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Search: MSC category 57M05 ( Fundamental group, presentations, free differential calculus )

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1. CJM Online first

Boden, Hans Ulysses; Curtis, Cynthia L
The SL$(2, C)$ Casson invariant for knots and the $\hat{A}$-polynomial
In this paper, we extend the definition of the ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson invariant to arbitrary knots $K$ in integral homology 3-spheres and relate it to the $m$-degree of the $\widehat{A}$-polynomial of $K$. We prove a product formula for the $\widehat{A}$-polynomial of the connected sum $K_1 \# K_2$ of two knots in $S^3$ and deduce additivity of ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant under connected sum for a large class of knots in $S^3$. We also present an example of a nontrivial knot $K$ in $S^3$ with trivial $\widehat{A}$-polynomial and trivial ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant, showing that neither of these invariants detect the unknot.

Keywords:Knots, 3-manifolds, character variety, Casson invariant, $A$-polynomial
Categories:57M27, 57M25, 57M05

2. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 293)

Collin, Olivier
Floer Homology for Knots and $\SU(2)$-Representations for Knot Complements and Cyclic Branched Covers
In this article, using 3-orbifolds singular along a knot with underlying space a homology sphere $Y^3$, the question of existence of non-trivial and non-abelian $\SU(2)$-representations of the fundamental group of cyclic branched covers of $Y^3$ along a knot is studied. We first use Floer Homology for knots to derive an existence result of non-abelian $\SU(2)$-representations of the fundamental group of knot complements, for knots with a non-vanishing equivariant signature. This provides information on the existence of non-trivial and non-abelian $\SU(2)$-representations of the fundamental group of cyclic branched covers. We illustrate the method with some examples of knots in $S^3$.

Categories:57R57, 57M12, 57M25, 57M05

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