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1. CMB Online first

Yang, Qingjie; Zhong, Weiting
 Dihedral Groups of order $2p$ of Automorphisms of Compact Riemann Surfaces of Genus $p-1$ In this paper we prove that there is only one conjugacy class of dihedral group of order $2p$ in the $2(p-1)\times 2(p-1)$ integral symplectic group can be realized by an analytic automorphism group of compact connected Riemann surfaces of genus $p-1$. A pair of representative generators of the realizable class is also given. Keywords:dihedral group, automorphism group, Riemann surface, integral symplectic matrix, fundamental domainCategories:20H25, 57M60

2. CMB Online first

Tikuisis, Aaron Peter; Toms, Andrew
 On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*-algebras We examine the ranks of operators in semi-finite $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra whose extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive operators of every possible rank, independent of the property of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by not-necessarily-unital approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth. Combined with results of the first-named author, this shows that slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$-stability, for approximately subhomogeneous algebras. Keywords:nuclear C*-algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*-algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*-algebras, slow dimension growthCategories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85

3. CMB Online first

Fulp, Ronald Owen
 Correction to "Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their Bodies" The Theorem below is a correction to Theorem 3.5 in the article entitled " Infinite Dimensional DeWitt Supergroups and Their Bodies" published in Canad. Math. Bull. Vol. 57 (2) 2014 pp. 283-288. Only part (iii) of that Theorem requires correction. The proof of Theorem 3.5 in the original article failed to separate the proof of (ii) from the proof of (iii). The proof of (ii) is complete once it is established that $ad_a$ is quasi-nilpotent for each $a$ since it immediately follows that $K$ is quasi-nilpotent. The proof of (iii) is not complete in the original article. The revision appears as the proof of (iii) of the revised Theorem below. Keywords:super groups, body of super groups, Banach Lie groupsCategories:58B25, 17B65, 81R10, 57P99

4. CMB Online first

Wirths, Karl Joachim
 Telescoping estimates for smooth series We derive telescoping majorants and minorants for some classes of series and give applications of these results. Keywords:telescoping series, Stietjes constant, Hardy's formula, Stirling's formulaCategories:26D15, 40A25, 97I30

5. CMB Online first

Mantilla-Soler, Guillermo
 Weak arithmetic equivalence Inspired by the invariant of a number field given by its zeta function, we define the notion of weak arithmetic equivalence and show that under certain ramification hypotheses, this equivalence determines the local root numbers of the number field. This is analogous to a result of Rohrlich on the local root numbers of a rational elliptic curve. Additionally, we prove that for tame non-totally real number fields, the integral trace form is invariant under arithmetic equivalence. Keywords:arithmeticaly equivalent number fields, root numbersCategories:11R04, 11R42

6. CMB Online first

Hou, Ruchen
 On Global Dimensions of Tree Type Finite Dimensional Algebras A formula is provided to explicitly describe global dimensions of all kinds of tree type finite dimensional $k-$algebras for $k$ an algebraic closed field. In particular, it is pointed out that if the underlying tree type quiver has $n$ vertices, then the maximum of possible global dimensions is $n-1$. Keywords:global dimension, tree type finite dimensional $k-$algebra, quiverCategories:16D40, 16E10, , 16G20

7. CMB Online first

Xu, Yong; Zhang, Xinjian
 $m$-embedded Subgroups and $p$-nilpotency of Finite Groups Let $A$ be a subgroup of a finite group $G$ and $\Sigma : G_0\leq G_1\leq\cdots \leq G_n$ some subgroup series of $G$. Suppose that for each pair $(K,H)$ such that $K$ is a maximal subgroup of $H$ and $G_{i-1}\leq K \lt H\leq G_i$, for some $i$, either $A\cap H = A\cap K$ or $AH = AK$. Then $A$ is said to be $\Sigma$-embedded in $G$; $A$ is said to be $m$-embedded in $G$ if $G$ has a subnormal subgroup $T$ and a $\{1\leq G\}$-embedded subgroup $C$ in $G$ such that $G = AT$ and $T\cap A\leq C\leq A$. In this article, some sufficient conditions for a finite group $G$ to be $p$-nilpotent are given whenever all subgroups with order $p^{k}$ of a Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ are $m$-embedded for a given positive integer $k$. Keywords:finite group, $p$-nilpotent group, $m$-embedded subgroupCategories:20D10, 20D15

8. CMB Online first

Cavalieri, Renzo; Marcus, Steffen
 Geometric Perspective on Piecewise Polynomiality of Double Hurwitz Numbers We describe double Hurwitz numbers as intersection numbers on the moduli space of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Using a result on the polynomiality of intersection numbers of psi classes with the Double Ramification Cycle, our formula explains the polynomiality in chambers of double Hurwitz numbers, and the wall crossing phenomenon in terms of a variation of correction terms to the $\psi$ classes. We interpret this as suggestive evidence for polynomiality of the Double Ramification Cycle (which is only known in genera $0$ and $1$). Keywords:double Hurwitz numbers, wall crossings, moduli spaces, ELSV formulaCategory:14N35

9. CMB Online first

Bailet, Pauline
 On the Monodromy of Milnor Fibers of Hyperplane Arrangements We describe a general setting where the monodromy action on the first cohomology group of the Milnor fiber of a hyperplane arrangement is the identity. Keywords:hyperplane arrangements, Milnor fiber, monodromy, local systemsCategories:32S22, 32S55, 32S25, 32S40

10. CMB Online first

 Complexifying Lie Group Actions on Homogeneous Manifolds of Non-compact Dimension Two If $X$ is a connected complex manifold with $d_X = 2$ that admits a (connected) Lie group $G$ acting transitively as a group of holomorphic transformations, then the action extends to an action of the complexification $\widehat{G}$ of $G$ on $X$ except when either the unit disk in the complex plane or a strictly pseudoconcave homogeneous complex manifold is the base or fiber of some homogeneous fibration of $X$. Keywords:homogeneous complex manifold, non-compact dimension two, complexificationCategory:32M10

11. CMB Online first

Boulabiar, Karim
 Characters on $C( X)$ The precise condition on a completely regular space $X$ for every character on $C(X)$ to be an evaluation at some point in $X$ is that $X$ be realcompact. Usually, this classical result is obtained relying heavily on involved (and even nonconstructive) extension arguments. This note provides a direct proof that is accessible to a large audience. Keywords:characters, realcompact, evaluation, real-valued continuous functionsCategories:54C30, 46E25

12. CMB Online first

Koh, Doowon
 Restriction Operators Acting on Radial Functions on Vector Spaces Over Finite Fields We study $L^p-L^r$ restriction estimates for algebraic varieties $V$ in the case when restriction operators act on radial functions in the finite field setting. We show that if the varieties $V$ lie in odd dimensional vector spaces over finite fields, then the conjectured restriction estimates are possible for all radial test functions. In addition, assuming that the varieties $V$ are defined in even dimensional spaces and have few intersection points with the sphere of zero radius, we also obtain the conjectured exponents for all radial test functions. Keywords:finite fields, radial functions, restriction operatorsCategories:42B05, 43A32, 43A15

13. CMB Online first

Khamsi, M. A.
 Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces In this paper, we investigate the common approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that $T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space $(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family. Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings. Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic spaceCategories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10

14. CMB Online first

Brannan, Michael
 Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any non-commutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of $O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the corresponding non-commutative polynomial in a standard free semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of these results, we obtain a matrix-coefficient version of our strong convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$-$L^\infty$ norm equivalence for non-commutative polynomials in free semicircular systems. Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decayCategories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65

15. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 648)

Tang, Juping; Miao, Long
 On the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-Hypercentre of Finite Groups Let $G$ be a finite group, $\mathcal F$ a class of groups. Then $Z_{{\mathcal F}{\Phi}}(G)$ is the ${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre of $G$ which is the product of all normal subgroups of $G$ whose non-Frattini $G$-chief factors are $\mathcal F$-central in $G$. A subgroup $H$ is called $\mathcal M$-supplemented in a finite group $G$, if there exists a subgroup $B$ of $G$ such that $G=HB$ and $H_1B$ is a proper subgroup of $G$ for any maximal subgroup $H_1$ of $H$. The main purpose of this paper is to prove: Let $E$ be a normal subgroup of a group $G$. Suppose that every noncyclic Sylow subgroup $P$ of $F^{*}(E)$ has a subgroup $D$ such that $1\lt |D|\lt |P|$ and every subgroup $H$ of $P$ with order $|H|=|D|$ is $\mathcal M$-supplemented in $G$, then $E\leq Z_{{\mathcal U}{\Phi}}(G)$. Keywords:${\mathcal F}{\Phi}$-hypercentre, Sylow subgroups, $\mathcal M$-supplemented subgroups, formationCategories:20D10, 20D20

16. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 477)

Eghbali, Majid
 On Set Theoretically and Cohomologically Complete Intersection Ideals Let $(R,\mathfrak m)$ be a local ring and $\mathfrak a$ be an ideal of $R$. The inequalities $\operatorname{ht}(\mathfrak a) \leq \operatorname{cd}(\mathfrak a,R) \leq \operatorname{ara}(\mathfrak a) \leq l(\mathfrak a) \leq \mu(\mathfrak a)$ are known. It is an interesting and long-standing problem to find out the cases giving equality. Thanks to the formal grade we give conditions in which the above inequalities become equalities. Keywords:set-theoretically and cohomologically complete intersection ideals, analytic spread, monomials, formal grade, depth of powers of idealsCategories:13D45, 13C14

17. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 579)

Larson, Paul; Tall, Franklin D.
 On the Hereditary Paracompactness of Locally Compact, Hereditarily Normal Spaces We establish that if it is consistent that there is a supercompact cardinal, then it is consistent that every locally compact, hereditarily normal space which does not include a perfect pre-image of $\omega_1$ is hereditarily paracompact. Keywords:locally compact, hereditarily normal, paracompact, Axiom R, PFA$^{++}$Categories:54D35, 54D15, 54D20, 54D45, 03E65, 03E35

18. CMB Online first

Gabriyelyan, S. S.
 Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$-space Property Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$. Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$-space, countable tightnessCategories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25

19. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 485)

Franc, Cameron; Mason, Geoffrey
 Fourier Coefficients of Vector-valued Modular Forms of Dimension $2$ We prove the following Theorem. Suppose that $F=(f_1, f_2)$ is a $2$-dimensional vector-valued modular form on $\operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ whose component functions $f_1, f_2$ have rational Fourier coefficients with bounded denominators. Then $f_1$ and $f_2$ are classical modular forms on a congruence subgroup of the modular group. Keywords:vector-valued modular form, modular group, bounded denominatorsCategories:11F41, 11G99

20. CMB Online first

Chung, Jaeyoung
 On an Exponential Functional Inequality and its Distributional Version Let $G$ be a group and $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$ or $\mathbb R$. In this article, as a generalization of the result of Albert and Baker, we investigate the behavior of bounded and unbounded functions $f\colon G\to \mathbb K$ satisfying the inequality $\Bigl|f \Bigl(\sum_{k=1}^n x_k \Bigr)-\prod_{k=1}^n f(x_k) \Bigr|\le \phi(x_2, \dots, x_n),\quad \forall\, x_1, \dots, x_n\in G,$ where $\phi\colon G^{n-1}\to [0, \infty)$. Also, as a distributional version of the above inequality we consider the stability of the functional equation \begin{equation*} u\circ S - \overbrace{u\otimes \cdots \otimes u}^{n-\text {times}}=0, \end{equation*} where $u$ is a Schwartz distribution or Gelfand hyperfunction, $\circ$ and $\otimes$ are the pullback and tensor product of distributions, respectively, and $S(x_1, \dots, x_n)=x_1+ \dots +x_n$. Keywords:distribution, exponential functional equation, Gelfand hyperfunction, stabilityCategories:46F99, 39B82

21. CMB Online first

Ghenciu, Ioana
 Limited Sets and Bibasic Sequences Bibasic sequences are used to study relative weak compactness and relative norm compactness of limited sets. Keywords:limited sets, $L$-sets, bibasic sequences, the Dunford-Pettis propertyCategories:46B20, 46B28, 28B05

22. CMB Online first

Erzakova, Nina A.
 Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces Previous results by the author on the connection between three of measures of non-compactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended to regular spaces of measurable functions. An example of advantage in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given. Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined. New theorems for $(k,\beta)$-boundedness of partially additive operators are proved. Keywords:measure of non-compactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal spaceCategories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10

23. CMB Online first

Daniilidis, A.; Drusvyatskiy, D.; Lewis, A. S.
 Orbits of Geometric Descent We prove that quasiconvex functions always admit descent trajectories bypassing all non-minimizing critical points. Keywords:differential inclusion, quasiconvex function, self-contracted curve, sweeping processCategories:34A60, 49J99

24. CMB Online first

Kamalov, F.
 Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$-algebra $C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$. Keywords:Property T, $C^*$-algebras, transformation group, amenableCategories:46L55, 46L05

25. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 431)

Tagami, Keiji
 The Rasmussen Invariant, Four-genus and Three-genus of an Almost Positive Knot Are Equal An oriented link is positive if it has a link diagram whose crossings are all positive. An oriented link is almost positive if it is not positive and has a link diagram with exactly one negative crossing. It is known that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of a positive knot are equal. In this paper, we prove that the Rasmussen invariant, $4$-genus and $3$-genus of an almost positive knot are equal. Moreover, we determine the Rasmussen invariant of an almost positive knot in terms of its almost positive knot diagram. As corollaries, we prove that all almost positive knots are not homogeneous, and there is no almost positive knot of $4$-genus one. Keywords:almost positive knot, four-genus, Rasmussen invariantCategories:57M27, 57M25
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