Artinian and Non-Artinian Local Cohomology Modules Let $M$ be a finite module over a commutative noetherian ring $R$. For ideals $\mathfrak{a}$ and $\mathfrak{b}$ of $R$, the relations between cohomological dimensions of $M$ with respect to $\mathfrak{a}, \mathfrak{b}$, $\mathfrak{a}\cap\mathfrak{b}$ and $\mathfrak{a}+ \mathfrak{b}$ are studied. When $R$ is local, it is shown that $M$ is generalized Cohen-Macaulay if there exists an ideal $\mathfrak{a}$ such that all local cohomology modules of $M$ with respect to $\mathfrak{a}$ have finite lengths. Also, when $r$ is an integer such that $0\leq r< \dim_R(M)$, any maximal element $\mathfrak{q}$ of the non-empty set of ideals $\{\mathfrak{a} : \textrm{H}_\mathfrak{a}^i(M)$ is not artinian for some $i, i\geq r \}$ is a prime ideal, and all Bass numbers of $\textrm{H}_\mathfrak{q}^i(M)$ are finite for all $i\geq r$. Keywords:local cohomology modules, cohomological dimensions, Bass numbersCategories:13D45, 13E10