On Semisimple Hopf Algebras of Dimension $pq^n$ Let $p,q$ be prime numbers with $p^2\lt q$, $n\in \mathbb{N}$, and $H$ a semisimple Hopf algebra of dimension $pq^n$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$. This paper proves that $H$ must possess one of the following structures: (1) $H$ is semisolvable; (2) $H$ is a Radford biproduct $R\# kG$, where $kG$ is the group algebra of group $G$ of order $p$, and $R$ is a semisimple Yetter--Drinfeld Hopf algebra in ${}^{kG}_{kG}\mathcal{YD}$ of dimension $q^n$. Keywords:semisimple Hopf algebra, semisolvability, Radford biproduct, Drinfeld doubleCategory:16W30