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1. CMB Online first

Alaghmandan, Mahmood
 Approximate amenability of Segal algebras II We prove that every proper Segal algebra of a SIN group is not approximately amenable. Keywords:Segal algebras, approximate amenability, SIN groups, commutative Banach algebrasCategories:46H20, 43A20

2. CMB Online first

Fulp, Ronald Owen
 Correction to "Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their Bodies" The Theorem below is a correction to Theorem 3.5 in the article entitled " Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their Bodies" published in Canad. Math. Bull. Vol. 57 (2) 2014 pp. 283-288. Only part (iii) of that Theorem requires correction. The proof of Theorem 3.5 in the original article failed to separate the proof of (ii) from the proof of (iii). The proof of (ii) is complete once it is established that $ad_a$ is quasi-nilpotent for each $a$ since it immediately follows that $K$ is quasi-nilpotent. The proof of (iii) is not complete in the original article. The revision appears as the proof of (iii) of the revised Theorem below. Keywords:super groups, body of super groups, Banach Lie groupsCategories:58B25, 17B65, 81R10, 57P99

3. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 708)

Brannan, Michael
 Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any non-commutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of $O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the corresponding non-commutative polynomial in a standard free semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of these results, we obtain a matrix-coefficient version of our strong convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$-$L^\infty$ norm equivalence for non-commutative polynomials in free semicircular systems. Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decayCategories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65

4. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 648)

Tang, Juping; Miao, Long
 On the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-Hypercentre of Finite Groups Let $G$ be a finite group, $\mathcal F$ a class of groups. Then $Z_{{\mathcal F}{\Phi}}(G)$ is the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre of $G$ which is the product of all normal subgroups of $G$ whose non-Frattini $G$-chief factors are $\mathcal F$-central in $G$. A subgroup $H$ is called $\mathcal M$-supplemented in a finite group $G$, if there exists a subgroup $B$ of $G$ such that $G=HB$ and $H_1B$ is a proper subgroup of $G$ for any maximal subgroup $H_1$ of $H$. The main purpose of this paper is to prove: Let $E$ be a normal subgroup of a group $G$. Suppose that every noncyclic Sylow subgroup $P$ of $F^{*}(E)$ has a subgroup $D$ such that $1\lt |D|\lt |P|$ and every subgroup $H$ of $P$ with order $|H|=|D|$ is $\mathcal M$-supplemented in $G$, then $E\leq Z_{{\mathcal U}{\Phi}}(G)$. Keywords:${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre, Sylow subgroups, $\mathcal M$-supplemented subgroups, formationCategories:20D10, 20D20

5. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 511)

Gonçalves, Daniel
 Simplicity of Partial Skew Group Rings of Abelian Groups Let $A$ be a ring with local units, $E$ a set of local units for $A$, $G$ an abelian group and $\alpha$ a partial action of $G$ by ideals of $A$ that contain local units. We show that $A\star_{\alpha} G$ is simple if and only if $A$ is $G$-simple and the center of the corner $e\delta_0 (A\star_{\alpha} G) e \delta_0$ is a field for all $e\in E$. We apply the result to characterize simplicity of partial skew group rings in two cases, namely for partial skew group rings arising from partial actions by clopen subsets of a compact set and partial actions on the set level. Keywords:partial skew group rings, simple rings, partial actions, abelian groupsCategories:16S35, 37B05

6. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 277)

Elkholy, A. M.; El-Latif, M. H. Abd
 On Mutually $m$-permutable Product of Smooth Groups Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$, $K$ two subgroups of G. A group $G$ is said to be a mutually m-permutable product of $H$ and $K$ if $G=HK$ and every maximal subgroup of $H$ permutes with $K$ and every maximal subgroup of $K$ permutes with $H$. In this paper, we investigate the structure of a finite group which is a mutually m-permutable product of two subgroups under the assumption that its maximal subgroups are totally smooth. Keywords:permutable subgroups, $m$-permutable, smooth groups, subgroup latticesCategories:20D10, 20D20, 20E15, 20F16

7. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 245)

Brodskiy, N.; Dydak, J.; Lang, U.
 Assouad-Nagata Dimension of Wreath Products of Groups Consider the wreath product $H\wr G$, where $H\ne 1$ is finite and $G$ is finitely generated. We show that the Assouad-Nagata dimension $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)$ of $H\wr G$ depends on the growth of $G$ as follows: \par If the growth of $G$ is not bounded by a linear function, then $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\infty$, otherwise $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\dim_{AN}(G)\leq 1$. Keywords:Assouad-Nagata dimension, asymptotic dimension, wreath product, growth of groupsCategories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65

8. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 449)

Alaghmandan, Mahmood; Choi, Yemon; Samei, Ebrahim
 ZL-amenability Constants of Finite Groups with Two Character Degrees We calculate the exact amenability constant of the centre of $\ell^1(G)$ when $G$ is one of the following classes of finite group: dihedral; extraspecial; or Frobenius with abelian complement and kernel. This is done using a formula which applies to all finite groups with two character degrees. In passing, we answer in the negative a question raised in work of the third author with Azimifard and Spronk (J. Funct. Anal. 2009). Keywords:center of group algebras, characters, character degrees, amenability constant, Frobenius group, extraspecial groupsCategories:43A20, 20C15

9. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 125)

Mlaiki, Nabil M.
 Camina Triples In this paper, we study Camina triples. Camina triples are a generalization of Camina pairs. Camina pairs were first introduced in 1978 by A .R. Camina. Camina's work was inspired by the study of Frobenius groups. We show that if $(G,N,M)$ is a Camina triple, then either $G/N$ is a $p$-group, or $M$ is abelian, or $M$ has a non-trivial nilpotent or Frobenius quotient. Keywords:Camina triples, Camina pairs, nilpotent groups, vanishing off subgroup, irreducible characters, solvable groupsCategory:20D15

10. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)

Karassev, A.; Todorov, V.; Valov, V.
 Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua ny homogeneous, metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n_G$-continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq 1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal domain. This implies that any homogeneous $n$-dimensional metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n$-continuum in the sense of Alexandroff. We also prove that any finite-dimensional homogeneous metric continuum $X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq 1$, cannot be separated by a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n-1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq n-1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of Kallipoliti-Papasoglu whether any two-dimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs. Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$-continuumCategories:54F45, 54F15

11. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 546)

 Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains non-zero compact operators on $\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$. As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where $\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the Radon--Nikodym property. Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operatorsCategory:46L89

12. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 326)

Ivanov, S. V.; Mikhailov, Roman
 On Zero-divisors in Group Rings of Groups with Torsion Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings are introduced and discussed. A problem on the existence of nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings of free Burnside groups of odd exponent $n \gg 1$ is solved in the affirmative. Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors are also found in group rings of free products of groups with torsion. Keywords:Burnside groups, free products of groups, group rings, zero-divisorsCategories:20C07, 20E06, 20F05, , 20F50

13. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 289)

Ghasemi, Mehdi; Marshall, Murray; Wagner, Sven
 Closure of the Cone of Sums of $2d$-powers in Certain Weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm Topologies In a paper from 1976, Berg, Christensen and Ressel prove that the closure of the cone of sums of squares $\sum \mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^2$ in the polynomial ring $\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}] := \mathbb{R}[X_1,\dots,X_n]$ in the topology induced by the $\ell_1$-norm is equal to $\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$, the cone consisting of all polynomials which are non-negative on the hypercube $[-1,1]^n$. The result is deduced as a corollary of a general result, established in the same paper, which is valid for any commutative semigroup. In later work, Berg and Maserick and Berg, Christensen and Ressel establish an even more general result, for a commutative semigroup with involution, for the closure of the cone of sums of squares of symmetric elements in the weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm topology associated to an absolute value. In the present paper we give a new proof of these results which is based on Jacobi's representation theorem from 2001. At the same time, we use Jacobi's representation theorem to extend these results from sums of squares to sums of $2d$-powers, proving, in particular, that for any integer $d\ge 1$, the closure of the cone of sums of $2d$-powers $\sum \mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^{2d}$ in $\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]$ in the topology induced by the $\ell_1$-norm is equal to $\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$. Keywords:positive definite, moments, sums of squares, involutive semigroupsCategories:43A35, 44A60, 13J25

14. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 570)

Hoang, Giabao; Ressler, Wendell
 Conjugacy Classes and Binary Quadratic Forms for the Hecke Groups In this paper we give a lower bound with respect to block length for the trace of non-elliptic conjugacy classes of the Hecke groups. One consequence of our bound is that there are finitely many conjugacy classes of a given trace in any Hecke group. We show that another consequence of our bound is that class numbers are finite for related hyperbolic $$\mathbb{Z}[\lambda]$$-binary quadratic forms. We give canonical class representatives and calculate class numbers for some classes of hyperbolic $$\mathbb{Z}[\lambda]$$-binary quadratic forms. Keywords:Hecke groups, conjugacy class, quadratic formsCategories:11F06, 11E16, 11A55

15. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 132)

Mubeena, T.; Sankaran, P.
 Twisted Conjugacy Classes in Abelian Extensions of Certain Linear Groups Given a group automorphism $\phi:\Gamma\longrightarrow \Gamma$, one has an action of $\Gamma$ on itself by $\phi$-twisted conjugacy, namely, $g.x=gx\phi(g^{-1})$. The orbits of this action are called $\phi$-twisted conjugacy classes. One says that $\Gamma$ has the $R_\infty$-property if there are infinitely many $\phi$-twisted conjugacy classes for every automorphism $\phi$ of $\Gamma$. In this paper we show that $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ and its congruence subgroups have the $R_\infty$-property. Further we show that any (countable) abelian extension of $\Gamma$ has the $R_\infty$-property where $\Gamma$ is a torsion free non-elementary hyperbolic group, or $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z}), \operatorname{Sp}(2n,\mathbb{Z})$ or a principal congruence subgroup of $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ or the fundamental group of a complete Riemannian manifold of constant negative curvature. Keywords:twisted conjugacy classes, hyperbolic groups, lattices in Lie groupsCategory:20E45

16. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 630)

Sundar, S.
 Inverse Semigroups and Sheu's Groupoid for the Odd Dimensional Quantum Spheres In this paper, we give a different proof of the fact that the odd dimensional quantum spheres are groupoid $C^{*}$-algebras. We show that the $C^{*}$-algebra $C(S_{q}^{2\ell+1})$ is generated by an inverse semigroup $T$ of partial isometries. We show that the groupoid $\mathcal{G}_{tight}$ associated with the inverse semigroup $T$ by Exel is exactly the same as the groupoid considered by Sheu. Keywords:inverse semigroups, groupoids, odd dimensional quantum spheresCategories:46L99, 20M18

17. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)

Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.
 CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane In this article we study the CesÃ ro operator $$\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,$$ and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also discussed. Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operatorsCategories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03

18. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)

Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
 Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a $(p-1)$-superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$ near $\pm\infty$ and near zero. A special case of the differential operator is the scalar $p$-Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which have constant sign (one positive, the other negative). Keywords:$C$-condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invarianceCategories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05

19. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 870)

Wang, Hui; Deng, Shaoqiang
 Left Invariant Einstein-Randers Metrics on Compact Lie Groups In this paper we study left invariant Einstein-Randers metrics on compact Lie groups. First, we give a method to construct left invariant non-Riemannian Einstein-Randers metrics on a compact Lie group, using the Zermelo navigation data. Then we prove that this gives a complete classification of left invariant Einstein-Randers metrics on compact simple Lie groups with the underlying Riemannian metric naturally reductive. Further, we completely determine the identity component of the group of isometries for this type of metrics on simple groups. Finally, we study some geometric properties of such metrics. In particular, we give the formulae of geodesics and flag curvature of such metrics. Keywords:Einstein-Randers metric, compact Lie groups, geodesic, flag curvatureCategories:17B20, 22E46, 53C12

20. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 218)

Yang, Dilian
 Functional Equations and Fourier Analysis By exploring the relations among functional equations, harmonic analysis and representation theory, we give a unified and very accessible approach to solve three important functional equations - the d'Alembert equation, the Wilson equation, and the d'Alembert long equation - on compact groups. Keywords:functional equations, Fourier analysis, representation of compact groupsCategories:39B52, 22C05, 43A30

21. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)

Delvaux, L.; Van Daele, A.; Wang, Shuanhong
 A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra. In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals. We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature. Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipodeCategories:16W30, 46L65

22. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 882)

Xueli, Song; Jigen, Peng
 Equivalence of $L_p$ Stability and Exponential Stability of Nonlinear Lipschitzian Semigroups $L_p$ stability and exponential stability are two important concepts for nonlinear dynamic systems. In this paper, we prove that a nonlinear exponentially bounded Lipschitzian semigroup is exponentially stable if and only if the semigroup is $L_p$ stable for some $p>0$. Based on the equivalence, we derive two sufficient conditions for exponential stability of the nonlinear semigroup. The results obtained extend and improve some existing ones. Keywords:exponentially stable, $L_p$ stable, nonlinear Lipschitzian semigroupsCategories:34D05, 47H20

23. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 283)

Hillman, J. A.; Roushon, S. K.
 Surgery on $\widetilde{\mathbb{SL}} \times \mathbb{E}^n$-Manifolds We show that closed $\widetilde{\mathbb{SL}} \times \mathbb{E}^n$-manifolds are topologically rigid if $n\geq 2$, and are rigid up to $s$-cobordism, if $n=1$. Keywords:topological rigidity, geometric structure, surgery groups Categories:57R67, 57N16

24. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 435)

Monson, B.; Schulte, Egon
 Modular Reduction in Abstract Polytopes The paper studies modular reduction techniques for abstract regular and chiral polytopes, with two purposes in mind:\ first, to survey the literature about modular reduction in polytopes; and second, to apply modular reduction, with moduli given by primes in $\mathbb{Z}[\tau]$ (with $\tau$ the golden ratio), to construct new regular $4$-polytopes of hyperbolic types $\{3,5,3\}$ and $\{5,3,5\}$ with automorphism groups given by finite orthogonal groups. Keywords:abstract polytopes, regular and chiral, Coxeter groups, modular reductionCategories:51M20, 20F55

25. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 588)

Labute, John; Lemire, Nicole; Mináč, Ján; Swallow, John
 Cohomological Dimension and Schreier's Formula in Galois Cohomology Let $p$ be a prime and $F$ a field containing a primitive $p$-th root of unity. Then for $n\in \N$, the cohomological dimension of the maximal pro-$p$-quotient $G$ of the absolute Galois group of $F$ is at most $n$ if and only if the corestriction maps $H^n(H,\Fp) \to H^n(G,\Fp)$ are surjective for all open subgroups $H$ of index $p$. Using this result, we generalize Schreier's formula for $\dim_{\Fp} H^1(H,\Fp)$ to $\dim_{\Fp} H^n(H,\Fp)$. Keywords:cohomological dimension, Schreier's formula, Galois theory, $p$-extensions, pro-$p$-groupsCategories:12G05, 12G10
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