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1. CMB Online first

Bahmanpour, Kamal; Naghipour, Reza
 Faltings' finiteness dimension of local cohomology modules over local Cohen-Macaulay rings Let $(R, \frak m)$ denote a local Cohen-Macaulay ring and $I$ a non-nilpotent ideal of $R$. The purpose of this article is to investigate Faltings' finiteness dimension $f_I(R)$ and equidimensionalness of certain homomorphic image of $R$. As a consequence we deduce that $f_I(R)=\operatorname{max}\{1, \operatorname{ht} I\}$ and if $\operatorname{mAss}_R(R/I)$ is contained in $\operatorname{Ass}_R(R)$, then the ring $R/ I+\cup_{n\geq 1}(0:_RI^n)$ is equidimensional of dimension $\dim R-1$. Moreover, we will obtain a lower bound for injective dimension of the local cohomology module $H^{\operatorname{ht} I}_I(R)$, in the case $(R, \frak m)$ is a complete equidimensional local ring. Keywords:Cohen Macaulay ring, equidimensional ring, finiteness dimension, local cohomologyCategories:13D45, 14B15

2. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 682)

Carlson, Jon F.; Chebolu, Sunil K.; Mináč, Ján
 Ghosts and Strong Ghosts in the Stable Category Suppose that $G$ is a finite group and $k$ is a field of characteristic $p\gt 0$. A ghost map is a map in the stable category of finitely generated $kG$-modules which induces the zero map in Tate cohomology in all degrees. In an earlier paper we showed that the thick subcategory generated by the trivial module has no nonzero ghost maps if and only if the Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ is cyclic of order 2 or 3. In this paper we introduce and study variations of ghost maps. In particular, we consider the behavior of ghost maps under restriction and induction functors. We find all groups satisfying a strong form of Freyd's generating hypothesis and show that ghosts can be detected on a finite range of degrees of Tate cohomology. We also consider maps which mimic ghosts in high degrees. Keywords:Tate cohomology, ghost maps, stable module category, almost split sequence, periodic cohomologyCategories:20C20, 20J06, 55P42

3. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 483)

Crooks, Peter; Holden, Tyler
 Generalized Equivariant Cohomology and Stratifications For $T$ a compact torus and $E_T^*$ a generalized $T$-equivariant cohomology theory, we provide a systematic framework for computing $E_T^*$ in the context of equivariantly stratified smooth complex projective varieties. This allows us to explicitly compute $E_T^*(X)$ as an $E_T^*(\text{pt})$-module when $X$ is a direct limit of smooth complex projective $T_{\mathbb{C}}$-varieties with finitely many $T$-fixed points and $E_T^*$ is one of $H_T^*(\cdot;\mathbb{Z})$, $K_T^*$, and $MU_T^*$. We perform this computation on the affine Grassmannian of a complex semisimple group. Keywords:equivariant cohomology theory, stratification, affine GrassmannianCategories:55N91, 19L47

4. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 508)

De Nicola, Antonio; Yudin, Ivan
 Generalized Goldberg Formula In this paper we prove a useful formula for the graded commutator of the Hodge codifferential with the left wedge multiplication by a fixed $p$-form acting on the de Rham algebra of a Riemannian manifold. Our formula generalizes a formula stated by Samuel I. Goldberg for the case of 1-forms. As first examples of application we obtain new identities on locally conformally KÃ¤hler manifolds and quasi-Sasakian manifolds. Moreover, we prove that under suitable conditions a certain subalgebra of differential forms in a compact manifold is quasi-isomorphic as a CDGA to the full de Rham algebra. Keywords:graded commutator, Hodge codifferential, Hodge laplacian, de Rham cohomology, locally conformal Kaehler manifold, quasi-Sasakian manifoldCategories:53C25, 53D35

5. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 271)

 Artinianness of Composed Graded Local Cohomology Modules Let $R=\bigoplus_{n\geq0}R_{n}$ be a graded Noetherian ring with local base ring $(R_{0}, \mathfrak{m}_{0})$ and let $R_{+}=\bigoplus_{n\gt 0}R_{n}$, $M$ and $N$ be finitely generated graded $R$-modules and $\mathfrak{a}=\mathfrak{a}_{0}+R_{+}$ an ideal of $R$. We show that $H^{j}_{\mathfrak{b}_{0}}(H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N))$ and $H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M, N)/\mathfrak{b}_{0}H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N)$ are Artinian for some $i^{,}s$ and $j^{,}s$ with a specified property, where $\mathfrak{b}_{o}$ is an ideal of $R_{0}$ such that $\mathfrak{a}_{0}+\mathfrak{b}_{0}$ is an $\mathfrak{m}_{0}$-primary ideal. Keywords:generalized local cohomology, Artinian, graded moduleCategories:13D45, 13E10, 16W50

6. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 403)

Zargar, Majid Rahro; Zakeri, Hossein
 On Flat and Gorenstein Flat Dimensions of Local Cohomology Modules Let $\mathfrak{a}$ be an ideal of a Noetherian local ring $R$ and let $C$ be a semidualizing $R$-module. For an $R$-module $X$, we denote any of the quantities $\mathfrak{d}_R X$, $\operatorname{\mathsf{Gfd}}_R X$ and $\operatorname{\mathsf{G_C-fd}}_RX$ by $\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(X)$. Let $M$ be an $R$-module such that $\operatorname{H}_{\mathfrak{a}}^i(M)=0$ for all $i\neq n$. It is proved that if $\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(X)\lt \infty$, then $\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(\operatorname{H}_{\mathfrak{a}}^n(M))\leq\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(M)+n$ and the equality holds whenever $M$ is finitely generated. With the aid of these results, among other things, we characterize Cohen-Macaulay modules, dualizing modules and Gorenstein rings. Keywords:flat dimension, Gorenstein injective dimension, Gorenstein flat dimension, local cohomology, relative Cohen-Macaulay module, semidualizing moduleCategories:13D05, 13D45, 18G20

7. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 664)

Vahidi, Alireza
 Betti Numbers and Flat Dimensions of Local Cohomology Modules Assume that $R$ is a commutative Noetherian ring with non-zero identity, $\mathfrak{a}$ is an ideal of $R$ and $X$ is an $R$--module. In this paper, we first study the finiteness of Betti numbers of local cohomology modules $\operatorname{H}_\mathfrak{a}^i(X)$. Then we give some inequalities between the Betti numbers of $X$ and those of its local cohomology modules. Finally, we present many upper bounds for the flat dimension of $X$ in terms of the flat dimensions of its local cohomology modules and an upper bound for the flat dimension of $\operatorname{H}_\mathfrak{a}^i(X)$ in terms of the flat dimensions of the modules $\operatorname{H}_\mathfrak{a}^j(X)$, $j\not= i$, and that of $X$. Keywords:Betti numbers, flat dimensions, local cohomology modulesCategories:13D45, 13D05

8. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 730)

Efrat, Ido; Matzri, Eliyahu
 Vanishing of Massey Products and Brauer Groups Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ a field containing a root of unity of order $p$. We relate recent results on vanishing of triple Massey products in the mod-$p$ Galois cohomology of $F$, due to Hopkins, Wickelgren, MinÃ¡Ä, and TÃ¢n, to classical results in the theory of central simple algebras. For global fields, we prove a stronger form of the vanishing property. Keywords:Galois cohomology, Brauer groups, triple Massey products, global fieldsCategories:16K50, 11R34, 12G05, 12E30

9. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 620)

Sands, Jonathan W.
 $L$-functions for Quadratic Characters and Annihilation of Motivic Cohomology Groups Let $n$ be a positive even integer, and let $F$ be a totally real number field and $L$ be an abelian Galois extension which is totally real or CM. Fix a finite set $S$ of primes of $F$ containing the infinite primes and all those which ramify in $L$, and let $S_L$ denote the primes of $L$ lying above those in $S$. Then $\mathcal{O}_L^S$ denotes the ring of $S_L$-integers of $L$. Suppose that $\psi$ is a quadratic character of the Galois group of $L$ over $F$. Under the assumption of the motivic Lichtenbaum conjecture, we obtain a non-trivial annihilator of the motivic cohomology group $H_\mathcal{M}^2(\mathcal{O}_L^S,\mathbb{Z}(n))$ from the lead term of the Taylor series for the $S$-modified Artin $L$-function $L_{L/F}^S(s,\psi)$ at $s=1-n$. Keywords:motivic cohomology, regulator, Artin L-functionsCategories:11R42, 11R70, 14F42, 19F27

10. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 80)

Harada, Megumi; Horiguchi, Tatsuya; Masuda, Mikiya
 The Equivariant Cohomology Rings of Peterson Varieties in All Lie Types Let $G$ be a complex semisimple linear algebraic group and let $Pet$ be the associated Peterson variety in the flag variety $G/B$. The main theorem of this note gives an efficient presentation of the equivariant cohomology ring $H^*_S(Pet)$ of the Peterson variety as a quotient of a polynomial ring by an ideal $J$ generated by quadratic polynomials, in the spirit of the Borel presentation of the cohomology of the flag variety. Here the group $S \cong \mathbb{C}^*$ is a certain subgroup of a maximal torus $T$ of $G$. Our description of the ideal $J$ uses the Cartan matrix and is uniform across Lie types. In our arguments we use the Monk formula and Giambelli formula for the equivariant cohomology rings of Peterson varieties for all Lie types, as obtained in the work of Drellich. Our result generalizes a previous theorem of Fukukawa-Harada-Masuda, which was only for Lie type $A$. Keywords:equivariant cohomology, Peterson varieties, flag varieties, Monk formula, Giambelli formulaCategories:55N91, 14N15

11. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)

Karassev, A.; Todorov, V.; Valov, V.
 Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua ny homogeneous, metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n_G$-continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq 1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal domain. This implies that any homogeneous $n$-dimensional metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n$-continuum in the sense of Alexandroff. We also prove that any finite-dimensional homogeneous metric continuum $X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq 1$, cannot be separated by a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n-1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq n-1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of Kallipoliti-Papasoglu whether any two-dimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs. Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$-continuumCategories:54F45, 54F15

12. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 737)

Elliott, George A.; Niu, Zhuang
 On the Radius of Comparison of a Commutative C*-algebra Let $X$ be a compact metric space. A lower bound for the radius of comparison of the C*-algebra $\operatorname{C}(X)$ is given in terms of $\operatorname{dim}_{\mathbb{Q}} X$, where $\operatorname{dim}_{\mathbb{Q}} X$ is the cohomological dimension with rational coefficients. If $\operatorname{dim}_{\mathbb{Q}} X =\operatorname{dim} X=d$, then the radius of comparison of the C*-algebra $\operatorname{C}(X)$ is $\max\{0, (d-1)/2-1\}$ if $d$ is odd, and must be either $d/2-1$ or $d/2-2$ if $d$ is even (the possibility of $d/2-1$ does occur, but we do not know if the possibility of $d/2-2$ also can occur). Keywords:Cuntz semigroup, comparison radius, cohomology dimension, covering dimension

13. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 491)

Bahmanpour, Kamal
 A Note on Homological Dimensions of Artinian Local Cohomology Modules Let $(R,{\frak m})$ be a non-zero commutative Noetherian local ring (with identity), $M$ be a non-zero finitely generated $R$-module. In this paper for any ${\frak p}\in {\rm Spec}(R)$ we show that $\operatorname{{\rm injdim_{_{R_{\frak p}}}}} H^{i-\dim(R/{\frak p})}_{{\frak p}R_{\frak p}}(M_{\frak p})$ and ${\rm fd}_{R_{\p}} H^{i-\dim(R/{\frak p})}_{{\frak p}R_{\frak p}}(M_{\frak p})$ are bounded from above by $\operatorname{{\rm injdim_{_{R}}}} H^i_{\frak m}(M)$ and ${\rm fd}_R H^i_{\frak m}(M)$ respectively, for all integers $i\geq \dim(R/{\frak p})$. Keywords:cofinite modules, flat dimension, injective dimension, Krull dimension, local cohomologyCategory:13D45

14. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 48)

Chebolu, Sunil K.; Christensen, J. Daniel; Mináč, Ján
 Freyd's Generating Hypothesis for Groups with Periodic Cohomology Let $G$ be a finite group, and let $k$ be a field whose characteristic $p$ divides the order of $G$. Freyd's generating hypothesis for the stable module category of $G$ is the statement that a map between finite-dimensional $kG$-modules in the thick subcategory generated by $k$ factors through a projective if the induced map on Tate cohomology is trivial. We show that if $G$ has periodic cohomology, then the generating hypothesis holds if and only if the Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ is $C_2$ or $C_3$. We also give some other conditions that are equivalent to the GH for groups with periodic cohomology. Keywords:Tate cohomology, generating hypothesis, stable module category, ghost map, principal block, thick subcategory, periodic cohomologyCategories:20C20, 20J06, 55P42

15. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 81)

Divaani-Aazar, Kamran; Hajikarimi, Alireza
 Cofiniteness of Generalized Local Cohomology Modules for One-Dimensional Ideals Let $\mathfrak a$ be an ideal of a commutative Noetherian ring $R$ and $M$ and $N$ two finitely generated $R$-modules. Our main result asserts that if $\dim R/\mathfrak a\leq 1$, then all generalized local cohomology modules $H^i_{\mathfrak a}(M,N)$ are $\mathfrak a$-cofinite. Keywords:cofinite modules, generalized local cohomology modules, local cohomology modulesCategories:13D45, 13E05, 13E10

16. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 153)

Mafi, Amir; Saremi, Hero
 Artinianness of Certain Graded Local Cohomology Modules We show that if $R=\bigoplus_{n\in\mathbb{N}_0}R_n$ is a Noetherian homogeneous ring with local base ring $(R_0,\mathfrak{m}_0)$, irrelevant ideal $R_+$, and $M$ a finitely generated graded $R$-module, then $H_{\mathfrak{m}_0R}^j(H_{R_+}^t(M))$ is Artinian for $j=0,1$ where $t=\inf\{i\in{\mathbb{N}_0}: H_{R_+}^i(M)$ is not finitely generated $\}$. Also, we prove that if $\operatorname{cd}(R_+,M)=2$, then for each $i\in\mathbb{N}_0$, $H_{\mathfrak{m}_0R}^i(H_{R_+}^2(M))$ is Artinian if and only if $H_{\mathfrak{m}_0R}^{i+2}(H_{R_+}^1(M))$ is Artinian, where $\operatorname{cd}(R_+,M)$ is the cohomological dimension of $M$ with respect to $R_+$. This improves some results of R. Sazeedeh. Keywords:graded local cohomology, Artinian modulesCategories:13D45, 13E10

17. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 619)

 Artinian and Non-Artinian Local Cohomology Modules Let $M$ be a finite module over a commutative noetherian ring $R$. For ideals $\mathfrak{a}$ and $\mathfrak{b}$ of $R$, the relations between cohomological dimensions of $M$ with respect to $\mathfrak{a}, \mathfrak{b}$, $\mathfrak{a}\cap\mathfrak{b}$ and $\mathfrak{a}+ \mathfrak{b}$ are studied. When $R$ is local, it is shown that $M$ is generalized Cohen-Macaulay if there exists an ideal $\mathfrak{a}$ such that all local cohomology modules of $M$ with respect to $\mathfrak{a}$ have finite lengths. Also, when $r$ is an integer such that $0\leq r< \dim_R(M)$, any maximal element $\mathfrak{q}$ of the non-empty set of ideals $\{\mathfrak{a} : \textrm{H}_\mathfrak{a}^i(M)$ is not artinian for some $i, i\geq r \}$ is a prime ideal, and all Bass numbers of $\textrm{H}_\mathfrak{q}^i(M)$ are finite for all $i\geq r$. Keywords:local cohomology modules, cohomological dimensions, Bass numbersCategories:13D45, 13E10

18. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 667)

Khashyarmanesh, Kazem
 On the Endomorphism Rings of Local Cohomology Modules Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring and $\mathfrak{a}$ a proper ideal of $R$. We show that if $n:=\operatorname{grade}_R\mathfrak{a}$, then $\operatorname{End}_R(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R))\cong \operatorname{Ext}_R^n(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R),R)$. We also prove that, for a nonnegative integer $n$ such that $H^i_\mathfrak{a}(R)=0$ for every $i\neq n$, if $\operatorname{Ext}_R^i(R_z,R)=0$ for all $i >0$ and $z \in \mathfrak{a}$, then $\operatorname{End}_R(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R))$ is a homomorphic image of $R$, where $R_z$ is the ring of fractions of $R$ with respect to a multiplicatively closed subset $\{z^j \mid j \geqslant 0 \}$ of $R$. Moreover, if $\operatorname{Hom}_R(R_z,R)=0$ for all $z \in \mathfrak{a}$, then $\mu_{H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R)}$ is an isomorphism, where $\mu_{H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R)}$ is the canonical ring homomorphism $R \rightarrow \operatorname{End}_R(H^n_\mathfrak{a}(R))$. Keywords:local cohomology module, endomorphism ring, Matlis dual functor, filter regular sequenceCategories:13D45, 13D07, 13D25

19. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 577)

 A Unified Approach to Local Cohomology Modules using Serre Classes This paper discusses the connection between the local cohomology modules and the Serre classes of $R$-modules. This connection has provided a common language for expressing some results regarding the local cohomology $R$-modules that have appeared in different papers. Keywords:associated prime ideals, local cohomology modules, Serre classCategory:13D45

20. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 81)

Kassel, Christian
 Homotopy Formulas for Cyclic Groups Acting on Rings The positive cohomology groups of a finite group acting on a ring vanish when the ring has a norm one element. In this note we give explicit homotopies on the level of cochains when the group is cyclic, which allows us to express any cocycle of a cyclic group as the coboundary of an explicit cochain. The formulas in this note are closely related to the effective problems considered in previous joint work with Eli Aljadeff. Keywords:group cohomology, norm map, cyclic group, homotopyCategories:20J06, 20K01, 16W22, 18G35

21. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 598)

Lorestani, Keivan Borna; Sahandi, Parviz; Yassemi, Siamak
 Artinian Local Cohomology Modules Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring, $\fa$ an ideal of $R$ and $M$ a finitely generated $R$-module. Let $t$ be a non-negative integer. It is known that if the local cohomology module $\H^i_\fa(M)$ is finitely generated for all $i Keywords:local cohomology module, Artinian module, reflexive moduleCategories:13D45, 13E10, 13C05 22. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 567) Joshi, Kirti  Exotic Torsion, Frobenius Splitting and the Slope Spectral Sequence In this paper we show that any Frobenius split, smooth, projective threefold over a perfect field of characteristic$p>0$is Hodge--Witt. This is proved by generalizing to the case of threefolds a well-known criterion due to N.~Nygaard for surfaces to be Hodge-Witt. We also show that the second crystalline cohomology of any smooth, projective Frobenius split variety does not have any exotic torsion. In the last two sections we include some applications. Keywords:threefolds, Frobenius splitting, Hodge--Witt, crystalline cohomology, slope spectral sequence, exotic torsionCategories:14F30, 14J30 23. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 56) Gourdeau, F.; Pourabbas, A.; White, M. C.  Simplicial Cohomology of Some Semigroup Algebras In this paper, we investigate the higher simplicial cohomology groups of the convolution algebra$\ell^1(S)$for various semigroups$S$. The classes of semigroups considered are semilattices, Clifford semigroups, regular Rees semigroups and the additive semigroups of integers greater than$a$for some integer$a$. Our results are of two types: in some cases, we show that some cohomology groups are$0$, while in some other cases, we show that some cohomology groups are Banach spaces. Keywords:simplicial cohomology, semigroup algebraCategory:43A20 24. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 628) Zeron, E. S.  Approximation and the Topology of Rationally Convex Sets Considering a mapping$g$holomorphic on a neighbourhood of a rationally convex set$K\subset\cc^n$, and range into the complex projective space$\cc\pp^m$, the main objective of this paper is to show that we can uniformly approximate$g$on$K$by rational mappings defined from$\cc^n$into$\cc\pp^m$. We only need to ask that the second \v{C}ech cohomology group$\check{H}^2(K,\zz)$vanishes. Keywords:Rationally convex, cohomology, homotopyCategories:32E30, 32Q55 25. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 72) Dwilewicz, Roman J.  Additive Riemann--Hilbert Problem in Line Bundles Over$\mathbb{CP}^1$In this note we consider$\overline\partial$-problem in line bundles over complex projective space$\mathbb{CP}^1$and prove that the equation can be solved for$(0,1)$forms with compact support. As a consequence, any Cauchy-Riemann function on a compact real hypersurface in such line bundles is a jump of two holomorphic functions defined on the sides of the hypersurface. In particular, the results can be applied to$\mathbb{CP}^2$since by removing a point from it we get a line bundle over$\mathbb{CP}^1$. Keywords:$\overline\partial\$-problem, cohomology groups, line bundlesCategories:32F20, 14F05, 32C16
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