376. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 281)
 Ragnarsson, Carl Johan; Suen, Wesley Wai; Wagner, David G.

Correction to a Theorem on Total Positivity
A wellknown theorem states that if $f(z)$ generates a PF$_r$
sequence then $1/f(z)$ generates a PF$_r$ sequence. We give two
counterexamples
which show that this is not true, and give a correct version of the theorem.
In the infinite limit the result is sound: if $f(z)$ generates a PF
sequence then $1/f(z)$ generates a PF sequence.
Keywords:total positivity, Toeplitz matrix, PÃ³lya frequency sequence, skew Schur function Categories:15A48, 15A45, 15A57, 05E05 

377. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 270)
378. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 265)
 Nicholson, W. K.; Zhou, Y.

Endomorphisms That Are the Sum of a Unit and a Root of a Fixed Polynomial
If $C=C(R)$ denotes the center of a ring $R$ and $g(x)$ is a polynomial in
C[x]$, Camillo and Sim\'{o}n called a ring $g(x)$clean if every element is
the sum of a unit and a root of $g(x)$. If $V$ is a vector space of
countable dimension over a division ring $D,$ they showed that
$\end {}_{D}V$ is
$g(x)$clean provided that $g(x)$ has two roots in $C(D)$. If $g(x)=xx^{2}$
this shows that $\end {}_{D}V$ is clean, a result of Nicholson and Varadarajan.
In this paper we remove the countable condition, and in fact prove that
$\Mend {}_{R}M$ is $g(x)$clean for any semisimple module $M$ over an arbitrary
ring $R$ provided that $g(x)\in (xa)(xb)C[x]$ where $a,b\in C$ and both $b$
and $ba$ are units in $R$.
Keywords:Clean rings, linear transformations, endomorphism rings Categories:16S50, 16E50 

379. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 256)
 Neelon, Tejinder

A BernsteinWalsh Type Inequality and Applications
A BernsteinWalsh type inequality for $C^{\infty }$ functions of several
variables is derived, which then is applied to obtain analogs and
generalizations of the following classical theorems: (1) BochnakSiciak
theorem: a $C^{\infty }$\ function on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ that is real
analytic on every line is real analytic; (2) ZornLelong theorem: if a
double power series $F(x,y)$\ converges on a set of lines of positive
capacity then $F(x,y)$\ is convergent; (3) AbhyankarMohSathaye theorem:
the transfinite diameter of the convergence set of a divergent series is
zero.
Keywords:BernsteinWalsh inequality, convergence sets, analytic functions, ultradifferentiable functions, formal power series Categories:32A05, 26E05 

380. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 247)
381. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 213)
382. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 11)
 Bevelacqua, Anthony J.; Motley, Mark J.

GoingDown Results for $C_{i}$Fields
We search for theorems that, given a $C_i$field $K$ and a subfield $k$ of $K$, allow
us to conclude that $k$ is a $C_j$field for some $j$. We give appropriate theorems in
the case $K=k(t)$ and $K = k\llp t\rrp$. We then consider the more difficult case where $K/k$
is an algebraic extension. Here we are able to prove some results, and make conjectures. We
also point out the connection between these questions and Lang's conjecture on nonreal function
fields over a real closed field.
Keywords:$C_i$fields, Lang's Conjecture Categories:12F, 14G 

383. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 55)
 Dubois, Jérôme

Non Abelian Twisted Reidemeister Torsion for Fibered Knots
In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the
non abelian twisted signdeter\mined Reidemeister torsion of the
exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an
application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian
Reidemeister torsion of torus knots and of the figure eight knot.
Keywords:Reidemeister torsion, Fibered knots, Knot groups, Representation space, $\SU$, $\SL$, Adjoint representation, Monodromy Categories:57Q10, 57M27, 57M25 

384. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 3)
 AlSalman, Ahmad

On a Class of Singular Integral Operators With Rough Kernels
In this paper, we study the $L^p$ mapping properties of a class of singular
integral operators with rough kernels belonging to certain block spaces. We
prove that our operators are bounded on $L^p$ provided that their kernels
satisfy a size condition much weaker than that for the classical
Calder\'{o}nZygmund singular integral operators. Moreover, we present an
example showing that our size condition is optimal. As a consequence of our
results, we substantially improve a previously known result on certain maximal
functions.
Keywords:Singular integrals, Rough kernels, Square functions,, Maximal functions, Block spaces Categories:42B20, 42B15, 42B25 

385. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 523)
 Düvelmeyer, Nico

Angle Measures and Bisectors in Minkowski Planes
\begin{abstract}
We prove that a Minkowski plane is Euclidean if and only if Busemann's or
Glogovskij's definitions
of angular bisectors coincide
with a bisector defined by an angular measure in the sense of Brass.
In addition, bisectors defined by the area measure coincide with bisectors
defined by the circumference (arc length) measure
if and only if the unit circle is an
equiframed curve.
Keywords:Radon curves, Minkowski geometry, Minkowski planes,, angular bisector, angular measure, equiframed curves Categories:52A10, 52A21 

386. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 614)
 Tuncali, H. Murat; Valov, Vesko

On FinitetoOne Maps
Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $\sigma$perfect $k$dimensional surjective
map of metrizable spaces such that $\dim Y\leq m$. It is shown that
for every positive integer $p$ with $ p\leq m+k+1$ there exists a
dense $G_{\delta}$subset ${\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$ of $C(X,\uin^{k+p})$
with the source limitation topology such that each fiber of
$f\triangle g$, $g\in{\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$, contains at most
$\max\{k+mp+2,1\}$ points. This result
provides a proof the following conjectures of
S. Bogatyi, V. Fedorchuk and J. van Mill.
Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $k$dimensional map between compact
metric spaces with $\dim Y\leq m$. Then:
\begin{inparaenum}[\rm(1)]
\item there exists a map
$h\colon X\to\uin^{m+2k}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to
Y\times\uin^{m+2k}$ is 2toone provided $k\geq 1$;
\item there exists a
map $h\colon X\to\uin^{m+k+1}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to
Y\times\uin^{m+k+1}$ is $(k+1)$toone.
\end{inparaenum}
Keywords:finitetoone maps, dimension, setvalued maps Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65 

387. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 580)
 Kot, Piotr

Exceptional Sets in Hartogs Domains
Assume that $\Omega$ is a Hartogs domain in $\mathbb{C}^{1+n}$,
defined as $\Omega=\{(z,w)\in\mathbb{C}^{1+n}:z<\mu(w),w\in H\}$, where $H$ is an open set in
$\mathbb{C}^{n}$ and $\mu$ is a continuous function with positive values in $H$ such that $\ln\mu$
is a strongly plurisubharmonic function in $H$. Let $\Omega_{w}=\Omega\cap(\mathbb{C}\times\{w\})$.
For a given set $E$ contained in $H$ of the type $G_{\delta}$ we construct a holomorphic function
$f\in\mathbb{O}(\Omega)$ such that
\[
E=\Bigl\{ w\in\mathbb{C}^{n}:\int_{\Omega_{w}}f(\cdot\,,w)^{2}\,d\mathfrak{L}^{2}=\infty\Bigr\}.
\]
Keywords:boundary behaviour of holomorphic functions,, exceptional sets Category:30B30 

388. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 561)
 Foth, Philip

A Note on Lagrangian Loci of Quotients
We study Hamiltonian actions of compact groups in the presence of
compatible involutions. We show that the Lagrangian fixed point set
on the symplectically reduced space is isomorphic to the disjoint
union of the involutively reduced spaces corresponding to
involutions on the group strongly inner to the given one.
Our techniques imply that the solution to the eigenvalues of a sum problem
for a given real form can be reduced to the quasisplit real form in the
same inner class. We also consider invariant quotients with respect to
the corresponding real form of the complexified group.
Keywords:Quotients, involutions, real forms, Lagrangian loci Category:53D20 

389. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 547)
 Fehér, L. M.; Némethi, A.; Rimányi, R.

Degeneracy of 2Forms and 3Forms
We study some global aspects of differential complex 2forms and 3forms
on complex manifolds.
We compute the cohomology classes represented by the sets of points
on a manifold where such a form degenerates in various senses,
together with other similar cohomological obstructions.
Based on these results and a formula for projective
representations, we calculate the degree of the projectivization
of certain orbits of the representation $\Lambda^k\C^n$.
Keywords:Classes of degeneracy loci, 2forms, 3forms, Thom polynomials, global singularity theory Categories:14N10, 57R45 

390. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 505)
 Bouikhalene, Belaid

On the Generalized d'Alembert's and Wilson's Functional Equations on a Compact group
Let $G$ be a compact group. Let $\sigma$ be a continuous involution
of $G$. In this paper, we are
concerned by the following functional equation
$$\int_{G}f(xtyt^{1})\,dt+\int_{G}f(xt\sigma(y)t^{1})\,dt=2g(x)h(y), \quad
x, y \in G,$$ where $f, g, h \colonG \mapsto \mathbb{C}$, to be
determined, are complex continuous functions on $G$ such that $f$ is
central. This equation generalizes d'Alembert's and Wilson's
functional equations. We show that the solutions are expressed by
means of characters of irreducible, continuous and unitary
representations of the group $G$.
Keywords:Compact groups, Functional equations, Central functions, Lie, groups, Invariant differential operators. Categories:39B32, 39B42, 22D10, 22D12, 22D15 

391. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 409)
392. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 340)
 Andruchow, Esteban

Short Geodesics of Unitaries in the $L^2$ Metric
Let $\M$ be a type II$_1$ von Neumann algebra, $\tau$ a trace in $\M$,
and $\l2$ the GNS Hilbert space of $\tau$. We regard the unitary group
$U_\M$ as a subset of $\l2$ and characterize the shortest smooth
curves joining two fixed unitaries in the $L^2$ metric. As a
consequence of this we obtain that $U_\M$, though a complete (metric)
topological group, is not an embedded riemannian submanifold of $\l2$
Keywords:unitary group, short geodesics, infinite dimensional riemannian manifolds. Categories:46L51, 58B10, 58B25 

393. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 260)
394. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 283)
 Thibault, Lionel; Zagrodny, Dariusz

Enlarged Inclusion of Subdifferentials
This paper studies the integration of inclusion of subdifferentials. Under
various verifiable conditions, we obtain that if two proper lower
semicontinuous functions $f$ and $g$ have the subdifferential of $f$
included in the $\gamma$enlargement of the subdifferential of $g$, then
the difference of those functions is $ \gamma$Lipschitz over their
effective domain.
Keywords:subdifferential,, directionally regular function,, approximate convex function,, subdifferentially and directionally stable function Categories:49J52, 46N10, 58C20 

395. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 267)
 Rodman, Leiba; Šemrl, Peter; Sourour, Ahmed R.

Continuous Adjacency Preserving Maps on Real Matrices
It is proved that every adjacency preserving continuous map
on the vector space of real matrices of fixed size, is either a
bijective affine tranformation
of the form $ A \mapsto PAQ+R$, possibly followed by the transposition if
the matrices are of square size, or its range is contained
in a linear subspace consisting of matrices of rank at most one
translated by some matrix $R$. The result
extends previously known
theorems where the map was assumed to be also injective.
Keywords:adjacency of matrices, continuous preservers, affine transformations Categories:15A03, 15A04. 

396. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 195)
 Daniel, D.; Nikiel, J.; Treybig, L. B.; Tuncali, H. M.; Tymchatyn, E. D.

On Suslinian Continua
A continuum is said to be Suslinian if it does not contain uncountably
many mutually exclusive nondegenerate subcontinua. We prove that
Suslinian continua are perfectly normal and rimmetrizable. Locally
connected Suslinian continua have weight at most $\omega_1$ and under
appropriate settheoretic conditions are metrizable. Nonseparable
locally connected Suslinian continua are rimfinite on some open set.
Keywords:Suslinian continuum, Souslin line, locally connected, rimmetrizable,, perfectly normal, rimfinite Categories:54F15, 54D15, 54F50 

397. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 180)
 Cynk, Sławomir; Meyer, Christian

Geometry and Arithmetic of Certain Double Octic CalabiYau Manifolds
We study CalabiYau manifolds constructed as double coverings of
$\mathbb{P}^3$ branched along an octic surface. We give a list of 87
examples corresponding to arrangements of eight planes defined over
$\mathbb{Q}$. The Hodge numbers are computed for all examples. There are
10 rigid CalabiYau manifolds and 14 families with $h^{1,2}=1$. The
modularity conjecture is verified for all the rigid examples.
Keywords:CalabiYau, double coverings, modular forms Categories:14G10, 14J32 

398. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 161)
399. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 147)
 Väänänen, Keijo; Zudilin, Wadim

BakerType Estimates for Linear Forms in the Values of $q$Series
We obtain lower estimates for the absolute values
of linear forms of the values of generalized Heine
series at nonzero points of an imaginary quadratic field~$\II$,
in particular of the values of $q$exponential function.
These estimates depend on the individual coefficients,
not only on the maximum of their absolute values.
The proof uses a variant of classical Siegel's method
applied to a system of functional Poincar\'etype equations
and the connection between the solutions of these functional
equations and the generalized Heine series.
Keywords:measure of linear independence, $q$series Categories:11J82, 33D15 

400. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 121)