1. CMB Online first
 Atıcı, Ferhan M.; Yaldız, Hatice

Convex Functions on Discrete Time Domains
In this paper, we introduce the definition of a convex real
valued function $f$ defined on the set of integers, ${\mathbb{Z}}$. We
prove that $f$ is convex on ${\mathbb{Z}}$ if and only if $\Delta^{2}f
\geq 0$ on ${\mathbb{Z}}$. As a first application of this new concept,
we state and prove discrete HermiteHadamard inequality using
the basics of discrete calculus (i.e. the calculus on ${\mathbb{Z}}$).
Second, we state and prove the discrete fractional HermiteHadamard
inequality using the basics of discrete fractional calculus.
We close the paper by defining the convexity of a real valued
function on any time scale.
Keywords:discrete calculus, discrete fractional calculus, convex functions, discrete HermiteHadamard inequality Categories:26B25, 26A33, 39A12, 39A70, 26E70, 26D07, 26D10, 26D15 

2. CMB Online first
 Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun

Existence of multiple solutions for a $p$Laplacian system in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with signchanging weight functions
In this paper, we consider the quasilinear elliptic
problem
\[
\left\{
\begin{aligned}
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla u^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla u^{p2}\nabla u
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)u^{\alpha2}uv^{\beta}+\lambda
h_{1}(x)u^{q2}u,
\\
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla v^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla v^{p2}\nabla v
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)v^{\beta2}vu^{\alpha}+\mu
h_{2}(x)v^{q2}v,
\\
&u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N}
\end{aligned}
\right.
\]
where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$,
$1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{Np}$, $0\leq
a\lt \frac{Np}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$,
$k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$
are
continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We
will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions
by
using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with
the Euler functional for this problem.
Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearities Category:35J66 

3. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 297)
 Khamsi, M. A.

Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces
In this paper, we investigate the common
approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of
nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that
$T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space
$(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the
common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common
approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family.
Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate
fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear
mappings.
Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic space Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10 

4. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 803)
 Gabriyelyan, S. S.

Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$space Property
Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$.
Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$space, countable tightness Categories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25 

5. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 44)
6. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 877)
 Schoen, Tomasz

On Convolutions of Convex Sets and Related Problems
We prove some results concerning covolutions, the
additive energy and sumsets of convex sets and its generalizations. In
particular, we show that if a set $A=\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}_\lt \subseteq
\mathbb R$ has
the property that for every fixed
$1\leqslant d\lt n,$ all differences $a_ia_{id}$, $d\lt i\lt n,$ are distinct, then
$A+A\gg A^{3/2+c}$ for a constant $c\gt 0.$
Keywords:convex sets, additive energy, sumsets Category:11B99 

7. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 270)
 Didas, Michael; Eschmeier, Jörg

Derivations on Toeplitz Algebras
Let $H^2(\Omega)$ be the Hardy space on a strictly pseudoconvex domain $\Omega \subset
\mathbb{C}^n$,
and let $A \subset L^\infty(\partial \Omega)$ denote the subalgebra of all $L^\infty$functions $f$
with compact Hankel operator $H_f$. Given any closed subalgebra $B \subset A$ containing $C(\partial \Omega)$,
we describe the first Hochschild cohomology group of the
corresponding Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal(B) \subset B(H^2(\Omega))$.
In particular, we show that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(A)$ is inner. These results are new even for $n=1$,
where it follows that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C)$ is inner, while there are noninner
derivations on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C(\partial \mathbb{B}_n))$ over
the unit ball $\mathbb{B}_n$ in dimension $n\gt 1$.
Keywords:derivations, Toeplitz algebras, strictly pseudoconvex domains Categories:47B47, 47B35, 47L80 

8. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 178)
 Rabier, Patrick J.

Quasiconvexity and Density Topology
We prove that if $f:\mathbb{R}^{N}\rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{R}}$ is
quasiconvex and $U\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ is open in the density topology, then
$\sup_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,sup}_{U}f,$ while
$\inf_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,inf}_{U}f$
if and only if the equality holds when $U=\mathbb{R}^{N}.$ The first (second)
property is typical of lsc (usc) functions and, even when $U$ is an ordinary
open subset, there seems to be no record that they both hold for all
quasiconvex functions.
This property ensures that the pointwise extrema of $f$ on any nonempty
density open subset can be arbitrarily closely approximated by values of $f$
achieved on ``large'' subsets, which may be of relevance in a variety of
issues. To support this claim, we use it to characterize the common points
of continuity, or approximate continuity, of two quasiconvex functions that
coincide away from a set of measure zero.
Keywords:density topology, quasiconvex function, approximate continuity, point of continuity Categories:52A41, 26B05 

9. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 61)
 Geschke, Stefan

2dimensional Convexity Numbers and $P_4$free Graphs
For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ a set
$C\subseteq S$ is an $m$clique if the convex hull of no $m$element subset of
$C$ is contained in $S$.
We show that there is essentially just one way to construct
a closed set $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$ without an uncountable
$3$clique that is not the union of countably many convex sets.
In particular, all such sets have the same convexity number;
that is, they
require the same number of convex subsets to cover them.
The main result follows from an analysis of the convex structure of closed
sets in $\mathbb R^2$ without uncountable 3cliques in terms of
clopen, $P_4$free graphs on Polish spaces.
Keywords:convex cover, convexity number, continuous coloring, perfect graph, cograph Categories:52A10, 03E17, 03E75 

10. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)
 Bourin, JeanChristophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, EunYoung

Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators
Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings.
Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalities Categories:47A63, 15A45 

11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 783)
 Motallebi, M. R.; Saiflu, H.

Products and Direct Sums in Locally Convex Cones
In this paper we define lower, upper, and symmetric completeness and
discuss closure of the sets in product and direct sums. In particular,
we introduce suitable bases for these topologies, which leads us to
investigate completeness of the direct sum and its components. Some
results obtained about $X$topologies and polars of the neighborhoods.
Keywords:product and direct sum, duality, locally convex cone Categories:20K25, 46A30, 46A20 

12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 498)
13. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 697)
 Borwein, Jonathan M.; Vanderwerff, Jon

Constructions of Uniformly Convex Functions
We give precise conditions under which the composition
of a norm with a convex function yields a
uniformly convex function on a Banach space.
Various applications are given to functions of power type.
The results are dualized to study uniform smoothness
and several examples are provided.
Keywords:convex function, uniformly convex function, uniformly smooth function, power type, Fenchel conjugate, composition, norm Categories:52A41, 46G05, 46N10, 49J50, 90C25 

14. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 767)
 Martini, Horst; Wu, Senlin

On Zindler Curves in Normed Planes
We extend the notion of Zindler curve from the Euclidean plane to
normed planes. A characterization of Zindler curves for general
normed planes is given, and the relation between Zindler curves and
curves of constant areahalving distances in such planes is
discussed.
Keywords:rc length, areahalving distance, Birkhoff orthogonality, convex curve, halving pair, halving distance, isosceles orthogonality, midpoint curve, Minkowski plane, normed plane, Zindler curve Categories:52A21, 52A10, 46C15 

15. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 217)
 Chen, William Y. C.; Wang, Larry X. W.; Yang, Arthur L. B.

Recurrence Relations for Strongly $q$LogConvex Polynomials
We consider a class of
strongly $q$logconvex polynomials based on a triangular recurrence
relation with linear coefficients, and we show that the Bell
polynomials, the Bessel polynomials, the Ramanujan polynomials and
the Dowling polynomials are strongly $q$logconvex. We also prove
that the Bessel transformation preserves logconvexity.
Keywords:logconcavity, $q$logconvexity, strong $q$logconvexity, Bell polynomials, Bessel polynomials, Ramanujan polynomials, Dowling polynomials Categories:05A20, 05E99 

16. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)
17. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 398)
18. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 342)
 Bezdek, K.; Kiss, Gy.

On the Xray Number of Almost Smooth Convex Bodies and of Convex Bodies of Constant Width
The Xray numbers of some classes of convex bodies are investigated.
In particular, we give a proof of the Xray Conjecture as well as
of the Illumination Conjecture for almost smooth convex bodies
of any dimension and for convex bodies of constant width of
dimensions $3$, $4$, $5$ and $6$.
Keywords:almost smooth convex body, convex body of constant width, weakly neighbourly antipodal convex polytope, Illumination Conjecture, Xray number, Xray Conjecture Categories:52A20, 52A37, 52C17, 52C35 

19. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 464)
 Stancu, Alina

Two Volume Product Inequalities and Their Applications
Let $K \subset {\mathbb{R}}^{n+1}$ be a convex body of class $C^2$
with everywhere positive Gauss curvature. We show that there exists
a positive number $\delta (K)$ such that for any $\delta \in (0,
\delta(K))$ we have $\Volu(K_{\delta})\cdot
\Volu((K_{\delta})^{\sstar}) \geq \Volu(K)\cdot \Volu(K^{\sstar}) \geq
\Volu(K^{\delta})\cdot \Volu((K^{\delta})^{\sstar})$, where $K_{\delta}$,
$K^{\delta}$ and $K^{\sstar}$ stand for the convex floating body, the
illumination body, and the polar of $K$, respectively. We derive a
few consequences of these inequalities.
Keywords:affine invariants, convex floating bodies, illumination bodies Categories:52A40, 52A38, 52A20 

20. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 424)
 Martini, Horst; Spirova, Margarita

Covering Discs in Minkowski Planes
We investigate the following version of the circle covering
problem in strictly convex (normed or) Minkowski planes: to cover
a circle of largest possible diameter by $k$ unit circles. In
particular, we study the cases $k=3$, $k=4$, and $k=7$. For $k=3$
and $k=4$, the diameters under consideration are described in
terms of sidelengths and circumradii of certain inscribed regular
triangles or quadrangles. This yields also simple explanations of
geometric meanings that the corresponding homothety ratios have.
It turns out that basic notions from Minkowski geometry play an
essential role in our proofs, namely Minkowskian bisectors,
$d$segments, and the monotonicity lemma.
Keywords:affine regular polygon, bisector, circle covering problem, circumradius, $d$segment, Minkowski plane, (strictly convex) normed plane Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C15 

21. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 403)
 JerónimoCastro, J.; Montejano, L.; MoralesAmaya, E.

Shaken Rogers's Theorem for Homothetic Sections
We shall prove the following shaken Rogers's theorem for
homothetic sections: Let $K$ and $L$ be strictly convex bodies and
suppose that for every plane $H$ through the origin we can choose
continuously sections of $K $ and $L$, parallel to $H$, which are
directly homothetic. Then $K$ and $L$ are directly homothetic.
Keywords:convex bodies, homothetic bodies, sections and projections, Rogers's Theorem Category:52A15 

22. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)
 Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob

A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$Rings
We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry
based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$algebras.
An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is
Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules
on commutative rings.
We show that this theorem is a consequence of the
GelfandNaimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$algebras.
A noncommutative version of GelfandNaimark theory was studied by
I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize
Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution.
Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometry Categories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99 

23. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 113)
 Li, ZhenYang; Zhang, Xi

Hermitian Harmonic Maps into Convex Balls
In this paper, we consider Hermitian harmonic maps from
Hermitian manifolds into convex balls. We prove that there exist
no nontrivial Hermitian harmonic maps from closed Hermitian
manifolds into convex balls, and we use the heat flow method to
solve the Dirichlet problem for Hermitian harmonic maps when the
domain is a compact Hermitian manifold with nonempty boundary.
Keywords:Hermitian harmonic map, Hermitian manifold, convex ball Categories:58E15, 53C07 

24. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 536)
25. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 628)
 Zeron, E. S.

Approximation and the Topology of Rationally Convex Sets
Considering a mapping $g$ holomorphic on a neighbourhood of a rationally
convex set $K\subset\cc^n$, and range into the complex projective space
$\cc\pp^m$, the main objective of this paper is to show that we can
uniformly approximate $g$ on $K$ by rational mappings defined from
$\cc^n$ into $\cc\pp^m$. We only need to ask that the second \v{C}ech
cohomology group $\check{H}^2(K,\zz)$ vanishes.
Keywords:Rationally convex, cohomology, homotopy Categories:32E30, 32Q55 
