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721  Analysis of the BrylinskiKostant Model for Spherical Minimal Representations Achab, Dehbia; Faraut, Jacques
We revisit with another view point the construction by R. Brylinski
and B. Kostant of minimal representations of simple Lie groups. We
start from a pair $(V,Q)$, where $V$ is a complex vector space and $Q$
a homogeneous polynomial of degree 4 on $V$.
The manifold $\Xi $ is an orbit of a covering of ${\rm Conf}(V,Q)$,
the conformal group of the pair $(V,Q)$, in a finite dimensional
representation space.
By a generalized KantorKoecherTits construction we obtain a complex
simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, and furthermore a real
form ${\mathfrak g}_{\mathbb R}$. The connected and simply connected Lie
group $G_{\mathbb R}$ with ${\rm Lie}(G_{\mathbb R})={\mathfrak
g}_{\mathbb R}$ acts unitarily on a Hilbert space of holomorphic
functions defined on the manifold $\Xi $.


755  Homotopy Classification of Projections in the Corona Algebra of a Nonsimple $C^*$algebra Brown, Lawrence G.; Lee, Hyun Ho
We study projections in the corona algebra of $C(X)\otimes K$, where K
is the $C^*$algebra of compact operators on a separable infinite
dimensional Hilbert space and $X=[0,1],[0,\infty),(\infty,\infty)$,
or $[0,1]/\{ 0,1 \}$. Using BDF's essential codimension, we determine
conditions for a projection in the corona algebra to be liftable to a
projection in the multiplier algebra. We also determine the
conditions for two projections to be equal in $K_0$, Murrayvon
Neumann equivalent, unitarily equivalent, or homotopic. In light of
these characterizations, we construct examples showing that the
equivalence notions above are all distinct.


778  Ricci Solitons and Geometry of Fourdimensional Nonreductive Homogeneous Spaces Calvaruso, Giovanni; Fino, Anna
We study the geometry of nonreductive $4$dimensional homogeneous
spaces. In particular, after describing their LeviCivita connection
and curvature properties, we classify homogeneous Ricci solitons on
these spaces, proving the existence of shrinking, expanding and steady
examples. For all the nontrivial examples we find, the Ricci operator
is diagonalizable.


805  Quantum Random Walks and Minors of Hermitian Brownian Motion Chapon, François; Defosseux, Manon
Considering quantum random walks, we construct discretetime
approximations of the eigenvalues processes of minors of Hermitian
Brownian motion. It has been recently proved by Adler, Nordenstam, and
van Moerbeke that the process of eigenvalues of
two consecutive minors of a Hermitian Brownian motion is a Markov
process; whereas, if one considers more than two consecutive minors,
the Markov property fails. We show that there are analog results in
the noncommutative counterpart and establish the Markov property of
eigenvalues of some particular submatrices of Hermitian Brownian
motion.


822  A Compositional Shuffle Conjecture Specifying Touch Points of the Dyck Path Haglund, J.; Morse, J.; Zabrocki, M.
We introduce a $q,t$enumeration of Dyck paths that are forced to touch the main diagonal
at specific points and forbidden to touch elsewhere
and conjecture that it describes the action of
the Macdonald theory $\nabla$ operator applied to a HallLittlewood
polynomial. Our conjecture refines several earlier conjectures concerning
the space of diagonal harmonics including the ``shuffle conjecture"
(Duke J. Math. $\mathbf {126}$ ($2005$), 195232) for $\nabla e_n[X]$.
We bring to light that certain generalized HallLittlewood polynomials
indexed by compositions are the building blocks for the algebraic
combinatorial theory of $q,t$Catalan sequences, and we prove a number of
identities involving these functions.


845  Monodromy Filtrations and the Topology of Tropical Varieties Helm, David; Katz, Eric
We study the topology of tropical varieties that arise from a certain
natural class of varieties. We use the theory of tropical
degenerations to construct a natural, ``multiplicityfree''
parameterization of $\operatorname{Trop}(X)$ by a topological space
$\Gamma_X$ and give a geometric interpretation of the cohomology of
$\Gamma_X$ in terms of the action of a monodromy operator on the
cohomology of $X$. This gives bounds on the Betti numbers of
$\Gamma_X$ in terms of the Betti numbers of $X$ which constrain the
topology of $\operatorname{Trop}(X)$. We also obtain a description of
the top power of the monodromy operator acting on middle cohomology of
$X$ in terms of the volume pairing on $\Gamma_X$.


869  Balayage of SemiDirichlet Forms Hu, ZeChun; Sun, Wei
In this paper we study the balayage of semiDirichlet forms. We
present new results on balayaged functions and balayaged measures
of semiDirichlet
forms. Some of the results are new even in the Dirichlet forms setting.


892  Boundedness of CalderónZygmund Operators on Nonhomogeneous Metric Measure Spaces Hytönen, Tuomas; Liu, Suile; Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong
Let $({\mathcal X}, d, \mu)$ be a
separable metric measure space satisfying the known upper
doubling condition, the geometrical doubling condition, and the
nonatomic condition that $\mu(\{x\})=0$ for all $x\in{\mathcal X}$.
In this paper, we show that the boundedness of a CalderónZygmund
operator $T$ on $L^2(\mu)$ is equivalent to that of $T$ on
$L^p(\mu)$ for some $p\in (1, \infty)$, and that of $T$ from $L^1(\mu)$
to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu).$ As an application, we prove that if $T$ is a
CalderónZygmund operator bounded on $L^2(\mu)$,
then its maximal operator is bounded on $L^p(\mu)$
for all $p\in (1, \infty)$ and from
the space of all complexvalued Borel measures on
${\mathcal X}$ to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu)$.
All these results generalize the corresponding results of Nazarov et al.
on metric spaces with
measures satisfying the socalled polynomial growth condition.


924  Rectifiability of Optimal Transportation Plans McCann, Robert J.; Pass, Brendan; Warren, Micah
The regularity of solutions to optimal transportation problems has become
a hot topic in current research. It is well known by now that the optimal measure
may not be concentrated on the graph of a continuous mapping unless both the transportation
cost and the masses transported satisfy very restrictive hypotheses (including sign conditions
on the mixed fourthorder derivatives of the cost function).
The purpose of this note is to show that in spite of this,
the optimal measure is supported on a Lipschitz manifold, provided only
that the cost is $C^{2}$ with nonsingular mixed second derivative.
We use this result to provide a simple proof that solutions to Monge's
optimal transportation problem satisfy a change of variables equation
almost everywhere.


935  The H and K Families of Mock Theta Functions McIntosh, Richard J.
In his last letter to Hardy, Ramanujan
defined 17 functions $F(q)$, $q\lt 1$, which he called mock $\theta$functions.
He observed that as $q$ radially approaches any root of unity $\zeta$ at which
$F(q)$ has an exponential singularity, there is a $\theta$function
$T_\zeta(q)$ with $F(q)T_\zeta(q)=O(1)$. Since then, other functions have
been found that possess this property. These functions are related to
a function $H(x,q)$, where $x$ is usually $q^r$ or $e^{2\pi i r}$ for some
rational number $r$. For this reason we refer to $H$ as a ``universal'' mock
$\theta$function. Modular transformations of $H$ give rise to the functions
$K$, $K_1$, $K_2$. The functions $K$ and $K_1$ appear in Ramanujan's lost
notebook. We prove various linear relations between these functions using
AppellLerch sums (also called generalized Lambert series). Some relations
(mock theta ``conjectures'') involving mock $\theta$functions
of even order and $H$ are listed.
