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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword f

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376. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 265)

Oh, Seungsang
Reducing Spheres and Klein Bottles after Dehn Fillings
Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable, irreducible 3-manifold with a torus boundary. It is known that if two Dehn fillings on $M$ along the boundary produce a reducible manifold and a manifold containing a Klein bottle, then the distance between the filling slopes is at most three. This paper gives a remarkably short proof of this result.

Keywords:Dehn filling, reducible, Klein bottle
Category:57M50

377. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 95)

Gauthier, P. M.
Cercles de remplissage for the Riemann Zeta Function
The celebrated theorem of Picard asserts that each non-constant entire function assumes every value infinitely often, with at most one exception. The Riemann zeta function has this Picard behaviour in a sequence of discs lying in the critical band and whose diameters tend to zero. According to the Riemann hypothesis, the value zero would be this (unique) exceptional value.

Keywords:cercles de remplissage, Riemann zeta function
Category:30

378. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 130)

Petersen, Peter; Wilhelm, Frederick
On Frankel's Theorem
In this paper we show that two minimal hypersurfaces in a manifold with positive Ricci curvature must intersect. This is then generalized to show that in manifolds with positive Ricci curvature in the integral sense two minimal hypersurfaces must be close to each other. We also show what happens if a manifold with nonnegative Ricci curvature admits two nonintersecting minimal hypersurfaces.

Keywords:Frankel's Theorem
Category:53C20

379. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 122)

Moon, Myoungho
On Certain Finitely Generated Subgroups of Groups Which Split
Define a group $G$ to be in the class $\mathcal{S}$ if for any finitely generated subgroup $K$ of $G$ having the property that there is a positive integer $n$ such that $g^n \in K$ for all $g\in G$, $K$ has finite index in $G$. We show that a free product with amalgamation $A*_C B$ and an $\HNN$ group $A *_C$ belong to $\mathcal{S}$, if $C$ is in $\mathcal{S}$ and every subgroup of $C$ is finitely generated.

Keywords:free product with amalgamation, $\HNN$ group, graph of groups, fundamental group
Categories:20E06, 20E08, 57M07

380. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 483)

Baake, Michael
Diffraction of Weighted Lattice Subsets
A Dirac comb of point measures in Euclidean space with bounded complex weights that is supported on a lattice $\varGamma$ inherits certain general properties from the lattice structure. In particular, its autocorrelation admits a factorization into a continuous function and the uniform lattice Dirac comb, and its diffraction measure is periodic, with the dual lattice $\varGamma^*$ as lattice of periods. This statement remains true in the setting of a locally compact Abelian group whose topology has a countable base.

Keywords:diffraction, Dirac combs, lattice subsets, homometric sets
Categories:52C07, 43A25, 52C23, 43A05

381. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 428)

Mollin, R. A.
Criteria for Simultaneous Solutions of $X^2 - DY^2 = c$ and $x^2 - Dy^2 = -c$
The purpose of this article is to provide criteria for the simultaneous solvability of the Diophantine equations $X^2 - DY^2 = c$ and $x^2 - Dy^2 = -c$ when $c \in \mathbb{Z}$, and $D \in \mathbb{N}$ is not a perfect square. This continues work in \cite{me}--\cite{alfnme}.

Keywords:continued fractions, Diophantine equations, fundamental units, simultaneous solutions
Categories:11A55, 11R11, 11D09

382. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 337)

Chen, Imin
Surjectivity of $\mod\ell$ Representations Attached to Elliptic Curves and Congruence Primes
For a modular elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$, we show a number of links between the primes $\ell$ for which the mod $\ell$ representation of $E/\mathbb{Q}$ has projective dihedral image and congruence primes for the newform associated to $E/\mathbb{Q}$.

Keywords:torsion points of elliptic curves, Galois representations, congruence primes, Serre tori, grossencharacters, non-split Cartan
Categories:11G05, 11F80

383. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 378)

Fernández-López, Manuel; García-Río, Eduardo; Kupeli, Demir N.
The Local Möbius Equation and Decomposition Theorems in Riemannian Geometry
A partial differential equation, the local M\"obius equation, is introduced in Riemannian geometry which completely characterizes the local twisted product structure of a Riemannian manifold. Also the characterizations of warped product and product structures of Riemannian manifolds are made by the local M\"obius equation and an additional partial differential equation.

Keywords:submersion, Möbius equation, twisted product, warped product, product Riemannian manifolds
Categories:53C12, 58J99

384. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 161)

Ardizzone, Lucia; Grimaldi, Renata; Pansu, Pierre
Sur les singularités de la fonction croissance d'une variété non simplement connexe
Si $M$ est une vari\'et\'e de dimension $n$, compacte non simplement connexe, on caract\'erise les m\'etriques riemanniennes sur $M$ dont la fonction croissance a exactement deux singularit\'es.

Keywords:fonction croissance, singularités, fonction de Morse, Cutlocus
Category:53B20

385. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 272)

Neusel, Mara D.
The Transfer in the Invariant Theory of Modular Permutation Representations II
In this note we show that the image of the transfer for permutation representations of finite groups is generated by the transfers of special monomials. This leads to a description of the image of the transfer of the alternating groups. We also determine the height of these ideals.

Keywords:polynomial invariants of finite groups, permutation representation, transfer
Category:13A50

386. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 265)

Nawrocki, Marek
On the Smirnov Class Defined by the Maximal Function
H.~O.~Kim has shown that contrary to the case of $H^p$-space, the Smirnov class $M$ defined by the radial maximal function is essentially smaller than the classical Smirnov class of the disk. In the paper we show that these two classes have the same corresponding locally convex structure, {\it i.e.} they have the same dual spaces and the same Fr\'echet envelopes. We describe a general form of a continuous linear functional on $M$ and multiplier from $M$ into $H^p$, $0 < p \leq \infty$.

Keywords:Smirnov class, maximal radial function, multipliers, dual space, Fréchet envelope
Categories:46E10, 30A78, 30A76

387. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 213)

Gordon, B. Brent; Joshi, Kirti
Griffiths Groups of Supersingular Abelian Varieties
The Griffiths group $\Gr^r(X)$ of a smooth projective variety $X$ over an algebraically closed field is defined to be the group of homologically trivial algebraic cycles of codimension $r$ on $X$ modulo the subgroup of algebraically trivial algebraic cycles. The main result of this paper is that the Griffiths group $\Gr^2 (A_{\bar{k}})$ of a supersingular abelian variety $A_{\bar{k}}$ over the algebraic closure of a finite field of characteristic $p$ is at most a $p$-primary torsion group. As a corollary the same conclusion holds for supersingular Fermat threefolds. In contrast, using methods of C.~Schoen it is also shown that if the Tate conjecture is valid for all smooth projective surfaces and all finite extensions of the finite ground field $k$ of characteristic $p>2$, then the Griffiths group of any ordinary abelian threefold $A_{\bar{k}}$ over the algebraic closure of $k$ is non-trivial; in fact, for all but a finite number of primes $\ell\ne p$ it is the case that $\Gr^2 (A_{\bar{k}}) \otimes \Z_\ell \neq 0$.

Keywords:Griffiths group, Beauville conjecture, supersingular Abelian variety, Chow group
Categories:14J20, 14C25

388. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 154)

Weitsman, Allen
On the Poisson Integral of Step Functions and Minimal Surfaces
Applications of minimal surface methods are made to obtain information about univalent harmonic mappings. In the case where the mapping arises as the Poisson integral of a step function, lower bounds for the number of zeros of the dilatation are obtained in terms of the geometry of the image.

Keywords:harmonic mappings, dilatation, minimal surfaces
Categories:30C62, 31A05, 31A20, 49Q05

389. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 138)

Spearman, Blair K.; Williams, Kenneth S.
The Discriminant of a Dihedral Quintic Field Defined by a Trinomial $X^5 + aX + b$
Let $X^5 + aX + b \in Z[X]$ have Galois group $D_5$. Let $\theta$ be a root of $X^5 + aX + b$. An explicit formula is given for the discriminant of $Q(\theta)$.

Keywords:dihedral quintic field, trinomial, discriminant
Categories:11R21, 11R29

390. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 109)

Hall, R. R.; Shiu, P.
The Distribution of Totatives
D.~H.~Lehmer initiated the study of the distribution of totatives, which are numbers coprime with a given integer. This led to various problems considered by P.~Erd\H os, who made a conjecture on such distributions. We prove his conjecture by establishing a theorem on the ordering of residues.

Keywords:Euler's function, totatives
Categories:11A05, 11A07, 11A25

391. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 97)

Haas, Andrew
Invariant Measures and Natural Extensions
We study ergodic properties of a family of interval maps that are given as the fractional parts of certain real M\"obius transformations. Included are the maps that are exactly $n$-to-$1$, the classical Gauss map and the Renyi or backward continued fraction map. A new approach is presented for deriving explicit realizations of natural automorphic extensions and their invariant measures.

Keywords:Continued fractions, interval maps, invariant measures
Categories:11J70, 58F11, 58F03

392. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 398)

Cardon, David A.; Ram Murty, M.
Exponents of Class Groups of Quadratic Function Fields over Finite Fields
We find a lower bound on the number of imaginary quadratic extensions of the function field $\F_q(T)$ whose class groups have an element of a fixed order. More precisely, let $q \geq 5$ be a power of an odd prime and let $g$ be a fixed positive integer $\geq 3$. There are $\gg q^{\ell (\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{g})}$ polynomials $D \in \F_q[T]$ with $\deg(D) \leq \ell$ such that the class groups of the quadratic extensions $\F_q(T,\sqrt{D})$ have an element of order~$g$.

Keywords:class number, quadratic function field
Categories:11R58, 11R29

393. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 504)

Zhang, Yong
Weak Amenability of a Class of Banach Algebras
We show that, if a Banach algebra $\A$ is a left ideal in its second dual algebra and has a left bounded approximate identity, then the weak amenability of $\A$ implies the ($2m+1$)-weak amenability of $\A$ for all $m\geq 1$.

Keywords:$n$-weak amenability, left ideals, left bounded approximate identity
Categories:46H20, 46H10, 46H25

394. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 323)

Schuman, Bertrand
Une classe d'hamiltoniens polynomiaux isochrones
Soit $H_0 = \frac{x^2+y^2}{2}$ un hamiltonien isochrone du plan $\Rset^2$. On met en \'evidence une classe d'hamiltoniens isochrones qui sont des perturbations polynomiales de $H_0$. On obtient alors une condition n\'ecessaire d'isochronisme, et un crit\`ere de choix pour les hamiltoniens isochrones. On voit ce r\'esultat comme \'etant une g\'en\'eralisation du caract\`ere isochrone des perturbations hamiltoniennes homog\`enes consid\'er\'ees dans [L], [P], [S]. Let $H_0 = \frac{x^2+y^2}{2}$ be an isochronous Hamiltonian of the plane $\Rset^2$. We obtain a necessary condition for a system to be isochronous. We can think of this result as a generalization of the isochronous behaviour of the homogeneous polynomial perturbation of the Hamiltonian $H_0$ considered in [L], [P], [S].

Keywords:Hamiltonian system, normal forms, resonance, linearization
Categories:34C20, 58F05, 58F22, 58F30

395. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 376)

Zhang, Xi
A Note on $p$-Harmonic $1$-Forms on Complete Manifolds
In this paper we prove that there is no nontrivial $L^{q}$-integrably $p$-harmonic $1$-form on a complete manifold with nonnegatively Ricci curvature $(0
Keywords:$p$-harmonic, $1$-form, complete manifold, Sobolev inequality
Categories:58E20, 53C21

396. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 337)

Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei
Spectral Transformations of the Laurent Biorthogonal Polynomials, II. Pastro Polynomials
We continue to study the simplest closure conditions for chains of spectral transformations of the Laurent biorthogonal polynomials ($\LBP$). It is shown that the 1-1-periodic $q$-closure condition leads to the $\LBP$ introduced by Pastro. We introduce classes of semi-classical and Laguerre-Hahn $\LBP$ associated to generic closure conditions of the chain of spectral transformations.

Keywords:Laurent orthogonal polynomials, Pastro polynomials, spectral transformations
Category:33D45

397. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 266)

Cencelj, M.; Dranishnikov, A. N.
Extension of Maps to Nilpotent Spaces
We show that every compactum has cohomological dimension $1$ with respect to a finitely generated nilpotent group $G$ whenever it has cohomological dimension $1$ with respect to the abelianization of $G$. This is applied to the extension theory to obtain a cohomological dimension theory condition for a finite-dimensional compactum $X$ for extendability of every map from a closed subset of $X$ into a nilpotent $\CW$-complex $M$ with finitely generated homotopy groups over all of $X$.

Keywords:cohomological dimension, extension of maps, nilpotent group, nilpotent space
Categories:55M10, 55S36, 54C20, 54F45

398. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 210)

Leung, Man Chun
Growth Estimates on Positive Solutions of the Equation $\Delta u+K u^{\frac{n+2}{n-2}}=0$ in $\R^n$
We construct unbounded positive $C^2$-solutions of the equation $\Delta u + K u^{(n + 2)/(n - 2)} = 0$ in $\R^n$ (equipped with Euclidean metric $g_o$) such that $K$ is bounded between two positive numbers in $\R^n$, the conformal metric $g=u^{4/(n-2)}g_o$ is complete, and the volume growth of $g$ can be arbitrarily fast or reasonably slow according to the constructions. By imposing natural conditions on $u$, we obtain growth estimate on the $L^{2n/(n-2)}$-norm of the solution and show that it has slow decay.

Keywords:positive solution, conformal scalar curvature equation, growth estimate
Categories:35J60, 58G03

399. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 129)

Currás-Bosch, Carlos
Linéarisation symplectique en dimension 2
In this paper the germ of neighborhood of a compact leaf in a Lagrangian foliation is symplectically classified when the compact leaf is $\bT^2$, the affine structure induced by the Lagrangian foliation on the leaf is complete, and the holonomy of $\bT^2$ in the foliation linearizes. The germ of neighborhood is classified by a function, depending on one transverse coordinate, this function is related to the affine structure of the nearly compact leaves.

Keywords:symplectic manifold, Lagrangian foliation, affine connection
Categories:53C12, 58F05

400. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 126)

Zeron, E. Santillan
Each Copy of the Real Line in $\C^2$ is Removable
Around 1995, Professors Lupacciolu, Chirka and Stout showed that a closed subset of $\C^N$ ($N\geq 2$) is removable for holomorphic functions, if its topological dimension is less than or equal to $N-2$. Besides, they asked whether closed subsets of $\C^2$ homeomorphic to the real line (the simplest 1-dimensional sets) are removable for holomorphic functions. In this paper we propose a positive answer to that question.

Keywords:holomorphic function, removable set
Category:32D20
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