1. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 713)
 Brendle, Simon; Chodosh, Otis

On the Maximum Curvature of Closed Curves in Negatively Curved Manifolds
Motivated by Almgren's work on the isoperimetric inequality,
we prove a sharp inequality relating the length and maximum curvature
of a closed curve in a complete, simply connected manifold of
sectional curvature at most $1$. Moreover, if equality holds,
then the norm of the geodesic curvature is constant and the torsion
vanishes. The proof involves an application of the maximum principle
to a function defined on pairs of points.
Keywords:manifold, curvature Category:53C20 

2. CMB Online first
 Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun

Existence of multiple solutions for a $p$Laplacian system in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with signchanging weight functions
In this paper, we consider the quasilinear elliptic
problem
\[
\left\{
\begin{aligned}
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla u^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla u^{p2}\nabla u
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)u^{\alpha2}uv^{\beta}+\lambda
h_{1}(x)u^{q2}u,
\\
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla v^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla v^{p2}\nabla v
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)v^{\beta2}vu^{\alpha}+\mu
h_{2}(x)v^{q2}v,
\\
&u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N}
\end{aligned}
\right.
\]
where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$,
$1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{Np}$, $0\leq
a\lt \frac{Np}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$,
$k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$
are
continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We
will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions
by
using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with
the Euler functional for this problem.
Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearities Category:35J66 

3. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 673)
 Ahmadi, S. Ruhallah; Gilligan, Bruce

Complexifying Lie Group Actions on Homogeneous Manifolds of Noncompact Dimension Two
If $X$ is a connected complex manifold with $d_X = 2$ that admits a (connected) Lie group $G$
acting transitively as a group of holomorphic transformations, then the action extends to an action of the
complexification $\widehat{G}$ of $G$ on $X$ except when
either the unit disk in the complex plane
or a strictly pseudoconcave homogeneous complex manifold is
the base or fiber of some homogeneous fibration of $X$.
Keywords:homogeneous complex manifold, noncompact dimension two, complexification Category:32M10 

4. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)
 Heil, Wolfgang; Wang, Dongxu

On $3$manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two
A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$contractible, where $K$
is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors
homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any
base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a
subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this
latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$contractible. We obtain a
list of the closed $3$manifolds that can be covered by two open
$\mathcal{G}_K$contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list
of the possible closed prime $3$manifolds that can be covered by two
open $K$contractible subsets.
Keywords:LusternikSchnirelmann category, coverings of $3$manifolds by open $K$contractible sets Categories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16 

5. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 401)
 Perrone, Domenico

Curvature of $K$contact SemiRiemannian Manifolds
In this paper we characterize $K$contact semiRiemannian manifolds
and Sasakian semiRiemannian manifolds in terms of
curvature. Moreover, we show that any conformally flat $K$contact
semiRiemannian manifold is Sasakian and of constant sectional
curvature $\kappa=\varepsilon$, where $\varepsilon =\pm 1$ denotes
the causal character of the Reeb vector field. Finally, we give some
results about the curvature of a $K$contact Lorentzian manifold.
Keywords:contact semiRiemannian structures, $K$contact structures, conformally flat manifolds, Einstein LorentzianSasaki manifolds Categories:53C50, 53C25, 53B30 

6. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)
 Karassev, A.; Todorov, V.; Valov, V.

Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua
ny homogeneous,
metric $ANR$continuum is a $V^n_G$continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq
1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal
domain.
This implies that any homogeneous $n$dimensional metric $ANR$continuum is a $V^n$continuum in the sense of Alexandroff.
We also prove that any finitedimensional homogeneous metric continuum
$X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq
1$, cannot be separated by
a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq
n1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of
KallipolitiPapasoglu
whether any twodimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs.
Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$continuum Categories:54F45, 54F15 

7. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 357)
 Lauret, Emilio A.

Representation Equivalent Bieberbach Groups and Strongly Isospectral Flat Manifolds
Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be Bieberbach groups contained in the
full isometry group $G$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$.
We prove that if the compact flat manifolds $\Gamma_1\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ and
$\Gamma_2\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ are strongly isospectral then the Bieberbach groups
$\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are representation equivalent, that is, the
right regular representations $L^2(\Gamma_1\backslash G)$ and
$L^2(\Gamma_2\backslash G)$ are unitarily equivalent.
Keywords:representation equivalent, strongly isospectrality, compact flat manifolds Categories:58J53, 22D10 

8. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 209)
9. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 240)
 Bernardes, Nilson C.

Addendum to ``Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms''
Given an integer $n \geq 3$,
a metrizable compact topological $n$manifold $X$ with boundary,
and a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$ on $X$,
we prove that for the typical homeomorphism $f : X \to X$,
it is true that for $\mu$almost every point $x$ in $X$ the restriction of
$f$ (respectively of $f^{1}$) to the omega limit set $\omega(f,x)$
(respectively to the alpha limit set $\alpha(f,x)$) is topologically
conjugate to the universal odometer.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 

10. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 194)
11. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 12)
12. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 173)
 Sahin, Bayram

Semiinvariant Submersions from Almost Hermitian Manifolds
We introduce semiinvariant Riemannian submersions from almost
Hermitian manifolds onto Riemannian manifolds. We give examples,
investigate the geometry of foliations that arise from the
definition of a Riemannian submersion, and find necessary sufficient
conditions for total manifold to be a locally product Riemannian
manifold. We also find necessary and sufficient conditions for a
semiinvariant submersion to be totally geodesic. Moreover, we
obtain a classification for semiinvariant submersions with totally
umbilical fibers and show that such submersions put some
restrictions on total manifolds.
Keywords:Riemannian submersion, Hermitian manifold, antiinvariant Riemannian submersion, semiinvariant submersion Categories:53B20, 53C43 

13. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 632)
 Pigola, S.; Rimoldi, M.

Characterizations of Model Manifolds by Means of Certain Differential Systems
We prove metric rigidity for complete manifolds supporting solutions of
certain second order differential systems, thus extending classical works on a
characterization of spaceforms. Along the way, we also discover
new characterizations of spaceforms. We next generalize results concerning metric
rigidity via equations involving vector fields.
Keywords:metric rigidity, model manifolds, Obata's type theorems Category:53C20 

14. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 225)
 Bernardes, Nilson C.

Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms
Given an integer $n \geq 3$, a metrizable compact
topological $n$manifold $X$ with boundary, and a finite positive Borel
measure $\mu$ on $X$, we prove that for the typical homeomorphism
$f \colon X \to X$, it is true that for $\mu$almost every point $x$ in $X$
the limit set $\omega(f,x)$ is a Cantor set of Hausdorff dimension zero,
each point of $\omega(f,x)$ has a dense orbit in $\omega(f,x)$, $f$ is
nonsensitive at each point of $\omega(f,x)$, and the function
$a \to \omega(f,a)$ is continuous at $x$.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 

15. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 164)
 Pergher, Pedro L. Q.

Involutions Fixing $F^n \cup \{\text{Indecomposable}\}$
Let $M^m$ be an $m$dimensional, closed and smooth manifold, equipped with a smooth involution $T\colon M^m \to M^m$ whose fixed point set has the form $F^n \cup F^j$, where $F^n$ and $F^j$ are submanifolds with dimensions $n$ and $j$, $F^j$ is indecomposable and $ n >j$. Write $nj=2^pq$, where $q \ge 1$ is odd and $p \geq 0$, and set $m(nj) = 2n+pq+1$ if $p \leq q + 1$
and $m(nj)= 2n + 2^{pq}$ if $p \geq q$. In this paper we show that $m \le m(nj) + 2j+1$. Further, we show that this bound is \emph{almost} best possible, by exhibiting examples $(M^{m(nj) +2j},T)$ where the fixed point set of
$T$ has the form $F^n \cup F^j$ described above, for every $2 \le j
Keywords:involution, projective space bundle, indecomposable manifold, splitting principle, StiefelWhitney class, characteristic number Category:57R85 

16. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 396)
17. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 716)
 Okassa, Eugène

Symplectic LieRinehartJacobi Algebras and Contact Manifolds
We give a characterization of contact manifolds in terms of symplectic
LieRinehartJacobi algebras. We also give a sufficient condition for a Jacobi
manifold to be a contact manifold.
Keywords:LieRinehart algebras, differential operators, Jacobi manifolds, symplectic manifolds, contact manifolds Categories:13N05, 53D05, 53D10 

18. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 674)
 Kristály, Alexandru; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.; Varga, Csaba

Multiple Solutions for a Class of Neumann Elliptic Problems on Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Boundary
We study a semilinear elliptic problem on a compact Riemannian
manifold with boundary, subject to an inhomogeneous Neumann
boundary condition. Under various hypotheses on the nonlinear
terms, depending on their behaviour in the origin and infinity, we
prove multiplicity of solutions by using variational arguments.
Keywords:Riemannian manifold with boundary, Neumann problem, sublinearity at infinity, multiple solutions Categories:58J05, 35P30 

19. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 684)
 Proctor, Emily; Stanhope, Elizabeth

An Isospectral Deformation on an InfranilOrbifold
We construct a Laplace isospectral deformation of metrics on an
orbifold quotient of a nilmanifold. Each orbifold in the deformation
contains singular points with order two isotropy. Isospectrality is
obtained by modifying a generalization of Sunada's theorem due to
DeTurck and Gordon.
Keywords:spectral geometry, global Riemannian geometry, orbifold, nilmanifold Categories:58J53, 53C20 

20. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 564)
 Watanabe, Yoshiyuki; Suh, Young Jin

On $6$Dimensional Nearly KÃ¤hler Manifolds
In this paper we give a sufficient condition for a complete, simply connected, and strict nearly KÃ¤hler manifold of dimension 6 to be a homogeneous nearly KÃ¤hler manifold. This result was announced in a previous paper by the first author.
Keywords:Nearly KÃ¤hler manifold, 6dimension, Homogeneous, The 1st Chern Class, Einstein manifolds Categories:53C40, 53C15 

21. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 438)
22. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 412)
23. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 122)
 Mo, Xiaohuan; Zhou, Linfeng

A Class of Finsler Metrics with Bounded Cartan Torsion
In this paper, we find a class of $(\alpha,\beta)$ metrics which have a bounded Cartan torsion. This class contains all Randers metrics. Furthermore, we give some applications and obtain two corollaries about curvature of this metrics.
Keywords:Finsler manifold, $(\alpha,\beta)$ metric, Cartan torsion, Rquadratic, flag curvature Category:58E20 

24. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 206)
 Atçeken, Mehmet

SemiSlant Submanifolds of an Almost Paracontact Metric Manifold
In this paper, we define and study the geometry of semislant submanifolds of an almost paracontact metric manifold. We give some characterizations for a submanifold to be semislant submanifold to be semislant product and obtain integrability conditions for the distributions involved in the definition of a semislant submanifold.
Keywords:paracontact metric manifold, slant distribution, semislant submanifold, semislant product Categories:53C15, 53C25, 53C40 

25. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 257)
 Ikeda, Toru

Essential Surfaces in Graph Link Exteriors
An irreducible graph manifold $M$ contains an essential torus if
it is not a special Seifert manifold.
Whether $M$ contains a closed essential surface of
negative Euler characteristic or not
depends on the difference of Seifert fibrations from the two sides
of a torus system which splits $M$ into Seifert manifolds.
However,
it is not easy to characterize geometrically the class of
irreducible graph manifolds which contain such surfaces.
This article studies this problem in the case of graph link exteriors.
Keywords:Graph link, Graph manifold, Seifert manifold, Essential surface Category:57M25 
