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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword matrices

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1. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)

Loring, Terry A.
From Matrix to Operator Inequalities
We generalize Löwner's method for proving that matrix monotone functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$-relations being residually finite dimensional. Our main result is a meta-theorem about theorems involving relations on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices. Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$-polynomials.

Keywords:$C*$-algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional
Categories:46L05, 47B99

2. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 172)

Rhoades, B. E.
Hausdorff Prime Matrices
In this paper we give the form of every multiplicative Hausdorff prime matrix, thus answering a long-standing open question.

Keywords:Hausdorff prime matrices
Category:40G05

3. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 208)

Valenti, Angela; Zaicev, Mikhail
Abelian Gradings on Upper Block Triangular Matrices
Let $G$ be an arbitrary finite abelian group. We describe all possible $G$-gradings on upper block triangular matrix algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.

Keywords:gradings, upper block triangular matrices
Category:16W50

4. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 255)

Dehaye, Paul-Olivier
On an Identity due to Bump and Diaconis, and Tracy and Widom
A classical question for a Toeplitz matrix with given symbol is how to compute asymptotics for the determinants of its reductions to finite rank. One can also consider how those asymptotics are affected when shifting an initial set of rows and columns (or, equivalently, asymptotics of their minors). Bump and Diaconis obtained a formula for such shifts involving Laguerre polynomials and sums over symmetric groups. They also showed how the Heine identity extends for such minors, which makes this question relevant to Random Matrix Theory. Independently, Tracy and Widom used the Wiener-Hopf factorization to express those shifts in terms of products of infinite matrices. We show directly why those two expressions are equal and uncover some structure in both formulas that was unknown to their authors. We introduce a mysterious differential operator on symmetric functions that is very similar to vertex operators. We show that the Bump-Diaconis-Tracy-Widom identity is a differentiated version of the classical Jacobi-Trudi identity.

Keywords:Toeplitz matrices, Jacobi-Trudi identity, Szegő limit theorem, Heine identity, Wiener-Hopf factorization
Categories:47B35, 05E05, 20G05

5. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 57)

Dobrowolski, Edward
A Note on Integer Symmetric Matrices and Mahler's Measure
We find a lower bound on the absolute value of the discriminant of the minimal polynomial of an integral symmetric matrix and apply this result to find a lower bound on Mahler's measure of related polynomials and to disprove a conjecture of D. Estes and R. Guralnick.

Keywords:integer matrices, Lehmer's problem, Mahler's measure
Categories:11C20, 11R06

6. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 560)

Luijk, Ronald van
A K3 Surface Associated With Certain Integral Matrices Having Integral Eigenvalues
In this article we will show that there are infinitely many symmetric, integral $3 \times 3$ matrices, with zeros on the diagonal, whose eigenvalues are all integral. We will do this by proving that the rational points on a certain non-Kummer, singular K3 surface are dense. We will also compute the entire N\'eron--Severi group of this surface and find all low degree curves on it.

Keywords:symmetric matrices, eigenvalues, elliptic surfaces, K3 surfaces, Néron--Severi group, rational curves, Diophantine equations, arithmetic geometry, algebraic geometry, number theory
Categories:14G05, 14J28, 11D41

7. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 267)

Rodman, Leiba; Šemrl, Peter; Sourour, Ahmed R.
Continuous Adjacency Preserving Maps on Real Matrices
It is proved that every adjacency preserving continuous map on the vector space of real matrices of fixed size, is either a bijective affine tranformation of the form $ A \mapsto PAQ+R$, possibly followed by the transposition if the matrices are of square size, or its range is contained in a linear subspace consisting of matrices of rank at most one translated by some matrix $R$. The result extends previously known theorems where the map was assumed to be also injective.

Keywords:adjacency of matrices, continuous preservers, affine transformations
Categories:15A03, 15A04.

8. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 270)

Cheung, Wai-Shun; Li, Chi-Kwong
Linear Operators Preserving Generalized Numerical Ranges and Radii on Certain Triangular Algebras of Matrices
Let $c = (c_1, \dots, c_n)$ be such that $c_1 \ge \cdots \ge c_n$. The $c$-numerical range of an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is defined by $$ W_c(A) = \Bigl\{ \sum_{j=1}^n c_j (Ax_j,x_j) : \{x_1, \dots, x_n\} \text{ an orthonormal basis for } \IC^n \Bigr\}, $$ and the $c$-numerical radius of $A$ is defined by $r_c (A) = \max \{|z| : z \in W_c (A)\}$. We determine the structure of those linear operators $\phi$ on algebras of block triangular matrices, satisfying $$ W_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = W_c (A) \text{ for all } A \quad \text{or} \quad r_c \bigl( \phi(A) \bigr) = r_c (A) \text{ for all } A. $$

Keywords:linear operator, numerical range (radius), block triangular matrices
Categories:15A04, 15A60, 47B49

9. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 448)

Li, Chi-Kwong; Zaharia, Alexandru
Nonconvexity of the Generalized Numerical Range Associated with the Principal Character
Suppose $m$ and $n$ are integers such that $1 \le m \le n$. For a subgroup $H$ of the symmetric group $S_m$ of degree $m$, consider the {\it generalized matrix function} on $m\times m$ matrices $B = (b_{ij})$ defined by $d^H(B) = \sum_{\sigma \in H} \prod_{j=1}^m b_{j\sigma(j)}$ and the {\it generalized numerical range} of an $n\times n$ complex matrix $A$ associated with $d^H$ defined by $$ \wmp(A) = \{d^H (X^*AX): X \text{ is } n \times m \text{ such that } X^*X = I_m\}. $$ It is known that $\wmp(A)$ is convex if $m = 1$ or if $m = n = 2$. We show that there exist normal matrices $A$ for which $\wmp(A)$ is not convex if $3 \le m \le n$. Moreover, for $m = 2 < n$, we prove that a normal matrix $A $ with eigenvalues lying on a straight line has convex $\wmp(A)$ if and only if $\nu A$ is Hermitian for some nonzero $\nu \in \IC$. These results extend those of Hu, Hurley and Tam, who studied the special case when $2 \le m \le 3 \le n$ and $H = S_m$.

Keywords:convexity, generalized numerical range, matrices
Category:15A60

10. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 10)

Borwein, David
Simple conditions for matrices to be bounded operators on $l_p$
The two theorems proved yield simple yet reasonably general conditions for triangular matrices to be bounded operators on $l_p$. The theorems are applied to N\"orlund and weighted mean matrices.

Keywords:Triangular matrices, Nörlund matrices, weighted means, operators, on $l_p$.
Categories:47B37, 47A30, 40G05

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