find a lower bound to the number of local maxima of a function. We
also show two applications of the theorem. The first is the two weight
problem for the Fourier transform, and the second is estimating the
number of roots of the derivative of a function.
Keywords:Fourier transform, maxima, two weight problem, roots, norm estimates, Dirichlet-Jordan theorem Categories:42A38, 65T99 |
17. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone
functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded
operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations
being residually finite dimensional.
Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations
on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional
relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a
theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices.
Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms
of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.
Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional Categories:46L05, 47B99 |
18. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 630)
Mixed Norm Type Hardy Inequalities Higher dimensional mixed norm type
inequalities involving certain integral operators are
characterized in terms of the corresponding lower dimensional
inequalities.
Keywords:Hardy inequality, reverse Hardy inequality, mixed norm, Hardy-Steklov operator Categories:26D10, 26D15 |
19. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 249)
A Note about Analytic Solvability of Complex Planar Vector Fields with Degeneracies This paper deals with the analytic solvability of a special class of
complex vector fields defined on the real plane, where they are
tangent to
a closed real curve, while off the real curve, they are elliptic.
Keywords:semi-global solvability, analytic solvability, normalization, complex vector fields, condition~($\mathcal P$) Categories:35A01, 58Jxx |
20. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)
Structure of the Set of Norm-attaining Functionals on Strictly Convex Spaces Let $X$ be a separable non-reflexive Banach space. We show that there
is no Borel class which contains the set of norm-attaining functionals
for every strictly convex renorming of $X$.
Keywords:separable non-reflexive space, set of norm-attaining functionals, strictly convex norm, Borel class Categories:46B20, 54H05, 46B10 |
21. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 21)
Generalized D-symmetric Operators II
Let $H$ be a separable,
infinite-dimensional, complex Hilbert space and let $A, B\in{\mathcal L
}(H)$, where ${\mathcal L}(H)$ is the algebra of all bounded linear
operators on $H$. Let $\delta_{AB}\colon {\mathcal L}(H)\rightarrow {\mathcal
L}(H)$ denote the generalized derivation $\delta_{AB}(X)=AX-XB$.
This note will initiate a study on the class of pairs $(A,B)$ such
that $\overline{{\mathcal R}(\delta_{AB})}= \overline{{\mathcal
R}(\delta_{A^{\ast}B^{\ast}})}$.
Keywords:generalized derivation, adjoint, D-symmetric operator, normal operator Categories:47B47, 47B10, 47A30 |
22. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 295)
The Global Attractor of a Damped, Forced Hirota Equation in $H^1$ The existence of the global attractor of a damped
forced Hirota equation in the phase space $H^1(\mathbb R)$ is proved. The
main idea is to establish the so-called asymptotic compactness
property of the solution operator by energy equation approach.
Keywords:global attractor, Fourier restriction norm, damping system, asymptotic compactness Categories:35Q53, 35B40, 35B41, 37L30 |
23. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 424)
Covering Discs in Minkowski Planes We investigate the following version of the circle covering
problem in strictly convex (normed or) Minkowski planes: to cover
a circle of largest possible diameter by $k$ unit circles. In
particular, we study the cases $k=3$, $k=4$, and $k=7$. For $k=3$
and $k=4$, the diameters under consideration are described in
terms of side-lengths and circumradii of certain inscribed regular
triangles or quadrangles. This yields also simple explanations of
geometric meanings that the corresponding homothety ratios have.
It turns out that basic notions from Minkowski geometry play an
essential role in our proofs, namely Minkowskian bisectors,
$d$-segments, and the monotonicity lemma.
Keywords:affine regular polygon, bisector, circle covering problem, circumradius, $d$-segment, Minkowski plane, (strictly convex) normed plane Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C15 |
24. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 508)
A Result in Surgery Theory We study the topological $4$-dimensional surgery problem
for a closed connected orientable
topological $4$-manifold $X$ with vanishing
second homotopy and $\pi_1(X)\cong A * F(r)$, where $A$ has
one end and $F(r)$ is the free group of rank $r\ge 1$.
Our result is related to a theorem of Krushkal and Lee, and
depends on the validity of the Novikov conjecture for
such fundamental groups.
Keywords:four-manifolds, homotopy type, obstruction theory, homology with local coefficients, surgery, normal invariant, assembly map Categories:57N65, 57R67, 57Q10 |
25. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 261)
On the Classification of Rational Quantum Tori and the Structure of Their Automorphism Groups An $n$-dimensional quantum torus is a twisted group algebra of the
group $\Z^n$. It is called rational if all invertible commutators are roots
of unity. In the present note we describe a normal form for rational
$n$-dimensional quantum
tori over any field. Moreover, we show that for
$n = 2$ the natural exact sequence
describing the automorphism group of the quantum torus splits over any
field.
Keywords:quantum torus, normal form, automorphisms of quantum tori Category:16S35 |