1. CMB Online first
 Jensen, Gerd; Pommerenke, Christian

On the structure of the Schild group in Relativity Theory
Alfred Schild has established conditions
that Lorentz transformations map worldvectors $(ct,x,y,z)$ with
integer coordinates onto vectors of the same kind. These transformations
are called integral Lorentz transformations.
The present paper contains supplements to
our earlier work
with a new focus on group theory. To relate the results to the
familiar matrix group nomenclature we associate Lorentz transformations
with matrices in $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$. We consider the
lattice of subgroups of the group originated in Schild's paper
and obtain generating sets for the full group and its subgroups.
Keywords:Lorentz transformation, integer lattice, Gaussian integers, Schild group, subgroup Categories:22E43, 20H99, 83A05 

2. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 123)
 Jensen, Gerd; Pommerenke, Christian

Discrete Spacetime and Lorentz Transformations
Alfred Schild has established conditions
that Lorentz transformations map worldvectors $(ct,x,y,z)$ with
integer coordinates onto vectors of the same kind. The problem
was dealt with in the context of tensor and spinor calculus.
Due to Schild's numbertheoretic arguments, the subject is also
interesting when isolated from its physical background.
The paper of Schild is not easy to understand. Therefore we first
present a streamlined version of his proof which is based on
the use of null vectors. Then we present a purely algebraic proof
that is somewhat shorter. Both proofs rely on the properties
of Gaussian integers.
Keywords:Lorentz transformation, integer lattice, Gaussian integers Categories:22E43, 20H99, 83A05 

3. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 799)
 Kong, Qingjun; Guo, Xiuyun

On $s$semipermutable or $s$quasinormally Embedded Subgroups of Finite Groups
Suppose that $G$ is a
finite group and $H$ is a subgroup of $G$. $H$ is said to be
$s$semipermutable in $G$ if $HG_{p}=G_{p}H$ for any Sylow
$p$subgroup $G_{p}$ of $G$ with $(p,H)=1$; $H$ is said to be
$s$quasinormally embedded in $G$ if for each prime $p$ dividing the
order of $H$, a Sylow $p$subgroup of $H$ is also a Sylow
$p$subgroup of some $s$quasinormal subgroup of $G$. We fix in
every noncyclic Sylow subgroup $P$ of $G$ some subgroup $D$
satisfying $1\lt D\lt P$ and study the structure of $G$ under the
assumption that every subgroup $H$ of $P$ with $H=D$ is either
$s$semipermutable or $s$quasinormally embedded in $G$.
Some recent results are generalized and unified.
Keywords:$s$semipermutable subgroup, $s$quasinormally embedded subgroup, saturated formation. Categories:20D10, 20D20 

4. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 271)
5. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 648)
 Tang, Juping; Miao, Long

On the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$Hypercentre of Finite Groups
Let $G$ be a finite group, $\mathcal F$ a class of groups.
Then $Z_{{\mathcal F}{\Phi}}(G)$ is the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$hypercentre
of $G$ which is the product of all normal subgroups of $G$ whose
nonFrattini $G$chief factors are $\mathcal F$central in $G$. A
subgroup $H$ is called $\mathcal M$supplemented in a finite group
$G$, if there exists a subgroup $B$ of $G$ such that $G=HB$ and
$H_1B$ is a proper subgroup of $G$ for any maximal subgroup $H_1$
of $H$. The main purpose of this paper is to prove: Let $E$ be a
normal subgroup of a group $G$. Suppose that every noncyclic
Sylow
subgroup $P$ of $F^{*}(E)$ has a subgroup $D$ such that
$1\lt D\lt P$ and every subgroup $H$ of $P$ with order $H=D$
is
$\mathcal M$supplemented in $G$, then $E\leq Z_{{\mathcal
U}{\Phi}}(G)$.
Keywords:${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$hypercentre, Sylow subgroups, $\mathcal M$supplemented subgroups, formation Categories:20D10, 20D20 

6. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 110)
 Kamalov, F.

Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$algebras
It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and
has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize
the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show
that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact
Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$algebra
$C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our
approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.
Keywords:Property T, $C^*$algebras, transformation group, amenable Categories:46L55, 46L05 

7. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 395)
 Oancea, D.

Coessential Abelianization Morphisms in the Category of Groups
An epimorphism $\phi\colon G\to H$ of groups, where $G$ has rank $n$, is called
coessential if every (ordered) generating $n$tuple of $H$ can be
lifted along $\phi$ to a generating $n$tuple for $G$. We discuss this
property in the context of the category of groups, and establish a criterion
for such a group $G$ to have the property that its abelianization
epimorphism $G\to G/[G,G]$, where $[G,G]$ is the commutator subgroup, is
coessential. We give an example of a family of 2generator groups whose
abelianization epimorphism is not coessential.
This family also provides counterexamples to the generalized AndrewsCurtis conjecture.
Keywords:coessential epimorphism, Nielsen transformations, AndrewCurtis transformations Categories:20F05, 20F99, 20J15 

8. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 366)
 Kyritsi, Sophia Th.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

Multiple Solutions for Nonlinear Periodic Problems
We consider a nonlinear periodic problem driven by a
nonlinear nonhomogeneous differential operator and a
CarathÃ©odory reaction term $f(t,x)$ that exhibits a
$(p1)$superlinear growth in $x \in \mathbb{R}$
near $\pm\infty$ and near zero.
A special case of the differential operator is the scalar
$p$Laplacian. Using a combination of variational methods based on
the critical point theory with Morse theory (critical groups), we
show that the problem has three nontrivial solutions, two of which
have constant sign (one positive, the other negative).
Keywords:$C$condition, mountain pass theorem, critical groups, strong deformation retract, contractible space, homotopy invariance Categories:34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 58E05 

9. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 571)
 Miller, A. R.; Paris, R. B.

A Generalised KummerType Transformation for the ${}_pF_p(x)$ Hypergeometric Function
In a recent paper, Miller derived a Kummertype
transformation for the generalised hypergeometric function ${}_pF_p(x)$ when pairs of
parameters differ by unity, by means of a reduction
formula for a certain KampÃ© de FÃ©riet function. An alternative and simpler derivation of this
transformation is obtained here by application of the wellknown Kummer transformation for the
confluent hypergeometric function corresponding to $p=1$.
Keywords:generalised hypergeometric series, Kummer transformation Categories:33C15, 33C20 

10. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 297)
 Glasner, Eli

The Group $\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ is Roelcke Precompact
Following a similar result of Uspenskij on the unitary group of a
separable Hilbert space, we show that, with respect to the lower (or
Roelcke) uniform structure, the Polish group $G=
\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ of automorphisms of an atomless standard
Borel probability space $(X,\mu)$ is precompact. We identify the
corresponding compactification as the space of Markov operators on
$L_2(\mu)$ and deduce that the algebra of right and left uniformly
continuous functions, the algebra of weakly almost periodic functions,
and the algebra of Hilbert functions on $G$, i.e., functions on
$G$ arising from unitary representations, all coincide. Again
following Uspenskij, we also conclude that $G$ is totally minimal.
Keywords:Roelcke precompact, unitary group, measure preserving transformations, Markov operators, weakly almost periodic functions Categories:54H11, 22A05, 37B05, 54H20 

11. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 632)
 Zelenyuk, Yevhen; Zelenyuk, Yuliya

Transformations and Colorings of Groups
Let $G$ be a compact topological group and let $f\colon G\to G$ be a
continuous transformation of $G$. Define $f^*\colon G\to G$ by
$f^*(x)=f(x^{1})x$ and let $\mu=\mu_G$ be Haar measure on $G$. Assume
that $H=\Imag f^*$ is a subgroup of $G$ and for every
measurable $C\subseteq H$,
$\mu_G((f^*)^{1}(C))=\mu_H(C)$. Then for every measurable
$C\subseteq G$, there exist $S\subseteq C$ and $g\in G$ such that
$f(Sg^{1})\subseteq Cg^{1}$ and $\mu(S)\ge(\mu(C))^2$.
Keywords:compact topological group, continuous transformation, endomorphism, Ramsey theoryinversion, Categories:05D10, 20D60, 22A10 

12. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 265)
 Nicholson, W. K.; Zhou, Y.

Endomorphisms That Are the Sum of a Unit and a Root of a Fixed Polynomial
If $C=C(R)$ denotes the center of a ring $R$ and $g(x)$ is a polynomial in
C[x]$, Camillo and Sim\'{o}n called a ring $g(x)$clean if every element is
the sum of a unit and a root of $g(x)$. If $V$ is a vector space of
countable dimension over a division ring $D,$ they showed that
$\end {}_{D}V$ is
$g(x)$clean provided that $g(x)$ has two roots in $C(D)$. If $g(x)=xx^{2}$
this shows that $\end {}_{D}V$ is clean, a result of Nicholson and Varadarajan.
In this paper we remove the countable condition, and in fact prove that
$\Mend {}_{R}M$ is $g(x)$clean for any semisimple module $M$ over an arbitrary
ring $R$ provided that $g(x)\in (xa)(xb)C[x]$ where $a,b\in C$ and both $b$
and $ba$ are units in $R$.
Keywords:Clean rings, linear transformations, endomorphism rings Categories:16S50, 16E50 

13. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 267)
 Rodman, Leiba; Šemrl, Peter; Sourour, Ahmed R.

Continuous Adjacency Preserving Maps on Real Matrices
It is proved that every adjacency preserving continuous map
on the vector space of real matrices of fixed size, is either a
bijective affine tranformation
of the form $ A \mapsto PAQ+R$, possibly followed by the transposition if
the matrices are of square size, or its range is contained
in a linear subspace consisting of matrices of rank at most one
translated by some matrix $R$. The result
extends previously known
theorems where the map was assumed to be also injective.
Keywords:adjacency of matrices, continuous preservers, affine transformations Categories:15A03, 15A04. 

14. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 624)
 Zhang, Xi

A Compactness Theorem for YangMills Connections
In this paper, we consider YangMills connections
on a vector bundle $E$ over a compact Riemannian manifold $M$ of
dimension $m> 4$, and we show that any set of YangMills
connections with the uniformly bounded $L^{\frac{m}{2}}$norm of
curvature is compact in $C^{\infty}$ topology.
Keywords:YangMills connection, vector bundle, gauge transformation Categories:58E20, 53C21 

15. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 298)
 Yahaghi, Bamdad R.

Near Triangularizability Implies Triangularizability
In this paper we consider collections of
compact operators on a real or
complex Banach space including linear operators
on finitedimensional vector spaces. We show
that such a collection is simultaneously
triangularizable if and only if it is arbitrarily
close to a simultaneously triangularizable
collection of compact operators. As an application
of these results we obtain an invariant subspace
theorem for certain bounded operators. We
further prove that in finite dimensions near
reducibility implies reducibility whenever
the ground field is $\BR$ or $\BC$.
Keywords:Linear transformation, Compact operator,, Triangularizability, Banach space, Hilbert, space Categories:47A15, 47D03, 20M20 

16. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 133)
 Wang, Wei

Embeddability of Some ThreeDimensional Weakly Pseudoconvex ${\rm CR}$ Structures
We prove that a class of perturbations of standard ${\rm CR}$
structure on the boundary of threedimensional complex ellipsoid
$E_{p,q}$ can be realized as hypersurfaces on $\mathbb{C}^2$, which
generalizes the result of Burns and Epstein on the embeddability of
some perturbations of standard ${\rm CR}$ structure on $S^3$.
Keywords:deformations, embeddability, complex ellipsoids Categories:32V30, 32G07, 32V35 

17. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 337)
 Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei

Spectral Transformations of the Laurent Biorthogonal Polynomials, II. Pastro Polynomials
We continue to study the simplest closure conditions for chains of
spectral transformations of the Laurent biorthogonal polynomials
($\LBP$). It is shown that the 11periodic $q$closure condition
leads to the $\LBP$ introduced by Pastro. We introduce classes of
semiclassical and LaguerreHahn $\LBP$ associated to generic closure
conditions of the chain of spectral transformations.
Keywords:Laurent orthogonal polynomials, Pastro polynomials, spectral transformations Category:33D45 

18. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 427)
 Ivey, Thomas A.

Helices, Hasimoto Surfaces and BÃ¤cklund Transformations
Travelling wave solutions to the vortex filament flow generated by
elastica produce surfaces in $\R^3$ that carry mutually orthogonal
foliations by geodesics and by helices. These surfaces are classified
in the special cases where the helices are all congruent or are all
generated by a single screw motion. The first case yields a new
characterization for the B\"acklund transformation for constant
torsion curves in $\R^3$, previously derived from the wellknown
transformation for pseudospherical surfaces. A similar investigation
for surfaces in $H^3$ or $S^3$ leads to a new transformation for
constant torsion curves in those spaces that is also derived from
pseudospherical surfaces.
Keywords:surfaces, filament flow, BÃ¤cklund transformations Categories:53A05, 58F37, 52C42, 58A15 

19. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 274)
 Dădărlat, Marius; Eilers, Søren

The Bockstein Map is Necessary
We construct two nonisomorphic nuclear, stably finite,
real rank zero $C^\ast$algebras $E$ and $E'$ for which
there is an isomorphism of ordered groups
$\Theta\colon \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E;\ZZ/n) \to
\bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E';\ZZ/n)$ which is compatible
with all the coefficient transformations. The $C^\ast$algebras
$E$ and $E'$ are not isomorphic since there is no $\Theta$
as above which is also compatible with the Bockstein operations.
By tensoring with Cuntz's algebra $\OO_\infty$ one obtains a pair
of nonisomorphic, real rank zero, purely infinite $C^\ast$algebras
with similar properties.
Keywords:$K$theory, torsion coefficients, natural transformations, Bockstein maps, $C^\ast$algebras, real rank zero, purely infinite, classification Categories:46L35, 46L80, 19K14 
