351. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 536)
352. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 624)
 Teragaito, Masakazu

On NonIntegral Dehn Surgeries Creating NonOrientable Surfaces
For a nontrivial knot in the $3$sphere,
only integral Dehn surgery can create a closed $3$manifold containing a projective plane.
If we restrict ourselves to hyperbolic knots, the corresponding claim for a Klein bottle is still true.
In contrast to these, we show that nonintegral surgery on a hyperbolic knot
can create a closed nonorientable surface of any genus greater than two.
Keywords:knot, Dehn surgery, nonorientable surface Category:57M25 

353. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 560)
 Luijk, Ronald van

A K3 Surface Associated With Certain Integral Matrices Having Integral Eigenvalues
In this article we will show that there are infinitely many
symmetric, integral $3 \times 3$ matrices, with zeros on the
diagonal, whose eigenvalues are all integral. We will do this by
proving that the rational points on a certain nonKummer, singular
K3 surface
are dense. We will also compute the entire NÃ©ronSeveri group of
this surface and find all low degree curves on it.
Keywords:symmetric matrices, eigenvalues, elliptic surfaces, K3 surfaces, NÃ©ronSeveri group, rational curves, Diophantine equations, arithmetic geometry, algebraic geometry, number theory Categories:14G05, 14J28, 11D41 

354. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 481)
 Browkin, J.; Brzeziński, J.

On Sequences of Squares with Constant Second Differences
The aim of this paper is to study sequences of integers
for which the second differences between their squares are
constant. We show that there are infinitely many nontrivial
monotone sextuples having this property and discuss some related
problems.
Keywords:sequence of squares, second difference, elliptic curve Categories:11B83, 11Y85, 11D09 

355. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 371)
 Floricel, Remus

Inner $E_0$Semigroups on Infinite Factors
This paper is concerned with the structure of
inner $E_0$semigroups. We show that any inner
$E_0$semigroup acting on an infinite factor
$M$ is completely determined by a continuous
tensor product system of Hilbert spaces in
$M$ and that the product system associated
with an inner $E_0$semigroup is a complete cocycle conjugacy invariant.
Keywords:von Neumann algebras, semigroups of endomorphisms, product systems, cocycle conjugacy Categories:46L40, 46L55 

356. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 358)
 Khalil, Abdelouahed El; Manouni, Said El; Ouanan, Mohammed

On the Principal Eigencurve of the $p$Laplacian: Stability Phenomena
We show that each point of the principal eigencurve of the
nonlinear problem
$$
\Delta_{p}u\lambda m(x)u^{p2}u=\muu^{p2}u \quad
\text{in } \Omega,
$$
is stable (continuous) with respect to the exponent $p$ varying in
$(1,\infty)$; we also prove some convergence results
of the principal eigenfunctions corresponding.
Keywords:$p$Laplacian with indefinite weight, principal eigencurve, principal eigenvalue, principal eigenfunction, stability Categories:35P30, 35P60, 35J70 

357. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 472)
358. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 265)
 Nicholson, W. K.; Zhou, Y.

Endomorphisms That Are the Sum of a Unit and a Root of a Fixed Polynomial
If $C=C(R)$ denotes the center of a ring $R$ and $g(x)$ is a polynomial in
C[x]$, Camillo and Sim\'{o}n called a ring $g(x)$clean if every element is
the sum of a unit and a root of $g(x)$. If $V$ is a vector space of
countable dimension over a division ring $D,$ they showed that
$\end {}_{D}V$ is
$g(x)$clean provided that $g(x)$ has two roots in $C(D)$. If $g(x)=xx^{2}$
this shows that $\end {}_{D}V$ is clean, a result of Nicholson and Varadarajan.
In this paper we remove the countable condition, and in fact prove that
$\Mend {}_{R}M$ is $g(x)$clean for any semisimple module $M$ over an arbitrary
ring $R$ provided that $g(x)\in (xa)(xb)C[x]$ where $a,b\in C$ and both $b$
and $ba$ are units in $R$.
Keywords:Clean rings, linear transformations, endomorphism rings Categories:16S50, 16E50 

359. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 256)
 Neelon, Tejinder

A BernsteinWalsh Type Inequality and Applications
A BernsteinWalsh type inequality for $C^{\infty }$ functions of several
variables is derived, which then is applied to obtain analogs and
generalizations of the following classical theorems: (1) BochnakSiciak
theorem: a $C^{\infty }$\ function on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ that is real
analytic on every line is real analytic; (2) ZornLelong theorem: if a
double power series $F(x,y)$\ converges on a set of lines of positive
capacity then $F(x,y)$\ is convergent; (3) AbhyankarMohSathaye theorem:
the transfinite diameter of the convergence set of a divergent series is
zero.
Keywords:BernsteinWalsh inequality, convergence sets, analytic functions, ultradifferentiable functions, formal power series Categories:32A05, 26E05 

360. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 247)
361. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 213)
362. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 185)
 Averkov, Gennadiy

On the Inequality for Volume and Minkowskian Thickness
Given a centrally symmetric convex body $B$ in $\E^d,$ we denote
by $\M^d(B)$ the Minkowski space ({\em i.e.,} finite dimensional
Banach space) with unit ball $B.$ Let $K$ be an arbitrary convex
body in $\M^d(B).$ The relationship between volume $V(K)$ and the
Minkowskian thickness ($=$ minimal width) $\thns_B(K)$ of $K$ can
naturally be given by the sharp geometric inequality $V(K) \ge
\alpha(B) \cdot \thns_B(K)^d,$ where $\alpha(B)>0.$ As a simple
corollary of the RogersShephard inequality we obtain that
$\binom{2d}{d}{}^{1} \le \alpha(B)/V(B) \le 2^{d}$ with equality
on the left attained if and only if $B$ is the difference body of
a simplex and on the right if $B$ is a crosspolytope. The main
result of this paper is that for $d=2$ the equality on the right
implies that $B$ is a parallelogram. The obtained results yield
the sharp upper bound for the modified BanachMazur distance to the
regular hexagon.
Keywords:convex body, geometric inequality, thickness, Minkowski space, Banach space, normed space, reduced body, BanachMazur compactum, (modified) BanachMazur distance, volume ratio Categories:52A40, 46B20 

363. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 203)
 Çömez, Doğan

The Ergodic Hilbert Transform for Admissible Processes
It is shown that the ergodic Hilbert transform
exists for a class of bounded symmetric admissible processes
relative to invertible measure preserving transformations. This
generalizes the wellknown result on the existence of the ergodic
Hilbert transform.
Keywords:Hilbert transform, admissible processes Categories:28D05, 37A99 

364. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 281)
 Ragnarsson, Carl Johan; Suen, Wesley Wai; Wagner, David G.

Correction to a Theorem on Total Positivity
A wellknown theorem states that if $f(z)$ generates a PF$_r$
sequence then $1/f(z)$ generates a PF$_r$ sequence. We give two
counterexamples
which show that this is not true, and give a correct version of the theorem.
In the infinite limit the result is sound: if $f(z)$ generates a PF
sequence then $1/f(z)$ generates a PF sequence.
Keywords:total positivity, Toeplitz matrix, PÃ³lya frequency sequence, skew Schur function Categories:15A48, 15A45, 15A57, 05E05 

365. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 270)
366. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 11)
 Bevelacqua, Anthony J.; Motley, Mark J.

GoingDown Results for $C_{i}$Fields
We search for theorems that, given a $C_i$field $K$ and a subfield $k$ of $K$, allow
us to conclude that $k$ is a $C_j$field for some $j$. We give appropriate theorems in
the case $K=k(t)$ and $K = k\llp t\rrp$. We then consider the more difficult case where $K/k$
is an algebraic extension. Here we are able to prove some results, and make conjectures. We
also point out the connection between these questions and Lang's conjecture on nonreal function
fields over a real closed field.
Keywords:$C_i$fields, Lang's Conjecture Categories:12F, 14G 

367. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 55)
 Dubois, Jérôme

Non Abelian Twisted Reidemeister Torsion for Fibered Knots
In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the
non abelian twisted signdeter\mined Reidemeister torsion of the
exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an
application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian
Reidemeister torsion of torus knots and of the figure eight knot.
Keywords:Reidemeister torsion, Fibered knots, Knot groups, Representation space, $\SU$, $\SL$, Adjoint representation, Monodromy Categories:57Q10, 57M27, 57M25 

368. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 3)
 AlSalman, Ahmad

On a Class of Singular Integral Operators With Rough Kernels
In this paper, we study the $L^p$ mapping properties of a class of singular
integral operators with rough kernels belonging to certain block spaces. We
prove that our operators are bounded on $L^p$ provided that their kernels
satisfy a size condition much weaker than that for the classical
Calder\'{o}nZygmund singular integral operators. Moreover, we present an
example showing that our size condition is optimal. As a consequence of our
results, we substantially improve a previously known result on certain maximal
functions.
Keywords:Singular integrals, Rough kernels, Square functions,, Maximal functions, Block spaces Categories:42B20, 42B15, 42B25 

369. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 523)
 Düvelmeyer, Nico

Angle Measures and Bisectors in Minkowski Planes
\begin{abstract}
We prove that a Minkowski plane is Euclidean if and only if Busemann's or
Glogovskij's definitions
of angular bisectors coincide
with a bisector defined by an angular measure in the sense of Brass.
In addition, bisectors defined by the area measure coincide with bisectors
defined by the circumference (arc length) measure
if and only if the unit circle is an
equiframed curve.
Keywords:Radon curves, Minkowski geometry, Minkowski planes,, angular bisector, angular measure, equiframed curves Categories:52A10, 52A21 

370. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 614)
 Tuncali, H. Murat; Valov, Vesko

On FinitetoOne Maps
Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $\sigma$perfect $k$dimensional surjective
map of metrizable spaces such that $\dim Y\leq m$. It is shown that
for every positive integer $p$ with $ p\leq m+k+1$ there exists a
dense $G_{\delta}$subset ${\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$ of $C(X,\uin^{k+p})$
with the source limitation topology such that each fiber of
$f\triangle g$, $g\in{\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$, contains at most
$\max\{k+mp+2,1\}$ points. This result
provides a proof the following conjectures of
S. Bogatyi, V. Fedorchuk and J. van Mill.
Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $k$dimensional map between compact
metric spaces with $\dim Y\leq m$. Then:
\begin{inparaenum}[\rm(1)]
\item there exists a map
$h\colon X\to\uin^{m+2k}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to
Y\times\uin^{m+2k}$ is 2toone provided $k\geq 1$;
\item there exists a
map $h\colon X\to\uin^{m+k+1}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to
Y\times\uin^{m+k+1}$ is $(k+1)$toone.
\end{inparaenum}
Keywords:finitetoone maps, dimension, setvalued maps Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65 

371. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 580)
 Kot, Piotr

Exceptional Sets in Hartogs Domains
Assume that $\Omega$ is a Hartogs domain in $\mathbb{C}^{1+n}$,
defined as $\Omega=\{(z,w)\in\mathbb{C}^{1+n}:z<\mu(w),w\in H\}$, where $H$ is an open set in
$\mathbb{C}^{n}$ and $\mu$ is a continuous function with positive values in $H$ such that $\ln\mu$
is a strongly plurisubharmonic function in $H$. Let $\Omega_{w}=\Omega\cap(\mathbb{C}\times\{w\})$.
For a given set $E$ contained in $H$ of the type $G_{\delta}$ we construct a holomorphic function
$f\in\mathbb{O}(\Omega)$ such that
\[
E=\Bigl\{ w\in\mathbb{C}^{n}:\int_{\Omega_{w}}f(\cdot\,,w)^{2}\,d\mathfrak{L}^{2}=\infty\Bigr\}.
\]
Keywords:boundary behaviour of holomorphic functions,, exceptional sets Category:30B30 

372. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 561)
 Foth, Philip

A Note on Lagrangian Loci of Quotients
We study Hamiltonian actions of compact groups in the presence of
compatible involutions. We show that the Lagrangian fixed point set
on the symplectically reduced space is isomorphic to the disjoint
union of the involutively reduced spaces corresponding to
involutions on the group strongly inner to the given one.
Our techniques imply that the solution to the eigenvalues of a sum problem
for a given real form can be reduced to the quasisplit real form in the
same inner class. We also consider invariant quotients with respect to
the corresponding real form of the complexified group.
Keywords:Quotients, involutions, real forms, Lagrangian loci Category:53D20 

373. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 547)
 Fehér, L. M.; Némethi, A.; Rimányi, R.

Degeneracy of 2Forms and 3Forms
We study some global aspects of differential complex 2forms and 3forms
on complex manifolds.
We compute the cohomology classes represented by the sets of points
on a manifold where such a form degenerates in various senses,
together with other similar cohomological obstructions.
Based on these results and a formula for projective
representations, we calculate the degree of the projectivization
of certain orbits of the representation $\Lambda^k\C^n$.
Keywords:Classes of degeneracy loci, 2forms, 3forms, Thom polynomials, global singularity theory Categories:14N10, 57R45 

374. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 505)
 Bouikhalene, Belaid

On the Generalized d'Alembert's and Wilson's Functional Equations on a Compact group
Let $G$ be a compact group. Let $\sigma$ be a continuous involution
of $G$. In this paper, we are
concerned by the following functional equation
$$\int_{G}f(xtyt^{1})\,dt+\int_{G}f(xt\sigma(y)t^{1})\,dt=2g(x)h(y), \quad
x, y \in G,$$ where $f, g, h \colonG \mapsto \mathbb{C}$, to be
determined, are complex continuous functions on $G$ such that $f$ is
central. This equation generalizes d'Alembert's and Wilson's
functional equations. We show that the solutions are expressed by
means of characters of irreducible, continuous and unitary
representations of the group $G$.
Keywords:Compact groups, Functional equations, Central functions, Lie, groups, Invariant differential operators. Categories:39B32, 39B42, 22D10, 22D12, 22D15 

375. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 409)