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51. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 61)

Geschke, Stefan
 2-dimensional Convexity Numbers and $P_4$-free Graphs For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ a set $C\subseteq S$ is an $m$-clique if the convex hull of no $m$-element subset of $C$ is contained in $S$. We show that there is essentially just one way to construct a closed set $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$ without an uncountable $3$-clique that is not the union of countably many convex sets. In particular, all such sets have the same convexity number; that is, they require the same number of convex subsets to cover them. The main result follows from an analysis of the convex structure of closed sets in $\mathbb R^2$ without uncountable 3-cliques in terms of clopen, $P_4$-free graphs on Polish spaces. Keywords:convex cover, convexity number, continuous coloring, perfect graph, cographCategories:52A10, 03E17, 03E75

52. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 683)

Nikseresht, A.; Azizi, A.
 Envelope Dimension of Modules and the Simplified Radical Formula We introduce and investigate the notion of envelope dimension of commutative rings and modules over them. In particular, we show that the envelope dimension of a ring, $R$, is equal to that of the $R$-module $R^{(\mathbb{N})}$. Also we prove that the Krull dimension of a ring is no more than its envelope dimension and characterize Noetherian rings for which these two dimensions are equal. Moreover we generalize and study the concept of simplified radical formula for modules, which we defined in an earlier paper. Keywords:envelope dimension, simplified radical formula, prime submoduleCategories:13A99, 13C99, 13C13, 13E05

53. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 42)

Fonf, Vladimir P.; Zanco, Clemente
 Covering the Unit Sphere of Certain Banach Spaces by Sequences of Slices and Balls e prove that, given any covering of any infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a point-finite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball. Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spacesCategories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17

54. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 12)

Aribi, Amine; Dragomir, Sorin; El Soufi, Ahmad
 On the Continuity of the Eigenvalues of a Sublaplacian We study the behavior of the eigenvalues of a sublaplacian $\Delta_b$ on a compact strictly pseudoconvex CR manifold $M$, as functions on the set ${\mathcal P}_+$ of positively oriented contact forms on $M$ by endowing ${\mathcal P}_+$ with a natural metric topology. Keywords:CR manifold, contact form, sublaplacian, Fefferman metricCategories:32V20, 53C56

55. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 477)

Ayadi, Adlene
 Hypercyclic Abelian Groups of Affine Maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ We give a characterization of hypercyclic abelian group $\mathcal{G}$ of affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. If $\mathcal{G}$ is finitely generated, this characterization is explicit. We prove in particular that no abelian group generated by $n$ affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ has a dense orbit. Keywords:affine, hypercyclic, dense, orbit, affine group, abelianCategories:37C85, 47A16

56. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 709)

Bartošová, Dana
 Universal Minimal Flows of Groups of Automorphisms of Uncountable Structures It is a well-known fact, that the greatest ambit for a topological group $G$ is the Samuel compactification of $G$ with respect to the right uniformity on $G.$ We apply the original description by Samuel from 1948 to give a simple computation of the universal minimal flow for groups of automorphisms of uncountable structures using FraÃ¯ssÃ© theory and Ramsey theory. This work generalizes some of the known results about countable structures. Keywords:universal minimal flows, ultrafilter flows, Ramsey theoryCategories:37B05, 03E02, 05D10, 22F50, 54H20

57. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 145)

Mustafayev, H. S.
 The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right)$ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left( T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$ is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}-T^{\ast }T$ is compact. We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then for every $f$ from the disc-algebra, \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left( T\right) \right) , \end{equation*} where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class $C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then \begin{equation*} \sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right) \cap \Gamma \right) , \end{equation*} where $\Gamma$ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed. Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculusCategories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07

58. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 844)

Shparlinski, Igor E.
 On the Average Number of Square-Free Values of Polynomials We obtain an asymptotic formula for the number of square-free integers in $N$ consecutive values of polynomials on average over integral polynomials of degree at most $k$ and of height at most $H$, where $H \ge N^{k-1+\varepsilon}$ for some fixed $\varepsilon\gt 0$. Individual results of this kind for polynomials of degree $k \gt 3$, due to A. Granville (1998), are only known under the $ABC$-conjecture. Keywords:polynomials, square-free numbersCategory:11N32

59. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 113)

Madras, Neal
 A Lower Bound for the End-to-End Distance of Self-Avoiding Walk For an $N$-step self-avoiding walk on the hypercubic lattice ${\bf Z}^d$, we prove that the mean-square end-to-end distance is at least $N^{4/(3d)}$ times a constant. This implies that the associated critical exponent $\nu$ is at least $2/(3d)$, assuming that $\nu$ exists. Keywords:self-avoiding walk, critical exponentCategories:82B41, 60D05, 60K35

60. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)

Bourin, Jean-Christophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, Eun-Young
 Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings. Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalitiesCategories:47A63, 15A45

61. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 850)

Teragaito, Masakazu
 Left-orderability and Exceptional Dehn Surgery on Twist Knots We show that any exceptional non-trivial Dehn surgery on a twist knot, except the trefoil, yields a $3$-manifold whose fundamental group is left-orderable. This is a generalization of a result of Clay, Lidman and Watson, and also gives a new supporting evidence for a conjecture of Boyer, Gordon and Watson. Keywords:left-ordering, twist knot, Dehn surgeryCategories:57M25, 06F15

62. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 466)

Aulaskari, Rauno; Rättyä, Jouni
 Inclusion Relations for New Function Spaces on Riemann Surfaces We introduce and study some new function spaces on Riemann surfaces. For certain parameter values these spaces coincide with the classical Dirichlet space, BMOA or the recently defined $Q_p$ space. We establish inclusion relations that generalize earlier known inclusions between the above-mentioned spaces. Keywords:Bloch space, BMOA, $Q_p$, Green's function, hyperbolic Riemann surfaceCategories:30F35, 30H25, 30H30

63. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 503)

Bu, Qingying
 Weak Sequential Completeness of $\mathcal K(X,Y)$ For Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, we show that if $X^\ast$ and $Y$ are weakly sequentially complete and every weakly compact operator from $X$ to $Y$ is compact then the space of all compact operators from $X$ to $Y$ is weakly sequentially complete. The converse is also true if, in addition, either $X^\ast$ or $Y$ has the bounded compact approximation property. Keywords:weak sequential completeness, reflexivity, compact operator spaceCategories:46B25, 46B28

64. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 520)

Elbasraoui, Abdelkrim; Sebbar, Abdellah
 Equivariant Forms: Structure and Geometry In this paper we study the notion of equivariant forms introduced in the authors' previous works. In particular, we completely classify all the equivariant forms for a subgroup of $\operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ by means of the cross-ratio, the weight 2 modular forms, the quasimodular forms, as well as differential forms of a Riemann surface and sections of a canonical line bundle. Keywords:equivariant forms, modular forms, Schwarz derivative, cross-ratio, differential formsCategory:11F11

65. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 769)

Lahiri, Indrajit; Kaish, Imrul
 A Non-zero Value Shared by an Entire Function and its Linear Differential Polynomials In this paper we study uniqueness of entire functions sharing a non-zero finite value with linear differential polynomials and address a result of W. Wang and P. Li. Keywords:entire function, linear differential polynomial, value sharingCategory:30D35

66. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 723)

Bérczes, Attila; Luca, Florian
 On the Sum of Digits of Numerators of Bernoulli Numbers Let $b\gt 1$ be an integer. We prove that for almost all $n$, the sum of the digits in base $b$ of the numerator of the Bernoulli number $B_{2n}$ exceeds $c\log n$, where $c:=c(b)\gt 0$ is some constant depending on $b$. Keywords:Bernoulli numbers, sums of digitsCategory:11B68

67. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 544)

Gauthier, P. M.
 Universally Overconvergent Power Series via the Riemann Zeta-function The Riemann zeta-function is employed to generate universally overconvergent power series. Keywords:overconvergence, zeta-functionCategories:30K05, 11M06

68. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 491)

Bahmanpour, Kamal
 A Note on Homological Dimensions of Artinian Local Cohomology Modules Let $(R,{\frak m})$ be a non-zero commutative Noetherian local ring (with identity), $M$ be a non-zero finitely generated $R$-module. In this paper for any ${\frak p}\in {\rm Spec}(R)$ we show that $\operatorname{{\rm injdim_{_{R_{\frak p}}}}} H^{i-\dim(R/{\frak p})}_{{\frak p}R_{\frak p}}(M_{\frak p})$ and ${\rm fd}_{R_{\p}} H^{i-\dim(R/{\frak p})}_{{\frak p}R_{\frak p}}(M_{\frak p})$ are bounded from above by $\operatorname{{\rm injdim_{_{R}}}} H^i_{\frak m}(M)$ and ${\rm fd}_R H^i_{\frak m}(M)$ respectively, for all integers $i\geq \dim(R/{\frak p})$. Keywords:cofinite modules, flat dimension, injective dimension, Krull dimension, local cohomologyCategory:13D45

69. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 306)

Pérez, Juan de Dios; Suh, Young Jin
 Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Projective Space Whose Structure Jacobi Operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel We prove the non-existence of real hypersurfaces in complex projective space whose structure Jacobi operator is Lie $\mathbb{D}$-parallel and satisfies a further condition. Keywords:complex projective space, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operatorCategories:53C15, 53C40

70. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 317)

Dorais, François G.
 A Note on Conjectures of F. Galvin and R. Rado In 1968, Galvin conjectured that an uncountable poset $P$ is the union of countably many chains if and only if this is true for every subposet $Q \subseteq P$ with size $\aleph_1$. In 1981, Rado formulated a similar conjecture that an uncountable interval graph $G$ is countably chromatic if and only if this is true for every induced subgraph $H \subseteq G$ with size $\aleph_1$. TodorÄeviÄ has shown that Rado's Conjecture is consistent relative to the existence of a supercompact cardinal, while the consistency of Galvin's Conjecture remains open. In this paper, we survey and collect a variety of results related to these two conjectures. We also show that the extension of Rado's conjecture to the class of all chordal graphs is relatively consistent with the existence of a supercompact cardinal. Keywords:Galvin conjecture, Rado conjecture, perfect graph, comparability graph, chordal graph, clique-cover number, chromatic numberCategories:03E05, 03E35, 03E55

71. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 593)

Liu, Congwen; Zhou, Lifang
 On the $p$-norm of an Integral Operator in the Half Plane We give a partial answer to a conjecture of DostaniÄ on the determination of the norm of a class of integral operators induced by the weighted Bergman projection in the upper half plane. Keywords:Bergman projection, integral operator, $L^p$-norm, the upper half planeCategories:47B38, 47G10, 32A36

72. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 225)

Agashe, Amod
 On the Notion of Visibility of Torsors Let $J$ be an abelian variety and $A$ be an abelian subvariety of $J$, both defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $x$ be an element of $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A)$. Then there are at least two definitions of $x$ being visible in $J$: one asks that the torsor corresponding to $x$ be isomorphic over $\mathbf{Q}$ to a subvariety of $J$, and the other asks that $x$ be in the kernel of the natural map $H^1(\mathbf{Q},A) \to H^1(\mathbf{Q},J)$. In this article, we clarify the relation between the two definitions. Keywords:torsors, principal homogeneous spaces, visibility, Shafarevich-Tate groupCategories:11G35, 14G25

73. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 184)

Shen, Zhongmin
 On Some Non-Riemannian Quantities in Finsler Geometry In this paper we study several non-Riemannian quantities in Finsler geometry. These non-Riemannian quantities play an important role in understanding the geometric properties of Finsler metrics. In particular, we study a new non-Riemannian quantity defined by the S-curvature. We show some relationships among the flag curvature, the S-curvature, and the new non-Riemannian quantity. Keywords:Finsler metric, S-curvature, non-Riemannian quantityCategories:53C60, 53B40

74. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 39)

Ben Amara, Jamel
 Comparison Theorem for Conjugate Points of a Fourth-order Linear Differential Equation In 1961, J. Barrett showed that if the first conjugate point $\eta_1(a)$ exists for the differential equation $(r(x)y'')''= p(x)y,$ where $r(x)\gt 0$ and $p(x)\gt 0$, then so does the first systems-conjugate point $\widehat\eta_1(a)$. The aim of this note is to extend this result to the general equation with middle term $(q(x)y')'$ without further restriction on $q(x)$, other than continuity. Keywords:fourth-order linear differential equation, conjugate points, system-conjugate points, subwronskiansCategories:47E05, 34B05, 34C10

75. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 510)

Dubickas, Artūras
 Linear Forms in Monic Integer Polynomials We prove a necessary and sufficient condition on the list of nonzero integers $u_1,\dots,u_k$, $k \geq 2$, under which a monic polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is expressible by a linear form $u_1f_1+\dots+u_kf_k$ in monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$. This condition is independent of $f$. We also show that if this condition holds, then the monic polynomials $f_1,\dots,f_k$ can be chosen to be irreducible in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$. Keywords:irreducible polynomial, height, linear form in polynomials, Eisenstein's criterionCategories:11R09, 11C08, 11B83
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