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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword boundary

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1. CMB Online first

Gauthier, P. M.
Non-extendable zero sets of harmonic and holomorphic functions
In this paper we study the zero sets of harmonic functions on open sets in $\mathbb{R}^N$ and holomorphic functions on open sets in $\mathbb{C}^N.$ We show that the non-extendability of such zero sets is a generic phenomenon.

Keywords:boundary behaviour, harmonic, holomorphic, zero sets

2. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 9)

Chavan, Sameer
Irreducible Tuples Without the Boundary Property
We examine spectral behavior of irreducible tuples which do not admit boundary property. In particular, we prove under some mild assumption that the spectral radius of such an $m$-tuple $(T_1, \dots, T_m)$ must be the operator norm of $T^*_1T_1 + \cdots + T^*_mT_m$. We use this simple observation to ensure boundary property for an irreducible, essentially normal joint $q$-isometry provided it is not a joint isometry. We further exhibit a family of reproducing Hilbert $\mathbb{C}[z_1, \dots, z_m]$-modules (of which the Drury-Arveson Hilbert module is a prototype) with the property that any two nested unitarily equivalent submodules are indeed equal.

Keywords:boundary representations, subnormal, joint p-isometry
Categories:47A13, 46E22

3. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 102)

Kong, Qingkai; Wang, Min
Eigenvalue Approach to Even Order System Periodic Boundary Value Problems
We study an even order system boundary value problem with periodic boundary conditions. By establishing the existence of a positive eigenvalue of an associated linear system Sturm-Liouville problem, we obtain new conditions for the boundary value problem to have a positive solution. Our major tools are the Krein-Rutman theorem for linear spectra and the fixed point index theory for compact operators.

Keywords:Green's function, high order system boundary value problems, positive solutions, Sturm-Liouville problem
Categories:34B18, 34B24

4. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 285)

Eloe, Paul W.; Henderson, Johnny; Khan, Rahmat Ali
Uniqueness Implies Existence and Uniqueness Conditions for a Class of $(k+j)$-Point Boundary Value Problems for $n$-th Order Differential Equations
For the $n$-th order nonlinear differential equation, $y^{(n)} = f(x, y, y', \dots, y^{(n-1)})$, we consider uniqueness implies uniqueness and existence results for solutions satisfying certain $(k+j)$-point boundary conditions for $1\le j \le n-1$ and $1\leq k \leq n-j$. We define $(k;j)$-point unique solvability in analogy to $k$-point disconjugacy and we show that $(n-j_{0};j_{0})$-point unique solvability implies $(k;j)$-point unique solvability for $1\le j \le j_{0}$, and $1\leq k \leq n-j$. This result is analogous to $n$-point disconjugacy implies $k$-point disconjugacy for $2\le k\le n-1$.

Keywords:boundary value problem, uniqueness, existence, unique solvability, nonlinear interpolation
Categories:34B15, 34B10, 65D05

5. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 674)

Kristály, Alexandru; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.; Varga, Csaba
Multiple Solutions for a Class of Neumann Elliptic Problems on Compact Riemannian Manifolds with Boundary
We study a semilinear elliptic problem on a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary, subject to an inhomogeneous Neumann boundary condition. Under various hypotheses on the nonlinear terms, depending on their behaviour in the origin and infinity, we prove multiplicity of solutions by using variational arguments.

Keywords:Riemannian manifold with boundary, Neumann problem, sublinearity at infinity, multiple solutions
Categories:58J05, 35P30

6. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 475)

Jankowski, Tadeusz
Nonlinear Multipoint Boundary Value Problems for Second Order Differential Equations
In this paper we shall discuss nonlinear multipoint boundary value problems for second order differential equations when deviating arguments depend on the unknown solution. Sufficient conditions under which such problems have extremal and quasi-solutions are given. The problem of when a unique solution exists is also investigated. To obtain existence results, a monotone iterative technique is used. Two examples are added to verify theoretical results.

Keywords:second order differential equations, deviated arguments, nonlinear boundary conditions, extremal solutions, quasi-solutions, unique solution
Categories:34A45, 34K10

7. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 555)

Hirata, Kentaro
Boundary Behavior of Solutions of the Helmholtz Equation
This paper is concerned with the boundary behavior of solutions of the Helmholtz equation in $\mathbb{R}^\di$. In particular, we give a Littlewood-type theorem to show that the approach region introduced by Kor\'anyi and Taylor (1983) is best possible.

Keywords:boundary behavior, Helmholtz equation
Categories:31B25, 35J05

8. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 386)

Lan, K. Q.; Yang, G. C.
Positive Solutions of the Falkner--Skan Equation Arising in the Boundary Layer Theory
The well-known Falkner--Skan equation is one of the most important equations in laminar boundary layer theory and is used to describe the steady two-dimensional flow of a slightly viscous incompressible fluid past wedge shaped bodies of angles related to $\lambda\pi/2$, where $\lambda\in \mathbb R$ is a parameter involved in the equation. It is known that there exists $\lambda^{*}<0$ such that the equation with suitable boundary conditions has at least one positive solution for each $\lambda\ge \lambda^{*}$ and has no positive solutions for $\lambda<\lambda^{*}$. The known numerical result shows $\lambda^{*}=-0.1988$. In this paper, $\lambda^{*}\in [-0.4,-0.12]$ is proved analytically by establishing a singular integral equation which is equivalent to the Falkner--Skan equation. The equivalence result provides new techniques to study properties and existence of solutions of the Falkner--Skan equation.

Keywords:Falkner-Skan equation, boundary layer problems, singular integral equation, positive solutions
Categories:34B16, 34B18, 34B40, 76D10

9. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 140)

Rossi, Julio D.
First Variations of the Best Sobolev Trace Constant with Respect to the Domain
In this paper we study the best constant of the Sobolev trace embedding $H^{1}(\Omega)\to L^{2}(\partial\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is a bounded smooth domain in $\RR^N$. We find a formula for the first variation of the best constant with respect to the domain. As a consequence, we prove that the ball is a critical domain when we consider deformations that preserve volume.

Keywords:nonlinear boundary conditions, Sobolev trace embedding
Categories:35J65, 35B33

10. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 579)

Kot, Piotr
$p$-Radial Exceptional Sets and Conformal Mappings
For $p>0$ and for a given set $E$ of type $G_{\delta}$ in the boundary of the unit disc $\partial\mathbb D$ we construct a holomorphic function $f\in\mathbb O(\mathbb D)$ such that \[ \int_{\mathbb D\setminus[0,1]E}|ft|^{p}\,d\mathfrak{L}^{2}<\infty\] and\[ E=E^{p}(f)=\Bigl\{ z\in\partial\mathbb D:\int_{0}^{1}|f(tz)|^{p}\,dt=\infty\Bigr\} .\] In particular if a set $E$ has a measure equal to zero, then a function $f$ is constructed as integrable with power $p$ on the unit disc $\mathbb D$.

Keywords:boundary behaviour of holomorphic functions, exceptional sets
Categories:30B30, 30E25

11. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 580)

Kot, Piotr
Exceptional Sets in Hartogs Domains
Assume that $\Omega$ is a Hartogs domain in $\mathbb{C}^{1+n}$, defined as $\Omega=\{(z,w)\in\mathbb{C}^{1+n}:|z|<\mu(w),w\in H\}$, where $H$ is an open set in $\mathbb{C}^{n}$ and $\mu$ is a continuous function with positive values in $H$ such that $-\ln\mu$ is a strongly plurisubharmonic function in $H$. Let $\Omega_{w}=\Omega\cap(\mathbb{C}\times\{w\})$. For a given set $E$ contained in $H$ of the type $G_{\delta}$ we construct a holomorphic function $f\in\mathbb{O}(\Omega)$ such that \[ E=\Bigl\{ w\in\mathbb{C}^{n}:\int_{\Omega_{w}}|f(\cdot\,,w)|^{2}\,d\mathfrak{L}^{2}=\infty\Bigr\}. \]

Keywords:boundary behaviour of holomorphic functions,, exceptional sets

12. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 395)

Boudhraa, Zineddine
$D$-spaces and resolution
A space $X$ is a $D$-space if, for every neighborhood assignment $f$ there is a closed discrete set $D$ such that $\bigcup{f(D)}=X$. In this paper we give some necessary conditions and some sufficient conditions for a resolution of a topological space to be a $D$-space. In particular, if a space $X$ is resolved at each $x\in X$ into a $D$-space $Y_x$ by continuous mappings $f_x\colon X-\{{x}\} \rightarrow Y_x$, then the resolution is a $D$-space if and only if $\bigcup{\{{x}\}}\times \Bd(Y_x)$ is a $D$-space.

Keywords:$D$-space, neighborhood assignment, resolution, boundary
Categories:54D20, 54B99, 54D10, 54D30

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