CMS/SMC
Canadian Mathematical Society
www.cms.math.ca
Canadian Mathematical Society
  location:  Publicationsjournals
Publications        
Search results

Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword f

  Expand all        Collapse all Results 1 - 25 of 460

1. CMB Online first

Aulaskari, Rauno; Chen, Huaihui
On classes $Q_p^\#$ for hyperbolic Riemann surfaces
The $Q_p$ spaces of holomorphic functions on the disk, hyperbolic Riemann surfaces or complex unit ball have been studied deeply. Meanwhile, there are a lot of papers devoted to the $Q^\#_p$ classes of meromorphic functions on the disk or hyperbolic Riemann surfaces. In this paper, we prove the nesting property (inclusion relations) of $Q^\#_p$ classes on hyperbolic Riemann surfaces. The same property for $Q_p$ spaces was also established systematically and precisely in earlier work by the authors of this paper.

Keywords:$Q_p^\#$ class, hyperbolic Riemann surface, spherical Dirichlet function,
Categories:30D50, 30F35

2. CMB Online first

Lü, Guangshi; Sankaranarayanan, Ayyadurai
Higher Moments of Fourier Coefficients of Cusp Forms
Let $S_{k}(\Gamma)$ be the space of holomorphic cusp forms of even integral weight $k$ for the full modular group $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$. Let $\lambda_f(n)$, $\lambda_g(n)$, $\lambda_h(n)$ be the $n$th normalized Fourier coefficients of three distinct holomorphic primitive cusp forms $f(z) \in S_{k_1}(\Gamma), g(z) \in S_{k_2}(\Gamma), h(z) \in S_{k_3}(\Gamma)$ respectively. In this paper we study the cancellations of sums related to arithmetic functions, such as $\lambda_f(n)^4\lambda_g(n)^2$, $\lambda_g(n)^6$, $\lambda_g(n)^2\lambda_h(n)^4$, and $\lambda_g(n^3)^2$ twisted by the arithmetic function $\lambda_f(n)$.

Keywords:Fourier coefficients of automorphic forms, Dirichlet series, triple product $L$-function, Perron's formula
Categories:11F30, 11F66

3. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 320)

Llamas, Aurora; Martínez-Bernal, José
Cover Product and Betti Polynomial of Graphs
For disjoint graphs $G$ and $H$, with fixed vertex covers $C(G)$ and $C(H)$, their cover product is the graph $G \circledast H$ with vertex set $V(G)\cup V(H)$ and edge set $E(G)\cup E(H)\cup\{\{i,j\}:i\in C(G), j\in C(H)\}$. We describe the graded Betti numbers of $G\circledast H$ in terms of those of $G$ and $H$. As applications we obtain: (i) For any positive integer $k$ there exists a connected bipartite graph $G$ such that $\operatorname{reg} R/I(G)=\mu_S(G)+k$, where, $I(G)$ denotes the edge ideal of $G$, $\operatorname{reg} R/I(G)$ is the Castelnuovo--Mumford regularity of $R/I(G)$ and $\mu_S(G)$ is the induced or strong matching number of $G$; (ii) The graded Betti numbers of the complement of a tree only depends upon its number of vertices; (iii) The $h$-vector of $R/I(G\circledast H)$ is described in terms of the $h$-vectors of $R/I(G)$ and $R/I(H)$. Furthermore, in a different direction, we give a recursive formula for the graded Betti numbers of chordal bipartite graphs.

Keywords:Castelnuovo--Mumford regularity, chordal bipartite graph, edge ideal, graded Betti number, induced matching number, monomial ideal
Categories:13D02, 05E45

4. CMB Online first

Brendle, Simon; Chodosh, Otis
On the maximum curvature of closed curves in negatively curved manifolds
Motivated by Almgren's work on the isoperimetric inequality, we prove a sharp inequality relating the length and maximum curvature of a closed curve in a complete, simply connected manifold of sectional curvature at most $-1$. Moreover, if equality holds, then the norm of the geodesic curvature is constant and the torsion vanishes. The proof involves an application of the maximum principle to a function defined on pairs of points.

Keywords:manifold, curvature
Category:53C20

5. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 306)

Khoshkhah, Kaveh; Zaker, Manouchehr
On the Largest Dynamic Monopolies of Graphs with a Given Average Threshold
Let $G$ be a graph and $\tau$ be an assignment of nonnegative integer thresholds to the vertices of $G$. A subset of vertices, $D$ is said to be a $\tau$-dynamic monopoly, if $V(G)$ can be partitioned into subsets $D_0, D_1, \ldots, D_k$ such that $D_0=D$ and for any $i\in \{0, \ldots, k-1\}$, each vertex $v$ in $D_{i+1}$ has at least $\tau(v)$ neighbors in $D_0\cup \ldots \cup D_i$. Denote the size of smallest $\tau$-dynamic monopoly by $dyn_{\tau}(G)$ and the average of thresholds in $\tau$ by $\overline{\tau}$. We show that the values of $dyn_{\tau}(G)$ over all assignments $\tau$ with the same average threshold is a continuous set of integers. For any positive number $t$, denote the maximum $dyn_{\tau}(G)$ taken over all threshold assignments $\tau$ with $\overline{\tau}\leq t$, by $Ldyn_t(G)$. In fact, $Ldyn_t(G)$ shows the worst-case value of a dynamic monopoly when the average threshold is a given number $t$. We investigate under what conditions on $t$, there exists an upper bound for $Ldyn_{t}(G)$ of the form $c|G|$, where $c\lt 1$. Next, we show that $Ldyn_t(G)$ is coNP-hard for planar graphs but has polynomial-time solution for forests.

Keywords:spread of influence in graphs, irreversible dynamic monopolies, target set selection
Categories:05C69, 05C85

6. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 402)

Tikuisis, Aaron Peter; Toms, Andrew
On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*-algebras
We examine the ranks of operators in semi-finite $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra whose extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive operators of every possible rank, independent of the property of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by not-necessarily-unital approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth. Combined with results of the first-named author, this shows that slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$-stability, for approximately subhomogeneous algebras.

Keywords:nuclear C*-algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*-algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*-algebras, slow dimension growth
Categories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85

7. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 271)

Jafari, Sayyed Heidar; Jafari Rad, Nader
On Domination of Zero-divisor Graphs of Matrix Rings
We study domination in zero-divisor graphs of matrix rings over a commutative ring with $1$.

Keywords:vector space, linear transformation, zero-divisor graph, domination, local ring
Category:05C69

8. CMB Online first

Alfuraidan, Monther Rashed
The Contraction Principle for Multivalued Mappings on a Modular Metric Space with a Graph
We study the existence of fixed points for contraction multivalued mappings in modular metric spaces endowed with a graph. The notion of a modular metric on an arbitrary set and the corresponding modular spaces, generalizing classical modulars over linear spaces like Orlicz spaces, were recently introduced. This paper can be seen as a generalization of Nadler's and Edelstein's fixed point theorems to modular metric spaces endowed with a graph.

Keywords:fixed point theory, modular metric spaces, multivalued contraction mapping, connected digraph.
Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10

9. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 285)

Karpukhin, Mikhail
Spectral Properties of a Family of Minimal Tori of Revolution in Five-dimensional Sphere
The normalized eigenvalues $\Lambda_i(M,g)$ of the Laplace-Beltrami operator can be considered as functionals on the space of all Riemannian metrics $g$ on a fixed surface $M$. In recent papers several explicit examples of extremal metrics were provided. These metrics are induced by minimal immersions of surfaces in $\mathbb{S}^3$ or $\mathbb{S}^4$. In the present paper a family of extremal metrics induced by minimal immersions in $\mathbb{S}^5$ is investigated.

Keywords:extremal metric, minimal surface
Category:58J50

10. CMB Online first

Han, Yanchang
Embedding theorem for inhomogeneous Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces on RD-spaces
In this article we prove the embedding theorem for inhomogeneous Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces on RD-spaces. The crucial idea is to use the geometric density condition on the measure.

Keywords:spaces of homogeneous type, test function space, distributions, Calderón reproducing formula, Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces, embedding
Categories:42B25, 46F05, 46E35

11. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 415)

Willson, Benjamin
A Fixed Point Theorem and the Existence of a Haar Measure for Hypergroups Satisfying Conditions Related to Amenability
In this paper we present a fixed point property for amenable hypergroups which is analogous to Rickert's fixed point theorem for semigroups. It equates the existence of a left invariant mean on the space of weakly right uniformly continuous functions to the existence of a fixed point for any action of the hypergroup. Using this fixed point property, a certain class of hypergroups are shown to have a left Haar measure.

Keywords:invariant measure, Haar measure, hypergroup, amenability, function translations
Categories:43A62, 43A05, 43A07

12. CMB Online first

Efrat, Ido; Matzri, Eliyahu
Vanishing of Massey products and Brauer groups
Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ a field containing a root of unity of order $p$. We relate recent results on vanishing of triple Massey products in the mod-$p$ Galois cohomology of $F$, due to Hopkins, Wickelgren, Mináċ, and Tân, to classical results in the theory of central simple algebras. For global fields, we prove a stronger form of the vanishing property.

Keywords:Galois cohomology, Brauer groups, triple Massey products, global fields
Categories:16K50, 11R34, 12G05, 12E30

13. CMB Online first

Demirbas, Seckin
Almost Sure Global Well-posedness for Fractional Cubic Schrödinger Equation on Torus
In a previous paper, we proved that $1$-d periodic fractional Schrödinger equation with cubic nonlinearity is locally well-posed in $H^s$ for $s\gt \frac{1-\alpha}{2}$ and globally well-posed for $s\gt \frac{10\alpha-1}{12}$. In this paper we define an invariant probability measure $\mu$ on $H^s$ for $s\lt \alpha-\frac{1}{2}$, so that for any $\epsilon\gt 0$ there is a set $\Omega\subset H^s$ such that $\mu(\Omega^c)\lt \epsilon$ and the equation is globally well-posed for initial data in $\Omega$. We see that this fills the gap between the local well-posedness and the global well-posedness range in almost sure sense for $\frac{1-\alpha}{2}\lt \alpha-\frac{1}{2}$, i.e. $\alpha\gt \frac{2}{3}$ in almost sure sense.

Keywords:NLS, fractional Schrodinger equation, almost sure global wellposedness
Category:35Q55

14. CMB Online first

Casini, Emanuele; Miglierina, Enrico; Piasecki, Lukasz
Hyperplanes in the space of convergent sequences and preduals of $\ell_1$
The main aim of the present paper is to investigate various structural properties of hyperplanes of $c$, the Banach space of the convergent sequences. In particular, we give an explicit formula for the projection constants and we prove that an hyperplane of $c$ is isometric to the whole space if and only if it is $1$-complemented. Moreover, we obtain the classification of those hyperplanes for which their duals are isometric to $\ell_{1}$ and we give a complete description of the preduals of $\ell_{1}$ under the assumption that the standard basis of $\ell_{1}$ is weak$^{*}$-convergent.

Keywords:space of convergent sequences, projection, $\ell_1$-predual, hyperplane
Categories:46B45, 46B04

15. CMB Online first

Silberman, Lior
Quantum unique ergodicity on locally symmetric spaces: the degenerate lift
Given a measure $\bar\mu_\infty$ on a locally symmetric space $Y=\Gamma\backslash G/K$, obtained as a weak-{*} limit of probability measures associated to eigenfunctions of the ring of invariant differential operators, we construct a measure $\bar\mu_\infty$ on the homogeneous space $X=\Gamma\backslash G$ which lifts $\bar\mu_\infty$ and which is invariant by a connected subgroup $A_{1}\subset A$ of positive dimension, where $G=NAK$ is an Iwasawa decomposition. If the functions are, in addition, eigenfunctions of the Hecke operators, then $\bar\mu_\infty$ is also the limit of measures associated to Hecke eigenfunctions on $X$. This generalizes results of the author with A. Venkatesh in the case where the spectral parameters stay away from the walls of the Weyl chamber.

Keywords:quantum unique ergodicity, microlocal lift, spherical dual
Categories:22E50, 43A85

16. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 281)

Kalus, Matthias
On the Relation of Real and Complex Lie Supergroups
A complex Lie supergroup can be described as a real Lie supergroup with integrable almost complex structure. The necessary and sufficient conditions on an almost complex structure on a real Lie supergroup for defining a complex Lie supergroup are deduced. The classification of real Lie supergroups with such almost complex structures yields a new approach to the known classification of complex Lie supergroups by complex Harish-Chandra superpairs. A universal complexification of a real Lie supergroup is constructed.

Keywords:Lie supergroup, almost complex structure, Harish-Chandra pair, universal complexification
Categories:32C11, 58A50

17. CMB Online first

Duc, Dinh Thanh; Nhan, Nguyen Du Vi; Xuan, Nguyen Tong
Inequalities for partial derivatives and their applications
We present various weighted integral inequalities for partial derivatives acting on products and compositions of functions which are applied to establish some new Opial-type inequalities involving functions of several independent variables. We also demonstrate the usefulness of our results in the field of partial differential equations.

Keywords:inequality for integral, Opial-type inequality, Hölder's inequality, partial differential operator, partial differential equation
Categories:26D10, 35A23

18. CMB Online first

Tang, Xianhua
Ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type for a superlinear Hamiltonian elliptic system on RN
This paper is concerned with the following elliptic system of Hamiltonian type \[ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} -\triangle u+V(x)u=W_{v}(x, u, v), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbb{R}}^{N}, \\ -\triangle v+V(x)v=W_{u}(x, u, v), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbb{R}}^{N}, \\ u, v\in H^{1}({\mathbb{R}}^{N}), \end{array} \right. \] where the potential $V$ is periodic and $0$ lies in a gap of the spectrum of $-\Delta+V$, $W(x, s, t)$ is periodic in $x$ and superlinear in $s$ and $t$ at infinity. We develop a direct approach to find ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type for the above system. Especially, our method is applicable for the case when \[ W(x, u, v)=\sum_{i=1}^{k}\int_{0}^{|\alpha_iu+\beta_iv|}g_i(x, t)t\mathrm{d}t +\sum_{j=1}^{l}\int_{0}^{\sqrt{u^2+2b_juv+a_jv^2}}h_j(x, t)t\mathrm{d}t, \] where $\alpha_i, \beta_i, a_j, b_j\in \mathbb{R}$ with $\alpha_i^2+\beta_i^2\ne 0$ and $a_j\gt b_j^2$, $g_i(x, t)$ and $h_j(x, t)$ are nondecreasing in $t\in \mathbb{R}^{+}$ for every $x\in \mathbb{R}^N$ and $g_i(x, 0)=h_j(x, 0)=0$.

Keywords:Hamiltonian elliptic system, superlinear, ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type, strongly indefinite functionals
Categories:35J50, 35J55

19. CMB Online first

Ongaro, Jared; Shapiro, Boris
A note on planarity stratification of Hurwitz spaces
One can easily show that any meromorphic function on a complex closed Riemann surface can be represented as a composition of a birational map of this surface to $\mathbb{CP}^2$ and a projection of the image curve from an appropriate point $p\in \mathbb{CP}^2$ to the pencil of lines through $p$. We introduce a natural stratification of Hurwitz spaces according to the minimal degree of a plane curve such that a given meromorphic function can be represented in the above way and calculate the dimensions of these strata. We observe that they are closely related to a family of Severi varieties studied earlier by J. Harris, Z. Ran and I. Tyomkin.

Keywords:Hurwitz spaces, meromorphic functions, Severi varieties

20. CMB Online first

Matringe, Nadir
A specialisation of the Bump-Friedberg $L$-function
We study the restriction of the Bump-Friedberg integrals to affine lines $\{(s+\alpha,2s),s\in\mathbb{C}\}$. It has a simple theory, very close to that of the Asai $L$-function. It is an integral representation of the product $L(s+\alpha,\pi)L(2s,\Lambda^2,\pi)$ which we denote by $L^{lin}(s,\pi,\alpha)$ for this abstract, when $\pi$ is a cuspidal automorphic representation of $GL(k,\mathbb{A})$ for $\mathbb{A}$ the adeles of a number field. When $k$ is even, we show that for a cuspidal automorphic representation $\pi$, the partial $L$-function $L^{lin,S}(s,\pi,\alpha)$ has a pole at $1/2$, if and only if $\pi$ admits a (twisted) global period, this gives a more direct proof of a theorem of Jacquet and Friedberg, asserting that $\pi$ has a twisted global period if and only if $L(\alpha+1/2,\pi)\neq 0$ and $L(1,\Lambda^2,\pi)=\infty$. When $k$ is odd, the partial $L$-function is holmorphic in a neighbourhood of $Re(s)\geq 1/2$ when $Re(\alpha)$ is $\geq 0$.

Keywords:automorphic L functions
Categories:11F70, 11F66

21. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 241)

Botelho, Fernanda
Isometries and Hermitian Operators on Zygmund Spaces
In this paper we characterize the isometries of subspaces of the little Zygmund space. We show that the isometries of these spaces are surjective and represented as integral operators. We also show that all hermitian operators on these settings are bounded.

Keywords:Zygmund spaces, the little Zygmund space, Hermitian operators, surjective linear isometries, generators of one-parameter groups of surjective isometries
Categories:46E15, 47B15, 47B38

22. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 334)

Medini, Andrea
Countable Dense Homogeneity in Powers of Zero-dimensional Definable Spaces
We show that, for a coanalytic subspace $X$ of $2^\omega$, the countable dense homogeneity of $X^\omega$ is equivalent to $X$ being Polish. This strengthens a result of Hrušák and Zamora Avilés. Then, inspired by results of Hernández-Gutiérrez, Hrušák and van Mill, using a technique of Medvedev, we construct a non-Polish subspace $X$ of $2^\omega$ such that $X^\omega$ is countable dense homogeneous. This gives the first $\mathsf{ZFC}$ answer to a question of Hrušák and Zamora Avilés. Furthermore, since our example is consistently analytic, the equivalence result mentioned above is sharp. Our results also answer a question of Medini and Milovich. Finally, we show that if every countable subset of a zero-dimensional separable metrizable space $X$ is included in a Polish subspace of $X$ then $X^\omega$ is countable dense homogeneous.

Keywords:countable dense homogeneous, infinite power, coanalytic, Polish, $\lambda'$-set
Categories:54H05, 54G20, 54E52

23. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 225)

Aghigh, Kamal; Nikseresht, Azadeh
Characterizing Distinguished Pairs by Using Liftings of Irreducible Polynomials
Let $v$ be a henselian valuation of any rank of a field $K$ and $\overline{v}$ be the unique extension of $v$ to a fixed algebraic closure $\overline{K}$ of $K$. In 2005, it was studied properties of those pairs $(\theta,\alpha)$ of elements of $\overline{K}$ with $[K(\theta): K]\gt [K(\alpha): K]$ where $\alpha$ is an element of smallest degree over $K$ such that $$ \overline{v}(\theta-\alpha)=\sup\{\overline{v}(\theta-\beta) |\ \beta\in \overline{K}, \ [K(\beta): K]\lt [K(\theta): K]\}. $$ Such pairs are referred to as distinguished pairs. We use the concept of liftings of irreducible polynomials to give a different characterization of distinguished pairs.

Keywords:valued fields, non-Archimedean valued fields, irreducible polynomials
Categories:12J10, 12J25, 12E05

24. CMB Online first

Deng, Shaoqiang; Hu, Zhiguang; Li, Jifu
Cohomogeneity one Randers metrics
An action of a Lie group $G$ on a smooth manifold $M$ is called cohomogeneity one if the orbit space $M/G$ is of dimension $1$. A Finsler metric $F$ on $M$ is called invariant if $F$ is invariant under the action of $G$. In this paper, we study invariant Randers metrics on cohomogeneity one manifolds. We first give a sufficient and necessary condition for the existence of invariant Randers metrics on cohomogeneity one manifolds. Then we obtain some results on invariant Killing vector fields on the cohomogeneity one manifolds and use that to deduce some sufficient and necessary condition for a cohomogeneity one Randers metric to be Einstein.

Keywords:cohomogeneity one actions, normal geodesics, invariant vector fields, Randers metrics
Categories:53C30, 53C60

25. CMB Online first

Chen, Guiyun; Li, Lili
Minimal Non-Self Dual Groups
A group $G$ is self dual if every subgroup of $G$ is isomorphic to a quotient of $G$ and every quotient of $G$ is isomorphic to a subgroup of $G$. It is minimal non-self dual if every proper subgroup of $G$ is self dual but $G$ is not self dual. In this paper, the structure of minimal non-self dual groups is determined.

Keywords:minimal non-self dual group, finite group, metacyclic group, metabelian group
Category:20D15
Page
   1 2 3 4 ... 19    

© Canadian Mathematical Society, 2015 : https://cms.math.ca/