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401. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 97)

Ou, Zhiming M.; Williams, Kenneth S.
 On the Density of Cyclic Quartic Fields An asymptotic formula is obtained for the number of cyclic quartic fields over $Q$ with discriminant $\leq x$. Keywords:cyclic quartic fields, density, discriminantCategories:11R16, 11R29

402. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 427)

Ivey, Thomas A.
 Helices, Hasimoto Surfaces and BÃ¤cklund Transformations Travelling wave solutions to the vortex filament flow generated by elastica produce surfaces in $\R^3$ that carry mutually orthogonal foliations by geodesics and by helices. These surfaces are classified in the special cases where the helices are all congruent or are all generated by a single screw motion. The first case yields a new characterization for the B\"acklund transformation for constant torsion curves in $\R^3$, previously derived from the well-known transformation for pseudospherical surfaces. A similar investigation for surfaces in $H^3$ or $S^3$ leads to a new transformation for constant torsion curves in those spaces that is also derived from pseudospherical surfaces. Keywords:surfaces, filament flow, BÃ¤cklund transformationsCategories:53A05, 58F37, 52C42, 58A15

403. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 496)

Xu, Yuan
 Harmonic Polynomials Associated With Reflection Groups We extend Maxwell's representation of harmonic polynomials to $h$-harmonics associated to a reflection invariant weight function $h_k$. Let $\CD_i$, $1\le i \le d$, be Dunkl's operators associated with a reflection group. For any homogeneous polynomial $P$ of degree $n$, we prove the polynomial $|\xb|^{2 \gamma +d-2+2n}P(\CD)\{1/|\xb|^{2 \gamma +d-2}\}$ is a $h$-harmonic polynomial of degree $n$, where $\gamma = \sum k_i$ and $\CD=(\CD_1,\ldots,\CD_d)$. The construction yields a basis for $h$-harmonics. We also discuss self-adjoint operators acting on the space of $h$-harmonics. Keywords:$h$-harmonics, reflection group, Dunkl's operatorsCategories:33C50, 33C45

404. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 440)

Koufogiorgos, Themis; Tsichlias, Charalambos
 On the Existence of a New Class of Contact Metric Manifolds A new class of 3-dimensional contact metric manifolds is found. Moreover it is proved that there are no such manifolds in dimensions greater than 3. Keywords:contact metric manifolds, generalized $(\kappa,\mu)$-contact metric manifoldsCategories:53C25, 53C15

405. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 418)

Gong, Guihua; Jiang, Xinhui; Su, Hongbing
 Obstructions to $\mathcal{Z}$-Stability for Unital Simple $C^*$-Algebras Let $\cZ$ be the unital simple nuclear infinite dimensional $C^*$-algebra which has the same Elliott invariant as $\bbC$, introduced in \cite{JS}. A $C^*$-algebra is called $\cZ$-stable if $A \cong A \otimes \cZ$. In this note we give some necessary conditions for a unital simple $C^*$-algebra to be $\cZ$-stable. Keywords:simple $C^*$-algebra, $\mathcal{Z}$-stability, weak (un)perforation in $K_0$ group, property $\Gamma$, finitenessCategory:46L05

406. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 294)

Bracci, Filippo
 Fixed Points of Commuting Holomorphic Maps Without Boundary Regularity We identify a class of domains of $\C^n$ in which any two commuting holomorphic self-maps have a common fixed point. Keywords:Holomorphic self-maps, commuting functions, fixed points, Wolff point, Julia's LemmaCategories:32A10, 32A40, 32H15, 32A30

407. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 362)

Kim, Hwankoo
 Examples of Half-Factorial Domains In this paper, we determine some sufficient conditions for an $A + XB[X]$ domain to be an HFD. As a consequence we give new examples of HFDs of the type $A + XB[X]$. Keywords:atomic domain, HFDCategories:13A05, 13B30, 13F15, 13G05

408. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 330)

Hare, Kathryn E.
 Maximal Operators and Cantor Sets We consider maximal operators in the plane, defined by Cantor sets of directions, and show such operators are not bounded on $L^2$ if the Cantor set has positive Hausdorff dimension. Keywords:maximal functions, Cantor set, lacunary setCategories:42B25, 43A46

409. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 268)

Bogley, W. A.; Gilbert, N. D.; Howie, James
 Cockcroft Properties of Thompson's Group In a study of the word problem for groups, R.~J.~Thompson considered a certain group $F$ of self-homeomorphisms of the Cantor set and showed, among other things, that $F$ is finitely presented. Using results of K.~S.~Brown and R.~Geoghegan, M.~N.~Dyer showed that $F$ is the fundamental group of a finite two-complex $Z^2$ having Euler characteristic one and which is {\em Cockcroft}, in the sense that each map of the two-sphere into $Z^2$ is homologically trivial. We show that no proper covering complex of $Z^2$ is Cockcroft. A general result on Cockcroft properties implies that no proper regular covering complex of any finite two-complex with fundamental group $F$ is Cockcroft. Keywords:two-complex, covering space, Cockcroft two-complex, Thompson's groupCategories:57M20, 20F38, 57M10, 20F34

410. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 3)

Adin, Ron; Blanc, David
 Resolutions of Associative and Lie Algebras Certain canonical resolutions are described for free associative and free Lie algebras in the category of non-associative algebras. These resolutions derive in both cases from geometric objects, which in turn reflect the combinatorics of suitable collections of leaf-labeled trees. Keywords:resolutions, homology, Lie algebras, associative algebras, non-associative algebras, Jacobi identity, leaf-labeled trees, associahedronCategories:18G10, 05C05, 16S10, 17B01, 17A50, 18G50

411. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 60)

Farkas, Daniel R.; Linnell, Peter A.
 Trivial Units in Group Rings Let $G$ be an arbitrary group and let $U$ be a subgroup of the normalized units in $\mathbb{Z}G$. We show that if $U$ contains $G$ as a subgroup of finite index, then $U = G$. This result can be used to give an alternative proof of a recent result of Marciniak and Sehgal on units in the integral group ring of a crystallographic group. Keywords:units, trace, finite conjugate subgroupCategories:16S34, 16U60

412. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 25)

Bounkhel, M.; Thibault, L.
 Subdifferential Regularity of Directionally Lipschitzian Functions Formulas for the Clarke subdifferential are always expressed in the form of inclusion. The equality form in these formulas generally requires the functions to be directionally regular. This paper studies the directional regularity of the general class of extended-real-valued functions that are directionally Lipschitzian. Connections with the concept of subdifferential regularity are also established. Keywords:subdifferential regularity, directional regularity, directionally Lipschitzian functionsCategories:49J52, 58C20, 49J50, 90C26

413. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 21)

Barnes, Bruce A.
 The Commutant of an Abstract Backward Shift A bounded linear operator $T$ on a Banach space $X$ is an abstract backward shift if the nullspace of $T$ is one dimensional, and the union of the null spaces of $T^k$ for all $k \geq 1$ is dense in $X$. In this paper it is shown that the commutant of an abstract backward shift is an integral domain. This result is used to derive properties of operators in the commutant. Keywords:backward shift, commutantCategory:47A99

414. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 478)

Pruss, Alexander R.
 A Remark On the Moser-Aubin Inequality For Axially Symmetric Functions On the Sphere Let $\scr S_r$ be the collection of all axially symmetric functions $f$ in the Sobolev space $H^1(\Sph^2)$ such that $\int_{\Sph^2} x_ie^{2f(\mathbf{x})} \, d\omega(\mathbf{x})$ vanishes for $i=1,2,3$. We prove that $$\inf_{f\in \scr S_r} \frac12 \int_{\Sph^2} |\nabla f|^2 \, d\omega + 2\int_{\Sph^2} f \, d\omega- \log \int_{\Sph^2} e^{2f} \, d\omega > -\oo,$$ and that this infimum is attained. This complements recent work of Feldman, Froese, Ghoussoub and Gui on a conjecture of Chang and Yang concerning the Moser-Aubin inequality. Keywords:Moser inequality, borderline Sobolev inequalities, axially symmetric functionsCategories:26D15, 58G30

415. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 427)

Berndt, Bruce C.; Chan, Heng Huat
 Ramanujan and the Modular $j$-Invariant A new infinite product $t_n$ was introduced by S.~Ramanujan on the last page of his third notebook. In this paper, we prove Ramanujan's assertions about $t_n$ by establishing new connections between the modular $j$-invariant and Ramanujan's cubic theory of elliptic functions to alternative bases. We also show that for certain integers $n$, $t_n$ generates the Hilbert class field of $\mathbb{Q} (\sqrt{-n})$. This shows that $t_n$ is a new class invariant according to H.~Weber's definition of class invariants. Keywords:modular functions, the Borweins' cubic theta-functions, Hilbert class fieldsCategories:33C05, 33E05, 11R20, 11R29

416. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 274)

Dădărlat, Marius; Eilers, Søren
 The Bockstein Map is Necessary We construct two non-isomorphic nuclear, stably finite, real rank zero $C^\ast$-algebras $E$ and $E'$ for which there is an isomorphism of ordered groups $\Theta\colon \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E;\ZZ/n) \to \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} K_\bullet(E';\ZZ/n)$ which is compatible with all the coefficient transformations. The $C^\ast$-algebras $E$ and $E'$ are not isomorphic since there is no $\Theta$ as above which is also compatible with the Bockstein operations. By tensoring with Cuntz's algebra $\OO_\infty$ one obtains a pair of non-isomorphic, real rank zero, purely infinite $C^\ast$-algebras with similar properties. Keywords:$K$-theory, torsion coefficients, natural transformations, Bockstein maps, $C^\ast$-algebras, real rank zero, purely infinite, classificationCategories:46L35, 46L80, 19K14

417. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 335)

Kim, Goansu; Tang, C. Y.
 Cyclic Subgroup Separability of HNN-Extensions with Cyclic Associated Subgroups We derive a necessary and sufficient condition for HNN-extensions of cyclic subgroup separable groups with cyclic associated subgroups to be cyclic subgroup separable. Applying this, we explicitly characterize the residual finiteness and the cyclic subgroup separability of HNN-extensions of abelian groups with cyclic associated subgroups. We also consider these residual properties of HNN-extensions of nilpotent groups with cyclic associated subgroups. Keywords:HNN-extension, nilpotent groups, cyclic subgroup separable $(\pi_c)$, residually finiteCategories:20E26, 20E06, 20F10

418. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 321)

Kikuchi, Masato
 Averaging Operators and Martingale Inequalities in Rearrangement Invariant Function Spaces We shall study some connection between averaging operators and martingale inequalities in rearrangement invariant function spaces. In Section~2 the equivalence between Shimogaki's theorem and some martingale inequalities will be established, and in Section~3 the equivalence between Boyd's theorem and martingale inequalities with change of probability measure will be established. Keywords:martingale inequalities, rearrangement invariant function spacesCategories:60G44, 60G46, 46E30

419. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 285)

Deng, Peiming
 On Kloosterman Sums with Oscillating Coefficients In this paper we prove: for any positive integers $a$ and $q$ with $(a,q) =1$, we have uniformly $$\sum_{\substack{n \leq N \\ (n,q) = 1, \,n\on \equiv 1 (\mod q)}} \mu (n) e \left( \frac{a\on}{q} \right) \ll Nd (q) \left\{ \frac{\log^{\frac52} N}{q^{\frac12}} + \frac{q^{\frac15} \log^{\frac{13}5} N}{N^{\frac15}} \right\}.$$ This improves the previous bound obtained by D.~Hajela, A.~Pollington and B.~Smith~\cite{5}. Keywords:Kloosterman sums, oscillating coefficients, estimateCategory:10G10

420. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 190)

Gilmer, Patrick M.
 Topological Quantum Field Theory and Strong Shift Equivalence Given a TQFT in dimension $d+1,$ and an infinite cyclic covering of a closed $(d+1)$-dimensional manifold $M$, we define an invariant taking values in a strong shift equivalence class of matrices. The notion of strong shift equivalence originated in R.~Williams' work in symbolic dynamics. The Turaev-Viro module associated to a TQFT and an infinite cyclic covering is then given by the Jordan form of this matrix away from zero. This invariant is also defined if the boundary of $M$ has an $S^1$ factor and the infinite cyclic cover of the boundary is standard. We define a variant of a TQFT associated to a finite group $G$ which has been studied by Quinn. In this way, we recover a link invariant due to D.~Silver and S.~Williams. We also obtain a variation on the Silver-Williams invariant, by using the TQFT associated to $G$ in its unmodified form. Keywords:knot, link, TQFT, symbolic dynamics, shift equivalenceCategories:57R99, 57M99, 54H20

421. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 198)

Guadalupe, José J.; Pérez, Mario; Varona, Juan L.
 Commutators and Analytic Dependence of Fourier-Bessel Series on $(0,\infty)$ In this paper we study the boundedness of the commutators $[b, S_n]$ where $b$ is a $\BMO$ function and $S_n$ denotes the $n$-th partial sum of the Fourier-Bessel series on $(0,\infty)$. Perturbing the measure by $\exp(2b)$ we obtain that certain operators related to $S_n$ depend analytically on the functional parameter $b$. Keywords:Fourier-Bessel series, commutators, BMO, $A_p$ weightsCategory:42C10

422. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 139)

Bonet, José; Domański, Paweł; Lindström, Mikael
 Essential Norm and Weak Compactness of Composition Operators on Weighted Banach Spaces of Analytic Functions Every weakly compact composition operator between weighted Banach spaces $H_v^{\infty}$ of analytic functions with weighted sup-norms is compact. Lower and upper estimates of the essential norm of continuous composition operators are obtained. The norms of the point evaluation functionals on the Banach space $H_v^{\infty}$ are also estimated, thus permitting to get new characterizations of compact composition operators between these spaces. Keywords:weighted Banach spaces of holomorphic functions, composition operator, compact operator, weakly compact operatorCategories:47B38, 30D55, 46E15

423. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 13)

Brendle, Jörg
 Dow's Principle and $Q$-Sets A $Q$-set is a set of reals every subset of which is a relative $G_\delta$. We investigate the combinatorics of $Q$-sets and discuss a question of Miller and Zhou on the size $\qq$ of the smallest set of reals which is not a $Q$-set. We show in particular that various natural lower bounds for $\qq$ are consistently strictly smaller than $\qq$. Keywords:$Q$-set, cardinal invariants of the continuum, pseudointersection number, $\MA$($\sigma$-centered), Dow's principle, almost disjoint family, almost disjointness principle, iterated forcingCategories:03E05, 03E35, 54A35

424. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 125)

Smith, Larry
 Modular Vector Invariants of Cyclic Permutation Representations Vector invariants of finite groups (see the introduction for an explanation of the terminology) have often been used to illustrate the difficulties of invariant theory in the modular case: see, \eg., \cite{Ber}, \cite{norway}, \cite{fossum}, \cite{MmeB}, \cite{poly} and \cite{survey}. It is therefore all the more surprising that the {\it unpleasant} properties of these invariants may be derived from two unexpected, and remarkable, {\it nice} properties: namely for vector permutation invariants of the cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order in characteristic $p$ the image of the transfer homomorphism $\Tr^{\mathbb{Z}/p} \colon \mathbb{F}[V] \lra \mathbb{F}[V]^{\mathbb{Z}/p}$ is a prime ideal, and the quotient algebra $\mathbb{F}[V]^{\mathbb{Z}/p}/ \Im (\Tr^{\mathbb{Z}/p})$ is a polynomial algebra on the top Chern classes of the action. Keywords:polynomial invariants of finite groupsCategory:13A50

425. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 118)

Rao, T. S. S. R. K.
 Points of Weak$^\ast$-Norm Continuity in the Unit Ball of the Space $\WC(K,X)^\ast$ For a compact Hausdorff space with a dense set of isolated points, we give a complete description of points of weak$^\ast$-norm continuity in the dual unit ball of the space of Banach space valued functions that are continuous when the range has the weak topology. As an application we give a complete description of points of weak-norm continuity of the unit ball of the space of vector measures when the underlying Banach space has the Radon-Nikodym property. Keywords:Points of weak$^\ast$-norm continuity, space of vector valued weakly continuous functions, $M$-idealsCategories:46B20, 46E40
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