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376. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 388)

Heppes, Aladár
Transversals with Residue in Moderately Overlapping $T(k)$-Families of Translates
Let $K$ denote an oval, a centrally symmetric compact convex domain with non-empty interior. A family of translates of $K$ is said to have property $T(k)$ if for every subset of at most $k$ translates there exists a common line transversal intersecting all of them. The integer $k$ is the stabbing level of the family. Two translates $K_i = K + c_i$ and $K_j = K + c_j$ are said to be $\sigma$-disjoint if $\sigma K + c_i$ and $\sigma K + c_j$ are disjoint. A recent Helly-type result claims that for every $\sigma > 0 $ there exists an integer $k(\sigma)$ such that if a family of $\sigma$-disjoint unit diameter discs has property $T(k)| k \geq k(\sigma)$, then there exists a straight line meeting all members of the family. In the first part of the paper we give the extension of this theorem to translates of an oval $K$. The asymptotic behavior of $k(\sigma)$ for $\sigma \rightarrow 0$ is considered as well. Katchalski and Lewis proved the existence of a constant $r$ such that for every pairwise disjoint family of translates of an oval $K$ with property $T(3)$ a straight line can be found meeting all but at most $r$ members of the family. In the second part of the paper $\sigma$-disjoint families of translates of $K$ are considered and the relation of $\sigma$ and the residue $r$ is investigated. The asymptotic behavior of $r(\sigma)$ for $\sigma \rightarrow 0$ is also discussed.

Keywords:transversal, $\sigma$-disjoint, $T(k)$-family, Helly number, residue

377. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 342)

Bezdek, K.; Kiss, Gy.
On the X-ray Number of Almost Smooth Convex Bodies and of Convex Bodies of Constant Width
The X-ray numbers of some classes of convex bodies are investigated. In particular, we give a proof of the X-ray Conjecture as well as of the Illumination Conjecture for almost smooth convex bodies of any dimension and for convex bodies of constant width of dimensions $3$, $4$, $5$ and $6$.

Keywords:almost smooth convex body, convex body of constant width, weakly neighbourly antipodal convex polytope, Illumination Conjecture, X-ray number, X-ray Conjecture
Categories:52A20, 52A37, 52C17, 52C35

378. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 186)

Broughan, Kevin A.
Extension of the Riemann $\xi$-Function's Logarithmic Derivative Positivity Region to Near the Critical Strip
If $K$ is a number field with $n_k=[k:\mathbb{Q}]$, and $\xi_k$ the symmetrized Dedekind zeta function of the field, the inequality $$\Re\,{\frac{ \xi_k'(\sigma + {\rm i} t)}{\xi_k(\sigma + {\rm i} t)}} > \frac{ \xi_k'(\sigma)}{\xi_k(\sigma)}$$ for $t\neq 0$ is shown to be true for $\sigma\ge 1+ 8/n_k^\frac{1}{3}$ improving the result of Lagarias where the constant in the inequality was 9. In the case $k=\mathbb{Q}$ the inequality is extended to $\si\ge 1$ for all $t$ sufficiently large or small and to the region $\si\ge 1+1/(\log t -5)$ for all $t\neq 0$. This answers positively a question posed by Lagarias.

Keywords:Riemann zeta function, xi function, zeta zeros
Categories:11M26, 11R42

379. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 315)

Yi, Taishan; Zou, Xingfu
Generic Quasi-Convergence for Essentially Strongly Order-Preserving Semiflows
By employing the limit set dichotomy for essentially strongly order-preserving semiflows and the assumption that limit sets have infima and suprema in the state space, we prove a generic quasi-convergence principle implying the existence of an open and dense set of stable quasi-convergent points. We also apply this generic quasi-convergence principle to a model for biochemical feedback in protein synthesis and obtain some results about the model which are of theoretical and realistic significance.

Keywords:Essentially strongly order-preserving semiflow, compactness, quasi-convergence
Categories:34C12, 34K25

380. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 295)

P{\l}otka, Krzysztof
On Functions Whose Graph is a Hamel Basis, II
We say that a function $h \from \real \to \real$ is a Hamel function ($h \in \ham$) if $h$, considered as a subset of $\real^2$, is a Hamel basis for $\real^2$. We show that $\A(\ham)\geq\omega$, \emph{i.e.,} for every finite $F \subseteq \real^\real$ there exists $f\in\real^\real$ such that $f+F \subseteq \ham$. From the previous work of the author it then follows that $\A(\ham)=\omega$.

Keywords:Hamel basis, additive, Hamel functions
Categories:26A21, 54C40, 15A03, 54C30

381. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 257)

Ikeda, Toru
Essential Surfaces in Graph Link Exteriors
An irreducible graph manifold $M$ contains an essential torus if it is not a special Seifert manifold. Whether $M$ contains a closed essential surface of negative Euler characteristic or not depends on the difference of Seifert fibrations from the two sides of a torus system which splits $M$ into Seifert manifolds. However, it is not easy to characterize geometrically the class of irreducible graph manifolds which contain such surfaces. This article studies this problem in the case of graph link exteriors.

Keywords:Graph link, Graph manifold, Seifert manifold, Essential surface
Category:57M25

382. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 224)

Ghiloni, Riccardo
Equations and Complexity for the Dubois--Efroymson Dimension Theorem
Let $\R$ be a real closed field, let $X \subset \R^n$ be an irreducible real algebraic set and let $Z$ be an algebraic subset of $X$ of codimension $\geq 2$. Dubois and Efroymson proved the existence of an irreducible algebraic subset of $X$ of codimension $1$ containing~$Z$. We improve this dimension theorem as follows. Indicate by $\mu$ the minimum integer such that the ideal of polynomials in $\R[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ vanishing on $Z$ can be generated by polynomials of degree $\leq \mu$. We prove the following two results: \begin{inparaenum}[\rm(1)] \item There exists a polynomial $P \in \R[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ of degree~$\leq \mu+1$ such that $X \cap P^{-1}(0)$ is an irreducible algebraic subset of $X$ of codimension $1$ containing~$Z$. \item Let $F$ be a polynomial in $\R[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ of degree~$d$ vanishing on $Z$. Suppose there exists a nonsingular point $x$ of $X$ such that $F(x)=0$ and the differential at $x$ of the restriction of $F$ to $X$ is nonzero. Then there exists a polynomial $G \in \R[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ of degree $\leq \max\{d,\mu+1\}$ such that, for each $t \in (-1,1) \setminus \{0\}$, the set $\{x \in X \mid F(x)+tG(x)=0\}$ is an irreducible algebraic subset of $X$ of codimension $1$ containing~$Z$. \end{inparaenum} Result (1) and a slightly different version of result~(2) are valid over any algebraically closed field also.

Keywords:Irreducible algebraic subvarieties, complexity of algebraic varieties, Bertini's theorems
Categories:14P05, 14P20

383. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 213)

Ghenciu, Ioana; Lewis, Paul
Dunford--Pettis Properties and Spaces of Operators
J. Elton used an application of Ramsey theory to show that if $X$ is an infinite dimensional Banach space, then $c_0$ embeds in $X$, $\ell_1$ embeds in $X$, or there is a subspace of $X$ that fails to have the Dunford--Pettis property. Bessaga and Pelczynski showed that if $c_0$ embeds in $X^*$, then $\ell_\infty$ embeds in $X^*$. Emmanuele and John showed that if $c_0$ embeds in $K(X,Y)$, then $K(X,Y)$ is not complemented in $L(X,Y)$. Classical results from Schauder basis theory are used in a study of Dunford--Pettis sets and strong Dunford--Pettis sets to extend each of the preceding theorems. The space $L_{w^*}(X^* , Y)$ of $w^*-w$ continuous operators is also studied.

Keywords:Dunford--Pettis property, Dunford--Pettis set, basic sequence, complemented spaces of operators
Categories:46B20, 46B28

384. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 66)

Dryden, Emily B.; Strohmaier, Alexander
Huber's Theorem for Hyperbolic Orbisurfaces
We show that for compact orientable hyperbolic orbisurfaces, the Laplace spectrum determines the length spectrum as well as the number of singular points of a given order. The converse also holds, giving a full generalization of Huber's theorem to the setting of compact orientable hyperbolic orbisurfaces.

Keywords:Huber's theorem, length spectrum, isospectral, orbisurfaces
Categories:58J53, 11F72

385. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 145)

Wang, Z.; Chen, J. L.
$2$-Clean Rings
A ring $R$ is said to be $n$-clean if every element can be written as a sum of an idempotent and $n$ units. The class of these rings contains clean rings and $n$-good rings in which each element is a sum of $n$ units. In this paper, we show that for any ring $R$, the endomorphism ring of a free $R$-module of rank at least 2 is $2$-clean and that the ring $B(R)$ of all $\omega\times \omega$ row and column-finite matrices over any ring $R$ is $2$-clean. Finally, the group ring $RC_{n}$ is considered where $R$ is a local ring.

Keywords:$2$-clean rings, $2$-good rings, free modules, row and column-finite matrix rings, group rings
Categories:16D70, 16D40, 16S50

386. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 95)

Miranian, L.
Matrix Valued Orthogonal Polynomials on the Unit Circle: Some Extensions of the Classical Theory
In the work presented below the classical subject of orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle is discussed in the matrix setting. An explicit matrix representation of the matrix valued orthogonal polynomials in terms of the moments of the measure is presented. Classical recurrence relations are revisited using the matrix representation of the polynomials. The matrix expressions for the kernel polynomials and the Christoffel--Darboux formulas are presented for the first time.

Keywords:Matrix valued orthogonal polynomials, unit circle, Schur complements, recurrence relations, kernel polynomials, Christoffel-Darboux
Category:42C99

387. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 18)

Chinea, Domingo
Harmonicity of Holomorphic Maps Between Almost Hermitian Manifolds
In this paper we study holomorphic maps between almost Hermitian manifolds. We obtain a new criterion for the harmonicity of such holomorphic maps, and we deduce some applications to horizontally conformal holomorphic submersions.

Keywords:almost Hermitian manifolds, harmonic maps, harmonic morphism
Categories:53C15, 58E20

388. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 487)

Betancor, Jorge J.; Mart\'{\i}nez, Teresa; Rodr\'{\i}guez-Mesa, Lourdes
Laplace Transform Type Multipliers for Hankel Transforms
In this paper we establish that Hankel multipliers of Laplace transform type are bounded from $L^p(w)$ into itself when $1
Keywords:Hankel transform, Laplace transform, multiplier, Calderón--Zygmund
Category:42

389. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 627)

Vidanovi\'{c}, Mirjana V.; Tri\v{c}kovi\'{c}, Slobodan B.; Stankovi\'{c}, Miomir S.
Summation of Series over Bourget Functions
In this paper we derive formulas for summation of series involving J.~Bourget's generalization of Bessel functions of integer order, as well as the analogous generalizations by H.~M.~Srivastava. These series are expressed in terms of the Riemann $\z$ function and Dirichlet functions $\eta$, $\la$, $\b$, and can be brought into closed form in certain cases, which means that the infinite series are represented by finite sums.

Keywords:Riemann zeta function, Bessel functions, Bourget functions, Dirichlet functions
Categories:33C10, 11M06, 65B10

390. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 618)

Valmorin, V.
Vanishing Theorems in Colombeau Algebras of Generalized Functions
Using a canonical linear embedding of the algebra ${\mathcal G}^{\infty}(\Omega)$ of Colombeau generalized functions in the space of $\overline{\C}$-valued $\C$-linear maps on the space ${\mathcal D}(\Omega)$ of smooth functions with compact support, we give vanishing conditions for functions and linear integral operators of class ${\mathcal G}^\infty$. These results are then applied to the zeros of holomorphic generalized functions in dimension greater than one.

Keywords:Colombeau generalized functions, linear integral operators, generalized holomorphic functions
Categories:32A60, 45P05, 46F30

391. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 593)

Ros{\l}anowski, Andrzej; Stepr\={a}ns, Juris
Chasing Silver
We show that limits of CS iterations of the $n$-Silver forcing notion have the $n$-localization property.

Keywords:$n$-localization property, the Silver forcing, CS iterations
Categories:03E40, 03E35

392. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 584)

Purbhoo, Kevin; Willigenburg, Stephanie van
On Tensor Products of Polynomial Representations
We determine the necessary and sufficient combinatorial conditions for which the tensor product of two irreducible polynomial representations of $\GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is isomorphic to another. As a consequence we discover families of Littlewood--Richardson coefficients that are non-zero, and a condition on Schur non-negativity.

Keywords:polynomial representation, symmetric function, Littlewood--Richardson coefficient, Schur non-negative
Categories:05E05, 05E10, 20C30

393. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 570)

Lutzer, D. J.; Mill, J. van; Tkachuk, V. V.
Amsterdam Properties of $C_p(X)$ Imply Discreteness of $X$
We prove, among other things, that if $C_p(X)$ is subcompact in the sense of de Groot, then the space $X$ is discrete. This generalizes a series of previous results on completeness properties of function spaces.

Keywords:regular filterbase, subcompact space, function space, discrete space
Categories:54B10, 54C05, 54D30

394. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 508)

Cavicchioli, Alberto; Spaggiari, Fulvia
A Result in Surgery Theory
We study the topological $4$-dimensional surgery problem for a closed connected orientable topological $4$-manifold $X$ with vanishing second homotopy and $\pi_1(X)\cong A * F(r)$, where $A$ has one end and $F(r)$ is the free group of rank $r\ge 1$. Our result is related to a theorem of Krushkal and Lee, and depends on the validity of the Novikov conjecture for such fundamental groups.

Keywords:four-manifolds, homotopy type, obstruction theory, homology with local coefficients, surgery, normal invariant, assembly map
Categories:57N65, 57R67, 57Q10

395. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 481)

Bayart, Frédéric
Universal Inner Functions on the Ball
It is shown that given any sequence of automorphisms $(\phi_k)_k$ of the unit ball $\bn$ of $\cn$ such that $\|\phi_k(0)\|$ tends to $1$, there exists an inner function $I$ such that the family of ``non-Euclidean translates" $(I\circ\phi_k)_k$ is locally uniformly dense in the unit ball of $H^\infty(\bn)$.

Keywords:inner functions, automorphisms of the ball, universality
Categories:32A35, 30D50, 47B38

396. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 359)

Cho, Jong Taek; Ki, U-Hang
Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Space Forms with Reeb Flow Symmetric Structure Jacobi Operator
Real hypersurfaces in a complex space form whose structure Jacobi operator is symmetric along the Reeb flow are studied. Among them, homogeneous real hypersurfaces of type $(A)$ in a complex projective or hyperbolic space are characterized as those whose structure Jacobi operator commutes with the shape operator.

Keywords:complex space form, real hypersurface, structure Jacobi operator
Categories:53B20, 53C15, 53C25

397. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 448)

Sasahara, Toru
Stability of Biharmonic Legendrian Submanifolds in Sasakian Space Forms
Biharmonic maps are defined as critical points of the bienergy. Every harmonic map is a stable biharmonic map. In this article, the stability of nonharmonic biharmonic Legendrian submanifolds in Sasakian space forms is discussed.

Keywords:biharmonic maps, Sasakian manifolds, Legendrian submanifolds
Categories:53C42, 53C40

398. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 439)

Samei, Karim
On the Maximal Spectrum of Semiprimitive Multiplication Modules
An $R$-module $M$ is called a multiplication module if for each submodule $N$ of $M$, $N=IM$ for some ideal $I$ of $R$. As defined for a commutative ring $R$, an $R$-module $M$ is said to be semiprimitive if the intersection of maximal submodules of $M$ is zero. The maximal spectra of a semiprimitive multiplication module $M$ are studied. The isolated points of $\Max(M)$ are characterized algebraically. The relationships among the maximal spectra of $M$, $\Soc(M)$ and $\Ass(M)$ are studied. It is shown that $\Soc(M)$ is exactly the set of all elements of $M$ which belongs to every maximal submodule of $M$ except for a finite number. If $\Max(M)$ is infinite, $\Max(M)$ is a one-point compactification of a discrete space if and only if $M$ is Gelfand and for some maximal submodule $K$, $\Soc(M)$ is the intersection of all prime submodules of $M$ contained in $K$. When $M$ is a semiprimitive Gelfand module, we prove that every intersection of essential submodules of $M$ is an essential submodule if and only if $\Max(M)$ is an almost discrete space. The set of uniform submodules of $M$ and the set of minimal submodules of $M$ coincide. $\Ann(\Soc(M))M$ is a summand submodule of $M$ if and only if $\Max(M)$ is the union of two disjoint open subspaces $A$ and $N$, where $A$ is almost discrete and $N$ is dense in itself. In particular, $\Ann(\Soc(M))=\Ann(M)$ if and only if $\Max(M)$ is almost discrete.

Keywords:multiplication module, semiprimitive module, Gelfand module, Zariski topolog
Category:13C13

399. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 386)

Lan, K. Q.; Yang, G. C.
Positive Solutions of the Falkner--Skan Equation Arising in the Boundary Layer Theory
The well-known Falkner--Skan equation is one of the most important equations in laminar boundary layer theory and is used to describe the steady two-dimensional flow of a slightly viscous incompressible fluid past wedge shaped bodies of angles related to $\lambda\pi/2$, where $\lambda\in \mathbb R$ is a parameter involved in the equation. It is known that there exists $\lambda^{*}<0$ such that the equation with suitable boundary conditions has at least one positive solution for each $\lambda\ge \lambda^{*}$ and has no positive solutions for $\lambda<\lambda^{*}$. The known numerical result shows $\lambda^{*}=-0.1988$. In this paper, $\lambda^{*}\in [-0.4,-0.12]$ is proved analytically by establishing a singular integral equation which is equivalent to the Falkner--Skan equation. The equivalence result provides new techniques to study properties and existence of solutions of the Falkner--Skan equation.

Keywords:Falkner-Skan equation, boundary layer problems, singular integral equation, positive solutions
Categories:34B16, 34B18, 34B40, 76D10

400. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 378)

Izuchi, Kou Hei
Cyclic Vectors in Some Weighted $L^p$ Spaces of Entire Functions
In this paper, we generalize a result recently obtained by the author. We characterize the cyclic vectors in $\Lp$. Let $f\in\Lp$ and $f\poly$ be contained in the space. We show that $f$ is non-vanishing if and only if $f$ is cyclic.

Keywords:weighted $L^p$ spaces of entire functions, cyclic vectors
Categories:47A16, 46J15, 46H25
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