376. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 334)
377. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 195)
378. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 310)
 Witbooi, P. J.

Relative Homotopy in Relational Structures
The homotopy groups of a finite partially ordered set (poset) can be
described entirely in the context of posets, as shown in a paper by
B. Larose and C. Tardif.
In this paper we describe the relative version of such a
homotopy theory, for pairs $(X,A)$ where $X$ is a poset and $A$ is a
subposet of $X$. We also prove some theorems on the relevant version
of the notion of weak homotopy equivalences for maps of pairs of such
objects. We work in the category of reflexive binary relational
structures which contains the posets as in the work of Larose and
Tardif.
Keywords:binary reflexive relational structure, relative homotopy group, exact sequence, locally finite space, weak homotopy equivalence Categories:55Q05, 54A05;, 18B30 

379. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 298)
 Tocón, Maribel

The Kostrikin Radical and the Invariance of the Core of Reduced Extended Affine Lie Algebras
In this paper we prove that the Kostrikin radical of an extended affine Lie algebra of
reduced type coincides with the center of its core, and use this characterization to get a typefree
description of the core of such algebras. As a consequence we get that the core of an extended affine
Lie algebra of reduced type is invariant under the automorphisms of the algebra.
Keywords:extended affine Lie algebra, Lie torus, core, Kostrikin radical Categories:17B05, 17B65 

380. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 283)
381. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 261)
 Neeb, KarlHermann

On the Classification of Rational Quantum Tori and the Structure of Their Automorphism Groups
An $n$dimensional quantum torus is a twisted group algebra of the
group $\Z^n$. It is called rational if all invertible commutators are roots
of unity. In the present note we describe a normal form for rational
$n$dimensional quantum
tori over any field. Moreover, we show that for
$n = 2$ the natural exact sequence
describing the automorphism group of the quantum torus splits over any
field.
Keywords:quantum torus, normal form, automorphisms of quantum tori Category:16S35 

382. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 236)
383. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 217)
 Filippakis, Michael E.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

A Multivalued Nonlinear System with the Vector $p$Laplacian on the SemiInfinity Interval
We study a second order nonlinear system driven by the vector
$p$Laplacian, with a multivalued nonlinearity and defined on
the positive time semiaxis $\mathbb{R}_+.$ Using degree
theoretic techniques we solve an auxiliary mixed boundary value
problem defined on the finite interval $[0,n]$ and then via a
diagonalization method we produce a solution for the original
infinite timehorizon system.
Keywords:semiinfinity interval, vector $p$Laplacian, multivalued nonlinear, fixed point index, Hartman condition, completely continuous map Category:34A60 

384. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 205)
 Duda, Jakub

On GÃ¢teaux Differentiability of Pointwise Lipschitz Mappings
We prove that for every function $f\from X\to Y$,
where $X$ is a separable Banach space and $Y$ is a Banach space
with RNP, there exists a set $A\in\tilde\mcA$ such that $f$ is
G\^ateaux differentiable at all $x\in S(f)\setminus A$, where
$S(f)$ is the set of points where $f$ is pointwiseLipschitz.
This improves a result of Bongiorno. As a corollary,
we obtain that every $K$monotone function on a separable Banach space
is Hadamard differentiable outside of a set belonging to $\tilde\mcC$;
this improves a result due to Borwein and Wang.
Another corollary is that if $X$ is Asplund, $f\from X\to\R$ cone monotone,
$g\from X\to\R$ continuous convex, then there exists a point in $X$, where $f$ is Hadamard
differentiable and $g$ is Fr\'echet differentiable.
Keywords:GÃ¢teaux differentiable function, RadonNikodÃ½m property, differentiability of Lipschitz functions, pointwiseLipschitz functions, cone mononotone functions Categories:46G05, 46T20 

385. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 172)
386. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 100)
 Petkov, Vesselin

Dynamical Zeta Function for Several Strictly Convex Obstacles
The behavior of the dynamical zeta function $Z_D(s)$ related to
several strictly convex disjoint obstacles is similar to that of the
inverse $Q(s) = \frac{1}{\zeta(s)}$ of the Riemann zeta function
$\zeta(s)$. Let $\Pi(s)$ be the series obtained from $Z_D(s)$ summing
only over primitive periodic rays. In this paper we examine the
analytic singularities of $Z_D(s)$ and $\Pi(s)$ close to the line $\Re
s = s_2$, where $s_2$ is the abscissa of absolute convergence of the
series obtained by the second iterations of the primitive periodic
rays. We show that at least one of the functions $Z_D(s), \Pi(s)$
has a singularity at $s = s_2$.
Keywords:dynamical zeta function, periodic rays Categories:11M36, 58J50 

387. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 146)
 Zhou, Xiaowen

SteppingStone Model with Circular Brownian Migration
In this paper we consider the steppingstone model on a circle with
circular Brownian migration. We first point out a connection between
Arratia flow on the circle and the marginal distribution of this
model. We then give a new representation for the steppingstone
model using Arratia flow and circular coalescing Brownian motion.
Such a representation enables us to carry out some explicit
computations. In particular, we find the distribution for the first
time when there is only one type
left across the circle.
Keywords:steppingstone model, circular coalescing Brownian motion, Arratia flow, duality, entrance law Categories:60G57, 60J65 

388. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 3)
389. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 86)
390. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 579)
 Kot, Piotr

$p$Radial Exceptional Sets and Conformal Mappings
For $p>0$ and for a given set $E$ of type $G_{\delta}$ in the boundary
of the unit disc $\partial\mathbb D$ we construct a holomorphic function
$f\in\mathbb O(\mathbb D)$ such that
\[
\int_{\mathbb D\setminus[0,1]E}ft^{p}\,d\mathfrak{L}^{2}<\infty\]
and\[
E=E^{p}(f)=\Bigl\{ z\in\partial\mathbb D:\int_{0}^{1}f(tz)^{p}\,dt=\infty\Bigr\} .\]
In particular if a set $E$ has a measure equal to zero, then a function
$f$ is constructed as integrable with power $p$ on the unit disc $\mathbb D$.
Keywords:boundary behaviour of holomorphic functions, exceptional sets Categories:30B30, 30E25 

391. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 632)
 Zelenyuk, Yevhen; Zelenyuk, Yuliya

Transformations and Colorings of Groups
Let $G$ be a compact topological group and let $f\colon G\to G$ be a
continuous transformation of $G$. Define $f^*\colon G\to G$ by
$f^*(x)=f(x^{1})x$ and let $\mu=\mu_G$ be Haar measure on $G$. Assume
that $H=\Imag f^*$ is a subgroup of $G$ and for every
measurable $C\subseteq H$,
$\mu_G((f^*)^{1}(C))=\mu_H(C)$. Then for every measurable
$C\subseteq G$, there exist $S\subseteq C$ and $g\in G$ such that
$f(Sg^{1})\subseteq Cg^{1}$ and $\mu(S)\ge(\mu(C))^2$.
Keywords:compact topological group, continuous transformation, endomorphism, Ramsey theoryinversion, Categories:05D10, 20D60, 22A10 

392. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 598)
393. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 588)
 Labute, John; Lemire, Nicole; Mináč, Ján; Swallow, John

Cohomological Dimension and Schreier's Formula in Galois Cohomology
Let $p$ be a prime and $F$ a field containing a primitive $p$th
root of unity. Then for $n\in \N$, the cohomological dimension
of the maximal pro$p$quotient $G$ of the absolute Galois group
of $F$ is at most $n$ if and only if the corestriction maps
$H^n(H,\Fp) \to H^n(G,\Fp)$ are surjective for all open
subgroups $H$ of index $p$. Using this result, we generalize
Schreier's formula for $\dim_{\Fp} H^1(H,\Fp)$ to $\dim_{\Fp}
H^n(H,\Fp)$.
Keywords:cohomological dimension, Schreier's formula, Galois theory, $p$extensions, pro$p$groups Categories:12G05, 12G10 

394. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 567)
 Joshi, Kirti

Exotic Torsion, Frobenius Splitting and the Slope Spectral Sequence
In this paper we show that any Frobenius split, smooth, projective
threefold over a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$ is
HodgeWitt. This is proved by generalizing to the case of
threefolds a wellknown criterion due to N.~Nygaard for surfaces to be HodgeWitt.
We also show that the second crystalline
cohomology of any smooth, projective Frobenius split variety does
not have any exotic torsion. In the last two sections we include
some applications.
Keywords:threefolds, Frobenius splitting, HodgeWitt, crystalline cohomology, slope spectral sequence, exotic torsion Categories:14F30, 14J30 

395. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 474)
 Zhou, Jiazu

On Willmore's Inequality for Submanifolds
Let $M$ be an $m$ dimensional submanifold in the Euclidean space
${\mathbf R}^n$ and $H$ be the mean curvature of $M$. We obtain
some low geometric estimates of the total square mean curvature
$\int_M H^2 d\sigma$. The low bounds are geometric invariants
involving the volume of $M$, the total scalar curvature of $M$,
the Euler characteristic and the circumscribed ball of $M$.
Keywords:submanifold, mean curvature, kinematic formul, scalar curvature Categories:52A22, 53C65, 51C16 

396. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 447)
 Śniatycki, Jędrzej

Generalizations of Frobenius' Theorem on Manifolds and Subcartesian Spaces
Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a family of vector fields on a manifold or a
subcartesian space spanning a distribution $D$. We prove that an orbit $O$
of $\mathcal{F}$ is an integral manifold of $D$ if $D$ is involutive on $O$
and it has constant rank on $O$. This result implies Frobenius' theorem, and
its various generalizations, on manifolds as well as on subcartesian spaces.
Keywords:differential spaces, generalized distributions, orbits, Frobenius' theorem, Sussmann's theorem Categories:58A30, 58A40 

397. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 434)
 Õzarslan, M. Ali; Duman, Oktay

MKZ Type Operators Providing a Better Estimation on $[1/2,1)$
In the present paper, we introduce a modification of the MeyerK\"{o}nig and
Zeller (MKZ) operators which preserve the test functions $f_{0}(x)=1$ and
$f_{2}(x)=x^{2}$, and we show that this modification provides a better estimation
than the classical MKZ operators on the interval $[\frac{1}{2},1)$ with
respect to the modulus of continuity and the Lipschitz class functionals.
Furthermore, we present the $r$th order generalization of our operators and
study their approximation properties.
Keywords:MeyerKÃ¶nig and Zeller operators, Korovkin type approximation theorem, modulus of continuity, Lipschitz class functionals Categories:41A25, 41A36 

398. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 206)
 Golasiński, Marek; Gonçalves, Daciberg Lima

Spherical Space Forms: Homotopy Types and SelfEquivalences for the Group $({\mathbb Z}/a\rtimes{\mathbb Z}/b) \times SL_2\,(\mathbb{F}_p)$
Let $G=({\mathbb Z}/a\rtimes{\mathbb Z}/b) \times
\SL_2(\mathbb{F}_p)$, and let $X(n)$ be an $n$dimensional
$CW$complex of the homotopy type of an $n$sphere. We study the
automorphism group $\Aut (G)$ in order to compute the number of
distinct homotopy types of spherical space forms with respect to free
and cellular $G$actions on all $CW$complexes $X(2dn1)$, where $2d$
is the period of $G$. The groups ${\mathcal E}(X(2dn1)/\mu)$ of self
homotopy equivalences of space forms $X(2dn1)/\mu$ associated with
free and cellular $G$actions $\mu$ on $X(2dn1)$ are determined as
well.
Keywords:automorphism group, $CW$complex, free and cellular $G$action, group of self homotopy equivalences, LyndonHochschildSerre spectral sequence, special (linear) group, spherical space form Categories:55M35, 55P15, 20E22, 20F28, 57S17 

399. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 284)
 McIntosh, Richard J.

Second Order Mock Theta Functions
In his last letter to Hardy, Ramanujan
defined 17 functions $F(q)$, where $q<1$. He called them mock theta
functions, because as $q$ radially approaches any point $e^{2\pi ir}$
($r$ rational), there is a theta function $F_r(q)$ with $F(q)F_r(q)=O(1)$.
In this paper we establish the relationship between two families of mock
theta functions.
Keywords:$q$series, mock theta function, Mordell integral Categories:11B65, 33D15 

400. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 234)
 Kuo, Wentang

A Remark on a Modular Analogue of the SatoTate Conjecture
The original SatoTate Conjecture concerns the angle distribution
of the eigenvalues arising from nonCM elliptic curves. In this paper,
we formulate a modular analogue of the SatoTate Conjecture and prove
that the angles arising from nonCM holomorphic Hecke
eigenforms with nontrivial central characters are not distributed
with respect to the SateTate measure
for nonCM elliptic curves. Furthermore, under a reasonable conjecture,
we prove that the expected distribution is uniform.
Keywords:$L$functions, Elliptic curves, SatoTate Categories:11F03, 11F25 
