Canadian Mathematical Society
Canadian Mathematical Society
  location:  Publicationsjournals
Search results

Search: MSC category 54 ( General topology )

  Expand all        Collapse all Results 1 - 23 of 23

1. CJM Online first

Fernández Bretón, David J.
Strongly Summable Ultrafilters, Union Ultrafilters, and the Trivial Sums Property
We answer two questions of Hindman, Steprāns and Strauss, namely we prove that every strongly summable ultrafilter on an abelian group is sparse and has the trivial sums property. Moreover we show that in most cases the sparseness of the given ultrafilter is a consequence of its being isomorphic to a union ultrafilter. However, this does not happen in all cases: we also construct (assuming Martin's Axiom for countable partial orders, i.e. $\operatorname{cov}(\mathcal{M})=\mathfrak c$), on the Boolean group, a strongly summable ultrafilter that is not additively isomorphic to any union ultrafilter.

Keywords:ultrafilter, Stone-Cech compactification, sparse ultrafilter, strongly summable ultrafilter, union ultrafilter, finite sum, additive isomorphism, trivial sums property, Boolean group, abelian group
Categories:03E75, 54D35, 54D80, 05D10, 05A18, 20K99

2. CJM Online first

Nystedt, Patrik; Öinert, Johan
Outer Partial Actions and Partial Skew Group Rings
We extend the classicial notion of an outer action $\alpha$ of a group $G$ on a unital ring $A$ to the case when $\alpha$ is a partial action on ideals, all of which have local units. We show that if $\alpha$ is an outer partial action of an abelian group $G$, then its associated partial skew group ring $A \star_\alpha G$ is simple if and only if $A$ is $G$-simple. This result is applied to partial skew group rings associated with two different types of partial dynamical systems.

Keywords:outer action, partial action, minimality, topological dynamics, partial skew group ring, simplicity
Categories:16W50, 37B05, 37B99, 54H15, 54H20

3. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 330)

Bernardes, Nilson C.; Vermersch, Rômulo M.
Hyperspace Dynamics of Generic Maps of the Cantor Space
We study the hyperspace dynamics induced from generic continuous maps and from generic homeomorphisms of the Cantor space, with emphasis on the notions of Li-Yorke chaos, distributional chaos, topological entropy, chain continuity, shadowing and recurrence.

Keywords:cantor space, continuous maps, homeomorphisms, hyperspace, dynamics
Categories:37B99, 54H20, 54E52

4. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 759)

Hrušák, Michael; van Mill, Jan
Addendum to "Nearly Countable Dense Homogeneous Spaces"
This paper provides an addendum to M. Hrušák and J. van Mill ``Nearly countable dense homogeneous spaces.'' Canad. J. Math., published online 2013-03-08

Keywords:countable dense homogeneous, nearly countable dense homogeneous, Effros Theorem, Vaught's conjecture
Categories:54H05, 03E15, 54E50

5. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1287)

Reihani, Kamran
$K$-theory of Furstenberg Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras
The paper studies the $K$-theoretic invariants of the crossed product $C^{*}$-algebras associated with an important family of homeomorphisms of the tori $\mathbb{T}^{n}$ called Furstenberg transformations. Using the Pimsner-Voiculescu theorem, we prove that given $n$, the $K$-groups of those crossed products, whose corresponding $n\times n$ integer matrices are unipotent of maximal degree, always have the same rank $a_{n}$. We show using the theory developed here that a claim made in the literature about the torsion subgroups of these $K$-groups is false. Using the representation theory of the simple Lie algebra $\frak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$, we show that, remarkably, $a_{n}$ has a combinatorial significance. For example, every $a_{2n+1}$ is just the number of ways that $0$ can be represented as a sum of integers between $-n$ and $n$ (with no repetitions). By adapting an argument of van Lint (in which he answered a question of Erdős), a simple, explicit formula for the asymptotic behavior of the sequence $\{a_{n}\}$ is given. Finally, we describe the order structure of the $K_{0}$-groups of an important class of Furstenberg crossed products, obtaining their complete Elliott invariant using classification results of H. Lin and N. C. Phillips.

Keywords:$K$-theory, transformation group $C^*$-algebra, Furstenberg transformation, Anzai transformation, minimal homeomorphism, positive cone, minimal homeomorphism
Categories:19K14, 19K99, 46L35, 46L80, , 05A15, 05A16, 05A17, 15A36, 17B10, 17B20, 37B05, 54H20

6. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 743)

Hrušák, Michael; van Mill, Jan
Nearly Countable Dense Homogeneous Spaces
We study separable metric spaces with few types of countable dense sets. We present a structure theorem for locally compact spaces having precisely $n$ types of countable dense sets: such a space contains a subset $S$ of size at most $n{-}1$ such that $S$ is invariant under all homeomorphisms of $X$ and $X\setminus S$ is countable dense homogeneous. We prove that every Borel space having fewer than $\mathfrak{c}$ types of countable dense sets is Polish. The natural question of whether every Polish space has either countably many or $\mathfrak{c}$ many types of countable dense sets, is shown to be closely related to Topological Vaught's Conjecture.

Keywords:countable dense homogeneous, nearly countable dense homogeneous, Effros Theorem, Vaught's conjecture
Categories:54H05, 03E15, 54E50

7. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 1182)

Tall, Franklin D.
PFA$(S)[S]$: More Mutually Consistent Topological Consequences of $PFA$ and $V=L$
Extending the work of Larson and Todorcevic, we show there is a model of set theory in which normal spaces are collectionwise Hausdorff if they are either first countable or locally compact, and yet there are no first countable $L$-spaces or compact $S$-spaces. The model is one of the form PFA$(S)[S]$, where $S$ is a coherent Souslin tree.

Keywords:PFA$(S)[S]$, proper forcing, coherent Souslin tree, locally compact, normal, collectionwise Hausdorff, supercompact cardinal
Categories:54A35, 54D15, 54D20, 54D45, 03E35, 03E57, 03E65

8. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 533)

Espínola, Rafa; Fernández-León, Aurora
On Best Proximity Points in Metric and Banach Spaces
In this paper we study the existence and uniqueness of best proximity points of cyclic contractions as well as the convergence of iterates to such proximity points. We take two different approaches, each one leading to different results that complete, if not improve, other similar results in the theory. Results in this paper stand for Banach spaces, geodesic metric spaces and metric spaces. We also include an appendix on CAT$(0)$ spaces where we study the particular behavior of these spaces regarding the problems we are concerned with.

Categories:54H25, 47H09

9. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 262)

Goresky, Mark; MacPherson, Robert
On the Spectrum of the Equivariant Cohomology Ring
If an algebraic torus $T$ acts on a complex projective algebraic variety $X$, then the affine scheme $\operatorname{Spec} H^*_T(X;\mathbb C)$ associated with the equivariant cohomology is often an arrangement of linear subspaces of the vector space $H_2^T(X;\mathbb C).$ In many situations the ordinary cohomology ring of $X$ can be described in terms of this arrangement.

Categories:14L30, 54H15

10. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 182)

Prajs, Janusz R.
Mutually Aposyndetic Decomposition of Homogeneous Continua
A new decomposition, the \emph{mutually aposyndetic decomposition} of homogeneous continua into closed, homogeneous sets is introduced. This decomposition is respected by homeomorphisms and topologically unique. Its quotient is a mutually aposyndetic homogeneous continuum, and in all known examples, as well as in some general cases, the members of the decomposition are semi-indecomposable continua. As applications, we show that hereditarily decomposable homogeneous continua and path connected homogeneous continua are mutually aposyndetic. A class of new examples of homogeneous continua is defined. The mutually aposyndetic decomposition of each of these continua is non-trivial and different from Jones' aposyndetic decomposition.

Keywords:ample, aposyndetic, continuum, decomposition, filament, homogeneous
Categories:54F15, 54B15

11. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 604)

Hart, Joan E.; Kunen, Kenneth
First Countable Continua and Proper Forcing
Assuming the Continuum Hypothesis, there is a compact, first countable, connected space of weight $\aleph_1$ with no totally disconnected perfect subsets. Each such space, however, may be destroyed by some proper forcing order which does not add reals.

Keywords:connected space, Continuum Hypothesis, proper forcing, irreducible map
Categories:54D05, 03E35

12. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 708)

Zelenyuk, Yevhen
Regular Homeomorphisms of Finite Order on Countable Spaces
We present a structure theorem for a broad class of homeomorphisms of finite order on countable zero dimensional spaces. As applications we show the following. \begin{compactenum}[\rm(a)] \item Every countable nondiscrete topological group not containing an open Boolean subgroup can be partitioned into infinitely many dense subsets. \item If $G$ is a countably infinite Abelian group with finitely many elements of order $2$ and $\beta G$ is the Stone--\v Cech compactification of $G$ as a discrete semigroup, then for every idempotent $p\in\beta G\setminus\{0\}$, the subset $\{p,-p\}\subset\beta G$ generates algebraically the free product of one-element semigroups $\{p\}$ and~$\{-p\}$. \end{compactenum}

Keywords:Homeomorphism, homogeneous space, topological group, resolvability, Stone-\v Cech compactification
Categories:22A30, 54H11, 20M15, 54A05

13. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 124)

Dijkstra, Jan J.; Mill, Jan van
Characterizing Complete Erd\H os Space
The space now known as {\em complete Erd\H os space\/} $\cerdos$ was introduced by Paul Erd\H os in 1940 as the closed subspace of the Hilbert space $\ell^2$ consisting of all vectors such that every coordinate is in the convergent sequence $\{0\}\cup\{1/n:n\in\N\}$. In a solution to a problem posed by Lex G. Oversteegen we present simple and useful topological characterizations of $\cerdos$. As an application we determine the class of factors of $\cerdos$. In another application we determine precisely which of the spaces that can be constructed in the Banach spaces $\ell^p$ according to the `Erd\H os method' are homeomorphic to $\cerdos$. A novel application states that if $I$ is a Polishable $F_\sigma$-ideal on $\omega$, then $I$ with the Polish topology is homeomorphic to either $\Z$, the Cantor set $2^\omega$, $\Z\times2^\omega$, or $\cerdos$. This last result answers a question that was asked by Stevo Todor{\v{c}}evi{\'c}.

Keywords:Complete Erd\H os space, Lelek fan, almost zero-dimensional, nowhere zero-dimensional, Polishable ideals, submeasures on $\omega$, $\R$-trees, line-free groups in Banach spaces
Categories:28C10, 46B20, 54F65

14. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1149)

Petersen, Kathleen L.; Sinclair, Christopher D.
Conjugate Reciprocal Polynomials with All Roots on the Unit Circle
We study the geometry, topology and Lebesgue measure of the set of monic conjugate reciprocal polynomials of fixed degree with all roots on the unit circle. The set of such polynomials of degree $N$ is naturally associated to a subset of $\R^{N-1}$. We calculate the volume of this set, prove the set is homeomorphic to the $N-1$ ball and that its isometry group is isomorphic to the dihedral group of order $2N$.

Categories:11C08, 28A75, 15A52, 54H10, 58D19

15. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1008)

Kaczynski, Tomasz; Mrozek, Marian; Trahan, Anik
Ideas from Zariski Topology in the Study of Cubical Homology
Cubical sets and their homology have been used in dynamical systems as well as in digital imaging. We take a fresh look at this topic, following Zariski ideas from algebraic geometry. The cubical topology is defined to be a topology in $\R^d$ in which a set is closed if and only if it is cubical. This concept is a convenient frame for describing a variety of important features of cubical sets. Separation axioms which, in general, are not satisfied here, characterize exactly those pairs of points which we want to distinguish. The noetherian property guarantees the correctness of the algorithms. Moreover, maps between cubical sets which are continuous and closed with respect to the cubical topology are precisely those for whom the homology map can be defined and computed without grid subdivisions. A combinatorial version of the Vietoris-Begle theorem is derived. This theorem plays the central role in an algorithm computing homology of maps which are continuous with respect to the Euclidean topology.

Categories:55-04, 52B05, 54C60, 68W05, 68W30, 68U10

16. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 465)

Barr, Michael; Kennison, John F.; Raphael, R.
Searching for Absolute $\mathcal{CR}$-Epic Spaces
In previous papers, Barr and Raphael investigated the situation of a topological space $Y$ and a subspace $X$ such that the induced map $C(Y)\to C(X)$ is an epimorphism in the category $\CR$ of commutative rings (with units). We call such an embedding a $\CR$-epic embedding and we say that $X$ is absolute $\CR$-epic if every embedding of $X$ is $\CR$-epic. We continue this investigation. Our most notable result shows that a Lindel\"of space $X$ is absolute $\CR$-epic if a countable intersection of $\beta X$-neighbourhoods of $X$ is a $\beta X$-neighbourhood of $X$. This condition is stable under countable sums, the formation of closed subspaces, cozero-subspaces, and being the domain or codomain of a perfect map. A strengthening of the Lindel\"of property leads to a new class with the same closure properties that is also closed under finite products. Moreover, all \s-compact spaces and all Lindel\"of $P$-spaces satisfy this stronger condition. We get some results in the non-Lindel\"of case that are sufficient to show that the Dieudonn\'e plank and some closely related spaces are absolute $\CR$-epic.

Keywords:absolute $\mathcal{CR}$-epics, countable neighbourhoo9d property, amply Lindelöf, Diuedonné plank
Categories:18A20, 54C45, 54B30

17. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1121)

Barr, Michael; Raphael, R.; Woods, R. G.
On $\mathcal{CR}$-epic Embeddings and Absolute $\mathcal{CR}$-epic Spaces
We study Tychonoff spaces $X$ with the property that, for all topological embeddings $X\to Y $, the induced map $C(Y) \to C(X)$ is an epimorphism of rings. Such spaces are called \good. The simplest examples of \good spaces are $\sigma$-compact locally compact spaces and \Lin $P$-spaces. We show that \good first countable spaces must be locally compact. However, a ``bad'' class of \good spaces is exhibited whose pathology settles, in the negative, a number of open questions. Spaces which are not \good abound, and some are presented.

Categories:18A20, 54C45, 54B30

18. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 825)

Penot, Jean-Paul
Differentiability Properties of Optimal Value Functions
Differentiability properties of optimal value functions associated with perturbed optimization problems require strong assumptions. We consider such a set of assumptions which does not use compactness hypothesis but which involves a kind of coherence property. Moreover, a strict differentiability property is obtained by using techniques of Ekeland and Lebourg and a result of Preiss. Such a strengthening is required in order to obtain genericity results.

Keywords:differentiability, generic, marginal, performance function, subdifferential
Categories:26B05, 65K10, 54C60, 90C26, 90C48

19. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1187)

Cobo, Milton; Gutierrez, Carlos; Llibre, Jaume
On the Injectivity of $C^1$ Maps of the Real Plane
Let $X\colon\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a $C^1$ map. Denote by $\Spec(X)$ the set of (complex) eigenvalues of $\DX_p$ when $p$ varies in $\mathbb{R}^2$. If there exists $\epsilon >0$ such that $\Spec(X)\cap(-\epsilon,\epsilon)=\emptyset$, then $X$ is injective. Some applications of this result to the real Keller Jacobian conjecture are discussed.

Categories:34D05, 54H20, 58F10, 58F21

20. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 325)

Matui, Hiroki
Ext and OrderExt Classes of Certain Automorphisms of $C^*$-Algebras Arising from Cantor Minimal Systems
Giordano, Putnam and Skau showed that the transformation group $C^*$-algebra arising from a Cantor minimal system is an $AT$-algebra, and classified it by its $K$-theory. For approximately inner automorphisms that preserve $C(X)$, we will determine their classes in the Ext and OrderExt groups, and introduce a new invariant for the closure of the topological full group. We will also prove that every automorphism in the kernel of the homomorphism into the Ext group is homotopic to an inner automorphism, which extends Kishimoto's result.

Categories:46L40, 46L80, 54H20

21. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 309)

Leung, Denny H.; Tang, Wee-Kee
Symmetric sequence subspaces of $C(\alpha)$, II
If $\alpha$ is an ordinal, then the space of all ordinals less than or equal to $\alpha$ is a compact Hausdorff space when endowed with the order topology. Let $C(\alpha)$ be the space of all continuous real-valued functions defined on the ordinal interval $[0, \alpha]$. We characterize the symmetric sequence spaces which embed into $C(\alpha)$ for some countable ordinal $\alpha$. A hierarchy $(E_\alpha)$ of symmetric sequence spaces is constructed so that, for each countable ordinal $\alpha$, $E_\alpha$ embeds into $C(\omega^{\omega^\alpha})$, but does not embed into $C(\omega^{\omega^\beta})$ for any $\beta < \alpha$.

Categories:03E13, 03E15, 46B03, 46B45, 46E15, 54G12

22. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 342)

Giraldo, Antonio
Shape fibrations, multivalued maps and shape groups
The notion of shape fibration with the near lifting of near multivalued paths property is studied. The relation of these maps---which agree with shape fibrations having totally disconnected fibers---with Hurewicz fibrations with the unique path lifting property is completely settled. Some results concerning homotopy and shape groups are presented for shape fibrations with the near lifting of near multivalued paths property. It is shown that for this class of shape fibrations the existence of liftings of a fine multivalued map, is equivalent to an algebraic problem relative to the homotopy, shape or strong shape groups associated.

Keywords:Shape fibration, multivalued map, homotopy groups, shape, groups, strong shape groups
Categories:54C56, 55P55, 55Q05, 55Q07, 55R05

23. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1089)

Burke, Maxim R.; Ciesielski, Krzysztof
Sets on which measurable functions are determined by their range
We study sets on which measurable real-valued functions on a measurable space with negligibles are determined by their range.

Keywords:measurable function, measurable space with negligibles, continuous image, set of range uniqueness (SRU)
Categories:28A20, 28A05, 54C05, 26A30, 03E35, 03E50

© Canadian Mathematical Society, 2015 :