Search results

Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword groups

 Expand all        Collapse all Results 1 - 25 of 34

1. CMB Online first

Brodskiy, N.; Dydak, J.; Lang, U.
 Assouad-Nagata dimension of wreath products of groups Consider the wreath product $H\wr G$, where $H\ne 1$ is finite and $G$ is finitely generated. We show that the Assouad-Nagata dimension $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)$ of $H\wr G$ depends on the growth of $G$ as follows: \par If the growth of $G$ is not bounded by a linear function, then $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\infty$, otherwise $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\dim_{AN}(G)\leq 1$. Keywords:Assouad-Nagata dimension, asymptotic dimension, wreath product, growth of groupsCategories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65

2. CMB Online first

Alaghmandan, Mahmood; Choi, Yemon; Samei, Ebrahim
 ZL-amenability Constants of Finite Groups with Two Character Degrees We calculate the exact amenability constant of the centre of $\ell^1(G)$ when $G$ is one of the following classes of finite group: dihedral; extraspecial; or Frobenius with abelian complement and kernel. This is done using a formula which applies to all finite groups with two character degrees. In passing, we answer in the negative a question raised in work of the third author with Azimifard and Spronk (J. Funct. Anal. 2009). Keywords:center of group algebras, characters, character degrees, amenability constant, Frobenius group, extraspecial groupsCategories:43A20, 20C15

3. CMB Online first

Mlaiki, Nabil M.
 Camina Triples In this paper, we study Camina triples. Camina triples are a generalization of Camina pairs. Camina pairs were first introduced in 1978 by A .R. Camina. Camina's work was inspired by the study of Frobenius groups. We show that if $(G,N,M)$ is a Camina triple, then either $G/N$ is a $p$-group, or $M$ is abelian, or $M$ has a non-trivial nilpotent or Frobenius quotient. Keywords:Camina triples, Camina pairs, nilpotent groups, vanishing off subgroup, irreducible characters, solvable groupsCategory:20D15

4. CMB Online first

Karassev, A.; Todorov, V.; Valov, V.
 Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua ny homogeneous, metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n_G$-continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq 1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal domain. This implies that any homogeneous $n$-dimensional metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n$-continuum in the sense of Alexandroff. We also prove that any finite-dimensional homogeneous metric continuum $X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq 1$, cannot be separated by a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n-1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq n-1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of Kallipoliti-Papasoglu whether any two-dimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs. Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$-continuumCategories:54F45, 54F15

5. CMB Online first

 Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains non-zero compact operators on $\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$. As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where $\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the Radon--Nikodym property. Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operatorsCategory:46L89

6. CMB Online first

Ivanov, S. V.; Mikhailov, Roman
 On Zero-divisors in Group Rings of Groups with Torsion Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings are introduced and discussed. A problem on the existence of nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings of free Burnside groups of odd exponent $n \gg 1$ is solved in the affirmative. Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors are also found in group rings of free products of groups with torsion. Keywords:Burnside groups, free products of groups, group rings, zero-divisorsCategories:20C07, 20E06, 20F05, , 20F50

7. CMB Online first

Ghasemi, Mehdi; Marshall, Murray; Wagner, Sven
 Closure of the Cone of Sums of $2d$-powers in Certain Weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm Topologies In a paper from 1976, Berg, Christensen and Ressel prove that the closure of the cone of sums of squares $\sum \mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^2$ in the polynomial ring $\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}] := \mathbb{R}[X_1,\dots,X_n]$ in the topology induced by the $\ell_1$-norm is equal to $\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$, the cone consisting of all polynomials which are non-negative on the hypercube $[-1,1]^n$. The result is deduced as a corollary of a general result, established in the same paper, which is valid for any commutative semigroup. In later work, Berg and Maserick and Berg, Christensen and Ressel establish an even more general result, for a commutative semigroup with involution, for the closure of the cone of sums of squares of symmetric elements in the weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm topology associated to an absolute value. In the present paper we give a new proof of these results which is based on Jacobi's representation theorem from 2001. At the same time, we use Jacobi's representation theorem to extend these results from sums of squares to sums of $2d$-powers, proving, in particular, that for any integer $d\ge 1$, the closure of the cone of sums of $2d$-powers $\sum \mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^{2d}$ in $\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]$ in the topology induced by the $\ell_1$-norm is equal to $\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$. Keywords:positive definite, moments, sums of squares, involutive semigroupsCategories:43A35, 44A60, 13J25

8. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 570)

Hoang, Giabao; Ressler, Wendell
 Conjugacy Classes and Binary Quadratic Forms for the Hecke Groups In this paper we give a lower bound with respect to block length for the trace of non-elliptic conjugacy classes of the Hecke groups. One consequence of our bound is that there are finitely many conjugacy classes of a given trace in any Hecke group. We show that another consequence of our bound is that class numbers are finite for related hyperbolic $$\mathbb{Z}[\lambda]$$-binary quadratic forms. We give canonical class representatives and calculate class numbers for some classes of hyperbolic $$\mathbb{Z}[\lambda]$$-binary quadratic forms. Keywords:Hecke groups, conjugacy class, quadratic formsCategories:11F06, 11E16, 11A55

9. CMB Online first

Mubeena, T.; Sankaran, P.
 Twisted Conjugacy Classes in Abelian Extensions of Certain Linear Groups Given a group automorphism $\phi:\Gamma\longrightarrow \Gamma$, one has an action of $\Gamma$ on itself by $\phi$-twisted conjugacy, namely, $g.x=gx\phi(g^{-1})$. The orbits of this action are called $\phi$-twisted conjugacy classes. One says that $\Gamma$ has the $R_\infty$-property if there are infinitely many $\phi$-twisted conjugacy classes for every automorphism $\phi$ of $\Gamma$. In this paper we show that $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ and its congruence subgroups have the $R_\infty$-property. Further we show that any (countable) abelian extension of $\Gamma$ has the $R_\infty$-property where $\Gamma$ is a torsion free non-elementary hyperbolic group, or $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z}), \operatorname{Sp}(2n,\mathbb{Z})$ or a principal congruence subgroup of $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ or the fundamental group of a complete Riemannian manifold of constant negative curvature. Keywords:twisted conjugacy classes, hyperbolic groups, lattices in Lie groupsCategory:20E45

10. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 630)

Sundar, S.
 Inverse Semigroups and Sheu's Groupoid for the Odd Dimensional Quantum Spheres In this paper, we give a different proof of the fact that the odd dimensional quantum spheres are groupoid $C^{*}$-algebras. We show that the $C^{*}$-algebra $C(S_{q}^{2\ell+1})$ is generated by an inverse semigroup $T$ of partial isometries. We show that the groupoid $\mathcal{G}_{tight}$ associated with the inverse semigroup $T$ by Exel is exactly the same as the groupoid considered by Sheu. Keywords:inverse semigroups, groupoids, odd dimensional quantum spheresCategories:46L99, 20M18

11. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)

Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
 Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a $(p-1)$-superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$ near $\pm\infty$ and near zero. A special case of the differential operator is the scalar $p$-Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which have constant sign (one positive, the other negative). Keywords:$C$-condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invarianceCategories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05

12. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)

Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.
 CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane In this article we study the CesÃ ro operator $$\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,$$ and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also discussed. Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operatorsCategories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03

13. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 870)

Wang, Hui; Deng, Shaoqiang
 Left Invariant Einstein-Randers Metrics on Compact Lie Groups In this paper we study left invariant Einstein-Randers metrics on compact Lie groups. First, we give a method to construct left invariant non-Riemannian Einstein-Randers metrics on a compact Lie group, using the Zermelo navigation data. Then we prove that this gives a complete classification of left invariant Einstein-Randers metrics on compact simple Lie groups with the underlying Riemannian metric naturally reductive. Further, we completely determine the identity component of the group of isometries for this type of metrics on simple groups. Finally, we study some geometric properties of such metrics. In particular, we give the formulae of geodesics and flag curvature of such metrics. Keywords:Einstein-Randers metric, compact Lie groups, geodesic, flag curvatureCategories:17B20, 22E46, 53C12

14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 218)

Yang, Dilian
 Functional Equations and Fourier Analysis By exploring the relations among functional equations, harmonic analysis and representation theory, we give a unified and very accessible approach to solve three important functional equations - the d'Alembert equation, the Wilson equation, and the d'Alembert long equation - on compact groups. Keywords:functional equations, Fourier analysis, representation of compact groupsCategories:39B52, 22C05, 43A30

15. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)

Delvaux, L.; Van Daele, A.; Wang, Shuanhong
 A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra. In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals. We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature. Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipodeCategories:16W30, 46L65

16. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 882)

Xueli, Song; Jigen, Peng
 Equivalence of $L_p$ Stability and Exponential Stability of Nonlinear Lipschitzian Semigroups $L_p$ stability and exponential stability are two important concepts for nonlinear dynamic systems. In this paper, we prove that a nonlinear exponentially bounded Lipschitzian semigroup is exponentially stable if and only if the semigroup is $L_p$ stable for some $p>0$. Based on the equivalence, we derive two sufficient conditions for exponential stability of the nonlinear semigroup. The results obtained extend and improve some existing ones. Keywords:exponentially stable, $L_p$ stable, nonlinear Lipschitzian semigroupsCategories:34D05, 47H20

17. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 283)

Hillman, J. A.; Roushon, S. K.
 Surgery on $\widetilde{\mathbb{SL}} \times \mathbb{E}^n$-Manifolds We show that closed $\widetilde{\mathbb{SL}} \times \mathbb{E}^n$-manifolds are topologically rigid if $n\geq 2$, and are rigid up to $s$-cobordism, if $n=1$. Keywords:topological rigidity, geometric structure, surgery groups Categories:57R67, 57N16

18. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 435)

Monson, B.; Schulte, Egon
 Modular Reduction in Abstract Polytopes The paper studies modular reduction techniques for abstract regular and chiral polytopes, with two purposes in mind:\ first, to survey the literature about modular reduction in polytopes; and second, to apply modular reduction, with moduli given by primes in $\mathbb{Z}[\tau]$ (with $\tau$ the golden ratio), to construct new regular $4$-polytopes of hyperbolic types $\{3,5,3\}$ and $\{5,3,5\}$ with automorphism groups given by finite orthogonal groups. Keywords:abstract polytopes, regular and chiral, Coxeter groups, modular reductionCategories:51M20, 20F55

19. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 588)

Labute, John; Lemire, Nicole; Mináč, Ján; Swallow, John
 Cohomological Dimension and Schreier's Formula in Galois Cohomology Let $p$ be a prime and $F$ a field containing a primitive $p$-th root of unity. Then for $n\in \N$, the cohomological dimension of the maximal pro-$p$-quotient $G$ of the absolute Galois group of $F$ is at most $n$ if and only if the corestriction maps $H^n(H,\Fp) \to H^n(G,\Fp)$ are surjective for all open subgroups $H$ of index $p$. Using this result, we generalize Schreier's formula for $\dim_{\Fp} H^1(H,\Fp)$ to $\dim_{\Fp} H^n(H,\Fp)$. Keywords:cohomological dimension, Schreier's formula, Galois theory, $p$-extensions, pro-$p$-groupsCategories:12G05, 12G10

20. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 371)

Floricel, Remus
 Inner $E_0$-Semigroups on Infinite Factors This paper is concerned with the structure of inner $E_0$-semigroups. We show that any inner $E_0$-semigroup acting on an infinite factor $M$ is completely determined by a continuous tensor product system of Hilbert spaces in $M$ and that the product system associated with an inner $E_0$-semigroup is a complete cocycle conjugacy invariant. Keywords:von Neumann algebras, semigroups of endomorphisms, product systems, cocycle conjugacyCategories:46L40, 46L55

21. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 72)

Dwilewicz, Roman J.
 Additive Riemann--Hilbert Problem in Line Bundles Over $\mathbb{CP}^1$ In this note we consider $\overline\partial$-problem in line bundles over complex projective space $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and prove that the equation can be solved for $(0,1)$ forms with compact support. As a consequence, any Cauchy-Riemann function on a compact real hypersurface in such line bundles is a jump of two holomorphic functions defined on the sides of the hypersurface. In particular, the results can be applied to $\mathbb{CP}^2$ since by removing a point from it we get a line bundle over $\mathbb{CP}^1$. Keywords:$\overline\partial$-problem, cohomology groups, line bundlesCategories:32F20, 14F05, 32C16

22. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 55)

Dubois, Jérôme
 Non Abelian Twisted Reidemeister Torsion for Fibered Knots In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the non abelian twisted sign-deter\-mined Reidemeister torsion of the exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian Reidemeister torsion of torus knots and of the figure eight knot. Keywords:Reidemeister torsion, Fibered knots, Knot groups, Representation space, $\SU$, $\SL$, Adjoint representation, MonodromyCategories:57Q10, 57M27, 57M25

23. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 505)

Bouikhalene, Belaid
 On the Generalized d'Alembert's and Wilson's Functional Equations on a Compact group Let $G$ be a compact group. Let $\sigma$ be a continuous involution of $G$. In this paper, we are concerned by the following functional equation $$\int_{G}f(xtyt^{-1})\,dt+\int_{G}f(xt\sigma(y)t^{-1})\,dt=2g(x)h(y), \quad x, y \in G,$$ where $f, g, h \colonG \mapsto \mathbb{C}$, to be determined, are complex continuous functions on $G$ such that $f$ is central. This equation generalizes d'Alembert's and Wilson's functional equations. We show that the solutions are expressed by means of characters of irreducible, continuous and unitary representations of the group $G$. Keywords:Compact groups, Functional equations, Central functions, Lie, groups, Invariant differential operators.Categories:39B32, 39B42, 22D10, 22D12, 22D15

24. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 473)

Zeron, E. S.
 Logarithms and the Topology of the Complement of a Hypersurface This paper is devoted to analysing the relation between the logarithm of a non-constant holomorphic polynomial $Q(z)$ and the topology of the complement of the hypersurface defined by $Q(z)=0$. Keywords:Logarithm, homology groups and periodsCategories:32Q55, 14F45

25. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 343)

Drensky, Vesselin; Hammoudi, Lakhdar
 Combinatorics of Words and Semigroup Algebras Which Are Sums of Locally Nilpotent Subalgebras We construct new examples of non-nil algebras with any number of generators, which are direct sums of two locally nilpotent subalgebras. Like all previously known examples, our examples are contracted semigroup algebras and the underlying semigroups are unions of locally nilpotent subsemigroups. In our constructions we make more transparent than in the past the close relationship between the considered problem and combinatorics of words. Keywords:locally nilpotent rings,, nil rings, locally nilpotent semigroups,, semigroup algebras, monomial algebras, infinite wordsCategories:16N40, 16S15, 20M05, 20M25, 68R15
 Page 1 2 Next