76. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)
 Heil, Wolfgang; Wang, Dongxu

On $3$manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two
A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$contractible, where $K$
is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors
homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any
base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a
subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this
latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$contractible. We obtain a
list of the closed $3$manifolds that can be covered by two open
$\mathcal{G}_K$contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list
of the possible closed prime $3$manifolds that can be covered by two
open $K$contractible subsets.
Keywords:LusternikSchnirelmann category, coverings of $3$manifolds by open $K$contractible sets Categories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16 

77. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 119)
78. CMB Online first


Leftorderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$
We show that the resulting manifold by $r$surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is
the twobridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has leftorderable
fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$.
Keywords:leftordering, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 

79. CMB Online first


Leftorderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$
We show that the resulting manifold by $r$surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is
the twobridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has leftorderable
fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$.
Keywords:leftordering, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 

80. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 439)
 Yang, YanHong

The Fixed Point Locus of the Verschiebung on $\mathcal{M}_X(2, 0)$ for Genus2 Curves $X$ in Charateristic $2$
We prove that for every ordinary genus$2$ curve $X$ over a finite
field $\kappa$ of characteristic $2$ with
$\textrm{Aut}(X/\kappa)=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z} \times S_3$, there exist
$\textrm{SL}(2,\kappa[\![s]\!])$representations of $\pi_1(X)$ such
that the image of $\pi_1(\overline{X})$ is infinite. This result
produces a family of examples similar to Laszlo's counterexample
to de Jong's question regarding the finiteness of the geometric
monodromy of representations of the fundamental group.
Keywords:vector bundle, Frobenius pullback, representation, etale fundamental group Categories:14H60, 14D05, 14G15 

81. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 381)
 Łydka, Adrian

On Complex Explicit Formulae Connected with the MÃ¶bius Function of an Elliptic Curve
We study analytic properties function $m(z, E)$, which is defined on the upper halfplane as an integral from the shifted $L$function of an elliptic curve. We show that $m(z, E)$ analytically continues to a meromorphic function on the whole complex plane and satisfies certain functional equation. Moreover, we give explicit formula for $m(z, E)$ in the strip $\Im{z}\lt 2\pi$.
Keywords:Lfunction, MÃ¶bius function, explicit formulae, elliptic curve Categories:11M36, 11G40 

82. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 245)
 Brodskiy, N.; Dydak, J.; Lang, U.

AssouadNagata Dimension of Wreath Products of Groups
Consider the wreath product $H\wr G$, where $H\ne 1$ is finite and $G$ is finitely generated.
We show that the AssouadNagata dimension $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)$ of $H\wr G$
depends on the growth of $G$ as follows:
\par If the growth of $G$ is not bounded by a linear function, then $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\infty$,
otherwise $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\dim_{AN}(G)\leq 1$.
Keywords:AssouadNagata dimension, asymptotic dimension, wreath product, growth of groups Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65 

83. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 310)
84. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 506)
 Galindo, César

On Braided and Ribbon Unitary Fusion Categories
We prove that every braiding over a unitary fusion category is
unitary and every unitary braided fusion category admits a unique
unitary ribbon structure.
Keywords:fusion categories, braided categories, modular categories Categories:20F36, 16W30, 18D10 

85. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 821)
 Jeong, Imsoon; Kim, Seonhui; Suh, Young Jin

Real Hypersurfaces in Complex TwoPlane Grassmannians with Reeb Parallel Structure Jacobi Operator
In this paper we give a characterization of a real hypersurface of
Type~$(A)$ in complex twoplane Grassmannians ${ { {G_2({\mathbb
C}^{m+2})} } }$, which means a
tube over a totally geodesic $G_{2}(\mathbb C^{m+1})$ in
${G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})}$, by
the Reeb parallel structure Jacobi operator ${\nabla}_{\xi}R_{\xi}=0$.
Keywords:real hypersurfaces, complex twoplane Grassmannians, Hopf hypersurface, Reeb parallel, structure Jacobi operator Categories:53C40, 53C15 

86. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 401)
 Perrone, Domenico

Curvature of $K$contact SemiRiemannian Manifolds
In this paper we characterize $K$contact semiRiemannian manifolds
and Sasakian semiRiemannian manifolds in terms of
curvature. Moreover, we show that any conformally flat $K$contact
semiRiemannian manifold is Sasakian and of constant sectional
curvature $\kappa=\varepsilon$, where $\varepsilon =\pm 1$ denotes
the causal character of the Reeb vector field. Finally, we give some
results about the curvature of a $K$contact Lorentzian manifold.
Keywords:contact semiRiemannian structures, $K$contact structures, conformally flat manifolds, Einstein LorentzianSasaki manifolds Categories:53C50, 53C25, 53B30 

87. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 254)
 Christensen, Ole; Kim, Hong Oh; Kim, Rae Young

On Parseval Wavelet Frames with Two or Three Generators via the Unitary Extension Principle
The unitary extension principle (UEP) by Ron and Shen yields a
sufficient condition for the construction of Parseval wavelet frames with
multiple generators. In this paper we characterize the UEPtype wavelet systems that
can be extended to a Parseval wavelet frame by adding just one UEPtype wavelet
system. We derive a condition that is necessary for the extension of a UEPtype
wavelet system to any Parseval wavelet frame with any number of generators, and
prove that this condition is also sufficient to ensure that an extension
with just two generators is possible.
Keywords:Bessel sequences, frames, extension of wavelet Bessel system to tight frame, wavelet systems, unitary extension principle Categories:42C15, 42C40 

88. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 141)
 Mukwembi, Simon

Size, Order, and Connected Domination
We give a sharp upper bound on the size of a
trianglefree graph of a given order and connected domination. Our
bound, apart from
strengthening an old classical theorem of Mantel and of
TurÃ¡n , improves on a theorem of Sanchis.
Further, as corollaries, we settle a long standing
conjecture of Graffiti on the leaf number and local independence for
trianglefree graphs and answer a question of Griggs, Kleitman and
Shastri on a lower bound of the leaf number in
trianglefree graphs.
Keywords:size, connected domination, local independence number, leaf number Category:05C69 

89. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 449)
 Alaghmandan, Mahmood; Choi, Yemon; Samei, Ebrahim

ZLamenability Constants of Finite Groups with Two Character Degrees
We calculate the exact amenability constant of the centre of
$\ell^1(G)$ when $G$ is one of the following classes of finite group:
dihedral; extraspecial; or Frobenius with abelian complement and
kernel. This is done using a formula which applies to all finite
groups with two character degrees. In passing, we answer in the
negative a question raised in work of the third author with Azimifard
and Spronk (J. Funct. Anal. 2009).
Keywords:center of group algebras, characters, character degrees, amenability constant, Frobenius group, extraspecial groups Categories:43A20, 20C15 

90. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 125)
 Mlaiki, Nabil M.

Camina Triples
In this paper, we study Camina triples. Camina triples are a
generalization of Camina pairs. Camina pairs were first introduced
in 1978 by A .R. Camina.
Camina's work
was inspired by the study of Frobenius groups. We
show that if $(G,N,M)$ is a Camina triple, then either $G/N$ is a
$p$group, or $M$ is abelian, or $M$ has a nontrivial nilpotent or
Frobenius quotient.
Keywords:Camina triples, Camina pairs, nilpotent groups, vanishing off subgroup, irreducible characters, solvable groups Category:20D15 

91. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 364)
 Li, Lei; Wang, YaShu

How Lipschitz Functions Characterize the Underlying Metric Spaces
Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces and $E, F$ be Banach spaces. Suppose that
both $X,Y$ are realcompact, or both $E,F$ are realcompact.
The zero set of a vectorvalued function $f$ is denoted by $z(f)$.
A linear bijection $T$ between local or generalized Lipschitz vectorvalued function spaces
is said to preserve zeroset containments or nonvanishing functions
if
\[z(f)\subseteq z(g)\quad\Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)\subseteq z(Tg),\]
or
\[z(f) = \emptyset\quad \Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)=\emptyset,\]
respectively.
Every zeroset containment preserver, and every nonvanishing function preserver when
$\dim E =\dim F\lt +\infty$, is a weighted composition operator
$(Tf)(y)=J_y(f(\tau(y)))$.
We show that the map $\tau\colon Y\to X$ is a locally (little) Lipschitz homeomorphism.
Keywords:(generalized, locally, little) Lipschitz functions, zeroset containment preservers, biseparating maps Categories:46E40, 54D60, 46E15 

92. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 357)
 Lauret, Emilio A.

Representation Equivalent Bieberbach Groups and Strongly Isospectral Flat Manifolds
Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be Bieberbach groups contained in the
full isometry group $G$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$.
We prove that if the compact flat manifolds $\Gamma_1\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ and
$\Gamma_2\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ are strongly isospectral then the Bieberbach groups
$\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are representation equivalent, that is, the
right regular representations $L^2(\Gamma_1\backslash G)$ and
$L^2(\Gamma_2\backslash G)$ are unitarily equivalent.
Keywords:representation equivalent, strongly isospectrality, compact flat manifolds Categories:58J53, 22D10 

93. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)
 Karassev, A.; Todorov, V.; Valov, V.

Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua
ny homogeneous,
metric $ANR$continuum is a $V^n_G$continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq
1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal
domain.
This implies that any homogeneous $n$dimensional metric $ANR$continuum is a $V^n$continuum in the sense of Alexandroff.
We also prove that any finitedimensional homogeneous metric continuum
$X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq
1$, cannot be separated by
a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq
n1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of
KallipolitiPapasoglu
whether any twodimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs.
Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$continuum Categories:54F45, 54F15 

94. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 729)
 Currey, B.; Mayeli, A.

The Orthonormal Dilation Property for Abstract Parseval Wavelet Frames
In this work we introduce a class of discrete groups containing
subgroups of abstract translations and dilations, respectively. A
variety of wavelet systems can appear as $\pi(\Gamma)\psi$, where $\pi$ is
a unitary representation of a wavelet group and $\Gamma$ is the abstract
pseudolattice $\Gamma$. We prove a condition in order that a Parseval
frame $\pi(\Gamma)\psi$ can be dilated to an orthonormal basis of the
form $\tau(\Gamma)\Psi$ where $\tau$ is a superrepresentation of
$\pi$. For a subclass of groups that includes the case where the
translation subgroup is Heisenberg, we show that this condition
always holds, and we cite familiar examples as applications.
Keywords:frame, dilation, wavelet, BaumslagSolitar group, shearlet Categories:43A65, 42C40, 42C15 

95. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 449)
 Akbari, S.; Chavooshi, M.; Ghanbari, M.; Zare, S.

The $f$Chromatic Index of a Graph Whose $f$Core has Maximum Degree $2$
Let $G$ be a graph. The minimum number of colors needed to color the edges of
$G$ is called the chromatic index of $G$ and is denoted by $\chi'(G)$.
It is wellknown that $\Delta(G) \leq \chi'(G) \leq \Delta(G)+1$, for any
graph $G$, where $\Delta(G)$ denotes the maximum degree of $G$. A graph $G$ is said to be
Class $1$ if $\chi'(G) = \Delta(G)$ and Class $2$ if
$\chi'(G) = \Delta(G) + 1$. Also, $G_\Delta$ is the induced subgraph on all vertices of degree $\Delta(G)$.
Let $f:V(G)\rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ be a function.
An $f$coloring of a graph $G$ is a coloring of the edges
of $E(G)$ such that each color appears at each vertex $v\in V(G)$ at
most $f (v)$ times. The minimum number of colors needed
to $f$color $G$ is called the $f$chromatic index of $G$ and
is denoted by $\chi'_{f}(G)$. It was shown that for every graph $G$, $\Delta_{f}(G)\le \chi'_{f}(G)\le \Delta_{f}(G)+1$, where $\Delta_{f}(G)=\max_{v\in V(G)} \big\lceil \frac{d_G(v)}{f(v)}\big\rceil$. A graph $G$ is said to be $f$Class $1$ if $\chi'_{f}(G)=\Delta_{f}(G)$, and $f$Class $2$, otherwise. Also, $G_{\Delta_f}$ is the induced subgraph of $G$ on $\{v\in V(G):\,\frac{d_G(v)}{f(v)}=\Delta_{f}(G)\}$.
Hilton and Zhao showed that if $G_{\Delta}$ has maximum degree two and $G$ is Class $2$, then $G$ is critical, $G_{\Delta}$ is a disjoint union of cycles and $\delta(G)=\Delta(G)1$, where $\delta(G)$ denotes the minimum degree of $G$, respectively. In this paper, we generalize this theorem to $f$coloring of graphs. Also, we determine the $f$chromatic index of a connected graph $G$ with $G_{\Delta_f}\le 4$.
Keywords:$f$coloring, $f$Core, $f$Class $1$ Categories:05C15, 05C38 

96. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 210)
97. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 745)
 Fu, Xiaoye; Gabardo, JeanPierre

Dimension Functions of SelfAffine Scaling Sets
In this paper, the dimension function of a selfaffine generalized scaling set associated with an $n\times n$ integral expansive dilation $A$ is studied. More specifically, we consider the dimension function of an $A$dilation generalized scaling set $K$ assuming that $K$ is a selfaffine tile satisfying $BK = (K+d_1) \cup (K+d_2)$, where $B=A^t$, $A$ is an $n\times n$ integral expansive matrix with $\lvert \det A\rvert=2$, and $d_1,d_2\in\mathbb{R}^n$. We show that the dimension function of $K$ must be constant if either $n=1$ or $2$ or one of the digits is $0$, and that it is bounded by $2\lvert K\rvert$ for any $n$.
Keywords:scaling set, selfaffine tile, orthonormal multiwavelet, dimension function Category:42C40 

98. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 673)
 Ayadi, K.; Hbaib, M.; Mahjoub, F.

Diophantine Approximation for Certain Algebraic Formal Power Series in Positive Characteristic
In this paper, we study rational approximations for certain algebraic power series over a finite field.
We obtain results for irrational elements of strictly positive degree
satisfying an equation of the type
\begin{equation}
\alpha=\displaystyle\frac{A\alpha^{q}+B}{C\alpha^{q}}
\end{equation}
where $(A, B, C)\in
(\mathbb{F}_{q}[X])^{2}\times\mathbb{F}_{q}^{\star}[X]$.
In particular,
we will give, under some conditions on the polynomials $A$, $B$
and $C$, well approximated elements satisfying this equation.
Keywords:diophantine approximation, formal power series, continued fraction Categories:11J61, 11J70 

99. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 326)
 Ivanov, S. V.; Mikhailov, Roman

On Zerodivisors in Group Rings of Groups with Torsion
Nontrivial pairs of zerodivisors in group rings are
introduced and discussed. A problem on the existence of nontrivial
pairs of zerodivisors in group rings of free Burnside groups of odd
exponent $n \gg 1$ is solved in the affirmative. Nontrivial pairs of
zerodivisors are also found in group rings of free products of groups
with torsion.
Keywords:Burnside groups, free products of groups, group rings, zerodivisors Categories:20C07, 20E06, 20F05, , 20F50 

100. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 209)