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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword duality

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1. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 561)

Martinez-Maure, Yves
Plane Lorentzian and Fuchsian Hedgehogs
Parts of the Brunn-Minkowski theory can be extended to hedgehogs, which are envelopes of families of affine hyperplanes parametrized by their Gauss map. F. Fillastre introduced Fuchsian convex bodies, which are the closed convex sets of Lorentz-Minkowski space that are globally invariant under the action of a Fuchsian group. In this paper, we undertake a study of plane Lorentzian and Fuchsian hedgehogs. In particular, we prove the Fuchsian analogues of classical geometrical inequalities (analogues which are reversed as compared to classical ones).

Keywords:Fuchsian and Lorentzian hedgehogs, evolute, duality, convolution, reversed isoperimetric inequality, reversed Bonnesen inequality
Categories:52A40, 52A55, 53A04, 53B30

2. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 318)

Huang, Zhaoyong
Duality of Preenvelopes and Pure Injective Modules
Let $R$ be an arbitrary ring and $(-)^+=\operatorname{Hom}_{\mathbb{Z}}(-, \mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z})$ where $\mathbb{Z}$ is the ring of integers and $\mathbb{Q}$ is the ring of rational numbers, and let $\mathcal{C}$ be a subcategory of left $R$-modules and $\mathcal{D}$ a subcategory of right $R$-modules such that $X^+\in \mathcal{D}$ for any $X\in \mathcal{C}$ and all modules in $\mathcal{C}$ are pure injective. Then a homomorphism $f: A\to C$ of left $R$-modules with $C\in \mathcal{C}$ is a $\mathcal{C}$-(pre)envelope of $A$ provided $f^+: C^+\to A^+$ is a $\mathcal{D}$-(pre)cover of $A^+$. Some applications of this result are given.

Keywords:(pre)envelopes, (pre)covers, duality, pure injective modules, character modules
Categories:18G25, 16E30

3. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 783)

Motallebi, M. R.; Saiflu, H.
Products and Direct Sums in Locally Convex Cones
In this paper we define lower, upper, and symmetric completeness and discuss closure of the sets in product and direct sums. In particular, we introduce suitable bases for these topologies, which leads us to investigate completeness of the direct sum and its components. Some results obtained about $X$-topologies and polars of the neighborhoods.

Keywords:product and direct sum, duality, locally convex cone
Categories:20K25, 46A30, 46A20

4. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 424)

Thom, Andreas
Convergent Sequences in Discrete Groups
We prove that a finitely generated group contains a sequence of non-trivial elements that converge to the identity in every compact homomorphic image if and only if the group is not virtually abelian. As a consequence of the methods used, we show that a finitely generated group satisfies Chu duality if and only if it is virtually abelian.

Keywords:Chu duality, Bohr topology

5. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 12)

Bingham, N. H.; Ostaszewski, A. J.
Homotopy and the Kestelman-Borwein-Ditor Theorem
The Kestelman--Borwein--Ditor Theorem, on embedding a null sequence by translation in (measure/category) ``large'' sets has two generalizations. Miller replaces the translated sequence by a ``sequence homotopic to the identity''. The authors, in a previous paper, replace points by functions: a uniform functional null sequence replaces the null sequence, and translation receives a functional form. We give a unified approach to results of this kind. In particular, we show that (i) Miller's homotopy version follows from the functional version, and (ii) the pointwise instance of the functional version follows from Miller's homotopy version.

Keywords:measure, category, measure-category duality, differentiable homotopy

6. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 146)

Zhou, Xiaowen
Stepping-Stone Model with Circular Brownian Migration
In this paper we consider the stepping-stone model on a circle with circular Brownian migration. We first point out a connection between Arratia flow on the circle and the marginal distribution of this model. We then give a new representation for the stepping-stone model using Arratia flow and circular coalescing Brownian motion. Such a representation enables us to carry out some explicit computations. In particular, we find the distribution for the first time when there is only one type left across the circle.

Keywords:stepping-stone model, circular coalescing Brownian motion, Arratia flow, duality, entrance law
Categories:60G57, 60J65

7. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 82)

Gogatishvili, Amiran; Pick, Luboš
Embeddings and Duality Theorem for Weak Classical Lorentz Spaces
We characterize the weight functions $u,v,w$ on $(0,\infty)$ such that $$ \left(\int_0^\infty f^{*}(t)^ qw(t)\,dt\right)^{1/q} \leq C \sup_{t\in(0,\infty)}f^{**}_u(t)v(t), $$ where $$ f^{**}_u(t):=\left(\int_{0}^{t}u(s)\,ds\right)^{-1} \int_{0}^{t}f^*(s)u(s)\,ds. $$ As an application we present a~new simple characterization of the associate space to the space $\Gamma^ \infty(v)$, determined by the norm $$ \|f\|_{\Gamma^ \infty(v)}=\sup_{t\in(0,\infty)}f^{**}(t)v(t), $$ where $$ f^{**}(t):=\frac1t\int_{0}^{t}f^*(s)\,ds. $$

Keywords:Discretizing sequence, antidiscretization, classical Lorentz spaces, weak Lorentz spaces, embeddings, duality, Hardy's inequality
Categories:26D10, 46E20

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