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1. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 417)

Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun
 Existence of Multiple Solutions for a $p$-Laplacian System in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with Sign-changing Weight Functions In this paper, we consider the quasi-linear elliptic problem \left\{ \begin{aligned} & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|u|^{\alpha-2}u|v|^{\beta}+\lambda h_{1}(x)|u|^{q-2}u, \\ & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p-2}\nabla v \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|v|^{\beta-2}v|u|^{\alpha}+\mu h_{2}(x)|v|^{q-2}v, \\ &u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N} \end{aligned} \right. where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$, $1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{N-p}$, $0\leq a\lt \frac{N-p}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1-b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$, $k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$ are continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions by using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with the Euler functional for this problem. Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$-Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearitiesCategory:35J66

2. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 225)

Atıcı, Ferhan M.; Yaldız, Hatice
 Convex Functions on Discrete Time Domains In this paper, we introduce the definition of a convex real valued function $f$ defined on the set of integers, ${\mathbb{Z}}$. We prove that $f$ is convex on ${\mathbb{Z}}$ if and only if $\Delta^{2}f \geq 0$ on ${\mathbb{Z}}$. As a first application of this new concept, we state and prove discrete Hermite-Hadamard inequality using the basics of discrete calculus (i.e. the calculus on ${\mathbb{Z}}$). Second, we state and prove the discrete fractional Hermite-Hadamard inequality using the basics of discrete fractional calculus. We close the paper by defining the convexity of a real valued function on any time scale. Keywords:discrete calculus, discrete fractional calculus, convex functions, discrete Hermite-Hadamard inequalityCategories:26B25, 26A33, 39A12, 39A70, 26E70, 26D07, 26D10, 26D15

3. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 297)

Khamsi, M. A.
 Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces In this paper, we investigate the common approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that $T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space $(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family. Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear mappings. Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic spaceCategories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10

4. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 803)

Gabriyelyan, S. S.
 Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$-space Property Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$. Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$-space, countable tightnessCategories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25

5. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 44)

Daniilidis, A.; Drusvyatskiy, D.; Lewis, A. S.
 Orbits of Geometric Descent We prove that quasiconvex functions always admit descent trajectories bypassing all non-minimizing critical points. Keywords:differential inclusion, quasiconvex function, self-contracted curve, sweeping processCategories:34A60, 49J99

6. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 877)

Schoen, Tomasz
 On Convolutions of Convex Sets and Related Problems We prove some results concerning covolutions, the additive energy and sumsets of convex sets and its generalizations. In particular, we show that if a set $A=\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}_\lt \subseteq \mathbb R$ has the property that for every fixed $1\leqslant d\lt n,$ all differences $a_i-a_{i-d}$, $d\lt i\lt n,$ are distinct, then $|A+A|\gg |A|^{3/2+c}$ for a constant $c\gt 0.$ Keywords:convex sets, additive energy, sumsetsCategory:11B99

7. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 270)

Didas, Michael; Eschmeier, Jörg
 Derivations on Toeplitz Algebras Let $H^2(\Omega)$ be the Hardy space on a strictly pseudoconvex domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{C}^n$, and let $A \subset L^\infty(\partial \Omega)$ denote the subalgebra of all $L^\infty$-functions $f$ with compact Hankel operator $H_f$. Given any closed subalgebra $B \subset A$ containing $C(\partial \Omega)$, we describe the first Hochschild cohomology group of the corresponding Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal(B) \subset B(H^2(\Omega))$. In particular, we show that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(A)$ is inner. These results are new even for $n=1$, where it follows that every derivation on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C)$ is inner, while there are non-inner derivations on $\mathcal{T}(H^\infty+C(\partial \mathbb{B}_n))$ over the unit ball $\mathbb{B}_n$ in dimension $n\gt 1$. Keywords:derivations, Toeplitz algebras, strictly pseudoconvex domainsCategories:47B47, 47B35, 47L80

8. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 178)

Rabier, Patrick J.
 Quasiconvexity and Density Topology We prove that if $f:\mathbb{R}^{N}\rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{R}}$ is quasiconvex and $U\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ is open in the density topology, then $\sup_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,sup}_{U}f,$ while $\inf_{U}f=\operatorname{ess\,inf}_{U}f$ if and only if the equality holds when $U=\mathbb{R}^{N}.$ The first (second) property is typical of lsc (usc) functions and, even when $U$ is an ordinary open subset, there seems to be no record that they both hold for all quasiconvex functions. This property ensures that the pointwise extrema of $f$ on any nonempty density open subset can be arbitrarily closely approximated by values of $f$ achieved on large'' subsets, which may be of relevance in a variety of issues. To support this claim, we use it to characterize the common points of continuity, or approximate continuity, of two quasiconvex functions that coincide away from a set of measure zero. Keywords:density topology, quasiconvex function, approximate continuity, point of continuityCategories:52A41, 26B05

9. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 61)

Geschke, Stefan
 2-dimensional Convexity Numbers and $P_4$-free Graphs For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^n$ a set $C\subseteq S$ is an $m$-clique if the convex hull of no $m$-element subset of $C$ is contained in $S$. We show that there is essentially just one way to construct a closed set $S\subseteq\mathbb R^2$ without an uncountable $3$-clique that is not the union of countably many convex sets. In particular, all such sets have the same convexity number; that is, they require the same number of convex subsets to cover them. The main result follows from an analysis of the convex structure of closed sets in $\mathbb R^2$ without uncountable 3-cliques in terms of clopen, $P_4$-free graphs on Polish spaces. Keywords:convex cover, convexity number, continuous coloring, perfect graph, cographCategories:52A10, 03E17, 03E75

10. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 25)

Bourin, Jean-Christophe; Harada, Tetsuo; Lee, Eun-Young
 Subadditivity Inequalities for Compact Operators Some subadditivity inequalities for matrices and concave functions also hold for Hilbert space operators, but (unfortunately!) with an additional $\varepsilon$ term. It seems not possible to erase this residual term. However, in case of compact operators we show that the $\varepsilon$ term is unnecessary. Further, these inequalities are strict in a certain sense when some natural assumptions are satisfied. The discussion also stresses on matrices and their compressions and several open questions or conjectures are considered, both in the matrix and operator settings. Keywords:concave or convex function, Hilbert space, unitary orbits, compact operators, compressions, matrix inequalitiesCategories:47A63, 15A45

11. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 783)

Motallebi, M. R.; Saiflu, H.
 Products and Direct Sums in Locally Convex Cones In this paper we define lower, upper, and symmetric completeness and discuss closure of the sets in product and direct sums. In particular, we introduce suitable bases for these topologies, which leads us to investigate completeness of the direct sum and its components. Some results obtained about $X$-topologies and polars of the neighborhoods. Keywords:product and direct sum, duality, locally convex coneCategories:20K25, 46A30, 46A20

12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 498)

Fradelizi, Matthieu; Paouris, Grigoris; Schütt, Carsten
 Simplices in the Euclidean Ball We establish some inequalities for the second moment $$\frac{1}{|K|} \int_{K}|x|_2^2 \,dx$$ of a convex body $K$ under various assumptions on the position of $K$. Keywords:convex body, simplexCategory:52A20

13. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 697)

Borwein, Jonathan M.; Vanderwerff, Jon
 Constructions of Uniformly Convex Functions We give precise conditions under which the composition of a norm with a convex function yields a uniformly convex function on a Banach space. Various applications are given to functions of power type. The results are dualized to study uniform smoothness and several examples are provided. Keywords:convex function, uniformly convex function, uniformly smooth function, power type, Fenchel conjugate, composition, normCategories:52A41, 46G05, 46N10, 49J50, 90C25

14. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 767)

Martini, Horst; Wu, Senlin
 On Zindler Curves in Normed Planes We extend the notion of Zindler curve from the Euclidean plane to normed planes. A characterization of Zindler curves for general normed planes is given, and the relation between Zindler curves and curves of constant area-halving distances in such planes is discussed. Keywords:rc length, area-halving distance, Birkhoff orthogonality, convex curve, halving pair, halving distance, isosceles orthogonality, midpoint curve, Minkowski plane, normed plane, Zindler curveCategories:52A21, 52A10, 46C15

15. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 217)

Chen, William Y. C.; Wang, Larry X. W.; Yang, Arthur L. B.
 Recurrence Relations for Strongly $q$-Log-Convex Polynomials We consider a class of strongly $q$-log-convex polynomials based on a triangular recurrence relation with linear coefficients, and we show that the Bell polynomials, the Bessel polynomials, the Ramanujan polynomials and the Dowling polynomials are strongly $q$-log-convex. We also prove that the Bessel transformation preserves log-convexity. Keywords:log-concavity, $q$-log-convexity, strong $q$-log-convexity, Bell polynomials, Bessel polynomials, Ramanujan polynomials, Dowling polynomialsCategories:05A20, 05E99

16. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)

Kurka, Ondřej
 Structure of the Set of Norm-attaining Functionals on Strictly Convex Spaces Let $X$ be a separable non-reflexive Banach space. We show that there is no Borel class which contains the set of norm-attaining functionals for every strictly convex renorming of $X$. Keywords:separable non-reflexive space, set of norm-attaining functionals, strictly convex norm, Borel class Categories:46B20, 54H05, 46B10

17. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 398)

Botelho, Fernanda; Jamison, James
 Projections in the Convex Hull of Surjective Isometries We characterize those linear projections represented as a convex combination of two surjective isometries on standard Banach spaces of continuous functions with values in a strictly convex Banach space. Keywords:isometry, convex combination of isometries, generalized bi-circular projectionsCategories:47A65, 47B15, 47B37

18. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 342)

Bezdek, K.; Kiss, Gy.
 On the X-ray Number of Almost Smooth Convex Bodies and of Convex Bodies of Constant Width The X-ray numbers of some classes of convex bodies are investigated. In particular, we give a proof of the X-ray Conjecture as well as of the Illumination Conjecture for almost smooth convex bodies of any dimension and for convex bodies of constant width of dimensions $3$, $4$, $5$ and $6$. Keywords:almost smooth convex body, convex body of constant width, weakly neighbourly antipodal convex polytope, Illumination Conjecture, X-ray number, X-ray ConjectureCategories:52A20, 52A37, 52C17, 52C35

19. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 464)

Stancu, Alina
 Two Volume Product Inequalities and Their Applications Let $K \subset {\mathbb{R}}^{n+1}$ be a convex body of class $C^2$ with everywhere positive Gauss curvature. We show that there exists a positive number $\delta (K)$ such that for any $\delta \in (0, \delta(K))$ we have $\Volu(K_{\delta})\cdot \Volu((K_{\delta})^{\sstar}) \geq \Volu(K)\cdot \Volu(K^{\sstar}) \geq \Volu(K^{\delta})\cdot \Volu((K^{\delta})^{\sstar})$, where $K_{\delta}$, $K^{\delta}$ and $K^{\sstar}$ stand for the convex floating body, the illumination body, and the polar of $K$, respectively. We derive a few consequences of these inequalities. Keywords:affine invariants, convex floating bodies, illumination bodiesCategories:52A40, 52A38, 52A20

20. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 424)

Martini, Horst; Spirova, Margarita
 Covering Discs in Minkowski Planes We investigate the following version of the circle covering problem in strictly convex (normed or) Minkowski planes: to cover a circle of largest possible diameter by $k$ unit circles. In particular, we study the cases $k=3$, $k=4$, and $k=7$. For $k=3$ and $k=4$, the diameters under consideration are described in terms of side-lengths and circumradii of certain inscribed regular triangles or quadrangles. This yields also simple explanations of geometric meanings that the corresponding homothety ratios have. It turns out that basic notions from Minkowski geometry play an essential role in our proofs, namely Minkowskian bisectors, $d$-segments, and the monotonicity lemma. Keywords:affine regular polygon, bisector, circle covering problem, circumradius, $d$-segment, Minkowski plane, (strictly convex) normed planeCategories:46B20, 52A21, 52C15

21. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 403)

Jerónimo-Castro, J.; Montejano, L.; Morales-Amaya, E.
 Shaken Rogers's Theorem for Homothetic Sections We shall prove the following shaken Rogers's theorem for homothetic sections: Let $K$ and $L$ be strictly convex bodies and suppose that for every plane $H$ through the origin we can choose continuously sections of $K$ and $L$, parallel to $H$, which are directly homothetic. Then $K$ and $L$ are directly homothetic. Keywords:convex bodies, homothetic bodies, sections and projections, Rogers's TheoremCategory:52A15

22. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)

Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob
 A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$-Rings We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$-algebras. An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules on commutative rings. We show that this theorem is a consequence of the Gelfand--Naimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$-algebras. A noncommutative version of Gelfand--Naimark theory was studied by I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution. Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$-algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometryCategories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99

23. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 113)

Li, ZhenYang; Zhang, Xi
 Hermitian Harmonic Maps into Convex Balls In this paper, we consider Hermitian harmonic maps from Hermitian manifolds into convex balls. We prove that there exist no non-trivial Hermitian harmonic maps from closed Hermitian manifolds into convex balls, and we use the heat flow method to solve the Dirichlet problem for Hermitian harmonic maps when the domain is a compact Hermitian manifold with non-empty boundary. Keywords:Hermitian harmonic map, Hermitian manifold, convex ballCategories:58E15, 53C07

24. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 536)

Dostál, Petr; Lukeš, Jaroslav; Spurný, Jiří
 Measure Convex and Measure Extremal Sets We prove that convex sets are measure convex and extremal sets are measure extremal provided they are of low Borel complexity. We also present examples showing that the positive results cannot be strengthened. Keywords:measure convex set, measure extremal set, faceCategories:46A55, 52A07

25. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 628)

Zeron, E. S.
 Approximation and the Topology of Rationally Convex Sets Considering a mapping $g$ holomorphic on a neighbourhood of a rationally convex set $K\subset\cc^n$, and range into the complex projective space $\cc\pp^m$, the main objective of this paper is to show that we can uniformly approximate $g$ on $K$ by rational mappings defined from $\cc^n$ into $\cc\pp^m$. We only need to ask that the second \v{C}ech cohomology group $\check{H}^2(K,\zz)$ vanishes. Keywords:Rationally convex, cohomology, homotopyCategories:32E30, 32Q55
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