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26. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 774)

Hanson, Brandon
Character Sums over Bohr Sets
We prove character sum estimates for additive Bohr subsets modulo a prime. These estimates are analogous to classical character sum bounds of Pólya-Vinogradov and Burgess. These estimates are applied to obtain results on recurrence mod $p$ by special elements.

Keywords:character sums, Bohr sets, finite fields
Categories:11L40, 11T24, 11T23

27. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 877)

Zaatra, Mohamed
Generating Some Symmetric Semi-classical Orthogonal Polynomials
We show that if $v$ is a regular semi-classical form (linear functional), then the symmetric form $u$ defined by the relation $x^{2}\sigma u = -\lambda v$, where $(\sigma f)(x)=f(x^{2})$ and the odd moments of $u$ are $0$, is also regular and semi-classical form for every complex $\lambda $ except for a discrete set of numbers depending on $v$. We give explicitly the three-term recurrence relation and the structure relation coefficients of the orthogonal polynomials sequence associated with $u$ and the class of the form $u$ knowing that of $v$. We conclude with an illustrative example.

Keywords:orthogonal polynomials, quadratic decomposition, semi-classical forms, structure relation
Categories:33C45, 42C05

28. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 211)

Totik, Vilmos
Universality Under Szegő's Condition
This paper presents a theorem on universality on orthogonal polynomials/random matrices under a weak local condition on the weight function $w$. With a new inequality for polynomials and with the use of fast decreasing polynomials, it is shown that an approach of D. S. Lubinsky is applicable. The proof works at all points which are Lebesgue-points both for the weight function $w$ and for $\log w$.

Keywords:universality, random matrices, Christoffel functions, asymptotics, potential theory
Categories:42C05, 60B20, 30C85, 31A15

29. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 144)

Laterveer, Robert
A Brief Note Concerning Hard Lefschetz for Chow Groups
We formulate a conjectural hard Lefschetz property for Chow groups, and prove this in some special cases: roughly speaking, for varieties with finite-dimensional motive, and for varieties whose self-product has vanishing middle-dimensional Griffiths group. An appendix includes related statements that follow from results of Vial.

Keywords:algebraic cycles, Chow groups, finite-dimensional motives
Categories:14C15, 14C25, 14C30

30. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 835)

de Dios Pérez, Juan; Suh, Young Jin; Woo, Changhwa
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Two-Plane Grassmannians with GTW Harmonic Curvature
We prove the non-existence of Hopf real hypersurfaces in complex two-plane Grassmannians with harmonic curvature with respect to the generalized Tanaka-Webster connection if they satisfy some further conditions.

Keywords:real hypersurfaces, complex two-plane Grassmannians, Hopf hypersurface, generalized Tanaka-Webster connection, harmonic curvature
Categories:53C40, 53C15

31. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 787)

Kitabeppu, Yu; Lakzian, Sajjad
Non-branching RCD$(0,N)$ Geodesic Spaces with Small Linear Diameter Growth have Finitely Generated Fundamental Groups
In this paper, we generalize the finite generation result of Sormani to non-branching $RCD(0,N)$ geodesic spaces (and in particular, Alexandrov spaces) with full support measures. This is a special case of the Milnor's Conjecture for complete non-compact $RCD(0,N)$ spaces. One of the key tools we use is the Abresch-Gromoll type excess estimates for non-smooth spaces obtained by Gigli-Mosconi.

Keywords:Milnor conjecture, non negative Ricci curvature, curvature dimension condition, finitely generated, fundamental group, infinitesimally Hilbertian
Categories:53C23, 30L99

32. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 13)

Aulaskari, Rauno; Chen, Huaihui
On classes $Q_p^\#$ for Hyperbolic Riemann surfaces
The $Q_p$ spaces of holomorphic functions on the disk, hyperbolic Riemann surfaces or complex unit ball have been studied deeply. Meanwhile, there are a lot of papers devoted to the $Q^\#_p$ classes of meromorphic functions on the disk or hyperbolic Riemann surfaces. In this paper, we prove the nesting property (inclusion relations) of $Q^\#_p$ classes on hyperbolic Riemann surfaces. The same property for $Q_p$ spaces was also established systematically and precisely in earlier work by the authors of this paper.

Keywords:$Q_p^\#$ class, hyperbolic Riemann surface, spherical Dirichlet function,
Categories:30D50, 30F35

33. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 858)

Williams, Kenneth S.
Ternary Quadratic Forms and Eta Quotients
Let $\eta(z)$ $(z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0)$ denote the Dedekind eta function. We use a recent product-to-sum formula in conjunction with conditions for the non-representability of integers by certain ternary quadratic forms to give explicitly 10 eta quotients \[ f(z):=\eta^{a(m_1)}(m_1 z)\cdots \eta^{{a(m_r)}}(m_r z)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}c(n)e^{2\pi i nz},\quad z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0, \] such that the Fourier coefficients $c(n)$ vanish for all positive integers $n$ in each of infinitely many non-overlapping arithmetic progressions. For example, it is shown that for $f(z)=\eta^4(z)\eta^{9}(4z)\eta^{-2}(8z)$ we have $c(n)=0$ for all $n$ in each of the arithmetic progressions $\{16k+14\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{64k+56\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{256k+224\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{1024k+896\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\ldots$.

Keywords:Dedekind eta function, eta quotient, ternary quadratic forms, vanishing of Fourier coefficients, product-to-sum formula
Categories:11F20, 11E20, 11E25

34. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 119)

Hu, Pei-Chu; Li, Bao Qin
A Simple Proof and Strengthening of a Uniqueness Theorem for L-functions
We give a simple proof and strengthening of a uniqueness theorem for functions in the extended Selberg class.

Keywords:meromorphic function, Dirichlet series, L-function, zero, order, uniqueness
Categories:30B50, 11M41

35. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 36)

Donovan, Diane M.; Griggs, Terry S.; McCourt, Thomas A.; Opršal, Jakub; Stanovský, David
Distributive and Anti-distributive Mendelsohn Triple Systems
We prove that the existence spectrum of Mendelsohn triple systems whose associated quasigroups satisfy distributivity corresponds to the Loeschian numbers, and provide some enumeration results. We do this by considering a description of the quasigroups in terms of commutative Moufang loops. In addition we provide constructions of Mendelsohn quasigroups that fail distributivity for as many combinations of elements as possible. These systems are analogues of Hall triple systems and anti-mitre Steiner triple systems respectively.

Keywords:Mendelsohn triple system, quasigroup, distributive, Moufang loop, Loeschian numbers
Categories:20N05, 05B07

36. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 664)

Vahidi, Alireza
Betti Numbers and Flat Dimensions of Local Cohomology Modules
Assume that $R$ is a commutative Noetherian ring with non-zero identity, $\mathfrak{a}$ is an ideal of $R$ and $X$ is an $R$--module. In this paper, we first study the finiteness of Betti numbers of local cohomology modules $\operatorname{H}_\mathfrak{a}^i(X)$. Then we give some inequalities between the Betti numbers of $X$ and those of its local cohomology modules. Finally, we present many upper bounds for the flat dimension of $X$ in terms of the flat dimensions of its local cohomology modules and an upper bound for the flat dimension of $\operatorname{H}_\mathfrak{a}^i(X)$ in terms of the flat dimensions of the modules $\operatorname{H}_\mathfrak{a}^j(X)$, $j\not= i$, and that of $X$.

Keywords:Betti numbers, flat dimensions, local cohomology modules
Categories:13D45, 13D05

37. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 538)

Li, Lili; Chen, Guiyun
Minimal Non Self Dual Groups
A group $G$ is self dual if every subgroup of $G$ is isomorphic to a quotient of $G$ and every quotient of $G$ is isomorphic to a subgroup of $G$. It is minimal non-self dual if every proper subgroup of $G$ is self dual but $G$ is not self dual. In this paper, the structure of minimal non-self dual groups is determined.

Keywords:minimal non-self dual group, finite group, metacyclic group, metabelian group
Category:20D15

38. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 548)

Lü, Guangshi; Sankaranarayanan, Ayyadurai
Higher Moments of Fourier Coefficients of Cusp Forms
Let $S_{k}(\Gamma)$ be the space of holomorphic cusp forms of even integral weight $k$ for the full modular group $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$. Let $\lambda_f(n)$, $\lambda_g(n)$, $\lambda_h(n)$ be the $n$th normalized Fourier coefficients of three distinct holomorphic primitive cusp forms $f(z) \in S_{k_1}(\Gamma), g(z) \in S_{k_2}(\Gamma), h(z) \in S_{k_3}(\Gamma)$ respectively. In this paper we study the cancellations of sums related to arithmetic functions, such as $\lambda_f(n)^4\lambda_g(n)^2$, $\lambda_g(n)^6$, $\lambda_g(n)^2\lambda_h(n)^4$, and $\lambda_g(n^3)^2$ twisted by the arithmetic function $\lambda_f(n)$.

Keywords:Fourier coefficients of automorphic forms, Dirichlet series, triple product $L$-function, Perron's formula
Categories:11F30, 11F66

39. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 449)

Boynton, Jason Greene; Coykendall, Jim
On the Graph of Divisibility of an Integral Domain
It is well known that the factorization properties of a domain are reflected in the structure of its group of divisibility. The main theme of this paper is to introduce a topological/graph-theoretic point of view to the current understanding of factorization in integral domains. We also show that connectedness properties in the graph and topological space give rise to a generalization of atomicity.

Keywords:atomic, factorization, divisibility
Categories:13F15, 13A05

40. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 3)

Alfuraidan, Monther Rashed
The Contraction Principle for Multivalued Mappings on a Modular Metric Space with a Graph
We study the existence of fixed points for contraction multivalued mappings in modular metric spaces endowed with a graph. The notion of a modular metric on an arbitrary set and the corresponding modular spaces, generalizing classical modulars over linear spaces like Orlicz spaces, were recently introduced. This paper can be seen as a generalization of Nadler's and Edelstein's fixed point theorems to modular metric spaces endowed with a graph.

Keywords:fixed point theory, modular metric spaces, multivalued contraction mapping, connected digraph.
Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10

41. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 651)

Tang, Xianhua
Ground State Solutions of Nehari-Pankov Type for a Superlinear Hamiltonian Elliptic System on ${\mathbb{R}}^{N}$
This paper is concerned with the following elliptic system of Hamiltonian type \[ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} -\triangle u+V(x)u=W_{v}(x, u, v), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbb{R}}^{N}, \\ -\triangle v+V(x)v=W_{u}(x, u, v), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbb{R}}^{N}, \\ u, v\in H^{1}({\mathbb{R}}^{N}), \end{array} \right. \] where the potential $V$ is periodic and $0$ lies in a gap of the spectrum of $-\Delta+V$, $W(x, s, t)$ is periodic in $x$ and superlinear in $s$ and $t$ at infinity. We develop a direct approach to find ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type for the above system. Especially, our method is applicable for the case when \[ W(x, u, v)=\sum_{i=1}^{k}\int_{0}^{|\alpha_iu+\beta_iv|}g_i(x, t)t\mathrm{d}t +\sum_{j=1}^{l}\int_{0}^{\sqrt{u^2+2b_juv+a_jv^2}}h_j(x, t)t\mathrm{d}t, \] where $\alpha_i, \beta_i, a_j, b_j\in \mathbb{R}$ with $\alpha_i^2+\beta_i^2\ne 0$ and $a_j\gt b_j^2$, $g_i(x, t)$ and $h_j(x, t)$ are nondecreasing in $t\in \mathbb{R}^{+}$ for every $x\in \mathbb{R}^N$ and $g_i(x, 0)=h_j(x, 0)=0$.

Keywords:Hamiltonian elliptic system, superlinear, ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type, strongly indefinite functionals
Categories:35J50, 35J55

42. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 730)

Efrat, Ido; Matzri, Eliyahu
Vanishing of Massey Products and Brauer Groups
Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ a field containing a root of unity of order $p$. We relate recent results on vanishing of triple Massey products in the mod-$p$ Galois cohomology of $F$, due to Hopkins, Wickelgren, Mináċ, and Tân, to classical results in the theory of central simple algebras. For global fields, we prove a stronger form of the vanishing property.

Keywords:Galois cohomology, Brauer groups, triple Massey products, global fields
Categories:16K50, 11R34, 12G05, 12E30

43. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 580)

Matringe, Nadir
A Specialisation of the Bump-Friedberg $L$-function
We study the restriction of the Bump-Friedberg integrals to affine lines $\{(s+\alpha,2s),s\in\mathbb{C}\}$. It has a simple theory, very close to that of the Asai $L$-function. It is an integral representation of the product $L(s+\alpha,\pi)L(2s,\Lambda^2,\pi)$ which we denote by $L^{lin}(s,\pi,\alpha)$ for this abstract, when $\pi$ is a cuspidal automorphic representation of $GL(k,\mathbb{A})$ for $\mathbb{A}$ the adeles of a number field. When $k$ is even, we show that for a cuspidal automorphic representation $\pi$, the partial $L$-function $L^{lin,S}(s,\pi,\alpha)$ has a pole at $1/2$, if and only if $\pi$ admits a (twisted) global period, this gives a more direct proof of a theorem of Jacquet and Friedberg, asserting that $\pi$ has a twisted global period if and only if $L(\alpha+1/2,\pi)\neq 0$ and $L(1,\Lambda^2,\pi)=\infty$. When $k$ is odd, the partial $L$-function is holmorphic in a neighbourhood of $Re(s)\geq 1/2$ when $Re(\alpha)$ is $\geq 0$.

Keywords:automorphic L functions
Categories:11F70, 11F66

44. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 530)

Li, Benling; Shen, Zhongmin
Ricci Curvature Tensor and Non-Riemannian Quantities
There are several notions of Ricci curvature tensor in Finsler geometry and spray geometry. One of them is defined by the Hessian of the well-known Ricci curvature. In this paper we will introduce a new notion of Ricci curvature tensor and discuss its relationship with the Ricci curvature and some non-Riemannian quantities. By this Ricci curvature tensor, we shall have a better understanding on these non-Riemannian quantities.

Keywords:Finsler metrics, sprays, Ricci curvature, non-Riemanian quantity
Categories:53B40, 53C60

45. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 757)

Han, Yanchang
Embedding Theorem for Inhomogeneous Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin Spaces on RD-spaces
In this article we prove the embedding theorem for inhomogeneous Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces on RD-spaces. The crucial idea is to use the geometric density condition on the measure.

Keywords:spaces of homogeneous type, test function space, distributions, Calderón reproducing formula, Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces, embedding
Categories:42B25, 46F05, 46E35

46. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 459)

Casini, Emanuele; Miglierina, Enrico; Piasecki, Lukasz
Hyperplanes in the Space of Convergent Sequences and Preduals of $\ell_1$
The main aim of the present paper is to investigate various structural properties of hyperplanes of $c$, the Banach space of the convergent sequences. In particular, we give an explicit formula for the projection constants and we prove that an hyperplane of $c$ is isometric to the whole space if and only if it is $1$-complemented. Moreover, we obtain the classification of those hyperplanes for which their duals are isometric to $\ell_{1}$ and we give a complete description of the preduals of $\ell_{1}$ under the assumption that the standard basis of $\ell_{1}$ is weak$^{*}$-convergent.

Keywords:space of convergent sequences, projection, $\ell_1$-predual, hyperplane
Categories:46B45, 46B04

47. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 471)

Demirbas, Seckin
Almost Sure Global Well-posedness for the Fractional Cubic Schrödinger Equation on Torus
In a previous paper, we proved that $1$-d periodic fractional Schrödinger equation with cubic nonlinearity is locally well-posed in $H^s$ for $s\gt \frac{1-\alpha}{2}$ and globally well-posed for $s\gt \frac{10\alpha-1}{12}$. In this paper we define an invariant probability measure $\mu$ on $H^s$ for $s\lt \alpha-\frac{1}{2}$, so that for any $\epsilon\gt 0$ there is a set $\Omega\subset H^s$ such that $\mu(\Omega^c)\lt \epsilon$ and the equation is globally well-posed for initial data in $\Omega$. We see that this fills the gap between the local well-posedness and the global well-posedness range in almost sure sense for $\frac{1-\alpha}{2}\lt \alpha-\frac{1}{2}$, i.e. $\alpha\gt \frac{2}{3}$ in almost sure sense.

Keywords:NLS, fractional Schrodinger equation, almost sure global wellposedness
Category:35Q55

48. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 486)

Duc, Dinh Thanh; Nhan, Nguyen Du Vi; Xuan, Nguyen Tong
Inequalities for Partial Derivatives and their Applications
We present various weighted integral inequalities for partial derivatives acting on products and compositions of functions which are applied to establish some new Opial-type inequalities involving functions of several independent variables. We also demonstrate the usefulness of our results in the field of partial differential equations.

Keywords:inequality for integral, Opial-type inequality, Hölder's inequality, partial differential operator, partial differential equation
Categories:26D10, 35A23

49. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 713)

Brendle, Simon; Chodosh, Otis
On the Maximum Curvature of Closed Curves in Negatively Curved Manifolds
Motivated by Almgren's work on the isoperimetric inequality, we prove a sharp inequality relating the length and maximum curvature of a closed curve in a complete, simply connected manifold of sectional curvature at most $-1$. Moreover, if equality holds, then the norm of the geodesic curvature is constant and the torsion vanishes. The proof involves an application of the maximum principle to a function defined on pairs of points.

Keywords:manifold, curvature
Category:53C20

50. CMB Online first

Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun
Existence of multiple solutions for a $p$-Laplacian system in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with sign-changing weight functions
In this paper, we consider the quasi-linear elliptic problem \[ \left\{ \begin{aligned} & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|u|^{\alpha-2}u|v|^{\beta}+\lambda h_{1}(x)|u|^{q-2}u, \\ & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p-2}\nabla v \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|v|^{\beta-2}v|u|^{\alpha}+\mu h_{2}(x)|v|^{q-2}v, \\ &u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N} \end{aligned} \right. \] where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$, $1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{N-p}$, $0\leq a\lt \frac{N-p}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1-b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$, $k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$ are continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions by using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with the Euler functional for this problem.

Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$-Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearities
Category:35J66
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