Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 25 of 38 |
1. CMB Online first
Simplicity of Partial Skew Group Rings of Abelian Groups Let $A$ be a ring with local units, $E$ a set of local units for $A$,
$G$ an abelian group and $\alpha$ a partial action of $G$ by ideals of
$A$ that contain local units.
We show that $A\star_{\alpha} G$ is simple if and only if $A$ is
$G$-simple and the center of the corner $e\delta_0 (A\star_{\alpha} G)
e \delta_0$ is a field for all $e\in E$. We apply the result to
characterize simplicity of partial skew group rings in two cases,
namely for partial skew group rings arising from partial actions by
clopen subsets of a compact set and partial actions on the set level.
Keywords:partial skew group rings, simple rings, partial actions, abelian groups Categories:16S35, 37B05 |
2. CMB Online first
On the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-Hypercentre of Finite Groups Let $G$ be a finite group, $\mathcal F$ a class of groups.
Then $Z_{{\mathcal F}{\Phi}}(G)$ is the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre
of $G$ which is the product of all normal subgroups of $G$ whose
non-Frattini $G$-chief factors are $\mathcal F$-central in $G$. A
subgroup $H$ is called $\mathcal M$-supplemented in a finite group
$G$, if there exists a subgroup $B$ of $G$ such that $G=HB$ and
$H_1B$ is a proper subgroup of $G$ for any maximal subgroup $H_1$
of $H$. The main purpose of this paper is to prove: Let $E$ be a
normal subgroup of a group $G$. Suppose that every noncyclic
Sylow
subgroup $P$ of $F^{*}(E)$ has a subgroup $D$ such that
$1\lt |D|\lt |P|$ and every subgroup $H$ of $P$ with order $|H|=|D|$
is
$\mathcal M$-supplemented in $G$, then $E\leq Z_{{\mathcal
U}{\Phi}}(G)$.
Keywords:${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre, Sylow subgroups, $\mathcal M$-supplemented subgroups, formation Categories:20D10, 20D20 |
3. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 277)
On Mutually $m$-permutable Product of Smooth Groups Let $G$ be a
finite group and $H$, $K$ two subgroups of G. A group $G$ is said to
be a mutually m-permutable product of $H$ and $K$ if $G=HK$ and
every maximal subgroup of $H$ permutes with $K$ and every maximal
subgroup of $K$ permutes with $H$. In this paper, we investigate the
structure of a finite group which is a mutually m-permutable product
of two subgroups under the assumption that its maximal subgroups are
totally smooth.
Keywords:permutable subgroups, $m$-permutable, smooth groups, subgroup lattices Categories:20D10, 20D20, 20E15, 20F16 |
4. CMB Online first
Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free
orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free
semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we
substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in
addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any
non-commutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of
$O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the
corresponding non-commutative polynomial in a standard free
semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained
for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of
these results, we obtain a matrix-coefficient version of our strong
convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$-$L^\infty$ norm
equivalence for non-commutative polynomials in free semicircular
systems.
Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decay Categories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65 |
5. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 245)
Assouad-Nagata Dimension of Wreath Products of Groups Consider the wreath product $H\wr G$, where $H\ne 1$ is finite and $G$ is finitely generated.
We show that the Assouad-Nagata dimension $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)$ of $H\wr G$
depends on the growth of $G$ as follows:
\par If the growth of $G$ is not bounded by a linear function, then $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\infty$,
otherwise $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\dim_{AN}(G)\leq 1$.
Keywords:Assouad-Nagata dimension, asymptotic dimension, wreath product, growth of groups Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65 |
6. CMB Online first
ZL-amenability Constants of Finite Groups with Two Character Degrees We calculate the exact amenability constant of the centre of
$\ell^1(G)$ when $G$ is one of the following classes of finite group:
dihedral; extraspecial; or Frobenius with abelian complement and
kernel. This is done using a formula which applies to all finite
groups with two character degrees. In passing, we answer in the
negative a question raised in work of the third author with Azimifard
and Spronk (J. Funct. Anal. 2009).
Keywords:center of group algebras, characters, character degrees, amenability constant, Frobenius group, extraspecial groups Categories:43A20, 20C15 |
7. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 125)
Camina Triples In this paper, we study Camina triples. Camina triples are a
generalization of Camina pairs. Camina pairs were first introduced
in 1978 by A .R. Camina.
Camina's work
was inspired by the study of Frobenius groups. We
show that if $(G,N,M)$ is a Camina triple, then either $G/N$ is a
$p$-group, or $M$ is abelian, or $M$ has a non-trivial nilpotent or
Frobenius quotient.
Keywords:Camina triples, Camina pairs, nilpotent groups, vanishing off subgroup, irreducible characters, solvable groups Category:20D15 |
8. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)
Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua ny homogeneous,
metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n_G$-continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq
1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal
domain.
This implies that any homogeneous $n$-dimensional metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n$-continuum in the sense of Alexandroff.
We also prove that any finite-dimensional homogeneous metric continuum
$X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq
1$, cannot be separated by
a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n-1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq
n-1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of
Kallipoliti-Papasoglu
whether any two-dimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs.
Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$-continuum Categories:54F45, 54F15 |
9. CMB Online first
Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete
if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains non-zero compact operators on
$\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$.
As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among
regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where
$\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the Radon--Nikodym property.
Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operators Category:46L89 |
10. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 326)
On Zero-divisors in Group Rings of Groups with Torsion Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings are
introduced and discussed. A problem on the existence of nontrivial
pairs of zero-divisors in group rings of free Burnside groups of odd
exponent $n \gg 1$ is solved in the affirmative. Nontrivial pairs of
zero-divisors are also found in group rings of free products of groups
with torsion.
Keywords:Burnside groups, free products of groups, group rings, zero-divisors Categories:20C07, 20E06, 20F05, , 20F50 |
11. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 289)
Closure of the Cone of Sums of $2d$-powers in Certain Weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm Topologies In a paper from 1976, Berg, Christensen and Ressel prove that the
closure of the cone of sums of squares $\sum
\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^2$ in the polynomial ring
$\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}] := \mathbb{R}[X_1,\dots,X_n]$ in the
topology induced by the $\ell_1$-norm is equal to
$\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$, the cone consisting of all polynomials
which are non-negative on the hypercube $[-1,1]^n$. The result is
deduced as a corollary of a general result, established in the same
paper, which is valid for any commutative semigroup.
In later work, Berg and Maserick and Berg, Christensen and Ressel
establish an even more general result, for a commutative semigroup
with involution, for the closure of the cone of sums of squares of
symmetric elements in the weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm topology
associated to an absolute value.
In the present paper we give a new proof of these results which is
based on Jacobi's representation theorem from 2001. At the same time,
we use Jacobi's representation theorem to extend these results from
sums of squares to sums of $2d$-powers, proving, in particular, that
for any integer $d\ge 1$, the closure of the cone of sums of
$2d$-powers $\sum \mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^{2d}$ in
$\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]$ in the topology induced by the
$\ell_1$-norm is equal to $\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$.
Keywords:positive definite, moments, sums of squares, involutive semigroups Categories:43A35, 44A60, 13J25 |
12. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 570)
Conjugacy Classes and Binary Quadratic Forms for the Hecke Groups In this paper we give a lower bound
with respect to block length
for the trace of non-elliptic conjugacy classes
of the Hecke groups.
One consequence of our bound
is that there are finitely many
conjugacy classes of a given trace in any Hecke group.
We show that another consequence of our bound
is that
class numbers are finite for
related hyperbolic \( \mathbb{Z}[\lambda] \)-binary quadratic forms.
We give canonical class representatives
and calculate class numbers
for some classes of hyperbolic \( \mathbb{Z}[\lambda] \)-binary quadratic forms.
Keywords:Hecke groups, conjugacy class, quadratic forms Categories:11F06, 11E16, 11A55 |
13. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 132)
Twisted Conjugacy Classes in Abelian Extensions of Certain Linear Groups Given a group automorphism $\phi:\Gamma\longrightarrow \Gamma$, one has
an action of $\Gamma$ on itself by $\phi$-twisted conjugacy, namely, $g.x=gx\phi(g^{-1})$.
The orbits of this action are called $\phi$-twisted conjugacy classes. One says
that $\Gamma$ has the $R_\infty$-property if there are infinitely many $\phi$-twisted conjugacy
classes for every automorphism $\phi$ of $\Gamma$. In this paper we
show that $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ and its
congruence subgroups have the $R_\infty$-property. Further we show that
any (countable) abelian extension of $\Gamma$ has the $R_\infty$-property where $\Gamma$ is a torsion
free non-elementary hyperbolic group, or $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z}),
\operatorname{Sp}(2n,\mathbb{Z})$ or a principal congruence
subgroup of $\operatorname{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ or the fundamental group of a complete Riemannian
manifold of constant negative curvature.
Keywords:twisted conjugacy classes, hyperbolic groups, lattices in Lie groups Category:20E45 |
14. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 630)
Inverse Semigroups and Sheu's Groupoid for the Odd Dimensional Quantum Spheres In this paper, we give a different proof of the fact that the odd dimensional
quantum spheres are groupoid $C^{*}$-algebras. We show that the $C^{*}$-algebra
$C(S_{q}^{2\ell+1})$ is generated by an inverse semigroup $T$ of partial
isometries. We show that the groupoid $\mathcal{G}_{tight}$ associated with the
inverse semigroup $T$ by Exel is exactly the same as the groupoid
considered by Sheu.
Keywords:inverse semigroups, groupoids, odd dimensional quantum spheres Categories:46L99, 20M18 |
15. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)
Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a
nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a
CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a
$(p-1)$-superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$
near $\pm\infty$ and near zero.
A special case of the differential operator is the scalar
$p$-Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on
the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we
show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which
have constant sign (one positive, the other negative).
Keywords:$C$-condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invariance Categories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05 |
16. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)
CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane In this article we study the CesÃ ro
operator
$$
\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,
$$
and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the
upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as
resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we
find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of
$\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro
operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also
discussed.
Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operators Categories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03 |
17. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 870)
Left Invariant Einstein-Randers Metrics on Compact Lie Groups In this paper we study left invariant Einstein-Randers metrics on compact Lie
groups. First, we give a method to construct left invariant non-Riemannian Einstein-Randers metrics
on a compact Lie group, using the Zermelo navigation data.
Then we prove that this gives a complete classification of left invariant Einstein-Randers metrics on compact simple
Lie groups with the underlying Riemannian metric naturally reductive.
Further, we completely determine the identity component of the group of
isometries for this type of metrics on simple groups. Finally, we study some
geometric properties of such metrics. In particular, we give the formulae of geodesics and flag curvature
of such metrics.
Keywords:Einstein-Randers metric, compact Lie groups, geodesic, flag curvature Categories:17B20, 22E46, 53C12 |
18. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 218)
Functional Equations and Fourier Analysis By exploring the relations among functional equations, harmonic analysis and representation theory,
we give a unified and very accessible approach to solve three important functional equations -
the d'Alembert equation, the Wilson equation, and the d'Alembert long equation -
on compact groups.
Keywords:functional equations, Fourier analysis, representation of compact groups Categories:39B52, 22C05, 43A30 |
19. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 260)
A Note on the Antipode for Algebraic Quantum Groups Recently, Beattie, Bulacu ,and Torrecillas proved Radford's formula for the fourth power of the antipode for a co-Frobenius Hopf algebra.
In this note, we show that this formula can be proved for any regular multiplier Hopf
algebra with integrals (algebraic quantum groups). This, of course, not only includes the case of a
finite-dimensional Hopf algebra, but also that of any
Hopf algebra with integrals (co-Frobenius Hopf algebras). Moreover, it turns out that
the proof in this more general situation, in fact, follows in a few lines from well-known formulas obtained earlier in the
theory of regular multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals.
We discuss these formulas and their importance in this theory. We also mention their generalizations, in particular to the (in a certain sense) more general theory of locally compact quantum groups. Doing so, and also because the proof of the main result itself is very short, the present note becomes largely of an expository nature.
Keywords:multiplier Hopf algebras, algebraic quantum groups, the antipode Categories:16W30, 46L65 |
20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 882)
Equivalence of $L_p$ Stability and Exponential Stability of Nonlinear Lipschitzian Semigroups
$L_p$ stability and exponential stability are two important concepts
for nonlinear dynamic systems. In this paper, we prove that a
nonlinear exponentially bounded Lipschitzian semigroup is
exponentially stable if and only if the semigroup is $L_p$ stable
for some $p>0$. Based on the equivalence, we derive two sufficient
conditions for exponential stability of the nonlinear semigroup. The
results obtained extend and improve some existing ones.
Keywords:exponentially stable, $L_p$ stable, nonlinear Lipschitzian semigroups Categories:34D05, 47H20 |
21. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 283)
Surgery on $\widetilde{\mathbb{SL}} \times \mathbb{E}^n$-Manifolds We show that closed $\widetilde{\mathbb{SL}} \times \mathbb{E}^n$-manifolds
are topologically rigid if $n\geq 2$, and are rigid up to
$s$-cobordism, if $n=1$.
Keywords:topological rigidity, geometric structure, surgery groups Categories:57R67, 57N16 |
22. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 435)
Modular Reduction in Abstract Polytopes The paper studies modular reduction techniques for abstract regular
and chiral polytopes, with two purposes in mind:\ first, to survey the
literature about modular reduction in polytopes; and second, to apply
modular reduction, with moduli given by primes in $\mathbb{Z}[\tau]$
(with $\tau$ the golden ratio), to construct new regular $4$-polytopes
of hyperbolic types $\{3,5,3\}$ and $\{5,3,5\}$ with automorphism
groups given by finite orthogonal groups.
Keywords:abstract polytopes, regular and chiral, Coxeter groups, modular reduction Categories:51M20, 20F55 |
23. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 588)
Cohomological Dimension and Schreier's Formula in Galois Cohomology Let $p$ be a prime and $F$ a field containing a primitive $p$-th
root of unity. Then for $n\in \N$, the cohomological dimension
of the maximal pro-$p$-quotient $G$ of the absolute Galois group
of $F$ is at most $n$ if and only if the corestriction maps
$H^n(H,\Fp) \to H^n(G,\Fp)$ are surjective for all open
subgroups $H$ of index $p$. Using this result, we generalize
Schreier's formula for $\dim_{\Fp} H^1(H,\Fp)$ to $\dim_{\Fp}
H^n(H,\Fp)$.
Keywords:cohomological dimension, Schreier's formula, Galois theory, $p$-extensions, pro-$p$-groups Categories:12G05, 12G10 |
24. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 371)
Inner $E_0$-Semigroups on Infinite Factors This paper is concerned with the structure of
inner $E_0$-semigroups. We show that any inner
$E_0$-semigroup acting on an infinite factor
$M$ is completely determined by a continuous
tensor product system of Hilbert spaces in
$M$ and that the product system associated
with an inner $E_0$-semigroup is a complete cocycle conjugacy invariant.
Keywords:von Neumann algebras, semigroups of endomorphisms, product systems, cocycle conjugacy Categories:46L40, 46L55 |
25. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 55)
Non Abelian Twisted Reidemeister Torsion for Fibered Knots In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the
non abelian twisted sign-deter\-mined Reidemeister torsion of the
exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an
application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian
Reidemeister torsion of torus knots and of the figure eight knot.
Keywords:Reidemeister torsion, Fibered knots, Knot groups, Representation space, $\SU$, $\SL$, Adjoint representation, Monodromy Categories:57Q10, 57M27, 57M25 |