Expand all Collapse all | Results 26 - 50 of 440 |
26. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 814)
On Global Dimensions of Tree Type Finite Dimensional Algebras A formula is provided to
explicitly describe global dimensions of all kinds of tree type
finite dimensional $k-$algebras for $k$ an algebraic closed field.
In particular, it is pointed out that if the underlying tree type
quiver has $n$ vertices, then the maximum of possible global
dimensions is $n-1$.
Keywords:global dimension, tree type finite dimensional $k-$algebra, quiver Categories:16D40, 16E10, , 16G20 |
27. CMB Online first
Some normal numbers generated by arithmetic functions Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$-normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sum-of-divisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambda-function. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number
\[ 0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots \]
obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$-values is $g$-normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$-normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$.
Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sum-of-divisors function, Carmichael lambda-function, Champernowne's number Categories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37 |
28. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 884)
$m$-embedded Subgroups and $p$-nilpotency of Finite Groups Let $A$ be a subgroup of a finite group $G$ and $\Sigma : G_0\leq
G_1\leq\cdots \leq G_n$ some subgroup series of $G$. Suppose that
for each pair $(K,H)$ such that $K$ is a maximal subgroup of $H$ and
$G_{i-1}\leq K \lt H\leq G_i$, for some $i$, either $A\cap H = A\cap K$
or $AH = AK$. Then $A$ is said to be $\Sigma$-embedded in $G$; $A$
is said to be $m$-embedded in $G$ if $G$ has a subnormal subgroup
$T$ and a $\{1\leq G\}$-embedded subgroup $C$ in $G$ such that $G =
AT$ and $T\cap A\leq C\leq A$. In this article, some sufficient
conditions for a finite group $G$ to be $p$-nilpotent are given
whenever all subgroups with order $p^{k}$ of a Sylow $p$-subgroup of
$G$ are $m$-embedded for a given positive integer $k$.
Keywords:finite group, $p$-nilpotent group, $m$-embedded subgroup Categories:20D10, 20D15 |
29. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 749)
Geometric Perspective on Piecewise Polynomiality of Double Hurwitz Numbers We describe double Hurwitz numbers as intersection numbers on the
moduli space of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Using a result on the
polynomiality of intersection numbers of psi classes with the Double
Ramification Cycle, our formula explains the polynomiality in chambers
of double Hurwitz numbers, and the wall crossing phenomenon in terms
of a variation of correction terms to the $\psi$ classes. We
interpret this as suggestive evidence for polynomiality of the Double
Ramification Cycle (which is only known in genera $0$ and $1$).
Keywords:double Hurwitz numbers, wall crossings, moduli spaces, ELSV formula Category:14N35 |
30. CMB Online first
On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*-algebras We examine the ranks of operators in semi-finite $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras
as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra whose
extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive
operators of every possible rank, independent of the property
of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras
and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is
recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup
and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces.
Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by not-necessarily-unital
approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth.
Combined with results of the first-named author, this shows that
slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$-stability,
for approximately subhomogeneous algebras.
Keywords:nuclear C*-algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*-algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*-algebras, slow dimension growth Categories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85 |
31. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 673)
Complexifying Lie Group Actions on Homogeneous Manifolds of Non-compact Dimension Two If $X$ is a connected complex manifold with $d_X = 2$ that admits a (connected) Lie group $G$
acting transitively as a group of holomorphic transformations, then the action extends to an action of the
complexification $\widehat{G}$ of $G$ on $X$ except when
either the unit disk in the complex plane
or a strictly pseudoconcave homogeneous complex manifold is
the base or fiber of some homogeneous fibration of $X$.
Keywords:homogeneous complex manifold, non-compact dimension two, complexification Category:32M10 |
32. CMB Online first
Characters on $C( X)$ The precise condition on a completely regular space $X$ for every character on
$C(X) $ to be an evaluation at some point in $X$ is that $X$ be
realcompact. Usually, this classical result is obtained relying heavily on
involved (and even nonconstructive) extension arguments. This note provides a
direct proof that is accessible to a large audience.
Keywords:characters, realcompact, evaluation, real-valued continuous functions Categories:54C30, 46E25 |
33. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 708)
Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free
orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free
semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we
substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in
addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any
non-commutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of
$O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the
corresponding non-commutative polynomial in a standard free
semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained
for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of
these results, we obtain a matrix-coefficient version of our strong
convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$-$L^\infty$ norm
equivalence for non-commutative polynomials in free semicircular
systems.
Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decay Categories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65 |
34. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 834)
Restriction Operators Acting on Radial Functions on Vector Spaces Over Finite Fields We study $L^p-L^r$ restriction estimates for
algebraic varieties $V$ in the case when restriction operators act on
radial functions in the finite field setting.
We show that if the varieties $V$ lie in odd dimensional vector
spaces over finite fields, then the conjectured restriction estimates
are possible for all radial test functions.
In addition, assuming that the varieties $V$ are defined in even
dimensional spaces and have few intersection points with the sphere
of zero radius, we also obtain the conjectured exponents for all
radial test functions.
Keywords:finite fields, radial functions, restriction operators Categories:42B05, 43A32, 43A15 |
35. CMB Online first
Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces In this paper, we investigate the common
approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of
nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that
$T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space
$(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the
common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common
approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family.
Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate
fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear
mappings.
Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic space Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10 |
36. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 648)
On the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-Hypercentre of Finite Groups Let $G$ be a finite group, $\mathcal F$ a class of groups.
Then $Z_{{\mathcal F}{\Phi}}(G)$ is the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre
of $G$ which is the product of all normal subgroups of $G$ whose
non-Frattini $G$-chief factors are $\mathcal F$-central in $G$. A
subgroup $H$ is called $\mathcal M$-supplemented in a finite group
$G$, if there exists a subgroup $B$ of $G$ such that $G=HB$ and
$H_1B$ is a proper subgroup of $G$ for any maximal subgroup $H_1$
of $H$. The main purpose of this paper is to prove: Let $E$ be a
normal subgroup of a group $G$. Suppose that every noncyclic
Sylow
subgroup $P$ of $F^{*}(E)$ has a subgroup $D$ such that
$1\lt |D|\lt |P|$ and every subgroup $H$ of $P$ with order $|H|=|D|$
is
$\mathcal M$-supplemented in $G$, then $E\leq Z_{{\mathcal
U}{\Phi}}(G)$.
Keywords:${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre, Sylow subgroups, $\mathcal M$-supplemented subgroups, formation Categories:20D10, 20D20 |
37. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 477)
On Set Theoretically and Cohomologically Complete Intersection Ideals Let $(R,\mathfrak m)$ be a local ring and $\mathfrak a$ be an ideal of $R$. The inequalities
\[
\operatorname{ht}(\mathfrak a) \leq \operatorname{cd}(\mathfrak a,R) \leq
\operatorname{ara}(\mathfrak a) \leq
l(\mathfrak a) \leq \mu(\mathfrak a)
\]
are known. It is an interesting and long-standing problem to find
out the cases giving equality. Thanks to the formal grade we give
conditions in which the above inequalities become
equalities.
Keywords:set-theoretically and cohomologically complete intersection ideals, analytic spread, monomials, formal grade, depth of powers of ideals Categories:13D45, 13C14 |
38. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 579)
On the Hereditary Paracompactness of Locally Compact, Hereditarily Normal Spaces We establish that if it is consistent that there is a
supercompact cardinal, then it is consistent that every locally
compact, hereditarily normal space which does not include a perfect
pre-image of $\omega_1$ is hereditarily paracompact.
Keywords:locally compact, hereditarily normal, paracompact, Axiom R, PFA$^{++}$ Categories:54D35, 54D15, 54D20, 54D45, 03E65, 03E35 |
39. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 803)
Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$-space Property Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$.
Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$-space, countable tightness Categories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25 |
40. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 485)
Fourier Coefficients of Vector-valued Modular Forms of Dimension $2$ We prove the following Theorem. Suppose that $F=(f_1, f_2)$ is a $2$-dimensional vector-valued modular form
on $\operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ whose component functions $f_1, f_2$ have rational Fourier coefficients
with bounded denominators. Then $f_1$ and $f_2$ are classical modular forms on a congruence subgroup of the modular group.
Keywords:vector-valued modular form, modular group, bounded denominators Categories:11F41, 11G99 |
41. CMB Online first
On an Exponential Functional Inequality and its Distributional Version Let $G$ be a group and $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$ or $\mathbb
R$.
In this article, as a generalization of the result of Albert
and Baker,
we investigate the behavior of bounded
and unbounded functions $f\colon G\to \mathbb K$ satisfying the inequality
$
\Bigl|f
\Bigl(\sum_{k=1}^n x_k
\Bigr)-\prod_{k=1}^n f(x_k)
\Bigr|\le \phi(x_2, \dots, x_n),\quad \forall\, x_1, \dots,
x_n\in G,
$
where $\phi\colon G^{n-1}\to [0, \infty)$. Also, as a distributional
version of the above inequality we consider the stability of
the functional equation
\begin{equation*}
u\circ S - \overbrace{u\otimes \cdots \otimes u}^{n-\text {times}}=0,
\end{equation*}
where $u$ is a Schwartz distribution or Gelfand hyperfunction,
$\circ$ and $\otimes$ are the pullback and tensor product of
distributions, respectively, and $S(x_1, \dots, x_n)=x_1+ \dots
+x_n$.
Keywords:distribution, exponential functional equation, Gelfand hyperfunction, stability Categories:46F99, 39B82 |
42. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 780)
Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces Previous results by the author on the connection
between three of measures
of non-compactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended
to regular spaces of measurable
functions.
An example of advantage
in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given.
Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined.
New theorems for $(k,\beta)$-boundedness of partially additive
operators are proved.
Keywords:measure of non-compactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal space Categories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10 |
43. CMB Online first
Limited Sets and Bibasic Sequences Bibasic sequences are used to study relative weak compactness
and relative norm compactness of limited sets.
Keywords:limited sets, $L$-sets, bibasic sequences, the Dunford-Pettis property Categories:46B20, 46B28, 28B05 |
44. CMB Online first
Orbits of Geometric Descent We prove that quasiconvex functions always admit descent trajectories
bypassing all non-minimizing critical points.
Keywords:differential inclusion, quasiconvex function, self-contracted curve, sweeping process Categories:34A60, 49J99 |
45. CMB Online first
Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and
has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize
the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show
that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact
Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$-algebra
$C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our
approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.
Keywords:Property T, $C^*$-algebras, transformation group, amenable Categories:46L55, 46L05 |
46. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 721)
Classification of Integral Modular Categories of Frobenius--Perron Dimension $pq^4$ and $p^2q^2$ We classify integral modular categories of dimension $pq^4$ and $p^2q^2$,
where
$p$ and $q$ are distinct primes. We show that such categories are always
group-theoretical except for categories of dimension $4q^2$.
In these cases there are
well-known examples of non-group-theoretical categories, coming from
centers of
Tambara-Yamagami categories and quantum groups. We show that a
non-group-theoretical integral modular category of dimension $4q^2$ is
equivalent to either one of these well-known examples or is of dimension
$36$ and is twist-equivalent to fusion categories arising from a
certain quantum group.
Keywords:modular categories, fusion categories Category:18D10 |
47. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 431)
The Rasmussen Invariant, Four-genus and Three-genus of an Almost Positive Knot Are Equal An oriented link is positive if it has a link diagram whose crossings are all positive.
An oriented link is almost positive if it is not positive and has a link diagram with exactly one negative crossing.
It is known that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of a positive knot are equal.
In this paper, we prove that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of an almost positive knot are equal.
Moreover, we determine the Rasmussen invariant of an almost positive knot in terms of its almost positive knot diagram.
As corollaries, we prove that all almost positive knots are not homogeneous, and there is no almost positive knot of $4$-genus one.
Keywords:almost positive knot, four-genus, Rasmussen invariant Categories:57M27, 57M25 |
48. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 264)
On Semisimple Hopf Algebras of Dimension $pq^n$ Let $p,q$ be prime numbers with $p^2\lt q$, $n\in \mathbb{N}$, and $H$ a
semisimple Hopf algebra of dimension $pq^n$ over an algebraically
closed field of characteristic $0$. This paper proves that $H$ must
possess one of the following structures: (1) $H$ is semisolvable;
(2) $H$ is a Radford biproduct $R\# kG$, where $kG$ is the group
algebra of group $G$ of order $p$, and $R$ is a semisimple Yetter--Drinfeld
Hopf algebra in ${}^{kG}_{kG}\mathcal{YD}$ of dimension $q^n$.
Keywords:semisimple Hopf algebra, semisolvability, Radford biproduct, Drinfeld double Category:16W30 |
49. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 765)
Helicoidal Minimal Surfaces in a Finsler Space of Randers Type We consider the Finsler space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$ obtained by
perturbing the Euclidean metric of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by a rotation. It
is the open region of $\mathbb{R}^3$ bounded by a cylinder with a
Randers metric. Using the Busemann-Hausdorff volume form, we
obtain the differential equation that characterizes the helicoidal
minimal surfaces in $\bar{M}^3$. We prove that the helicoid is a
minimal surface in $\bar{M}^3$, only if the axis of the helicoid
is the axis of the cylinder. Moreover, we prove that, in the
Randers space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$, the only minimal
surfaces in the Bonnet family, with fixed axis $O\bar{x}^3$, are the catenoids
and the helicoids.
Keywords:minimal surfaces, helicoidal surfaces, Finsler space, Randers space Categories:53A10, 53B40 |
50. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 231)
On the Multiplicities of Characters in Table Algebras In this paper we show that every module of a table algebra
can be considered as a faithful module of some quotient table
algebra.
Also we prove that every faithful module of a table algebra
determines a closed subset which is a cyclic group.
As a main result we give some information about multiplicities
of characters in table algebras.
Keywords:table algebra, faithful module, multiplicity of character Categories:20C99, 16G30 |