401. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 483)
 Baake, Michael

Diffraction of Weighted Lattice Subsets
A Dirac comb of point measures in Euclidean space with bounded
complex weights that is supported on a lattice $\varGamma$ inherits
certain general properties from the lattice structure. In
particular, its autocorrelation admits a factorization into a
continuous function and the uniform lattice Dirac comb, and its
diffraction measure is periodic, with the dual lattice
$\varGamma^*$ as lattice of periods. This statement remains true
in the setting of a locally compact Abelian group whose topology
has a countable base.
Keywords:diffraction, Dirac combs, lattice subsets, homometric sets Categories:52C07, 43A25, 52C23, 43A05 

402. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 337)
 Chen, Imin

Surjectivity of $\mod\ell$ Representations Attached to Elliptic Curves and Congruence Primes
For a modular elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$, we show a number of
links between the primes $\ell$ for which the mod $\ell$
representation of $E/\mathbb{Q}$ has projective dihedral image and
congruence primes for the newform associated to $E/\mathbb{Q}$.
Keywords:torsion points of elliptic curves, Galois representations, congruence primes, Serre tori, grossencharacters, nonsplit Cartan Categories:11G05, 11F80 

403. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 428)
 Mollin, R. A.

Criteria for Simultaneous Solutions of $X^2  DY^2 = c$ and $x^2  Dy^2 = c$
The purpose of this article is to provide criteria for the
simultaneous solvability of the Diophantine equations $X^2  DY^2 =
c$ and $x^2  Dy^2 = c$ when $c \in \mathbb{Z}$, and $D \in
\mathbb{N}$ is not a perfect square. This continues work in
\cite{me}\cite{alfnme}.
Keywords:continued fractions, Diophantine equations, fundamental units, simultaneous solutions Categories:11A55, 11R11, 11D09 

404. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 378)
 FernándezLópez, Manuel; GarcíaRío, Eduardo; Kupeli, Demir N.

The Local MÃ¶bius Equation and Decomposition Theorems in Riemannian Geometry
A partial differential equation, the local M\"obius equation, is
introduced in Riemannian geometry which completely characterizes the
local twisted product structure of a Riemannian manifold. Also the
characterizations of warped product and product structures of
Riemannian manifolds are made by the local M\"obius equation and an
additional partial differential equation.
Keywords:submersion, MÃ¶bius equation, twisted product, warped product, product Riemannian manifolds Categories:53C12, 58J99 

405. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 161)
406. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 272)
 Neusel, Mara D.

The Transfer in the Invariant Theory of Modular Permutation Representations II
In this note we show that the image of the transfer for permutation
representations of finite groups is generated by the transfers of
special monomials. This leads to a description of the image of the
transfer of the alternating groups. We also determine the height of
these ideals.
Keywords:polynomial invariants of finite groups, permutation representation, transfer Category:13A50 

407. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 265)
 Nawrocki, Marek

On the Smirnov Class Defined by the Maximal Function
H.~O.~Kim has shown that contrary to the case of
$H^p$space, the Smirnov class $M$ defined by the radial maximal
function is essentially smaller than the classical Smirnov class
of the disk. In the paper we show that these two classes have the
same corresponding locally convex structure, {\it i.e.} they have the
same dual spaces and the same Fr\'echet envelopes. We describe a
general form of a continuous linear functional on $M$ and
multiplier from $M$ into $H^p$, $0 < p \leq \infty$.
Keywords:Smirnov class, maximal radial function, multipliers, dual space, FrÃ©chet envelope Categories:46E10, 30A78, 30A76 

408. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 213)
 Gordon, B. Brent; Joshi, Kirti

Griffiths Groups of Supersingular Abelian Varieties
The Griffiths group $\Gr^r(X)$ of a smooth projective variety $X$ over
an algebraically closed field is defined to be the group of homologically
trivial algebraic cycles of codimension $r$ on $X$ modulo the subgroup of
algebraically trivial algebraic cycles. The main result of this paper is
that the Griffiths group $\Gr^2 (A_{\bar{k}})$ of a supersingular
abelian variety $A_{\bar{k}}$ over the algebraic closure of a finite
field of characteristic $p$ is at most a $p$primary torsion group.
As a corollary the same conclusion holds for supersingular Fermat
threefolds. In contrast, using methods of C.~Schoen it is also
shown that if the Tate conjecture is valid for all smooth
projective surfaces and all finite extensions of the finite ground
field $k$ of characteristic $p>2$, then the Griffiths group of any ordinary
abelian threefold $A_{\bar{k}}$ over the algebraic closure of $k$ is
nontrivial; in fact, for all but a finite number of primes $\ell\ne p$ it
is the case that $\Gr^2 (A_{\bar{k}}) \otimes \Z_\ell \neq 0$.
Keywords:Griffiths group, Beauville conjecture, supersingular Abelian variety, Chow group Categories:14J20, 14C25 

409. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 109)
 Hall, R. R.; Shiu, P.

The Distribution of Totatives
D.~H.~Lehmer initiated the study of the distribution of totatives, which
are numbers coprime with a given integer. This led to various problems
considered by P.~Erd\H os, who made a conjecture on such distributions.
We prove his conjecture by establishing a theorem on the ordering of
residues.
Keywords:Euler's function, totatives Categories:11A05, 11A07, 11A25 

410. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 154)
 Weitsman, Allen

On the Poisson Integral of Step Functions and Minimal Surfaces
Applications of minimal surface methods are made to obtain information
about univalent harmonic mappings. In the case where the mapping arises
as the Poisson integral of a step function, lower bounds for the number
of zeros of the dilatation are obtained in terms of the geometry of the
image.
Keywords:harmonic mappings, dilatation, minimal surfaces Categories:30C62, 31A05, 31A20, 49Q05 

411. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 138)
412. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 97)
 Haas, Andrew

Invariant Measures and Natural Extensions
We study ergodic properties of a family of interval maps that are
given as the fractional parts of certain real M\"obius
transformations. Included are the maps that are exactly
$n$to$1$, the classical Gauss map and the Renyi or backward
continued fraction map. A new approach is presented for deriving
explicit realizations of natural automorphic extensions and their
invariant measures.
Keywords:Continued fractions, interval maps, invariant measures Categories:11J70, 58F11, 58F03 

413. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 504)
 Zhang, Yong

Weak Amenability of a Class of Banach Algebras
We show that, if a Banach algebra $\A$ is a left ideal in its second
dual algebra and has a left bounded approximate identity, then the
weak amenability of $\A$ implies the ($2m+1$)weak amenability of $\A$
for all $m\geq 1$.
Keywords:$n$weak amenability, left ideals, left bounded approximate identity Categories:46H20, 46H10, 46H25 

414. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 398)
 Cardon, David A.; Ram Murty, M.

Exponents of Class Groups of Quadratic Function Fields over Finite Fields
We find a lower bound on the number of imaginary quadratic extensions
of the function field $\F_q(T)$ whose class groups have an element of
a fixed order.
More precisely, let $q \geq 5$ be a power of an odd prime and let $g$
be a fixed positive integer $\geq 3$. There are $\gg q^{\ell
(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{g})}$ polynomials $D \in \F_q[T]$ with $\deg(D)
\leq \ell$ such that the class groups of the quadratic extensions
$\F_q(T,\sqrt{D})$ have an element of order~$g$.
Keywords:class number, quadratic function field Categories:11R58, 11R29 

415. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 323)
 Schuman, Bertrand

Une classe d'hamiltoniens polynomiaux isochrones
Soit $H_0 = \frac{x^2+y^2}{2}$ un hamiltonien isochrone du plan
$\Rset^2$. On met en \'evidence une classe d'hamiltoniens isochrones
qui sont des perturbations polynomiales de $H_0$. On obtient alors
une condition n\'ecessaire d'isochronisme, et un crit\`ere de choix
pour les hamiltoniens isochrones. On voit ce r\'esultat comme \'etant
une g\'en\'eralisation du caract\`ere isochrone des perturbations
hamiltoniennes homog\`enes consid\'er\'ees dans [L], [P], [S].
Let $H_0 = \frac{x^2+y^2}{2}$ be an isochronous Hamiltonian of the
plane $\Rset^2$. We obtain a necessary condition for a system to be
isochronous. We can think of this result as a generalization of the
isochronous behaviour of the homogeneous polynomial perturbation of
the Hamiltonian $H_0$ considered in [L], [P], [S].
Keywords:Hamiltonian system, normal forms, resonance, linearization Categories:34C20, 58F05, 58F22, 58F30 

416. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 376)
417. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 337)
 Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei

Spectral Transformations of the Laurent Biorthogonal Polynomials, II. Pastro Polynomials
We continue to study the simplest closure conditions for chains of
spectral transformations of the Laurent biorthogonal polynomials
($\LBP$). It is shown that the 11periodic $q$closure condition
leads to the $\LBP$ introduced by Pastro. We introduce classes of
semiclassical and LaguerreHahn $\LBP$ associated to generic closure
conditions of the chain of spectral transformations.
Keywords:Laurent orthogonal polynomials, Pastro polynomials, spectral transformations Category:33D45 

418. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 266)
 Cencelj, M.; Dranishnikov, A. N.

Extension of Maps to Nilpotent Spaces
We show that every compactum has cohomological dimension $1$ with respect
to a finitely generated nilpotent group $G$ whenever it has cohomological
dimension $1$ with respect to the abelianization of $G$. This is applied
to the extension theory to obtain a cohomological dimension theory condition
for a finitedimensional compactum $X$ for extendability of every map from
a closed subset of $X$ into a nilpotent $\CW$complex $M$ with finitely
generated homotopy groups over all of $X$.
Keywords:cohomological dimension, extension of maps, nilpotent group, nilpotent space Categories:55M10, 55S36, 54C20, 54F45 

419. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 210)
 Leung, Man Chun

Growth Estimates on Positive Solutions of the Equation $\Delta u+K u^{\frac{n+2}{n2}}=0$ in $\R^n$
We construct unbounded positive $C^2$solutions of the equation
$\Delta u + K u^{(n + 2)/(n  2)} = 0$ in $\R^n$ (equipped
with Euclidean metric $g_o$) such that $K$ is bounded between two
positive numbers in $\R^n$, the conformal metric $g=u^{4/(n2)}g_o$
is complete, and the volume growth of $g$ can be arbitrarily fast
or reasonably slow according to the constructions. By imposing natural
conditions on $u$, we obtain growth estimate on the $L^{2n/(n2)}$norm
of the solution and show that it has slow decay.
Keywords:positive solution, conformal scalar curvature equation, growth estimate Categories:35J60, 58G03 

420. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 129)
 CurrásBosch, Carlos

LinÃ©arisation symplectique en dimension 2
In this paper the germ of neighborhood of a compact leaf in a
Lagrangian foliation is symplectically classified when the compact
leaf is $\bT^2$, the affine structure induced by the Lagrangian
foliation on the leaf is complete, and the holonomy of $\bT^2$ in
the foliation linearizes. The germ of neighborhood is classified by a
function, depending on one transverse coordinate, this function is
related to the affine structure of the nearly compact leaves.
Keywords:symplectic manifold, Lagrangian foliation, affine connection Categories:53C12, 58F05 

421. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 126)
 Zeron, E. Santillan

Each Copy of the Real Line in $\C^2$ is Removable
Around 1995, Professors Lupacciolu, Chirka and Stout showed that a
closed subset of $\C^N$ ($N\geq 2$) is removable for holomorphic
functions, if its topological dimension is less than or equal to
$N2$. Besides, they asked whether closed subsets of $\C^2$
homeomorphic to the real line (the simplest 1dimensional sets) are
removable for holomorphic functions. In this paper we propose a
positive answer to that question.
Keywords:holomorphic function, removable set Category:32D20 

422. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 97)
423. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 427)
 Ivey, Thomas A.

Helices, Hasimoto Surfaces and BÃ¤cklund Transformations
Travelling wave solutions to the vortex filament flow generated by
elastica produce surfaces in $\R^3$ that carry mutually orthogonal
foliations by geodesics and by helices. These surfaces are classified
in the special cases where the helices are all congruent or are all
generated by a single screw motion. The first case yields a new
characterization for the B\"acklund transformation for constant
torsion curves in $\R^3$, previously derived from the wellknown
transformation for pseudospherical surfaces. A similar investigation
for surfaces in $H^3$ or $S^3$ leads to a new transformation for
constant torsion curves in those spaces that is also derived from
pseudospherical surfaces.
Keywords:surfaces, filament flow, BÃ¤cklund transformations Categories:53A05, 58F37, 52C42, 58A15 

424. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 496)
 Xu, Yuan

Harmonic Polynomials Associated With Reflection Groups
We extend Maxwell's representation of harmonic polynomials to $h$harmonics
associated to a reflection invariant weight function $h_k$. Let $\CD_i$,
$1\le i \le d$, be Dunkl's operators associated with a reflection group.
For any homogeneous polynomial $P$ of degree $n$, we prove the
polynomial $\xb^{2 \gamma +d2+2n}P(\CD)\{1/\xb^{2 \gamma +d2}\}$ is
a $h$harmonic polynomial of degree $n$, where $\gamma = \sum k_i$ and
$\CD=(\CD_1,\ldots,\CD_d)$. The construction yields a basis for
$h$harmonics. We also discuss selfadjoint operators acting on the
space of $h$harmonics.
Keywords:$h$harmonics, reflection group, Dunkl's operators Categories:33C50, 33C45 

425. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 440)