Expand all Collapse all | Results 26 - 50 of 421 |
26. CMB Online first
Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and
has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize
the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show
that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact
Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$-algebra
$C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our
approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.
Keywords:Property T, $C^*$-algebras, transformation group, amenable Categories:46L55, 46L05 |
27. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 431)
The Rasmussen Invariant, Four-genus and Three-genus of an Almost Positive Knot Are Equal An oriented link is positive if it has a link diagram whose crossings are all positive.
An oriented link is almost positive if it is not positive and has a link diagram with exactly one negative crossing.
It is known that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of a positive knot are equal.
In this paper, we prove that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of an almost positive knot are equal.
Moreover, we determine the Rasmussen invariant of an almost positive knot in terms of its almost positive knot diagram.
As corollaries, we prove that all almost positive knots are not homogeneous, and there is no almost positive knot of $4$-genus one.
Keywords:almost positive knot, four-genus, Rasmussen invariant Categories:57M27, 57M25 |
28. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 264)
On Semisimple Hopf Algebras of Dimension $pq^n$ Let $p,q$ be prime numbers with $p^2\lt q$, $n\in \mathbb{N}$, and $H$ a
semisimple Hopf algebra of dimension $pq^n$ over an algebraically
closed field of characteristic $0$. This paper proves that $H$ must
possess one of the following structures: (1) $H$ is semisolvable;
(2) $H$ is a Radford biproduct $R\# kG$, where $kG$ is the group
algebra of group $G$ of order $p$, and $R$ is a semisimple Yetter--Drinfeld
Hopf algebra in ${}^{kG}_{kG}\mathcal{YD}$ of dimension $q^n$.
Keywords:semisimple Hopf algebra, semisolvability, Radford biproduct, Drinfeld double Category:16W30 |
29. CMB Online first
Helicoidal Minimal Surfaces in a Finsler Space of Randers Type We consider the Finsler space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$ obtained by
perturbing the Euclidean metric of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by a rotation. It
is the open region of $\mathbb{R}^3$ bounded by a cylinder with a
Randers metric. Using the Busemann-Hausdorff volume form, we
obtain the differential equation that characterizes the helicoidal
minimal surfaces in $\bar{M}^3$. We prove that the helicoid is a
minimal surface in $\bar{M}^3$, only if the axis of the helicoid
is the axis of the cylinder. Moreover, we prove that, in the
Randers space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$, the only minimal
surfaces in the Bonnet family, with fixed axis $O\bar{x}^3$, are the catenoids
and the helicoids.
Keywords:minimal surfaces, helicoidal surfaces, Finsler space, Randers space Categories:53A10, 53B40 |
30. CMB Online first
Classification of Integral Modular Categories of Frobenius--Perron Dimension $pq^4$ and $p^2q^2$ We classify integral modular categories of dimension $pq^4$ and $p^2q^2$,
where
$p$ and $q$ are distinct primes. We show that such categories are always
group-theoretical except for categories of dimension $4q^2$.
In these cases there are
well-known examples of non-group-theoretical categories, coming from
centers of
Tambara-Yamagami categories and quantum groups. We show that a
non-group-theoretical integral modular category of dimension $4q^2$ is
equivalent to either one of these well-known examples or is of dimension
$36$ and is twist-equivalent to fusion categories arising from a
certain quantum group.
Keywords:modular categories, fusion categories Category:18D10 |
31. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 231)
On the Multiplicities of Characters in Table Algebras In this paper we show that every module of a table algebra
can be considered as a faithful module of some quotient table
algebra.
Also we prove that every faithful module of a table algebra
determines a closed subset which is a cyclic group.
As a main result we give some information about multiplicities
of characters in table algebras.
Keywords:table algebra, faithful module, multiplicity of character Categories:20C99, 16G30 |
32. CMB Online first
A short note on short pants It is a theorem of Bers that any closed hyperbolic surface admits a pants decomposition consisting of curves of bounded length where the bound only depends on the topology of the surface. The question of the quantification of the optimal constants has been well studied and the best upper bounds to date are linear in genus, a theorem of Buser and SeppÃ¤lÃ¤. The goal of this note is to give a short proof of a linear upper bound which slightly improve the best known bound.
Keywords:hyperbolic surfaces, geodesics, pants decompositions Categories:30F10, 32G15, 53C22 |
33. CMB Online first
Factorisation of Two-variable $p$-adic $L$-functions Let $f$ be a modular form which is non-ordinary at $p$. Loeffler has
recently constructed four two-variable $p$-adic $L$-functions
associated to $f$. In the case where $a_p=0$, he showed that, as in
the one-variable case, Pollack's plus and minus splitting applies to
these new objects. In this article, we show that such a splitting can
be generalised to the case where $a_p\ne0$ using Sprung's logarithmic
matrix.
Keywords:modular forms, p-adic L-functions, supersingular primes Categories:11S40, 11S80 |
34. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 463)
Constructive Proof of Carpenter's Theorem We give a constructive proof of Carpenter's Theorem due to Kadison.
Unlike the original proof our approach also yields the
real case of this theorem.
Keywords:diagonals of projections, the Schur-Horn theorem, the Pythagorean theorem, the Carpenter theorem, spectral theory Categories:42C15, 47B15, 46C05 |
35. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 585)
Short Probabilistic Proof of the Brascamp-Lieb and Barthe Theorems We give a short proof of the Brascamp-Lieb theorem, which asserts that
a certain general form of Young's convolution inequality is saturated
by Gaussian functions. The argument is inspired by Borell's stochastic
proof of the PrÃ©kopa-Leindler inequality and applies also to the
reversed Brascamp-Lieb inequality, due to Barthe.
Keywords:functional inequalities, Brownian motion Categories:39B62, 60J65 |
36. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)
On $3$-manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$-contractible, where $K$
is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors
homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any
base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a
subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this
latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible. We obtain a
list of the closed $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two open
$\mathcal{G}_K$-contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list
of the possible closed prime $3$-manifolds that can be covered by two
open $K$-contractible subsets.
Keywords:Lusternik--Schnirelmann category, coverings of $3$-manifolds by open $K$-contractible sets Categories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16 |
37. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 119)
Splitting Families and Complete Separability We answer a question from Raghavan and SteprÄns
by showing that $\mathfrak{s} = {\mathfrak{s}}_{\omega, \omega}$. Then we use this to construct a completely separable maximal almost disjoint family under $\mathfrak{s} \leq \mathfrak{a}$, partially answering a question of Shelah.
Keywords:maximal almost disjoint family, cardinal invariants Categories:03E05, 03E17, 03E65 |
38. CMB Online first
Left-orderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$ We show that the resulting manifold by $r$-surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is
the two-bridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has left-orderable
fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$.
Keywords:left-ordering, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 |
39. CMB Online first
Left-orderable fundamental group and Dehn surgery on the knot $5_2$ We show that the resulting manifold by $r$-surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is
the two-bridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has left-orderable
fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$.
Keywords:left-ordering, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 |
40. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 381)
On Complex Explicit Formulae Connected with the MÃ¶bius Function of an Elliptic Curve We study analytic properties function $m(z, E)$, which is defined on the upper half-plane as an integral from the shifted $L$-function of an elliptic curve. We show that $m(z, E)$ analytically continues to a meromorphic function on the whole complex plane and satisfies certain functional equation. Moreover, we give explicit formula for $m(z, E)$ in the strip $|\Im{z}|\lt 2\pi$.
Keywords:L-function, MÃ¶bius function, explicit formulae, elliptic curve Categories:11M36, 11G40 |
41. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 245)
Assouad-Nagata Dimension of Wreath Products of Groups Consider the wreath product $H\wr G$, where $H\ne 1$ is finite and $G$ is finitely generated.
We show that the Assouad-Nagata dimension $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)$ of $H\wr G$
depends on the growth of $G$ as follows:
\par If the growth of $G$ is not bounded by a linear function, then $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\infty$,
otherwise $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\dim_{AN}(G)\leq 1$.
Keywords:Assouad-Nagata dimension, asymptotic dimension, wreath product, growth of groups Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65 |
42. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 439)
The Fixed Point Locus of the Verschiebung on $\mathcal{M}_X(2, 0)$ for Genus-2 Curves $X$ in Charateristic $2$ |
The Fixed Point Locus of the Verschiebung on $\mathcal{M}_X(2, 0)$ for Genus-2 Curves $X$ in Charateristic $2$ We prove that for every ordinary genus-$2$ curve $X$ over a finite
field $\kappa$ of characteristic $2$ with
$\textrm{Aut}(X/\kappa)=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z} \times S_3$, there exist
$\textrm{SL}(2,\kappa[\![s]\!])$-representations of $\pi_1(X)$ such
that the image of $\pi_1(\overline{X})$ is infinite. This result
produces a family of examples similar to Laszlo's counterexample
to de Jong's question regarding the finiteness of the geometric
monodromy of representations of the fundamental group.
Keywords:vector bundle, Frobenius pullback, representation, etale fundamental group Categories:14H60, 14D05, 14G15 |
43. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 310)
Left-orderable Fundamental Group and Dehn Surgery on the Knot $5_2$ We show that the resulting manifold by $r$-surgery on the knot $5_2$, which is
the two-bridge knot corresponding to the rational number $3/7$, has left-orderable
fundamental group if the slope $r$ satisfies $0\le r \le 4$.
Keywords:left-ordering, Dehn surgery Categories:57M25, 06F15 |
44. CMB Online first
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Two-Plane Grassmannians with Reeb Parallel Structure Jacobi Operator In this paper we give a characterization of a real hypersurface of
Type~$(A)$ in complex two-plane Grassmannians ${ { {G_2({\mathbb
C}^{m+2})} } }$, which means a
tube over a totally geodesic $G_{2}(\mathbb C^{m+1})$ in
${G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})}$, by
the Reeb parallel structure Jacobi operator ${\nabla}_{\xi}R_{\xi}=0$.
Keywords:real hypersurfaces, complex two-plane Grassmannians, Hopf hypersurface, Reeb parallel, structure Jacobi operator Categories:53C40, 53C15 |
45. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 506)
On Braided and Ribbon Unitary Fusion Categories We prove that every braiding over a unitary fusion category is
unitary and every unitary braided fusion category admits a unique
unitary ribbon structure.
Keywords:fusion categories, braided categories, modular categories Categories:20F36, 16W30, 18D10 |
46. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 401)
Curvature of $K$-contact Semi-Riemannian Manifolds In this paper we characterize $K$-contact semi-Riemannian manifolds
and Sasakian semi-Riemannian manifolds in terms of
curvature. Moreover, we show that any conformally flat $K$-contact
semi-Riemannian manifold is Sasakian and of constant sectional
curvature $\kappa=\varepsilon$, where $\varepsilon =\pm 1$ denotes
the causal character of the Reeb vector field. Finally, we give some
results about the curvature of a $K$-contact Lorentzian manifold.
Keywords:contact semi-Riemannian structures, $K$-contact structures, conformally flat manifolds, Einstein Lorentzian-Sasaki manifolds Categories:53C50, 53C25, 53B30 |
47. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 254)
On Parseval Wavelet Frames with Two or Three Generators via the Unitary Extension Principle The unitary extension principle (UEP) by Ron and Shen yields a
sufficient condition for the construction of Parseval wavelet frames with
multiple generators. In this paper we characterize the UEP-type wavelet systems that
can be extended to a Parseval wavelet frame by adding just one UEP-type wavelet
system. We derive a condition that is necessary for the extension of a UEP-type
wavelet system to any Parseval wavelet frame with any number of generators, and
prove that this condition is also sufficient to ensure that an extension
with just two generators is possible.
Keywords:Bessel sequences, frames, extension of wavelet Bessel system to tight frame, wavelet systems, unitary extension principle Categories:42C15, 42C40 |
48. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 449)
ZL-amenability Constants of Finite Groups with Two Character Degrees We calculate the exact amenability constant of the centre of
$\ell^1(G)$ when $G$ is one of the following classes of finite group:
dihedral; extraspecial; or Frobenius with abelian complement and
kernel. This is done using a formula which applies to all finite
groups with two character degrees. In passing, we answer in the
negative a question raised in work of the third author with Azimifard
and Spronk (J. Funct. Anal. 2009).
Keywords:center of group algebras, characters, character degrees, amenability constant, Frobenius group, extraspecial groups Categories:43A20, 20C15 |
49. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 141)
Size, Order, and Connected Domination We give a sharp upper bound on the size of a
triangle-free graph of a given order and connected domination. Our
bound, apart from
strengthening an old classical theorem of Mantel and of
TurÃ¡n , improves on a theorem of Sanchis.
Further, as corollaries, we settle a long standing
conjecture of Graffiti on the leaf number and local independence for
triangle-free graphs and answer a question of Griggs, Kleitman and
Shastri on a lower bound of the leaf number in
triangle-free graphs.
Keywords:size, connected domination, local independence number, leaf number Category:05C69 |
50. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 125)
Camina Triples In this paper, we study Camina triples. Camina triples are a
generalization of Camina pairs. Camina pairs were first introduced
in 1978 by A .R. Camina.
Camina's work
was inspired by the study of Frobenius groups. We
show that if $(G,N,M)$ is a Camina triple, then either $G/N$ is a
$p$-group, or $M$ is abelian, or $M$ has a non-trivial nilpotent or
Frobenius quotient.
Keywords:Camina triples, Camina pairs, nilpotent groups, vanishing off subgroup, irreducible characters, solvable groups Category:20D15 |