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376. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 409)

Gauthier, P. M.; Xiao, J.
 The Existence of Universal Inner Functions on the Unit Ball of $\mathbb{C}^n$ It is shown that there exists an inner function $I$ defined on the unit ball ${\bf B}^n$ of ${\mathbb C}^n$ such that each function holomorphic on ${\bf B}^n$ and bounded by $1$ can be approximated by non-Euclidean translates" of $I$. Keywords:universal inner functionsCategories:32A35, 30D50, 47B38

377. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 340)

Andruchow, Esteban
 Short Geodesics of Unitaries in the $L^2$ Metric Let $\M$ be a type II$_1$ von Neumann algebra, $\tau$ a trace in $\M$, and $\l2$ the GNS Hilbert space of $\tau$. We regard the unitary group $U_\M$ as a subset of $\l2$ and characterize the shortest smooth curves joining two fixed unitaries in the $L^2$ metric. As a consequence of this we obtain that $U_\M$, though a complete (metric) topological group, is not an embedded riemannian submanifold of $\l2$ Keywords:unitary group, short geodesics, infinite dimensional riemannian manifolds.Categories:46L51, 58B10, 58B25

378. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 161)

Betancor, Jorge J.
 Hankel Convolution Operators on Spaces of Entire Functions of Finite Order In this paper we study Hankel transforms and Hankel convolution operators on spaces of entire functions of finite order and their duals. Keywords:Hankel transform, convolution, entire functions, finite orderCategory:46F12

379. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 283)

Thibault, Lionel; Zagrodny, Dariusz
 Enlarged Inclusion of Subdifferentials This paper studies the integration of inclusion of subdifferentials. Under various verifiable conditions, we obtain that if two proper lower semicontinuous functions $f$ and $g$ have the subdifferential of $f$ included in the $\gamma$-enlargement of the subdifferential of $g$, then the difference of those functions is $\gamma$-Lipschitz over their effective domain. Keywords:subdifferential,, directionally regular function,, approximate convex function,, subdifferentially and directionally stable functionCategories:49J52, 46N10, 58C20

380. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 267)

Rodman, Leiba; Šemrl, Peter; Sourour, Ahmed R.
 Continuous Adjacency Preserving Maps on Real Matrices It is proved that every adjacency preserving continuous map on the vector space of real matrices of fixed size, is either a bijective affine tranformation of the form $A \mapsto PAQ+R$, possibly followed by the transposition if the matrices are of square size, or its range is contained in a linear subspace consisting of matrices of rank at most one translated by some matrix $R$. The result extends previously known theorems where the map was assumed to be also injective. Keywords:adjacency of matrices, continuous preservers, affine transformationsCategories:15A03, 15A04.

381. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 260)

Oberlin, Daniel M.
 A Restriction Theorem for a \\$k$-Surface in $\mathbb R ^n$ We establish a sharp Fourier restriction estimate for a measure on a $k$-surface in $\mathbb R ^n$, where $n=k(k+3)/2$. Keywords:Fourier restrictionCategory:42B10

382. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 195)

Daniel, D.; Nikiel, J.; Treybig, L. B.; Tuncali, H. M.; Tymchatyn, E. D.
 On Suslinian Continua A continuum is said to be Suslinian if it does not contain uncountably many mutually exclusive nondegenerate subcontinua. We prove that Suslinian continua are perfectly normal and rim-metrizable. Locally connected Suslinian continua have weight at most $\omega_1$ and under appropriate set-theoretic conditions are metrizable. Non-separable locally connected Suslinian continua are rim-finite on some open set. Keywords:Suslinian continuum, Souslin line, locally connected, rim-metrizable,, perfectly normal, rim-finiteCategories:54F15, 54D15, 54F50

383. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 180)

Cynk, Sławomir; Meyer, Christian
 Geometry and Arithmetic of Certain Double Octic Calabi--Yau Manifolds We study Calabi--Yau manifolds constructed as double coverings of $\mathbb{P}^3$ branched along an octic surface. We give a list of 87 examples corresponding to arrangements of eight planes defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. The Hodge numbers are computed for all examples. There are 10 rigid Calabi--Yau manifolds and 14 families with $h^{1,2}=1$. The modularity conjecture is verified for all the rigid examples. Keywords:Calabi--Yau, double coverings, modular formsCategories:14G10, 14J32

384. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 147)

 Baker-Type Estimates for Linear Forms in the Values of $q$-Series We obtain lower estimates for the absolute values of linear forms of the values of generalized Heine series at non-zero points of an imaginary quadratic field~$\II$, in particular of the values of $q$-exponential function. These estimates depend on the individual coefficients, not only on the maximum of their absolute values. The proof uses a variant of classical Siegel's method applied to a system of functional Poincar\'e-type equations and the connection between the solutions of these functional equations and the generalized Heine series. Keywords:measure of linear independence, $q$-seriesCategories:11J82, 33D15

385. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 121)

Mollin, R. A.
 Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the Central Norm to Equal $2^h$ in the Simple Continued Fraction Expansion of $\sqrt{2^hc}$ for Any Odd $c>1$ We look at the simple continued fraction expansion of $\sqrt{D}$ for any $D=2^hc$ where $c>1$ is odd with a goal of determining necessary and sufficient conditions for the central norm (as determined by the infrastructure of the underlying real quadratic order therein) to be $2^h$. At the end of the paper, we also address the case where $D=c$ is odd and the central norm of $\sqrt{D}$ is equal to $2$. Keywords:quadratic Diophantine equations, simple continued fractions,, norms of ideals, infrastructure of real quadratic fieldsCategories:11A55, 11D09, 11R11

386. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 624)

Zhang, Xi
 A Compactness Theorem for Yang-Mills Connections In this paper, we consider Yang-Mills connections on a vector bundle $E$ over a compact Riemannian manifold $M$ of dimension $m> 4$, and we show that any set of Yang-Mills connections with the uniformly bounded $L^{\frac{m}{2}}$-norm of curvature is compact in $C^{\infty}$ topology. Keywords:Yang-Mills connection, vector bundle, gauge transformationCategories:58E20, 53C21

387. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 530)

Iranmanesh, A.; Khosravi, B.
 A Characterization of $PSU_{11}(q)$ Order components of a finite simple group were introduced in [4]. It was proved that some non-abelian simple groups are uniquely determined by their order components. As the main result of this paper, we show that groups $PSU_{11}(q)$ are also uniquely determined by their order components. As corollaries of this result, the validity of a conjecture of J. G. Thompson and a conjecture of W. Shi and J. Bi both on $PSU_{11}(q)$ are obtained. Keywords:Prime graph, order component, finite group,simple groupCategories:20D08, 20D05, 20D60

388. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 481)

Bekjan, Turdebek N.
 A New Characterization of Hardy Martingale Cotype Space We give a new characterization of Hardy martingale cotype property of complex quasi-Banach space by using the existence of a kind of plurisubharmonic functions. We also characterize the best constants of Hardy martingale inequalities with values in the complex quasi-Banach space. Keywords:Hardy martingale, Hardy martingale cotype,, plurisubharmonic functionCategories:46B20, 52A07, 60G44

389. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 321)

Bullejos, M.; Cegarra, A. M.
 Classifying Spaces for Monoidal Categories Through Geometric Nerves The usual constructions of classifying spaces for monoidal categories produce CW-complexes with many cells that, moreover, do not have any proper geometric meaning. However, geometric nerves of monoidal categories are very handy simplicial sets whose simplices have a pleasing geometric description: they are diagrams with the shape of the 2-skeleton of oriented standard simplices. The purpose of this paper is to prove that geometric realizations of geometric nerves are classifying spaces for monoidal categories. Keywords:monoidal category, pseudo-simplicial category,, simplicial set, classifying space, homotopy typeCategories:18D10, 18G30, 55P15, 55P35, 55U40

390. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 332)

Charette, Virginie; Goldman, William M.; Jones, Catherine A.
 Recurrent Geodesics in Flat Lorentz $3$-Manifolds Let $M$ be a complete flat Lorentz $3$-manifold $M$ with purely hyperbolic holonomy $\Gamma$. Recurrent geodesic rays are completely classified when $\Gamma$ is cyclic. This implies that for any pair of periodic geodesics $\gamma_1$, $\gamma_2$, a unique geodesic forward spirals towards $\gamma_1$ and backward spirals towards $\gamma_2$. Keywords:geometric structures on low-dimensional manifolds, notions of recurrenceCategories:57M50, 37B20

391. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 417)

Niu, Pengcheng; Han, Yanwu; Han, Junqiang
 A Hopf Type Lemma and a CR Type Inversion for the Generalized Greiner Operator In this paper we establish a Hopf type lemma and a CR type inversion for the generalized Greiner operator. Some nonlinear Keywords:Hopf type lemma, CR inversion, Liouville type, theorem generalized Greiner operator

392. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 398)

McKinnon, David
 A Reduction of the Batyrev-Manin Conjecture for Kummer Surfaces Let $V$ be a $K3$ surface defined over a number field $k$. The Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ states that for every nonempty open subset $U$ of $V$, there exists a finite set $Z_U$ of accumulating rational curves such that the density of rational points on $U-Z_U$ is strictly less than the density of rational points on $Z_U$. Thus, the set of rational points of $V$ conjecturally admits a stratification corresponding to the sets $Z_U$ for successively smaller sets $U$. In this paper, in the case that $V$ is a Kummer surface, we prove that the Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ can be reduced to the Batyrev-Manin conjecture for $V$ modulo the endomorphisms of $V$ induced by multiplication by $m$ on the associated abelian surface $A$. As an application, we use this to show that given some restrictions on $A$, the set of rational points of $V$ which lie on rational curves whose preimages have geometric genus 2 admits a stratification of Keywords:rational points, Batyrev-Manin conjecture, Kummer, surface, rational curve, abelian surface, heightCategories:11G35, 14G05

393. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 389)

He, Jianxun
 An Inversion Formula of the Radon Transform Transform on the Heisenberg Group In this paper we give an inversion formula of the Radon transform on the Heisenberg group by using the wavelets defined in [3]. In addition, we characterize a space such that the inversion formula of the Radon transform holds in the weak sense. Keywords:wavelet transform, Radon transform, Heisenberg groupCategories:43A85, 44A15

394. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 343)

Drensky, Vesselin; Hammoudi, Lakhdar
 Combinatorics of Words and Semigroup Algebras Which Are Sums of Locally Nilpotent Subalgebras We construct new examples of non-nil algebras with any number of generators, which are direct sums of two locally nilpotent subalgebras. Like all previously known examples, our examples are contracted semigroup algebras and the underlying semigroups are unions of locally nilpotent subsemigroups. In our constructions we make more transparent than in the past the close relationship between the considered problem and combinatorics of words. Keywords:locally nilpotent rings,, nil rings, locally nilpotent semigroups,, semigroup algebras, monomial algebras, infinite wordsCategories:16N40, 16S15, 20M05, 20M25, 68R15

395. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 298)

 Near Triangularizability Implies Triangularizability In this paper we consider collections of compact operators on a real or complex Banach space including linear operators on finite-dimensional vector spaces. We show that such a collection is simultaneously triangularizable if and only if it is arbitrarily close to a simultaneously triangularizable collection of compact operators. As an application of these results we obtain an invariant subspace theorem for certain bounded operators. We further prove that in finite dimensions near reducibility implies reducibility whenever the ground field is $\BR$ or $\BC$. Keywords:Linear transformation, Compact operator,, Triangularizability, Banach space, Hilbert, spaceCategories:47A15, 47D03, 20M20

396. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 237)

Laubie, François
 Ramification des sÃ©ries formelles Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $k$ be a finite field of characteristic $p$. The subset $X+X^2 k[[X]]$ of the ring $k[[X]]$ is a group under the substitution law $\circ$ sometimes called the Nottingham group of $k$; it is denoted by $\mathcal{R}_k$. The ramification of one series $\gamma\in\mathcal{R}_k$ is caracterized by its lower ramification numbers: $i_m(\gamma)=\ord_X \bigl(\gamma^{p^m} (X)/X - 1\bigr)$, as well as its upper ramification numbers: $$u_m (\gamma) = i_0 (\gamma) + \frac{i_1 (\gamma) - i_0(\gamma)}{p} + \cdots + \frac{i_m (\gamma) - i_{m-1} (\gamma)}{p^m} , \quad (m \in \mathbb{N}).$$ By Sen's theorem, the $u_m(\gamma)$ are integers. In this paper, we determine the sequences of integers $(u_m)$ for which there exists $\gamma\in\mathcal{R}_k$ such that $u_m(\gamma)=u_m$ for all integer $m \geq 0$. Keywords:ramification, Nottingham groupCategories:11S15, 20E18

397. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 73)

Li, Ma; Dezhong, Chen
 Systems of Hermitian Quadratic Forms In this paper, we give some conditions to judge when a system of Hermitian quadratic forms has a real linear combination which is positive definite or positive semi-definite. We also study some related geometric and topological properties of the moduli space. Keywords:hermitian quadratic form, positive definite, positive semi-definiteCategory:15A63

398. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 152)

Zheng, Jian-Hua
 On Uniqueness of Meromorphic Functions with Shared Values in Some Angular Domains In this paper we investigate the uniqueness of transcendental meromorphic function dealing with the shared values in some angular domains instead of the whole complex plane. Keywords:Nevanlinna theory, meromorphic function, shared valueCategory:30D35

399. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 133)

Wang, Wei
 Embeddability of Some Three-Dimensional Weakly Pseudoconvex ${\rm CR}$ Structures We prove that a class of perturbations of standard ${\rm CR}$ structure on the boundary of three-dimensional complex ellipsoid $E_{p,q}$ can be realized as hypersurfaces on $\mathbb{C}^2$, which generalizes the result of Burns and Epstein on the embeddability of some perturbations of standard ${\rm CR}$ structure on $S^3$. Keywords:deformations, embeddability, complex ellipsoidsCategories:32V30, 32G07, 32V35

400. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 22)

Goto, Yasuhiro
 A Note on the Height of the Formal Brauer Group of a $K3$ Surface Using weighted Delsarte surfaces, we give examples of $K3$ surfaces in positive characteristic whose formal Brauer groups have height equal to $5$, $8$ or $9$. These are among the four values of the height left open in the article of Yui \cite{Y}. Keywords:formal Brauer groups, $K3$ surfaces in positive, characteristic, weighted Delsarte surfacesCategories:14L05, 14J28
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