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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword knot

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1. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 431)

Tagami, Keiji
The Rasmussen Invariant, Four-genus and Three-genus of an Almost Positive Knot Are Equal
An oriented link is positive if it has a link diagram whose crossings are all positive. An oriented link is almost positive if it is not positive and has a link diagram with exactly one negative crossing. It is known that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of a positive knot are equal. In this paper, we prove that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of an almost positive knot are equal. Moreover, we determine the Rasmussen invariant of an almost positive knot in terms of its almost positive knot diagram. As corollaries, we prove that all almost positive knots are not homogeneous, and there is no almost positive knot of $4$-genus one.

Keywords:almost positive knot, four-genus, Rasmussen invariant
Categories:57M27, 57M25

2. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 850)

Teragaito, Masakazu
Left-orderability and Exceptional Dehn Surgery on Twist Knots
We show that any exceptional non-trivial Dehn surgery on a twist knot, except the trefoil, yields a $3$-manifold whose fundamental group is left-orderable. This is a generalization of a result of Clay, Lidman and Watson, and also gives a new supporting evidence for a conjecture of Boyer, Gordon and Watson.

Keywords:left-ordering, twist knot, Dehn surgery
Categories:57M25, 06F15

3. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 438)

Chigogidze, A.; Nagórko, A.
Near-Homeomorphisms of Nöbeling Manifolds
We characterize maps between $n$-dimensional Nöbeling manifolds that can be approximated by homeomorphisms.

Keywords:n-dimensional Nöbeling manifold, Z-set unknotting, near-homeomorphism
Categories:55M10, 54F45

4. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 624)

Teragaito, Masakazu
On Non-Integral Dehn Surgeries Creating Non-Orientable Surfaces
For a non-trivial knot in the $3$-sphere, only integral Dehn surgery can create a closed $3$-manifold containing a projective plane. If we restrict ourselves to hyperbolic knots, the corresponding claim for a Klein bottle is still true. In contrast to these, we show that non-integral surgery on a hyperbolic knot can create a closed non-orientable surface of any genus greater than two.

Keywords:knot, Dehn surgery, non-orientable surface
Category:57M25

5. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 55)

Dubois, Jérôme
Non Abelian Twisted Reidemeister Torsion for Fibered Knots
In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the non abelian twisted sign-deter\-mined Reidemeister torsion of the exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian Reidemeister torsion of torus knots and of the figure eight knot.

Keywords:Reidemeister torsion, Fibered knots, Knot groups, Representation space, $\SU$, $\SL$, Adjoint representation, Monodromy
Categories:57Q10, 57M27, 57M25

6. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 231)

Hironaka, Eriko
Erratum:~~The Lehmer Polynomial and Pretzel Links
Erratum to {\it The Lehmer Polynomial and Pretzel Links}, Canad. J. Math. {\bf 44}(2001), 440--451.

Keywords:Alexander polynomial, pretzel knot, Mahler measure, Salem number, Coxeter groups
Categories:57M05, 57M25, 11R04, 11R27

7. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 440)

Hironaka, Eriko
The Lehmer Polynomial and Pretzel Links
In this paper we find a formula for the Alexander polynomial $\Delta_{p_1,\dots,p_k} (x)$ of pretzel knots and links with $(p_1,\dots,p_k, \nega 1)$ twists, where $k$ is odd and $p_1,\dots,p_k$ are positive integers. The polynomial $\Delta_{2,3,7} (x)$ is the well-known Lehmer polynomial, which is conjectured to have the smallest Mahler measure among all monic integer polynomials. We confirm that $\Delta_{2,3,7} (x)$ has the smallest Mahler measure among the polynomials arising as $\Delta_{p_1,\dots,p_k} (x)$.

Keywords:Alexander polynomial, pretzel knot, Mahler measure, Salem number, Coxeter groups
Categories:57M05, 57M25, 11R04, 11R27

8. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 190)

Gilmer, Patrick M.
Topological Quantum Field Theory and Strong Shift Equivalence
Given a TQFT in dimension $d+1,$ and an infinite cyclic covering of a closed $(d+1)$-dimensional manifold $M$, we define an invariant taking values in a strong shift equivalence class of matrices. The notion of strong shift equivalence originated in R.~Williams' work in symbolic dynamics. The Turaev-Viro module associated to a TQFT and an infinite cyclic covering is then given by the Jordan form of this matrix away from zero. This invariant is also defined if the boundary of $M$ has an $S^1$ factor and the infinite cyclic cover of the boundary is standard. We define a variant of a TQFT associated to a finite group $G$ which has been studied by Quinn. In this way, we recover a link invariant due to D.~Silver and S.~Williams. We also obtain a variation on the Silver-Williams invariant, by using the TQFT associated to $G$ in its unmodified form.

Keywords:knot, link, TQFT, symbolic dynamics, shift equivalence
Categories:57R99, 57M99, 54H20

9. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 309)

Hillman, J. A.; Sakuma, M.
On the homology of finite abelian coverings of links
Let $A$ be a finite abelian group and $M$ be a branched cover of an homology $3$-sphere, branched over a link $L$, with covering group $A$. We show that $H_1(M;Z[1/|A|])$ is determined as a $Z[1/|A|][A]$-module by the Alexander ideals of $L$ and certain ideal class invariants.

Keywords:Alexander ideal, branched covering, Dedekind domain,, knot, link.
Category:57M25

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