Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 23 of 23 |
1. CMB Online first
Cover products and Betti polynomials of graphs For disjoint graphs $G$ and $H$, with fixed
vertex covers
$C(G)$ and $C(H)$, their cover product is the graph $G
\circledast
H$ with vertex set
$V(G)\cup V(H)$ and edge set $E(G)\cup E(H)\cup\{\{i,j\}:i\in
C(G), j\in
C(H)\}$. We describe the graded Betti numbers of $G\circledast
H$ in terms of those of
$G$ and $H$. As applications we obtain: (i) For any positive
integer $k$ there
exists a connected bipartite graph $G$ such that $\operatorname{reg}
R/I(G)=\mu_S(G)+k$, where,
$I(G)$ denotes the edge ideal of $G$, $\operatorname{reg} R/I(G)$
is the Castelnuovo--Mumford
regularity of $R/I(G)$ and $\mu_S(G)$ is the induced or strong
matching number of
$G$; (ii) The graded Betti numbers of the complement of a tree
only depends upon
its number of vertices; (iii) The $h$-vector of $R/I(G\circledast
H)$ is described in
terms of the $h$-vectors of $R/I(G)$ and $R/I(H)$. Furthermore,
in a different
direction, we give a recursive formula for the graded Betti numbers
of chordal
bipartite graphs.
Keywords:Castelnuovo--Mumford regularity, chordal bipartite graph, edge ideal, graded Betti number, induced matching number, monomial ideal Categories:13D02, 05E45 |
2. CMB Online first
On the largest dynamic monopolies of graphs with a given average threshold Let $G$ be a graph and $\tau$ be an assignment of nonnegative
integer thresholds to the vertices of $G$. A subset of vertices,
$D$ is said to be a $\tau$-dynamic monopoly, if $V(G)$ can be
partitioned into subsets $D_0, D_1, \ldots, D_k$ such that $D_0=D$
and for any $i\in \{0, \ldots, k-1\}$, each vertex $v$ in $D_{i+1}$
has at least $\tau(v)$ neighbors in $D_0\cup \ldots \cup D_i$.
Denote the size of smallest $\tau$-dynamic monopoly by $dyn_{\tau}(G)$
and the average of thresholds in $\tau$ by $\overline{\tau}$.
We show that the values of $dyn_{\tau}(G)$ over all assignments
$\tau$ with the same average threshold is a continuous set of
integers. For any positive number $t$, denote the maximum $dyn_{\tau}(G)$
taken over all threshold assignments $\tau$ with $\overline{\tau}\leq
t$, by $Ldyn_t(G)$. In fact, $Ldyn_t(G)$ shows the worst-case
value of a dynamic monopoly when the average threshold is a given
number $t$. We investigate under what conditions on $t$, there
exists an upper bound for $Ldyn_{t}(G)$ of the form $c|G|$, where
$c\lt 1$. Next, we show that $Ldyn_t(G)$ is coNP-hard for planar
graphs but has polynomial-time solution for forests.
Keywords:spread of influence in graphs, irreversible dynamic monopolies, target set selection Categories:05C69, 05C85 |
3. CMB Online first
On domination of zero-divisor graphs of matrix rings We study domination in zero-divisor graphs of matrix rings over a
commutative ring with $1$.
Keywords:vector space, linear transformation, zero-divisor graph, domination, local ring Category:05C69 |
4. CMB Online first
The Contraction Principle for Multivalued Mappings on a Modular Metric Space with a Graph We study the existence of fixed points for contraction multivalued
mappings in modular metric spaces endowed with a graph. The
notion of a modular metric on an arbitrary set and the corresponding
modular spaces, generalizing classical modulars over linear spaces
like Orlicz spaces, were recently introduced. This paper can
be seen as a generalization of Nadler's and Edelstein's fixed
point theorems to modular metric spaces endowed with a graph.
Keywords:fixed point theory, modular metric spaces, multivalued contraction mapping, connected digraph. Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10 |
5. CMB Online first
Coloring Four-uniform Hypergraphs on Nine Vertices Every 4-uniform hypergraph on 9 vertices
with at most 25 edges has property B.
This gives the answer $m_9(4)=26$ to a question
raised in 1968 by ErdÅs.
Keywords:property B, coloring hypergraphs Category:05C15 |
6. CMB Online first
Path Decompositions of Kneser and Generalized Kneser Graphs Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for the existence
of a graph decomposition of the Kneser Graph $KG_{n,2}$ and of
the Generalized Kneser Graph $GKG_{n,3,1}$ into paths of length
three.
Keywords:Kneser graph, generalized Kneser graph, path decomposition, graph decomposition Categories:05C51, 05C70 |
7. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 105)
On Graphs Associated with Character Degrees and Conjugacy Class Sizes of Direct Products of Finite Groups |
On Graphs Associated with Character Degrees and Conjugacy Class Sizes of Direct Products of Finite Groups The prime vertex graph, $\Delta (X)$, and the common divisor graph,
$\Gamma (X)$, are two graphs that have been defined on a set of
positive integers $X$.
Some
properties of these graphs have been studied in the cases where either
$X$ is the set of character degrees of a group or $X$ is the set of
conjugacy class sizes of a group. In this paper, we gather some
results on these graphs arising in the context of direct product of
two groups.
Keywords:prime vertex graph, common divisor graph, character degree, class sizes, graph operation Categories:20E45, 05C25, 05C76 |
8. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 150)
Connections Between Metric Characterizations of Superreflexivity and the Radon-NikodÃ½ Property for Dual Banach Spaces |
Connections Between Metric Characterizations of Superreflexivity and the Radon-NikodÃ½ Property for Dual Banach Spaces
Johnson and Schechtman (2009)
characterized superreflexivity in terms of finite diamond graphs.
The present author characterized the Radon-NikodÃ½m property
(RNP) for dual spaces in terms of the infinite diamond. This
paper
is devoted to further study of relations between metric
characterizations of superreflexivity and the RNP for dual spaces.
The main result is that finite subsets of any set $M$ whose
embeddability characterizes the RNP for dual spaces, characterize
superreflexivity. It is also observed that the converse statement
does not hold, and that $M=\ell_2$ is a counterexample.
Keywords:Banach space, diamond graph, finite representability, metric characterization, Radon-NikodÃ½m property, superreflexivity Categories:46B85, 46B07, 46B22 |
9. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 573)
Some Results on the Domination Number of a Zero-divisor Graph In this paper, we investigate the domination, total domination and
semi-total domination numbers of a zero-divisor graph of a
commutative Noetherian ring. Also, some relations between the
domination numbers of $\Gamma(R/I)$ and $\Gamma_I(R)$, and the
domination numbers of $\Gamma(R)$ and $\Gamma(R[x,\alpha,\delta])$,
where $R[x,\alpha,\delta]$ is the Ore extension of $R$, are studied.
Keywords:zero-divisor graph, domination number Categories:05C75, 13H10 |
10. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 188)
A Characterization of Bipartite Zero-divisor Graphs In this paper we obtain a characterization for all bipartite
zero-divisor graphs of commutative rings $R$ with $1$, such that
$R$ is finite or $|Nil(R)|\neq2$.
Keywords:zero-divisor graph, bipartite graph Categories:13AXX, 05C25 |
11. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 61)
2-dimensional Convexity Numbers and $P_4$-free Graphs For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ a set
$C\subseteq S$ is an $m$-clique if the convex hull of no $m$-element subset of
$C$ is contained in $S$.
We show that there is essentially just one way to construct
a closed set $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$ without an uncountable
$3$-clique that is not the union of countably many convex sets.
In particular, all such sets have the same convexity number;
that is, they
require the same number of convex subsets to cover them.
The main result follows from an analysis of the convex structure of closed
sets in $\mathbb R^2$ without uncountable 3-cliques in terms of
clopen, $P_4$-free graphs on Polish spaces.
Keywords:convex cover, convexity number, continuous coloring, perfect graph, cograph Categories:52A10, 03E17, 03E75 |
12. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 317)
A Note on Conjectures of F. Galvin and R. Rado In 1968, Galvin conjectured that an uncountable poset $P$ is the
union of countably many chains if and only if this is true for every
subposet $Q \subseteq P$ with size $\aleph_1$. In 1981, Rado
formulated a similar conjecture that an uncountable interval graph $G$ is countably
chromatic if and only if this is true for every induced subgraph $H
\subseteq G$ with size $\aleph_1$. TodorÄeviÄ has shown
that Rado's Conjecture is consistent relative to the existence of a
supercompact cardinal, while the consistency of Galvin's Conjecture
remains open. In this paper, we survey and collect a variety of
results related to these two conjectures. We also show that the
extension of Rado's conjecture to the class of all chordal graphs is
relatively consistent with the existence of a supercompact cardinal.
Keywords:Galvin conjecture, Rado conjecture, perfect graph, comparability graph, chordal graph, clique-cover number, chromatic number Categories:03E05, 03E35, 03E55 |
13. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 265)
Embedding Distributions of Generalized Fan Graphs Total embedding distributions have been known for a few classes of graphs.
Chen, Gross, and Rieper
computed it for necklaces, close-end ladders and cobblestone
paths. Kwak and Shim computed it for bouquets of circles and
dipoles. In this paper, a splitting theorem is generalized
and the embedding distributions of
generalized fan graphs are obtained.
Keywords:total embedding distribution, splitting theorem, generalized fan graphs Category:05C10 |
14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 407)
On Domination in Zero-Divisor Graphs We first determine the domination number for the zero-divisor
graph of the product of two commutative rings with $1$. We then
calculate the domination number for the zero-divisor graph of any
commutative artinian ring. Finally, we extend some of the results
to non-commutative rings in which an element is a left
zero-divisor if and only if it is a right zero-divisor.
Keywords:zero-divisor graph, domination Categories:13AXX, 05C69 |
15. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 378)
A New Sufficient Condition for a Graph To Be $(g,f,n)$-Critical Let $G$ be a graph of order $p$, let $a$,
$b$, and $n$ be nonnegative integers with $1\leq a\lt b$, and let $g$
and $f$ be two integer-valued functions defined on $V(G)$ such
that $a\leq g(x)\lt f(x)\leq b$ for all $x\in V(G)$. A $(g,f)$-factor
of graph $G$ is a spanning subgraph $F$ of $G$ such
that $g(x)\leq d_F(x)\leq f(x)$ for each $x\in V(F)$. Then a graph
$G$ is called $(g,f,n)$-critical if after deleting any $n$
vertices of $G$ the remaining graph of $G$ has a $(g,f)$-factor.
The binding number $\operatorname{bind}(G)$ of $G$ is the minimum value of
${|N_G(X)|}/{|X|}$ taken over all non-empty subsets $X$ of
$V(G)$ such that $N_G(X)\neq V(G)$. In this paper, it is proved
that $G$ is a $(g,f,n)$-critical graph if
\[
\operatorname{bind}(G)\gt \frac{(a+b-1)(p-1)}{(a+1)p-(a+b)-bn+2}
\quad\text{and}\quad p\geq
\frac{(a+b-1)(a+b-2)}{a+1}+\frac{bn}{a}.
\]
Furthermore, it is
shown that this
result is best possible in some sense.
Keywords:graph, $(g,f)$-factor, $(g,f,n)$-critical graph, binding number Category:05C70 |
16. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 416)
Hamiltonian Properties of Generalized Halin Graphs A Halin graph is a graph $H=T\cup C$, where $T$ is a tree with no
vertex of degree two, and $C$ is a cycle connecting the end-vertices
of $T$ in the cyclic order determined by a plane embedding of $T$.
In this paper, we define classes of generalized Halin graphs, called
$k$-Halin graphs, and investigate their Hamiltonian properties.
Keywords:$k$-Halin graph, Hamiltonian, Hamiltonian connected, traceable Categories:05C45, 05C38 |
17. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 257)
Essential Surfaces in Graph Link Exteriors An irreducible graph manifold $M$ contains an essential torus if
it is not a special Seifert manifold.
Whether $M$ contains a closed essential surface of
negative Euler characteristic or not
depends on the difference of Seifert fibrations from the two sides
of a torus system which splits $M$ into Seifert manifolds.
However,
it is not easy to characterize geometrically the class of
irreducible graph manifolds which contain such surfaces.
This article studies this problem in the case of graph link exteriors.
Keywords:Graph link, Graph manifold, Seifert manifold, Essential surface Category:57M25 |
18. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 535)
On the Simple $\Z_2$-homotopy Types of Graph Complexes and Their Simple $\Z_2$-universality We prove that the neighborhood complex $\N(G)$,
the box complex $\B(G)$, the homomorphism complex
$\Hom(K_2,G)$and the Lov\'{a}sz complex $\L(G)$ have the
same simple $\Z_2$-homotopy type in the sense of
Whitehead. We show that these graph complexes
are simple $\Z_2$-universal.
Keywords:graph complexes, simple $\Z_2$-homotopy, universality Categories:57Q10, 05C10, 55P10 |
19. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 504)
Asymptotic Existence of Resolvable Graph Designs Let $v \ge k \ge 1$ and $\lam \ge 0$ be integers. A \emph{block
design} $\BD(v,k,\lambda)$ is a collection $\cA$ of $k$-subsets of a
$v$-set $X$ in which every unordered pair of elements from $X$ is
contained in exactly $\lambda$ elements of $\cA$. More generally, for a
fixed simple graph $G$, a \emph{graph design} $\GD(v,G,\lambda)$ is a
collection $\cA$ of graphs isomorphic to $G$ with vertices in $X$ such
that every unordered pair of elements from $X$ is an edge of exactly
$\lambda$ elements of $\cA$. A famous result of Wilson says that for a
fixed $G$ and $\lambda$, there exists a $\GD(v,G,\lambda)$ for all
sufficiently large $v$ satisfying certain necessary conditions. A
block (graph) design as above is \emph{resolvable} if $\cA$ can be
partitioned into partitions of (graphs whose vertex sets partition)
$X$. Lu has shown asymptotic existence in $v$ of resolvable
$\BD(v,k,\lambda)$, yet for over twenty years the analogous problem for
resolvable $\GD(v,G,\lambda)$ has remained open. In this paper, we settle
asymptotic existence of resolvable graph designs.
Keywords:graph decomposition, resolvable designs Categories:05B05, 05C70, 05B10 |
20. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 460)
Weak Semiprojectivity for Purely Infinite $C^*$-Algebras We prove that a separable, nuclear, purely infinite, simple
$C^*$-algebra satisfying the universal coefficient theorem
is weakly semiprojective if and only if
its $K$-groups are direct sums of cyclic groups.
Keywords:Kirchberg algebra, weak semiprojectivity, graph $C^*$-algebra Categories:46L05, 46L80, 22A22 |
21. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 530)
A Characterization of $ PSU_{11}(q)$ Order components of a finite simple group were introduced in [4].
It was proved that some non-abelian simple groups are uniquely determined
by their order components. As the main result of this paper, we
show that groups $PSU_{11}(q)$ are also uniquely determined by
their order components. As corollaries of this result, the
validity of a conjecture of J. G. Thompson and a conjecture of W.
Shi and J. Bi both on $PSU_{11}(q)$ are obtained.
Keywords:Prime graph, order component, finite group,simple group Categories:20D08, 20D05, 20D60 |
22. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 122)
On Certain Finitely Generated Subgroups of Groups Which Split Define a group $G$ to be in the class $\mathcal{S}$ if for any
finitely generated subgroup $K$ of $G$ having the property that
there is a positive integer $n$ such that $g^n \in K$ for all
$g\in G$, $K$ has finite index in $G$. We show that a free
product with amalgamation $A*_C B$ and an $\HNN$ group $A *_C$ belong
to $\mathcal{S}$, if $C$ is in $\mathcal{S}$ and every subgroup of
$C$ is finitely generated.
Keywords:free product with amalgamation, $\HNN$ group, graph of groups, fundamental group Categories:20E06, 20E08, 57M07 |
23. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 348)
Characterizing continua by disconnection properties We study Hausdorff continua in which every set of certain
cardinality contains a subset which disconnects the space. We show
that such continua are rim-finite. We give characterizations of
this class among metric continua. As an application of our
methods, we show that continua in which each countably infinite set
disconnects are generalized graphs. This extends a result of
Nadler for metric continua.
Keywords:disconnection properties, rim-finite continua, graphs Categories:54D05, 54F20, 54F50 |