Expand all Collapse all | Results 51 - 75 of 419 |
51. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 364)
How Lipschitz Functions Characterize the Underlying Metric Spaces Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces and $E, F$ be Banach spaces. Suppose that
both $X,Y$ are realcompact, or both $E,F$ are realcompact.
The zero set of a vector-valued function $f$ is denoted by $z(f)$.
A linear bijection $T$ between local or generalized Lipschitz vector-valued function spaces
is said to preserve zero-set containments or nonvanishing functions
if
\[z(f)\subseteq z(g)\quad\Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)\subseteq z(Tg),\]
or
\[z(f) = \emptyset\quad \Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)=\emptyset,\]
respectively.
Every zero-set containment preserver, and every nonvanishing function preserver when
$\dim E =\dim F\lt +\infty$, is a weighted composition operator
$(Tf)(y)=J_y(f(\tau(y)))$.
We show that the map $\tau\colon Y\to X$ is a locally (little) Lipschitz homeomorphism.
Keywords:(generalized, locally, little) Lipschitz functions, zero-set containment preservers, biseparating maps Categories:46E40, 54D60, 46E15 |
52. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 729)
The Orthonormal Dilation Property for Abstract Parseval Wavelet Frames In this work we introduce a class of discrete groups containing
subgroups of abstract translations and dilations, respectively. A
variety of wavelet systems can appear as $\pi(\Gamma)\psi$, where $\pi$ is
a unitary representation of a wavelet group and $\Gamma$ is the abstract
pseudo-lattice $\Gamma$. We prove a condition in order that a Parseval
frame $\pi(\Gamma)\psi$ can be dilated to an orthonormal basis of the
form $\tau(\Gamma)\Psi$ where $\tau$ is a super-representation of
$\pi$. For a subclass of groups that includes the case where the
translation subgroup is Heisenberg, we show that this condition
always holds, and we cite familiar examples as applications.
Keywords:frame, dilation, wavelet, Baumslag-Solitar group, shearlet Categories:43A65, 42C40, 42C15 |
53. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 449)
The $f$-Chromatic Index of a Graph Whose $f$-Core has Maximum Degree $2$ Let $G$ be a graph. The minimum number of colors needed to color the edges of
$G$ is called the chromatic index of $G$ and is denoted by $\chi'(G)$.
It is well-known that $\Delta(G) \leq \chi'(G) \leq \Delta(G)+1$, for any
graph $G$, where $\Delta(G)$ denotes the maximum degree of $G$. A graph $G$ is said to be
Class $1$ if $\chi'(G) = \Delta(G)$ and Class $2$ if
$\chi'(G) = \Delta(G) + 1$. Also, $G_\Delta$ is the induced subgraph on all vertices of degree $\Delta(G)$.
Let $f:V(G)\rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ be a function.
An $f$-coloring of a graph $G$ is a coloring of the edges
of $E(G)$ such that each color appears at each vertex $v\in V(G)$ at
most $f (v)$ times. The minimum number of colors needed
to $f$-color $G$ is called the $f$-chromatic index of $G$ and
is denoted by $\chi'_{f}(G)$. It was shown that for every graph $G$, $\Delta_{f}(G)\le \chi'_{f}(G)\le \Delta_{f}(G)+1$, where $\Delta_{f}(G)=\max_{v\in V(G)} \big\lceil \frac{d_G(v)}{f(v)}\big\rceil$. A graph $G$ is said to be $f$-Class $1$ if $\chi'_{f}(G)=\Delta_{f}(G)$, and $f$-Class $2$, otherwise. Also, $G_{\Delta_f}$ is the induced subgraph of $G$ on $\{v\in V(G):\,\frac{d_G(v)}{f(v)}=\Delta_{f}(G)\}$.
Hilton and Zhao showed that if $G_{\Delta}$ has maximum degree two and $G$ is Class $2$, then $G$ is critical, $G_{\Delta}$ is a disjoint union of cycles and $\delta(G)=\Delta(G)-1$, where $\delta(G)$ denotes the minimum degree of $G$, respectively. In this paper, we generalize this theorem to $f$-coloring of graphs. Also, we determine the $f$-chromatic index of a connected graph $G$ with $|G_{\Delta_f}|\le 4$.
Keywords:$f$-coloring, $f$-Core, $f$-Class $1$ Categories:05C15, 05C38 |
54. CMB Online first
An Explicit Formula for the Generalized Cyclic Shuffle Map We provide an explicit formula for the generalized cyclic shuffle map for cylindrical modules.
Using this formula we give a combinatorial proof of the generalized
cyclic Eilenberg-Zilber theorem.
Keywords:generalized Cyclic shuffle map, Cylindrical module, Eilenberg-Zilber theorem, Cyclic homology Categories:19D55, 05E45 |
55. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 210)
An Explicit Formula for the Generalized Cyclic Shuffle Map We provide an explicit formula for the generalized cyclic shuffle map for cylindrical modules.
Using this formula we give a combinatorial proof of the generalized
cyclic Eilenberg-Zilber theorem.
Keywords:generalized Cyclic shuffle map, Cylindrical module, Eilenberg-Zilber theorem, Cyclic homology Categories:19D55, 05E45 |
56. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 673)
Diophantine Approximation for Certain Algebraic Formal Power Series in Positive Characteristic In this paper, we study rational approximations for certain algebraic power series over a finite field.
We obtain results for irrational elements of strictly positive degree
satisfying an equation of the type
\begin{equation}
\alpha=\displaystyle\frac{A\alpha^{q}+B}{C\alpha^{q}}
\end{equation}
where $(A, B, C)\in
(\mathbb{F}_{q}[X])^{2}\times\mathbb{F}_{q}^{\star}[X]$.
In particular,
we will give, under some conditions on the polynomials $A$, $B$
and $C$, well approximated elements satisfying this equation.
Keywords:diophantine approximation, formal power series, continued fraction Categories:11J61, 11J70 |
57. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 745)
Dimension Functions of Self-Affine Scaling Sets In this paper, the dimension function of a self-affine generalized scaling set associated with an $n\times n$ integral expansive dilation $A$ is studied. More specifically, we consider the dimension function of an $A$-dilation generalized scaling set $K$ assuming that $K$ is a self-affine tile satisfying $BK = (K+d_1) \cup (K+d_2)$, where $B=A^t$, $A$ is an $n\times n$ integral expansive matrix with $\lvert \det A\rvert=2$, and $d_1,d_2\in\mathbb{R}^n$. We show that the dimension function of $K$ must be constant if either $n=1$ or $2$ or one of the digits is $0$, and that it is bounded by $2\lvert K\rvert$ for any $n$.
Keywords:scaling set, self-affine tile, orthonormal multiwavelet, dimension function Category:42C40 |
58. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 289)
Closure of the Cone of Sums of $2d$-powers in Certain Weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm Topologies In a paper from 1976, Berg, Christensen and Ressel prove that the
closure of the cone of sums of squares $\sum
\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^2$ in the polynomial ring
$\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}] := \mathbb{R}[X_1,\dots,X_n]$ in the
topology induced by the $\ell_1$-norm is equal to
$\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$, the cone consisting of all polynomials
which are non-negative on the hypercube $[-1,1]^n$. The result is
deduced as a corollary of a general result, established in the same
paper, which is valid for any commutative semigroup.
In later work, Berg and Maserick and Berg, Christensen and Ressel
establish an even more general result, for a commutative semigroup
with involution, for the closure of the cone of sums of squares of
symmetric elements in the weighted $\ell_1$-seminorm topology
associated to an absolute value.
In the present paper we give a new proof of these results which is
based on Jacobi's representation theorem from 2001. At the same time,
we use Jacobi's representation theorem to extend these results from
sums of squares to sums of $2d$-powers, proving, in particular, that
for any integer $d\ge 1$, the closure of the cone of sums of
$2d$-powers $\sum \mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]^{2d}$ in
$\mathbb{R}[\underline{X}]$ in the topology induced by the
$\ell_1$-norm is equal to $\operatorname{Pos}([-1,1]^n)$.
Keywords:positive definite, moments, sums of squares, involutive semigroups Categories:43A35, 44A60, 13J25 |
59. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 881)
Free Groups Generated by Two Heisenberg Translations In this paper, we will discuss the groups generated by two
Heisenberg translations of $\mathbf{PU}(2,1)$ and determine when they are free.
Keywords:free group, Heisenberg group, complex triangle group Categories:30F40, 22E40, 20H10 |
60. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 326)
On Zero-divisors in Group Rings of Groups with Torsion Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings are
introduced and discussed. A problem on the existence of nontrivial
pairs of zero-divisors in group rings of free Burnside groups of odd
exponent $n \gg 1$ is solved in the affirmative. Nontrivial pairs of
zero-divisors are also found in group rings of free products of groups
with torsion.
Keywords:Burnside groups, free products of groups, group rings, zero-divisors Categories:20C07, 20E06, 20F05, , 20F50 |
61. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 209)
Erratum to the Paper "A Lower Bound for the Length of Closed Geodesics on a Finsler Manifold" We correct two clerical errors made in the paper "A Lower Bound for
the Length of Closed Geodesics on a Finsler Manifold".
Keywords:Finsler manifold, closed geodesic, injective radius Categories:53B40, 53C22 |
62. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 105)
On the Counting Function of Elliptic Carmichael Numbers We give an upper bound for the number elliptic Carmichael numbers $n \le x$
that have recently been introduced by J. H. Silverman in the case of an elliptic curve without complex multiplication (non CM). We also discuss
several possible ways for further improvements.
Keywords:elliptic Carmichael numbers, applications of sieve methods Categories:11Y11, 11N36 |
63. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 570)
Conjugacy Classes and Binary Quadratic Forms for the Hecke Groups In this paper we give a lower bound
with respect to block length
for the trace of non-elliptic conjugacy classes
of the Hecke groups.
One consequence of our bound
is that there are finitely many
conjugacy classes of a given trace in any Hecke group.
We show that another consequence of our bound
is that
class numbers are finite for
related hyperbolic \( \mathbb{Z}[\lambda] \)-binary quadratic forms.
We give canonical class representatives
and calculate class numbers
for some classes of hyperbolic \( \mathbb{Z}[\lambda] \)-binary quadratic forms.
Keywords:Hecke groups, conjugacy class, quadratic forms Categories:11F06, 11E16, 11A55 |
64. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 240)
Addendum to ``Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms'' Given an integer $n \geq 3$,
a metrizable compact topological $n$-manifold $X$ with boundary,
and a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$ on $X$,
we prove that for the typical homeomorphism $f : X \to X$,
it is true that for $\mu$-almost every point $x$ in $X$ the restriction of
$f$ (respectively of $f^{-1}$) to the omega limit set $\omega(f,x)$
(respectively to the alpha limit set $\alpha(f,x)$) is topologically
conjugate to the universal odometer.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 |
65. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 194)
A Lower Bound for the Length of Closed Geodesics on a Finsler Manifold In this paper, we obtain a lower bound for the length of closed geodesics on an arbitrary closed Finsler manifold.
Keywords:Finsler manifold, closed geodesic, injective radius Categories:53B40, 53C22 |
66. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 42)
Covering the Unit Sphere of Certain Banach Spaces by Sequences of Slices and Balls e prove that, given any covering of any infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a point-finite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball.
Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spaces Categories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17 |
67. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 61)
2-dimensional Convexity Numbers and $P_4$-free Graphs For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ a set
$C\subseteq S$ is an $m$-clique if the convex hull of no $m$-element subset of
$C$ is contained in $S$.
We show that there is essentially just one way to construct
a closed set $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$ without an uncountable
$3$-clique that is not the union of countably many convex sets.
In particular, all such sets have the same convexity number;
that is, they
require the same number of convex subsets to cover them.
The main result follows from an analysis of the convex structure of closed
sets in $\mathbb R^2$ without uncountable 3-cliques in terms of
clopen, $P_4$-free graphs on Polish spaces.
Keywords:convex cover, convexity number, continuous coloring, perfect graph, cograph Categories:52A10, 03E17, 03E75 |
68. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 178)
Quasiconvexity and Density Topology We prove that if $f:\mathbb{R}^{N}\rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{R}}$ is
quasiconvex and $U\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ is open in the density topology, then
$\sup_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,sup}_{U}f,$ while
$\inf_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,inf}_{U}f$
if and only if the equality holds when $U=\mathbb{R}^{N}.$ The first (second)
property is typical of lsc (usc) functions and, even when $U$ is an ordinary
open subset, there seems to be no record that they both hold for all
quasiconvex functions.
This property ensures that the pointwise extrema of $f$ on any nonempty
density open subset can be arbitrarily closely approximated by values of $f$
achieved on ``large'' subsets, which may be of relevance in a variety of
issues. To support this claim, we use it to characterize the common points
of continuity, or approximate continuity, of two quasiconvex functions that
coincide away from a set of measure zero.
Keywords:density topology, quasiconvex function, approximate continuity, point of continuity Categories:52A41, 26B05 |
69. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 683)
Envelope Dimension of Modules and the Simplified Radical Formula We introduce and investigate the notion of envelope dimension of
commutative rings and modules over them. In particular, we show that
the envelope dimension of a ring, $R$, is equal to that of the
$R$-module $R^{(\mathbb{N})}$. Also we prove that the Krull dimension of a
ring is no more than its envelope dimension and characterize
Noetherian rings for which these two dimensions are equal. Moreover we
generalize and study the concept of simplified radical formula for
modules, which
we defined in an earlier paper.
Keywords:envelope dimension, simplified radical formula, prime submodule Categories:13A99, 13C99, 13C13, 13E05 |
70. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 12)
On the Continuity of the Eigenvalues of a Sublaplacian We study the behavior of the eigenvalues of a sublaplacian $\Delta_b$ on a compact strictly pseudoconvex CR manifold $M$, as functions on the set
${\mathcal P}_+$ of positively oriented contact forms on $M$ by endowing ${\mathcal P}_+$ with a natural metric topology.
Keywords:CR manifold, contact form, sublaplacian, Fefferman metric Categories:32V20, 53C56 |
71. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 709)
Universal Minimal Flows of Groups of Automorphisms of Uncountable Structures It is a well-known fact, that the greatest ambit for
a topological group $G$ is the Samuel compactification of $G$ with
respect to the right uniformity on $G.$ We apply the original
description by Samuel from 1948 to give a simple computation of the
universal minimal flow for groups of automorphisms of uncountable
structures using FraÃ¯ssÃ© theory and Ramsey theory. This work
generalizes some of the known results about countable structures.
Keywords:universal minimal flows, ultrafilter flows, Ramsey theory Categories:37B05, 03E02, 05D10, 22F50, 54H20 |
72. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 477)
Hypercyclic Abelian Groups of Affine Maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ We give a characterization of hypercyclic abelian group
$\mathcal{G}$ of affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. If $\mathcal{G}$
is finitely generated, this characterization is explicit. We prove
in particular
that no abelian group generated by $n$ affine maps on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ has a dense orbit.
Keywords:affine, hypercyclic, dense, orbit, affine group, abelian Categories:37C85, 47A16 |
73. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 145)
The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional
Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right) $ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$
is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}-T^{\ast }T$ is compact.
We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then
for every $f$ from the disc-algebra,
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class
$ C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right)
\cap \Gamma \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $\Gamma $ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed.
Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculus Categories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07 |
74. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 844)
On the Average Number of Square-Free Values of Polynomials We obtain an asymptotic formula for the number
of square-free integers in $N$ consecutive values
of polynomials on average over integral
polynomials of degree at most $k$ and of
height at most $H$, where $H \ge N^{k-1+\varepsilon}$
for some fixed $\varepsilon\gt 0$.
Individual results of this kind for polynomials of degree $k \gt 3$,
due to A. Granville (1998),
are only known under the $ABC$-conjecture.
Keywords:polynomials, square-free numbers Category:11N32 |
75. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 113)
A Lower Bound for the End-to-End Distance of Self-Avoiding Walk For an $N$-step self-avoiding walk on the hypercubic lattice ${\bf Z}^d$,
we prove that the mean-square end-to-end distance is at least
$N^{4/(3d)}$ times a constant.
This implies that the associated critical exponent $\nu$ is
at least $2/(3d)$, assuming that $\nu$ exists.
Keywords:self-avoiding walk, critical exponent Categories:82B41, 60D05, 60K35 |