1. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 278)
|Cantor-Bernstein Sextuples for Banach Spaces|
Let $X$ and $Y$ be Banach spaces isomorphic to complemented subspaces of each other with supplements $A$ and $B$. In 1996, W. T. Gowers solved the Schroeder--Bernstein (or Cantor--Bernstein) problem for Banach spaces by showing that $X$ is not necessarily isomorphic to $Y$. In this paper, we obtain a necessary and sufficient condition on the sextuples $(p, q, r, s, u, v)$ in $\mathbb N$ with $p+q \geq 1$, $r+s \geq 1$ and $u, v \in \mathbb N^*$, to provide that $X$ is isomorphic to $Y$, whenever these spaces satisfy the following decomposition scheme $$ A^u \sim X^p \oplus Y^q, \quad B^v \sim X^r \oplus Y^s. $$ Namely, $\Phi=(p-u)(s-v)-(q+u)(r+v)$ is different from zero and $\Phi$ divides $p+q$ and $r+s$. These sextuples are called Cantor--Bernstein sextuples for Banach spaces. The simplest case $(1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1)$ indicates the well-known PeÅczyÅski's decomposition method in Banach space. On the other hand, by interchanging some Banach spaces in the above decomposition scheme, refinements of the Schroeder--Bernstein problem become evident.
Keywords:Pel czyÅski's decomposition method, Schroeder-Bernstein problem