Expand all Collapse all | Results 51 - 75 of 408 |
51. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 570)
Conjugacy Classes and Binary Quadratic Forms for the Hecke Groups In this paper we give a lower bound
with respect to block length
for the trace of non-elliptic conjugacy classes
of the Hecke groups.
One consequence of our bound
is that there are finitely many
conjugacy classes of a given trace in any Hecke group.
We show that another consequence of our bound
is that
class numbers are finite for
related hyperbolic \( \mathbb{Z}[\lambda] \)-binary quadratic forms.
We give canonical class representatives
and calculate class numbers
for some classes of hyperbolic \( \mathbb{Z}[\lambda] \)-binary quadratic forms.
Keywords:Hecke groups, conjugacy class, quadratic forms Categories:11F06, 11E16, 11A55 |
52. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 105)
On the Counting Function of Elliptic Carmichael Numbers We give an upper bound for the number elliptic Carmichael numbers $n \le x$
that have recently been introduced by J. H. Silverman in the case of an elliptic curve without complex multiplication (non CM). We also discuss
several possible ways for further improvements.
Keywords:elliptic Carmichael numbers, applications of sieve methods Categories:11Y11, 11N36 |
53. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 240)
Addendum to ``Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms'' Given an integer $n \geq 3$,
a metrizable compact topological $n$-manifold $X$ with boundary,
and a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$ on $X$,
we prove that for the typical homeomorphism $f : X \to X$,
it is true that for $\mu$-almost every point $x$ in $X$ the restriction of
$f$ (respectively of $f^{-1}$) to the omega limit set $\omega(f,x)$
(respectively to the alpha limit set $\alpha(f,x)$) is topologically
conjugate to the universal odometer.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 |
54. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 194)
A Lower Bound for the Length of Closed Geodesics on a Finsler Manifold In this paper, we obtain a lower bound for the length of closed geodesics on an arbitrary closed Finsler manifold.
Keywords:Finsler manifold, closed geodesic, injective radius Categories:53B40, 53C22 |
55. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 61)
2-dimensional Convexity Numbers and $P_4$-free Graphs For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ a set
$C\subseteq S$ is an $m$-clique if the convex hull of no $m$-element subset of
$C$ is contained in $S$.
We show that there is essentially just one way to construct
a closed set $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$ without an uncountable
$3$-clique that is not the union of countably many convex sets.
In particular, all such sets have the same convexity number;
that is, they
require the same number of convex subsets to cover them.
The main result follows from an analysis of the convex structure of closed
sets in $\mathbb R^2$ without uncountable 3-cliques in terms of
clopen, $P_4$-free graphs on Polish spaces.
Keywords:convex cover, convexity number, continuous coloring, perfect graph, cograph Categories:52A10, 03E17, 03E75 |
56. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 178)
Quasiconvexity and Density Topology We prove that if $f:\mathbb{R}^{N}\rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{R}}$ is
quasiconvex and $U\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ is open in the density topology, then
$\sup_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,sup}_{U}f,$ while
$\inf_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,inf}_{U}f$
if and only if the equality holds when $U=\mathbb{R}^{N}.$ The first (second)
property is typical of lsc (usc) functions and, even when $U$ is an ordinary
open subset, there seems to be no record that they both hold for all
quasiconvex functions.
This property ensures that the pointwise extrema of $f$ on any nonempty
density open subset can be arbitrarily closely approximated by values of $f$
achieved on ``large'' subsets, which may be of relevance in a variety of
issues. To support this claim, we use it to characterize the common points
of continuity, or approximate continuity, of two quasiconvex functions that
coincide away from a set of measure zero.
Keywords:density topology, quasiconvex function, approximate continuity, point of continuity Categories:52A41, 26B05 |
57. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 683)
Envelope Dimension of Modules and the Simplified Radical Formula We introduce and investigate the notion of envelope dimension of
commutative rings and modules over them. In particular, we show that
the envelope dimension of a ring, $R$, is equal to that of the
$R$-module $R^{(\mathbb{N})}$. Also we prove that the Krull dimension of a
ring is no more than its envelope dimension and characterize
Noetherian rings for which these two dimensions are equal. Moreover we
generalize and study the concept of simplified radical formula for
modules, which
we defined in an earlier paper.
Keywords:envelope dimension, simplified radical formula, prime submodule Categories:13A99, 13C99, 13C13, 13E05 |
58. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 42)
Covering the Unit Sphere of Certain Banach Spaces by Sequences of Slices and Balls e prove that, given any covering of any infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a point-finite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball.
Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spaces Categories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17 |
59. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 12)
On the Continuity of the Eigenvalues of a Sublaplacian We study the behavior of the eigenvalues of a sublaplacian $\Delta_b$ on a compact strictly pseudoconvex CR manifold $M$, as functions on the set
${\mathcal P}_+$ of positively oriented contact forms on $M$ by endowing ${\mathcal P}_+$ with a natural metric topology.
Keywords:CR manifold, contact form, sublaplacian, Fefferman metric Categories:32V20, 53C56 |
60. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 477)
Hypercyclic Abelian Groups of Affine Maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ We give a characterization of hypercyclic abelian group
$\mathcal{G}$ of affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. If $\mathcal{G}$
is finitely generated, this characterization is explicit. We prove
in particular
that no abelian group generated by $n$ affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ has a dense orbit.
Keywords:affine, hypercyclic, dense, orbit, affine group, abelian Categories:37C85, 47A16 |
61. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 709)
Universal Minimal Flows of Groups of Automorphisms of Uncountable Structures It is a well-known fact, that the greatest ambit for
a topological group $G$ is the Samuel compactification of $G$ with
respect to the right uniformity on $G.$ We apply the original
description by Samuel from 1948 to give a simple computation of the
universal minimal flow for groups of automorphisms of uncountable
structures using FraÃ¯ssÃ© theory and Ramsey theory. This work
generalizes some of the known results about countable structures.
Keywords:universal minimal flows, ultrafilter flows, Ramsey theory Categories:37B05, 03E02, 05D10, 22F50, 54H20 |
62. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 145)
The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional
Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right) $ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$
is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}-T^{\ast }T$ is compact.
We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then
for every $f$ from the disc-algebra,
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class
$ C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right)
\cap \Gamma \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $\Gamma $ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed.
Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculus Categories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07 |
63. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 844)
On the Average Number of Square-Free Values of Polynomials We obtain an asymptotic formula for the number
of square-free integers in $N$ consecutive values
of polynomials on average over integral
polynomials of degree at most $k$ and of
height at most $H$, where $H \ge N^{k-1+\varepsilon}$
for some fixed $\varepsilon\gt 0$.
Individual results of this kind for polynomials of degree $k \gt 3$,
due to A. Granville (1998),
are only known under the $ABC$-conjecture.
Keywords:polynomials, square-free numbers Category:11N32 |
64. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 113)
A Lower Bound for the End-to-End Distance of Self-Avoiding Walk For an $N$-step self-avoiding walk on the hypercubic lattice ${\bf Z}^d$,
we prove that the mean-square end-to-end distance is at least
$N^{4/(3d)}$ times a constant.
This implies that the associated critical exponent $\nu$ is
at least $2/(3d)$, assuming that $\nu$ exists.
Keywords:self-avoiding walk, critical exponent Categories:82B41, 60D05, 60K35 |
65. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)
Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings.
Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalities Categories:47A63, 15A45 |
66. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 850)
Left-orderability and Exceptional Dehn Surgery on Twist Knots We show that any exceptional non-trivial Dehn surgery on a twist knot, except the trefoil,
yields a $3$-manifold whose fundamental group is left-orderable.
This is a generalization of a result of Clay, Lidman and Watson, and
also gives a new supporting evidence for a conjecture of Boyer, Gordon and Watson.
Keywords:left-ordering, twist knot, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 |
67. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 466)
Inclusion Relations for New Function Spaces on Riemann Surfaces We introduce and study some new function spaces on Riemann
surfaces. For certain parameter values these spaces coincide with
the classical Dirichlet space, BMOA or the recently
defined $Q_p$ space. We establish inclusion relations that
generalize earlier known inclusions between the above-mentioned
spaces.
Keywords:Bloch space, BMOA, $Q_p$, Green's function, hyperbolic Riemann surface Categories:30F35, 30H25, 30H30 |
68. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 503)
Weak Sequential Completeness of $\mathcal K(X,Y)$ For Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, we show that if $X^\ast$ and $Y$ are
weakly sequentially complete and every weakly compact operator from
$X$ to $Y$ is compact then the space of all compact operators from $X$
to $Y$ is weakly sequentially complete. The converse is also true if,
in addition, either $X^\ast$ or $Y$ has the bounded compact
approximation property.
Keywords:weak sequential completeness, reflexivity, compact operator space Categories:46B25, 46B28 |
69. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 520)
Equivariant Forms: Structure and Geometry In this paper we study the notion of equivariant forms introduced in
the authors' previous works. In particular, we completely classify all the
equivariant forms for a subgroup of
$\operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$
by means of the cross-ratio, the weight
2 modular forms, the quasimodular forms, as well as differential forms
of a Riemann surface and sections of a canonical line bundle.
Keywords:equivariant forms, modular forms, Schwarz derivative, cross-ratio, differential forms Category:11F11 |
70. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 769)
A Non-zero Value Shared by an Entire Function and its Linear Differential Polynomials In this paper we study uniqueness of entire functions
sharing a non-zero finite value with linear differential polynomials
and address a result of W. Wang and P. Li.
Keywords:entire function, linear differential polynomial, value sharing Category:30D35 |
71. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 723)
On the Sum of Digits of Numerators of Bernoulli Numbers Let $b\gt 1$ be an integer. We prove that for almost all $n$, the sum of the
digits in base $b$ of the numerator of the Bernoulli number $B_{2n}$
exceeds $c\log n$, where $c:=c(b)\gt 0$ is some constant depending on
$b$.
Keywords:Bernoulli numbers, sums of digits Category:11B68 |
72. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 491)
A Note on Homological Dimensions of Artinian Local Cohomology Modules Let $(R,{\frak m})$ be a non-zero commutative Noetherian local ring
(with identity), $M$ be a non-zero finitely generated $R$-module. In
this paper for any ${\frak p}\in {\rm Spec}(R)$ we show that
$
\operatorname{{\rm injdim_{_{R_{\frak p}}}}}
H^{i-\dim(R/{\frak p})}_{{\frak p}R_{\frak p}}(M_{\frak p})$ and
${\rm fd}_{R_{\p}} H^{i-\dim(R/{\frak p})}_{{\frak p}R_{\frak
p}}(M_{\frak p})$ are bounded from above by $
\operatorname{{\rm injdim_{_{R}}}}
H^i_{\frak
m}(M)$ and
$ {\rm fd}_R H^i_{\frak m}(M)$ respectively, for all integers $i\geq \dim(R/{\frak p})$.
Keywords:cofinite modules, flat dimension, injective dimension, Krull dimension, local cohomology Category:13D45 |
73. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 544)
Universally Overconvergent Power Series via the Riemann Zeta-function The Riemann zeta-function is employed to generate universally overconvergent power series.
Keywords:overconvergence, zeta-function Categories:30K05, 11M06 |
74. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 306)
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Projective Space Whose Structure Jacobi Operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel |
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Projective Space Whose Structure Jacobi Operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel We prove the non-existence of real hypersurfaces in complex projective
space whose structure Jacobi operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel and
satisfies a further condition.
Keywords:complex projective space, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operator Categories:53C15, 53C40 |
75. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 317)
A Note on Conjectures of F. Galvin and R. Rado In 1968, Galvin conjectured that an uncountable poset $P$ is the
union of countably many chains if and only if this is true for every
subposet $Q \subseteq P$ with size $\aleph_1$. In 1981, Rado
formulated a similar conjecture that an uncountable interval graph $G$ is countably
chromatic if and only if this is true for every induced subgraph $H
\subseteq G$ with size $\aleph_1$. TodorÄeviÄ has shown
that Rado's Conjecture is consistent relative to the existence of a
supercompact cardinal, while the consistency of Galvin's Conjecture
remains open. In this paper, we survey and collect a variety of
results related to these two conjectures. We also show that the
extension of Rado's conjecture to the class of all chordal graphs is
relatively consistent with the existence of a supercompact cardinal.
Keywords:Galvin conjecture, Rado conjecture, perfect graph, comparability graph, chordal graph, clique-cover number, chromatic number Categories:03E05, 03E35, 03E55 |