26. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)
 Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems
We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a
nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a
CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a
$(p1)$superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$
near $\pm\infty$ and near zero.
A special case of the differential operator is the scalar
$p$Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on
the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we
show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which
have constant sign (one positive, the other negative).
Keywords:$C$condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invariance Categories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05 

27. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)
 Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.

CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the HalfPlane
In this article we study the CesÃ ro
operator
$$
\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,
$$
and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the
upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as
resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we
find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of
$\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro
operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also
discussed.
Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operators Categories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03 

28. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 870)
 Wang, Hui; Deng, Shaoqiang

Left Invariant EinsteinRanders Metrics on Compact Lie Groups
In this paper we study left invariant EinsteinRanders metrics on compact Lie
groups. First, we give a method to construct left invariant nonRiemannian EinsteinRanders metrics
on a compact Lie group, using the Zermelo navigation data.
Then we prove that this gives a complete classification of left invariant EinsteinRanders metrics on compact simple
Lie groups with the underlying Riemannian metric naturally reductive.
Further, we completely determine the identity component of the group of
isometries for this type of metrics on simple groups. Finally, we study some
geometric properties of such metrics. In particular, we give the formulae of geodesics and flag curvature
of such metrics.
Keywords:EinsteinRanders metric, compact Lie groups, geodesic, flag curvature Categories:17B20, 22E46, 53C12 

29. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 218)
 Yang, Dilian

Functional Equations and Fourier Analysis
By exploring the relations among functional equations, harmonic analysis and representation theory,
we give a unified and very accessible approach to solve three important functional equations 
the d'Alembert equation, the Wilson equation, and the d'Alembert long equation 
on compact groups.
Keywords:functional equations, Fourier analysis, representation of compact groups Categories:39B52, 22C05, 43A30 

30. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)
 Delvaux, L.; Van Daele, A.; Wang, Shuanhong

A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups
Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a coFrobenius Hopf algebra.
In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf
algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a
finitedimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any
Hopf algebra with integrals (coFrobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that
the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from wellknown formulas obtained earlier in the
theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals.
We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature.
Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipode Categories:16W30, 46L65 

31. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 882)
 Xueli, Song; Jigen, Peng

Equivalence of $L_p$ Stability and Exponential Stability of Nonlinear Lipschitzian Semigroups
$L_p$ stability and exponential stability are two important concepts
for nonlinear dynamic systems. In this paper, we prove that a
nonlinear exponentially bounded Lipschitzian semigroup is
exponentially stable if and only if the semigroup is $L_p$ stable
for some $p>0$. Based on the equivalence, we derive two sufficient
conditions for exponential stability of the nonlinear semigroup. The
results obtained extend and improve some existing ones.
Keywords:exponentially stable, $L_p$ stable, nonlinear Lipschitzian semigroups Categories:34D05, 47H20 

32. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 283)
33. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 435)
 Monson, B.; Schulte, Egon

Modular Reduction in Abstract Polytopes
The paper studies modular reduction techniques for abstract regular
and chiral polytopes, with two purposes in mind:\ first, to survey the
literature about modular reduction in polytopes; and second, to apply
modular reduction, with moduli given by primes in $\mathbb{Z}[\tau]$
(with $\tau$ the golden ratio), to construct new regular $4$polytopes
of hyperbolic types $\{3,5,3\}$ and $\{5,3,5\}$ with automorphism
groups given by finite orthogonal groups.
Keywords:abstract polytopes, regular and chiral, Coxeter groups, modular reduction Categories:51M20, 20F55 

34. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 588)
 Labute, John; Lemire, Nicole; Mináč, Ján; Swallow, John

Cohomological Dimension and Schreier's Formula in Galois Cohomology
Let $p$ be a prime and $F$ a field containing a primitive $p$th
root of unity. Then for $n\in \N$, the cohomological dimension
of the maximal pro$p$quotient $G$ of the absolute Galois group
of $F$ is at most $n$ if and only if the corestriction maps
$H^n(H,\Fp) \to H^n(G,\Fp)$ are surjective for all open
subgroups $H$ of index $p$. Using this result, we generalize
Schreier's formula for $\dim_{\Fp} H^1(H,\Fp)$ to $\dim_{\Fp}
H^n(H,\Fp)$.
Keywords:cohomological dimension, Schreier's formula, Galois theory, $p$extensions, pro$p$groups Categories:12G05, 12G10 

35. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 371)
 Floricel, Remus

Inner $E_0$Semigroups on Infinite Factors
This paper is concerned with the structure of
inner $E_0$semigroups. We show that any inner
$E_0$semigroup acting on an infinite factor
$M$ is completely determined by a continuous
tensor product system of Hilbert spaces in
$M$ and that the product system associated
with an inner $E_0$semigroup is a complete cocycle conjugacy invariant.
Keywords:von Neumann algebras, semigroups of endomorphisms, product systems, cocycle conjugacy Categories:46L40, 46L55 

36. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 55)
 Dubois, Jérôme

Non Abelian Twisted Reidemeister Torsion for Fibered Knots
In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the
non abelian twisted signdeter\mined Reidemeister torsion of the
exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an
application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian
Reidemeister torsion of torus knots and of the figure eight knot.
Keywords:Reidemeister torsion, Fibered knots, Knot groups, Representation space, $\SU$, $\SL$, Adjoint representation, Monodromy Categories:57Q10, 57M27, 57M25 

37. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 72)
 Dwilewicz, Roman J.

Additive RiemannHilbert Problem in Line Bundles Over $\mathbb{CP}^1$
In this note we consider $\overline\partial$problem in
line bundles over complex projective space $\mathbb{CP}^1$
and prove that the
equation can be solved for $(0,1)$ forms with compact support. As a
consequence, any CauchyRiemann function on a compact real hypersurface in
such line bundles is a jump of two holomorphic functions defined on the
sides of the hypersurface. In particular, the results can be applied to
$\mathbb{CP}^2$ since by removing a point from it we get a line bundle over
$\mathbb{CP}^1$.
Keywords:$\overline\partial$problem, cohomology groups, line bundles Categories:32F20, 14F05, 32C16 

38. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 505)
 Bouikhalene, Belaid

On the Generalized d'Alembert's and Wilson's Functional Equations on a Compact group
Let $G$ be a compact group. Let $\sigma$ be a continuous involution
of $G$. In this paper, we are
concerned by the following functional equation
$$\int_{G}f(xtyt^{1})\,dt+\int_{G}f(xt\sigma(y)t^{1})\,dt=2g(x)h(y), \quad
x, y \in G,$$ where $f, g, h \colonG \mapsto \mathbb{C}$, to be
determined, are complex continuous functions on $G$ such that $f$ is
central. This equation generalizes d'Alembert's and Wilson's
functional equations. We show that the solutions are expressed by
means of characters of irreducible, continuous and unitary
representations of the group $G$.
Keywords:Compact groups, Functional equations, Central functions, Lie, groups, Invariant differential operators. Categories:39B32, 39B42, 22D10, 22D12, 22D15 

39. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 473)
40. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 343)
 Drensky, Vesselin; Hammoudi, Lakhdar

Combinatorics of Words and Semigroup Algebras Which Are Sums of Locally Nilpotent Subalgebras
We construct new examples of nonnil algebras with any number of
generators, which are direct sums of two
locally nilpotent subalgebras. Like all previously known examples, our examples
are contracted semigroup algebras and the underlying semigroups are unions
of locally nilpotent subsemigroups.
In our constructions we make more
transparent
than in the past the close relationship between the considered problem
and combinatorics of words.
Keywords:locally nilpotent rings,, nil rings, locally nilpotent semigroups,, semigroup algebras, monomial algebras, infinite words Categories:16N40, 16S15, 20M05, 20M25, 68R15 

41. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 22)
 Goto, Yasuhiro

A Note on the Height of the Formal Brauer Group of a $K3$ Surface
Using weighted Delsarte surfaces, we give examples of $K3$ surfaces
in positive characteristic whose formal Brauer groups have height
equal to $5$, $8$ or $9$. These are among the four values of the
height left open in the article of Yui \cite{Y}.
Keywords:formal Brauer groups, $K3$ surfaces in positive, characteristic, weighted Delsarte surfaces Categories:14L05, 14J28 

42. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 122)
 Moon, Myoungho

On Certain Finitely Generated Subgroups of Groups Which Split
Define a group $G$ to be in the class $\mathcal{S}$ if for any
finitely generated subgroup $K$ of $G$ having the property that
there is a positive integer $n$ such that $g^n \in K$ for all
$g\in G$, $K$ has finite index in $G$. We show that a free
product with amalgamation $A*_C B$ and an $\HNN$ group $A *_C$ belong
to $\mathcal{S}$, if $C$ is in $\mathcal{S}$ and every subgroup of
$C$ is finitely generated.
Keywords:free product with amalgamation, $\HNN$ group, graph of groups, fundamental group Categories:20E06, 20E08, 57M07 

43. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 231)
 Hironaka, Eriko

Erratum:~~The Lehmer Polynomial and Pretzel Links
Erratum to {\it The Lehmer Polynomial and Pretzel Links},
Canad. J. Math. {\bf 44}(2001), 440451.
Keywords:Alexander polynomial, pretzel knot, Mahler measure, Salem number, Coxeter groups Categories:57M05, 57M25, 11R04, 11R27 

44. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 272)
 Neusel, Mara D.

The Transfer in the Invariant Theory of Modular Permutation Representations II
In this note we show that the image of the transfer for permutation
representations of finite groups is generated by the transfers of
special monomials. This leads to a description of the image of the
transfer of the alternating groups. We also determine the height of
these ideals.
Keywords:polynomial invariants of finite groups, permutation representation, transfer Category:13A50 

45. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 440)
 Hironaka, Eriko

The Lehmer Polynomial and Pretzel Links
In this paper we find a formula for the Alexander polynomial
$\Delta_{p_1,\dots,p_k} (x)$ of pretzel knots and links with
$(p_1,\dots,p_k, \nega 1)$ twists, where $k$ is odd and
$p_1,\dots,p_k$ are positive integers. The polynomial $\Delta_{2,3,7}
(x)$ is the wellknown Lehmer polynomial, which is conjectured to have
the smallest Mahler measure among all monic integer polynomials. We
confirm that $\Delta_{2,3,7} (x)$ has the smallest Mahler measure among
the polynomials arising as $\Delta_{p_1,\dots,p_k} (x)$.
Keywords:Alexander polynomial, pretzel knot, Mahler measure, Salem number, Coxeter groups Categories:57M05, 57M25, 11R04, 11R27 

46. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 313)
 Reverter, Amadeu; Vila, Núria

Images of mod $p$ Galois Representations Associated to Elliptic Curves
We give an explicit recipe for the determination of the images
associated to the Galois action on $p$torsion points of elliptic
curves. We present a table listing the image for all the elliptic
curves defined over $\QQ$ without complex multiplication with
conductor less than 200 and for each prime number~$p$.
Keywords:Galois groups, elliptic curves, Galois representation, isogeny Categories:11R32, 11G05, 12F10, 14K02 

47. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 335)
 Kim, Goansu; Tang, C. Y.

Cyclic Subgroup Separability of HNNExtensions with Cyclic Associated Subgroups
We derive a necessary and sufficient condition for HNNextensions
of cyclic subgroup separable groups with cyclic associated
subgroups to be cyclic subgroup separable. Applying this, we
explicitly characterize the residual finiteness and the cyclic
subgroup separability of HNNextensions of abelian groups with
cyclic associated subgroups. We also consider these residual
properties of HNNextensions of nilpotent groups with cyclic
associated subgroups.
Keywords:HNNextension, nilpotent groups, cyclic subgroup separable $(\pi_c)$, residually finite Categories:20E26, 20E06, 20F10 

48. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 125)
 Smith, Larry

Modular Vector Invariants of Cyclic Permutation Representations
Vector invariants of finite groups (see the introduction for an
explanation of the terminology) have often been used to illustrate the
difficulties of invariant theory in the modular case: see,
\eg., \cite{Ber}, \cite{norway}, \cite{fossum}, \cite{MmeB},
\cite{poly} and \cite{survey}. It is therefore all the more
surprising that the {\it unpleasant} properties of these invariants
may be derived from two unexpected, and remarkable, {\it nice}
properties: namely for vector permutation invariants of the cyclic
group $\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order in characteristic $p$ the
image of the transfer homomorphism $\Tr^{\mathbb{Z}/p} \colon
\mathbb{F}[V] \lra \mathbb{F}[V]^{\mathbb{Z}/p}$ is a prime ideal,
and the quotient algebra $\mathbb{F}[V]^{\mathbb{Z}/p}/ \Im
(\Tr^{\mathbb{Z}/p})$ is a polynomial algebra on the top Chern
classes of the action.
Keywords:polynomial invariants of finite groups Category:13A50 

49. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 47)
 Hartl, Manfred

A universal coefficient decomposition for subgroups induced by submodules of group algebras
Dimension subgroups and Lie dimension subgroups are known to satisfy a
`universal coefficient decomposition', {\it i.e.} their value with respect to
an arbitrary coefficient ring can be described in terms of their values with
respect to the `universal' coefficient rings given by the cyclic groups of
infinite and prime power order. Here this fact is generalized to much more
general types of induced subgroups, notably covering Fox subgroups and
relative dimension subgroups with respect to group algebra filtrations
induced by arbitrary $N$series, as well as certain common generalisations
of these which occur in the study of the former. This result relies on an
extension of the principal universal coefficient decomposition theorem on
polynomial ideals (due to Passi, Parmenter and Seghal), to all additive
subgroups of group rings. This is possible by using homological instead
of ring theoretical methods.
Keywords:induced subgroups, group algebras, Fox subgroups, relative dimension, subgroups, polynomial ideals Categories:20C07, 16A27 
