Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 25 of 27 |
1. CMB Online first
Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$-space Property Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$.
Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$-space, countable tightness Categories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25 |
2. CMB Online first
Orbits of Geometric Descent We prove that quasiconvex functions always admit descent trajectories
bypassing all non-minimizing critical points.
Keywords:differential inclusion, quasiconvex function, self-contracted curve, sweeping process Categories:34A60, 49J99 |
3. CMB Online first
On Convolutions of Convex Sets and Related Problems We prove some results concerning covolutions, the
additive energy and sumsets of convex sets and its generalizations. In
particular, we show that if a set $A=\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}_\lt \subseteq
\mathbb R$ has
the property that for every fixed
$1\leqslant d\lt n,$ all differences $a_i-a_{i-d}$, $d\lt i\lt n,$ are distinct, then
$|A+A|\gg |A|^{3/2+c}$ for a constant $c\gt 0.$
Keywords:convex sets, additive energy, sumsets Category:11B99 |
4. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 270)
Derivations on Toeplitz Algebras Let $H^2(\Omega)$ be the Hardy space on a strictly pseudoconvex domain $\Omega \subset
\mathbb{C}^n$,
and let $A \subset L^\infty(\partial \Omega)$ denote the subalgebra of all $L^\infty$-functions $f$
with compact Hankel operator $H_f$. Given any closed subalgebra $B \subset A$ containing $C(\partial \Omega)$,
we describe the first Hochschild cohomology group of the
corresponding Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal(B) \subset B(H^2(\Omega))$.
In particular, we show that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(A)$ is inner. These results are new even for $n=1$,
where it follows that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C)$ is inner, while there are non-inner
derivations on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C(\partial \mathbb{B}_n))$ over
the unit ball $\mathbb{B}_n$ in dimension $n\gt 1$.
Keywords:derivations, Toeplitz algebras, strictly pseudoconvex domains Categories:47B47, 47B35, 47L80 |
5. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 61)
2-dimensional Convexity Numbers and $P_4$-free Graphs For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ a set
$C\subseteq S$ is an $m$-clique if the convex hull of no $m$-element subset of
$C$ is contained in $S$.
We show that there is essentially just one way to construct
a closed set $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$ without an uncountable
$3$-clique that is not the union of countably many convex sets.
In particular, all such sets have the same convexity number;
that is, they
require the same number of convex subsets to cover them.
The main result follows from an analysis of the convex structure of closed
sets in $\mathbb R^2$ without uncountable 3-cliques in terms of
clopen, $P_4$-free graphs on Polish spaces.
Keywords:convex cover, convexity number, continuous coloring, perfect graph, cograph Categories:52A10, 03E17, 03E75 |
6. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 178)
Quasiconvexity and Density Topology We prove that if $f:\mathbb{R}^{N}\rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{R}}$ is
quasiconvex and $U\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ is open in the density topology, then
$\sup_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,sup}_{U}f,$ while
$\inf_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,inf}_{U}f$
if and only if the equality holds when $U=\mathbb{R}^{N}.$ The first (second)
property is typical of lsc (usc) functions and, even when $U$ is an ordinary
open subset, there seems to be no record that they both hold for all
quasiconvex functions.
This property ensures that the pointwise extrema of $f$ on any nonempty
density open subset can be arbitrarily closely approximated by values of $f$
achieved on ``large'' subsets, which may be of relevance in a variety of
issues. To support this claim, we use it to characterize the common points
of continuity, or approximate continuity, of two quasiconvex functions that
coincide away from a set of measure zero.
Keywords:density topology, quasiconvex function, approximate continuity, point of continuity Categories:52A41, 26B05 |
7. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)
Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings.
Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalities Categories:47A63, 15A45 |
8. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 783)
Products and Direct Sums in Locally Convex Cones In this paper we define lower, upper, and symmetric completeness and
discuss closure of the sets in product and direct sums. In particular,
we introduce suitable bases for these topologies, which leads us to
investigate completeness of the direct sum and its components. Some
results obtained about $X$-topologies and polars of the neighborhoods.
Keywords:product and direct sum, duality, locally convex cone Categories:20K25, 46A30, 46A20 |
9. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 498)
Simplices in the Euclidean Ball We establish some inequalities for the second moment
$$
\frac{1}{|K|} \int_{K}|x|_2^2 \,dx
$$
of a convex body $K$ under various assumptions on the position of $K$.
Keywords:convex body, simplex Category:52A20 |
10. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 697)
Constructions of Uniformly Convex Functions We give precise conditions under which the composition
of a norm with a convex function yields a
uniformly convex function on a Banach space.
Various applications are given to functions of power type.
The results are dualized to study uniform smoothness
and several examples are provided.
Keywords:convex function, uniformly convex function, uniformly smooth function, power type, Fenchel conjugate, composition, norm Categories:52A41, 46G05, 46N10, 49J50, 90C25 |
11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 767)
On Zindler Curves in Normed Planes We extend the notion of Zindler curve from the Euclidean plane to
normed planes. A characterization of Zindler curves for general
normed planes is given, and the relation between Zindler curves and
curves of constant area-halving distances in such planes is
discussed.
Keywords:rc length, area-halving distance, Birkhoff orthogonality, convex curve, halving pair, halving distance, isosceles orthogonality, midpoint curve, Minkowski plane, normed plane, Zindler curve Categories:52A21, 52A10, 46C15 |
12. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 217)
Recurrence Relations for Strongly $q$-Log-Convex Polynomials
We consider a class of
strongly $q$-log-convex polynomials based on a triangular recurrence
relation with linear coefficients, and we show that the Bell
polynomials, the Bessel polynomials, the Ramanujan polynomials and
the Dowling polynomials are strongly $q$-log-convex. We also prove
that the Bessel transformation preserves log-convexity.
Keywords:log-concavity, $q$-log-convexity, strong $q$-log-convexity, Bell polynomials, Bessel polynomials, Ramanujan polynomials, Dowling polynomials Categories:05A20, 05E99 |
13. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)
Structure of the Set of Norm-attaining Functionals on Strictly Convex Spaces Let $X$ be a separable non-reflexive Banach space. We show that there
is no Borel class which contains the set of norm-attaining functionals
for every strictly convex renorming of $X$.
Keywords:separable non-reflexive space, set of norm-attaining functionals, strictly convex norm, Borel class Categories:46B20, 54H05, 46B10 |
14. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 398)
Projections in the Convex Hull of Surjective Isometries We characterize those linear projections represented as a convex combination of two surjective isometries on standard Banach spaces of continuous functions with values in a strictly convex Banach space.
Keywords:isometry, convex combination of isometries, generalized bi-circular projections Categories:47A65, 47B15, 47B37 |
15. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 464)
Two Volume Product Inequalities and Their Applications Let $K \subset {\mathbb{R}}^{n+1}$ be a convex body of class $C^2$
with everywhere positive Gauss curvature. We show that there exists
a positive number $\delta (K)$ such that for any $\delta \in (0,
\delta(K))$ we have $\Volu(K_{\delta})\cdot
\Volu((K_{\delta})^{\sstar}) \geq \Volu(K)\cdot \Volu(K^{\sstar}) \geq
\Volu(K^{\delta})\cdot \Volu((K^{\delta})^{\sstar})$, where $K_{\delta}$,
$K^{\delta}$ and $K^{\sstar}$ stand for the convex floating body, the
illumination body, and the polar of $K$, respectively. We derive a
few consequences of these inequalities.
Keywords:affine invariants, convex floating bodies, illumination bodies Categories:52A40, 52A38, 52A20 |
16. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 424)
Covering Discs in Minkowski Planes We investigate the following version of the circle covering
problem in strictly convex (normed or) Minkowski planes: to cover
a circle of largest possible diameter by $k$ unit circles. In
particular, we study the cases $k=3$, $k=4$, and $k=7$. For $k=3$
and $k=4$, the diameters under consideration are described in
terms of side-lengths and circumradii of certain inscribed regular
triangles or quadrangles. This yields also simple explanations of
geometric meanings that the corresponding homothety ratios have.
It turns out that basic notions from Minkowski geometry play an
essential role in our proofs, namely Minkowskian bisectors,
$d$-segments, and the monotonicity lemma.
Keywords:affine regular polygon, bisector, circle covering problem, circumradius, $d$-segment, Minkowski plane, (strictly convex) normed plane Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C15 |
17. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 403)
Shaken Rogers's Theorem for Homothetic Sections We shall prove the following shaken Rogers's theorem for
homothetic sections: Let $K$ and $L$ be strictly convex bodies and
suppose that for every plane $H$ through the origin we can choose
continuously sections of $K $ and $L$, parallel to $H$, which are
directly homothetic. Then $K$ and $L$ are directly homothetic.
Keywords:convex bodies, homothetic bodies, sections and projections, Rogers's Theorem Category:52A15 |
18. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 342)
On the X-ray Number of Almost Smooth Convex Bodies and of Convex Bodies of Constant Width The X-ray numbers of some classes of convex bodies are investigated.
In particular, we give a proof of the X-ray Conjecture as well as
of the Illumination Conjecture for almost smooth convex bodies
of any dimension and for convex bodies of constant width of
dimensions $3$, $4$, $5$ and $6$.
Keywords:almost smooth convex body, convex body of constant width, weakly neighbourly antipodal convex polytope, Illumination Conjecture, X-ray number, X-ray Conjecture Categories:52A20, 52A37, 52C17, 52C35 |
19. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)
A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry
based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras.
An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is
Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules
on commutative rings.
We show that this theorem is a consequence of the
Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras.
A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by
I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize
Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution.
Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometry Categories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99 |
20. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 113)
Hermitian Harmonic Maps into Convex Balls In this paper, we consider Hermitian harmonic maps from
Hermitian manifolds into convex balls. We prove that there exist
no non-trivial Hermitian harmonic maps from closed Hermitian
manifolds into convex balls, and we use the heat flow method to
solve the Dirichlet problem for Hermitian harmonic maps when the
domain is a compact Hermitian manifold with non-empty boundary.
Keywords:Hermitian harmonic map, Hermitian manifold, convex ball Categories:58E15, 53C07 |
21. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 536)
Measure Convex and Measure Extremal Sets We prove that convex sets are measure convex and extremal sets are measure extremal
provided they are of low Borel complexity. We also present
examples showing that the positive results cannot be strengthened.
Keywords:measure convex set, measure extremal set, face Categories:46A55, 52A07 |
22. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 628)
Approximation and the Topology of Rationally Convex Sets Considering a mapping $g$ holomorphic on a neighbourhood of a rationally
convex set $K\subset\cc^n$, and range into the complex projective space
$\cc\pp^m$, the main objective of this paper is to show that we can
uniformly approximate $g$ on $K$ by rational mappings defined from
$\cc^n$ into $\cc\pp^m$. We only need to ask that the second \v{C}ech
cohomology group $\check{H}^2(K,\zz)$ vanishes.
Keywords:Rationally convex, cohomology, homotopy Categories:32E30, 32Q55 |
23. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 185)
On the Inequality for Volume and Minkowskian Thickness Given a centrally symmetric convex body $B$ in $\E^d,$ we denote
by $\M^d(B)$ the Minkowski space ({\em i.e.,} finite dimensional
Banach space) with unit ball $B.$ Let $K$ be an arbitrary convex
body in $\M^d(B).$ The relationship between volume $V(K)$ and the
Minkowskian thickness ($=$ minimal width) $\thns_B(K)$ of $K$ can
naturally be given by the sharp geometric inequality $V(K) \ge
\alpha(B) \cdot \thns_B(K)^d,$ where $\alpha(B)>0.$ As a simple
corollary of the Rogers--Shephard inequality we obtain that
$\binom{2d}{d}{}^{-1} \le \alpha(B)/V(B) \le 2^{-d}$ with equality
on the left attained if and only if $B$ is the difference body of
a simplex and on the right if $B$ is a cross-polytope. The main
result of this paper is that for $d=2$ the equality on the right
implies that $B$ is a parallelogram. The obtained results yield
the sharp upper bound for the modified Banach--Mazur distance to the
regular hexagon.
Keywords:convex body, geometric inequality, thickness, Minkowski space, Banach space, normed space, reduced body, Banach-Mazur compactum, (modified) Banach-Mazur distance, volume ratio Categories:52A40, 46B20 |
24. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 283)
Enlarged Inclusion of Subdifferentials This paper studies the integration of inclusion of subdifferentials. Under
various verifiable conditions, we obtain that if two proper lower
semicontinuous functions $f$ and $g$ have the subdifferential of $f$
included in the $\gamma$-enlargement of the subdifferential of $g$, then
the difference of those functions is $ \gamma$-Lipschitz over their
effective domain.
Keywords:subdifferential,, directionally regular function,, approximate convex function,, subdifferentially and directionally stable function Categories:49J52, 46N10, 58C20 |
25. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 373)
Potential Theory of the Farthest-Point Distance Function We study the farthest-point distance function, which measures the
distance from $z \in \mathbb{C}$ to the farthest point or points of
a given compact set $E$ in the plane.
The logarithm of this distance is subharmonic as a function of $z$,
and equals the logarithmic potential of a unique probability measure
with unbounded support. This measure $\sigma_E$ has many interesting
properties that reflect the topology and geometry of the compact set
$E$. We prove $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for polygons inscribed in a
circle, with equality if and only if $E$ is a regular $n$-gon for some
odd $n$. Also we show $\sigma_E(E) = \frac12$ for smooth convex sets of
constant width. We conjecture $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for all~$E$.
Keywords:distance function, farthest points, subharmonic function, representing measure, convex bodies of constant width Categories:31A05, 52A10, 52A40 |