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1. CMB Online first

Ding, Fan; Geiges, Hansjörg; Zhang, Guangjian
 On subcritically Stein fillable 5-manifolds We make some elementary observations concerning subcritically Stein fillable contact structures on $5$-manifolds. Specifically, we determine the diffeomorphism type of such contact manifolds in the case the fundamental group is finite cyclic, and we show that on the $5$-sphere the standard contact structure is the unique subcritically fillable one. More generally, it is shown that subcritically fillable contact structures on simply connected $5$-manifolds are determined by their underlying almost contact structure. Along the way, we discuss the homotopy classification of almost contact structures. Keywords:subcritically Stein fillable, 5-manifold, almost contact structure, thickeningCategories:53D35, 32Q28, 57M20, 57Q10, 57R17

2. CMB Online first

Basu, Samik; Subhash, B
 Topology of certain quotient spaces of Stiefel manifolds We compute the cohomology of the right generalised projective Stiefel manifolds. Following this, we discuss some easy applications of the computations to the ranks of complementary bundles, and bounds on the span and immersibility. Keywords:projective Stiefel manifold, span, spectral sequenceCategories:55R20, 55R25, 57R20

3. CMB Online first

Gilligan, Bruce
 Levi's problem for pseudoconvex homogeneous manifolds Suppose $G$ is a connected complex Lie group and $H$ is a closed complex subgroup. Then there exists a closed complex subgroup $J$ of $G$ containing $H$ such that the fibration $\pi:G/H \to G/J$ is the holomorphic reduction of $G/H$, i.e., $G/J$ is holomorphically separable and ${\mathcal O}(G/H) \cong \pi^*{\mathcal O}(G/J)$. In this paper we prove that if $G/H$ is pseudoconvex, i.e., if $G/H$ admits a continuous plurisubharmonic exhaustion function, then $G/J$ is Stein and $J/H$ has no non--constant holomorphic functions. Keywords:complex homogeneous manifold, plurisubharmonic exhaustion function, holomorphic reduction, Stein manifold, Remmert reduction, Hirschowitz annihilatorCategories:32M10, 32U10, 32A10, 32Q28

4. CMB Online first

Motegi, Kimihiko; Teragaito, Masakazu
 Generalized torsion elements and bi-orderability of 3-manifold groups It is known that a bi-orderable group has no generalized torsion element, but the converse does not hold in general. We conjecture that the converse holds for the fundamental groups of $3$-manifolds, and verify the conjecture for non-hyperbolic, geometric $3$-manifolds. We also confirm the conjecture for some infinite families of closed hyperbolic $3$-manifolds. In the course of the proof, we prove that each standard generator of the Fibonacci group $F(2, m)$ ($m \gt 2$) is a generalized torsion element. Keywords:generalized torsion element, bi-ordering, 3-manifold groupCategories:57M25, 57M05, 06F15, 20F05

5. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 606)

Mihăilescu, Mihai; Moroşanu, Gheorghe
 Eigenvalues of $-\Delta_p -\Delta_q$ Under Neumann Boundary Condition The eigenvalue problem $-\Delta_p u-\Delta_q u=\lambda|u|^{q-2}u$ with $p\in(1,\infty)$, $q\in(2,\infty)$, $p\neq q$ subject to the corresponding homogeneous Neumann boundary condition is investigated on a bounded open set with smooth boundary from $\mathbb{R}^N$ with $N\geq 2$. A careful analysis of this problem leads us to a complete description of the set of eigenvalues as being a precise interval $(\lambda_1, +\infty )$ plus an isolated point $\lambda =0$. This comprehensive result is strongly related to our framework which is complementary to the well-known case $p=q\neq 2$ for which a full description of the set of eigenvalues is still unavailable. Keywords:eigenvalue problem, Sobolev space, Nehari manifold, variational methodsCategories:35J60, 35J92, 46E30, 49R05

6. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 417)

Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun
 Existence of Multiple Solutions for a $p$-Laplacian System in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with Sign-changing Weight Functions In this paper, we consider the quasi-linear elliptic problem \left\{ \begin{aligned} & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|u|^{\alpha-2}u|v|^{\beta}+\lambda h_{1}(x)|u|^{q-2}u, \\ & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p-2}\nabla v \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|v|^{\beta-2}v|u|^{\alpha}+\mu h_{2}(x)|v|^{q-2}v, \\ &u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N} \end{aligned} \right. where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$, $1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{N-p}$, $0\leq a\lt \frac{N-p}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1-b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$, $k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$ are continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions by using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with the Euler functional for this problem. Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$-Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearitiesCategory:35J66

7. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 508)

De Nicola, Antonio; Yudin, Ivan
 Generalized Goldberg Formula In this paper we prove a useful formula for the graded commutator of the Hodge codifferential with the left wedge multiplication by a fixed $p$-form acting on the de Rham algebra of a Riemannian manifold. Our formula generalizes a formula stated by Samuel I. Goldberg for the case of 1-forms. As first examples of application we obtain new identities on locally conformally KÃ¤hler manifolds and quasi-Sasakian manifolds. Moreover, we prove that under suitable conditions a certain subalgebra of differential forms in a compact manifold is quasi-isomorphic as a CDGA to the full de Rham algebra. Keywords:graded commutator, Hodge codifferential, Hodge laplacian, de Rham cohomology, locally conformal Kaehler manifold, quasi-Sasakian manifoldCategories:53C25, 53D35

8. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 542)

Jiang, Yongxin; Wang, Wei; Feng, Zhaosheng
 Spatial Homogenization of Stochastic Wave Equation with Large Interaction A dynamical approximation of a stochastic wave equation with large interaction is derived. A random invariant manifold is discussed. By a key linear transformation, the random invariant manifold is shown to be close to the random invariant manifold of a second-order stochastic ordinary differential equation. Keywords:stochastic wave equation, homogeneous system, approximation, random invariant manifold, Neumann boundary conditionCategories:60F10, 60H15, 35Q55

9. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 713)

Brendle, Simon; Chodosh, Otis
 On the Maximum Curvature of Closed Curves in Negatively Curved Manifolds Motivated by Almgren's work on the isoperimetric inequality, we prove a sharp inequality relating the length and maximum curvature of a closed curve in a complete, simply connected manifold of sectional curvature at most $-1$. Moreover, if equality holds, then the norm of the geodesic curvature is constant and the torsion vanishes. The proof involves an application of the maximum principle to a function defined on pairs of points. Keywords:manifold, curvatureCategory:53C20

10. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 673)

 Complexifying Lie Group Actions on Homogeneous Manifolds of Non-compact Dimension Two If $X$ is a connected complex manifold with $d_X = 2$ that admits a (connected) Lie group $G$ acting transitively as a group of holomorphic transformations, then the action extends to an action of the complexification $\widehat{G}$ of $G$ on $X$ except when either the unit disk in the complex plane or a strictly pseudoconcave homogeneous complex manifold is the base or fiber of some homogeneous fibration of $X$. Keywords:homogeneous complex manifold, non-compact dimension two, complexificationCategory:32M10

11. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)

Heil, Wolfgang; Wang, Dongxu
 On $3$-manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$-contractible, where $K$ is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible. We obtain a list of the closed $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two open $\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list of the possible closed prime $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two open $K$-contractible subsets. Keywords:Lusternik--Schnirelmann category, coverings of $3$-manifolds by open $K$-contractible setsCategories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16

12. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 401)

Perrone, Domenico
 Curvature of $K$-contact Semi-Riemannian Manifolds In this paper we characterize $K$-contact semi-Riemannian manifolds and Sasakian semi-Riemannian manifolds in terms of curvature. Moreover, we show that any conformally flat $K$-contact semi-Riemannian manifold is Sasakian and of constant sectional curvature $\kappa=\varepsilon$, where $\varepsilon =\pm 1$ denotes the causal character of the Reeb vector field. Finally, we give some results about the curvature of a $K$-contact Lorentzian manifold. Keywords:contact semi-Riemannian structures, $K$-contact structures, conformally flat manifolds, Einstein Lorentzian-Sasaki manifoldsCategories:53C50, 53C25, 53B30

13. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)

Karassev, A.; Todorov, V.; Valov, V.
 Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua ny homogeneous, metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n_G$-continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq 1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal domain. This implies that any homogeneous $n$-dimensional metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n$-continuum in the sense of Alexandroff. We also prove that any finite-dimensional homogeneous metric continuum $X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq 1$, cannot be separated by a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n-1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq n-1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of Kallipoliti-Papasoglu whether any two-dimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs. Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$-continuumCategories:54F45, 54F15

14. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 357)

Lauret, Emilio A.
 Representation Equivalent Bieberbach Groups and Strongly Isospectral Flat Manifolds Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be Bieberbach groups contained in the full isometry group $G$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$. We prove that if the compact flat manifolds $\Gamma_1\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Gamma_2\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ are strongly isospectral then the Bieberbach groups $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are representation equivalent, that is, the right regular representations $L^2(\Gamma_1\backslash G)$ and $L^2(\Gamma_2\backslash G)$ are unitarily equivalent. Keywords:representation equivalent, strongly isospectrality, compact flat manifoldsCategories:58J53, 22D10

15. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 209)

Zhao, Wei
 Erratum to the Paper "A Lower Bound for the Length of Closed Geodesics on a Finsler Manifold" We correct two clerical errors made in the paper "A Lower Bound for the Length of Closed Geodesics on a Finsler Manifold". Keywords:Finsler manifold, closed geodesic, injective radiusCategories:53B40, 53C22

16. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 240)

Bernardes, Nilson C.
 Addendum to Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms'' Given an integer $n \geq 3$, a metrizable compact topological $n$-manifold $X$ with boundary, and a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$ on $X$, we prove that for the typical homeomorphism $f : X \to X$, it is true that for $\mu$-almost every point $x$ in $X$ the restriction of $f$ (respectively of $f^{-1}$) to the omega limit set $\omega(f,x)$ (respectively to the alpha limit set $\alpha(f,x)$) is topologically conjugate to the universal odometer. Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit setsCategories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52

17. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 194)

Zhao, Wei
 A Lower Bound for the Length of Closed Geodesics on a Finsler Manifold In this paper, we obtain a lower bound for the length of closed geodesics on an arbitrary closed Finsler manifold. Keywords:Finsler manifold, closed geodesic, injective radiusCategories:53B40, 53C22

18. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 12)

Aribi, Amine; Dragomir, Sorin; El Soufi, Ahmad
 On the Continuity of the Eigenvalues of a Sublaplacian We study the behavior of the eigenvalues of a sublaplacian $\Delta_b$ on a compact strictly pseudoconvex CR manifold $M$, as functions on the set ${\mathcal P}_+$ of positively oriented contact forms on $M$ by endowing ${\mathcal P}_+$ with a natural metric topology. Keywords:CR manifold, contact form, sublaplacian, Fefferman metricCategories:32V20, 53C56

19. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 173)

Sahin, Bayram
 Semi-invariant Submersions from Almost Hermitian Manifolds We introduce semi-invariant Riemannian submersions from almost Hermitian manifolds onto Riemannian manifolds. We give examples, investigate the geometry of foliations that arise from the definition of a Riemannian submersion, and find necessary sufficient conditions for total manifold to be a locally product Riemannian manifold. We also find necessary and sufficient conditions for a semi-invariant submersion to be totally geodesic. Moreover, we obtain a classification for semi-invariant submersions with totally umbilical fibers and show that such submersions put some restrictions on total manifolds. Keywords:Riemannian submersion, Hermitian manifold, anti-invariant Riemannian submersion, semi-invariant submersionCategories:53B20, 53C43

20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 632)

Pigola, S.; Rimoldi, M.
 Characterizations of Model Manifolds by Means of Certain Differential Systems We prove metric rigidity for complete manifolds supporting solutions of certain second order differential systems, thus extending classical works on a characterization of space-forms. Along the way, we also discover new characterizations of space-forms. We next generalize results concerning metric rigidity via equations involving vector fields. Keywords:metric rigidity, model manifolds, Obata's type theoremsCategory:53C20

21. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 225)

Bernardes, Nilson C.
 Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms Given an integer $n \geq 3$, a metrizable compact topological $n$-manifold $X$ with boundary, and a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$ on $X$, we prove that for the typical homeomorphism $f \colon X \to X$, it is true that for $\mu$-almost every point $x$ in $X$ the limit set $\omega(f,x)$ is a Cantor set of Hausdorff dimension zero, each point of $\omega(f,x)$ has a dense orbit in $\omega(f,x)$, $f$ is non-sensitive at each point of $\omega(f,x)$, and the function $a \to \omega(f,a)$ is continuous at $x$. Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit setsCategories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52

22. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 164)

Pergher, Pedro L. Q.
 Involutions Fixing $F^n \cup \{\text{Indecomposable}\}$ Let $M^m$ be an $m$-dimensional, closed and smooth manifold, equipped with a smooth involution $T\colon M^m \to M^m$ whose fixed point set has the form $F^n \cup F^j$, where $F^n$ and $F^j$ are submanifolds with dimensions $n$ and $j$, $F^j$ is indecomposable and $n >j$. Write $n-j=2^pq$, where $q \ge 1$ is odd and $p \geq 0$, and set $m(n-j) = 2n+p-q+1$ if $p \leq q + 1$ and $m(n-j)= 2n + 2^{p-q}$ if $p \geq q$. In this paper we show that $m \le m(n-j) + 2j+1$. Further, we show that this bound is \emph{almost} best possible, by exhibiting examples $(M^{m(n-j) +2j},T)$ where the fixed point set of $T$ has the form $F^n \cup F^j$ described above, for every $2 \le j Keywords:involution, projective space bundle, indecomposable manifold, splitting principle, Stiefel-Whitney class, characteristic numberCategory:57R85 23. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 396) Cho, Jong Taek; Inoguchi, Jun-ichi; Lee, Ji-Eun  Parabolic Geodesics in Sasakian$3\$-Manifolds We give explicit parametrizations for all parabolic geodesics in 3-dimensional Sasakian space forms. Keywords:parabolic geodesics, pseudo-Hermitian geometry, Sasakian manifoldsCategory:58E20

24. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 716)

Okassa, Eugène
 Symplectic Lie-Rinehart-Jacobi Algebras and Contact Manifolds We give a characterization of contact manifolds in terms of symplectic Lie-Rinehart-Jacobi algebras. We also give a sufficient condition for a Jacobi manifold to be a contact manifold. Keywords:Lie-Rinehart algebras, differential operators, Jacobi manifolds, symplectic manifolds, contact manifoldsCategories:13N05, 53D05, 53D10

25. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 684)

Proctor, Emily; Stanhope, Elizabeth
 An Isospectral Deformation on an Infranil-Orbifold We construct a Laplace isospectral deformation of metrics on an orbifold quotient of a nilmanifold. Each orbifold in the deformation contains singular points with order two isotropy. Isospectrality is obtained by modifying a generalization of Sunada's theorem due to DeTurck and Gordon. Keywords:spectral geometry, global Riemannian geometry, orbifold, nilmanifoldCategories:58J53, 53C20
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