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Search: MSC category 53D ( Symplectic geometry, contact geometry [See also 37Jxx, 70Gxx, 70Hxx] )

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1. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 31)

Bailey, Michael
Symplectic Foliations and Generalized Complex Structures
We answer the natural question: when is a transversely holomorphic symplectic foliation induced by a generalized complex structure? The leafwise symplectic form and transverse complex structure determine an obstruction class in a certain cohomology, which vanishes if and only if our question has an affirmative answer. We first study a component of this obstruction, which gives the condition that the leafwise cohomology class of the symplectic form must be transversely pluriharmonic. As a consequence, under certain topological hypotheses, we infer that we actually have a symplectic fibre bundle over a complex base. We then show how to compute the full obstruction via a spectral sequence. We give various concrete necessary and sufficient conditions for the vanishing of the obstruction. Throughout, we give examples to test the sharpness of these conditions, including a symplectic fibre bundle over a complex base which does not come from a generalized complex structure, and a regular generalized complex structure which is very unlike a symplectic fibre bundle, i.e., for which nearby leaves are not symplectomorphic.

Keywords:differential geometry, symplectic geometry, mathematical physics

2. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 553)

Godinho, Leonor; Sousa-Dias, M. E.
Addendum and Erratum to "The Fundamental Group of $S^1$-manifolds"
This paper provides an addendum and erratum to L. Godinho and M. E. Sousa-Dias, "The Fundamental Group of $S^1$-manifolds". Canad. J. Math. 62(2010), no. 5, 1082--1098.

Keywords:symplectic reduction; fundamental group
Categories:53D19, 37J10, 55Q05

3. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 467)

Wilson, Glen; Woodward, Christopher T.
Quasimap Floer Cohomology for Varying Symplectic Quotients
We show that quasimap Floer cohomology for varying symplectic quotients resolves several puzzles regarding displaceability of toric moment fibers. For example, we (i) present a compact Hamiltonian torus action containing an open subset of non-displaceable orbits and a codimension four singular set, partly answering a question of McDuff, and (ii) determine displaceability for most of the moment fibers of a symplectic ellipsoid.

Keywords:Floer cohomology, Hamiltonian displaceability

4. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 991)

Damianou, Pantelis A.; Petalidou, Fani
Poisson Brackets with Prescribed Casimirs
We consider the problem of constructing Poisson brackets on smooth manifolds $M$ with prescribed Casimir functions. If $M$ is of even dimension, we achieve our construction by considering a suitable almost symplectic structure on $M$, while, in the case where $M$ is of odd dimension, our objective is achieved by using a convenient almost cosymplectic structure. Several examples and applications are presented.

Keywords:Poisson bracket, Casimir function, almost symplectic structure, almost cosymplectic structure
Categories:53D17, 53D15

5. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 878)

Howard, Benjamin; Manon, Christopher; Millson, John
The Toric Geometry of Triangulated Polygons in Euclidean Spac
Speyer and Sturmfels associated Gröbner toric degenerations $\mathrm{Gr}_2(\mathbb{C}^n)^{\mathcal{T}}$ of $\mathrm{Gr}_2(\mathbb{C}^n)$ with each trivalent tree $\mathcal{T}$ having $n$ leaves. These degenerations induce toric degenerations $M_{\mathbf{r}}^{\mathcal{T}}$ of $M_{\mathbf{r}}$, the space of $n$ ordered, weighted (by $\mathbf{r}$) points on the projective line. Our goal in this paper is to give a geometric (Euclidean polygon) description of the toric fibers and describe the action of the compact part of the torus as "bendings of polygons". We prove the conjecture of Foth and Hu that the toric fibers are homeomorphic to the spaces defined by Kamiyama and Yoshida.

Categories:14L24, 53D20

6. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 938)

Li-Bland, David
AV-Courant Algebroids and Generalized CR Structures
We construct a generalization of Courant algebroids that are classified by the third cohomology group $H^3(A,V)$, where $A$ is a Lie Algebroid, and $V$ is an $A$-module. We see that both Courant algebroids and $\mathcal{E}^1(M)$ structures are examples of them. Finally we introduce generalized CR structures on a manifold, which are a generalization of generalized complex structures, and show that every CR structure and contact structure is an example of a generalized CR structure.


7. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1082)

Godinho, Leonor; Sousa-Dias, M. E.
The Fundamental Group of $S^1$-manifolds
We address the problem of computing the fundamental group of a symplectic $S^1$-manifold for non-Hamiltonian actions on compact manifolds, and for Hamiltonian actions on non-compact manifolds with a proper moment map. We generalize known results for compact manifolds equipped with a Hamiltonian $S^1$-action. Several examples are presented to illustrate our main results.

Categories:53D20, 37J10, 55Q05

8. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 975)

Bjorndahl, Christina; Karshon, Yael
Revisiting Tietze-Nakajima: Local and Global Convexity for Maps
A theorem of Tietze and Nakajima, from 1928, asserts that if a subset $X$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is closed, connected, and locally convex, then it is convex. We give an analogous ``local to global convexity" theorem when the inclusion map of $X$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$ is replaced by a map from a topological space $X$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$ that satisfies certain local properties. Our motivation comes from the Condevaux--Dazord--Molino proof of the Atiyah--Guillemin--Sternberg convexity theorem in symplectic geometry.

Categories:53D20, 52B99

9. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 572)

Hitrik, Michael; Sj{östrand, Johannes
Non-Selfadjoint Perturbations of Selfadjoint Operators in Two Dimensions IIIa. One Branching Point
This is the third in a series of works devoted to spectral asymptotics for non-selfadjoint perturbations of selfadjoint $h$-pseudodifferential operators in dimension 2, having a periodic classical flow. Assuming that the strength $\epsilon$ of the perturbation is in the range $h^2\ll \epsilon \ll h^{1/2}$ (and may sometimes reach even smaller values), we get an asymptotic description of the eigenvalues in rectangles $[-1/C,1/C]+i\epsilon [F_0-1/C,F_0+1/C]$, $C\gg 1$, when $\epsilon F_0$ is a saddle point value of the flow average of the leading perturbation.

Keywords:non-selfadjoint, eigenvalue, periodic flow, branching singularity
Categories:31C10, 35P20, 35Q40, 37J35, 37J45, 53D22, 58J40

10. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 981)

Jiang, Yunfeng
The Chen--Ruan Cohomology of Weighted Projective Spaces
In this paper we study the Chen--Ruan cohomology ring of weighted projective spaces. Given a weighted projective space ${\bf P}^{n}_{q_{0}, \dots, q_{n}}$, we determine all of its twisted sectors and the corresponding degree shifting numbers. The main result of this paper is that the obstruction bundle over any 3\nobreakdash-multi\-sector is a direct sum of line bundles which we use to compute the orbifold cup product. Finally we compute the Chen--Ruan cohomology ring of weighted projective space ${\bf P}^{5}_{1,2,2,3,3,3}$.

Keywords:Chen--Ruan cohomology, twisted sectors, toric varieties, weighted projective space, localization
Categories:14N35, 53D45

11. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 845)

Schaffhauser, Florent
Representations of the Fundamental Group of an $L$-Punctured Sphere Generated by Products of Lagrangian Involutions
In this paper, we characterize unitary representations of $\pi:=\piS$ whose generators $u_1, \dots, u_l$ (lying in conjugacy classes fixed initially) can be decomposed as products of two Lagrangian involutions $u_j=\s_j\s_{j+1}$ with $\s_{l+1}=\s_1$. Our main result is that such representations are exactly the elements of the fixed-point set of an anti-symplectic involution defined on the moduli space $\Mod:=\Hom_{\mathcal C}(\pi,U(n))/U(n)$. Consequently, as this fixed-point set is non-empty, it is a Lagrangian submanifold of $\Mod$. To prove this, we use the quasi-Hamiltonian description of the symplectic structure of $\Mod$ and give conditions on an involution defined on a quasi-Hamiltonian $U$-space $(M, \w, \mu\from M \to U)$ for it to induce an anti-symplectic involution on the reduced space $M/\!/U := \mu^{-1}(\{1\})/U$.

Keywords:momentum maps, moduli spaces, Lagrangian submanifolds, anti-symplectic involutions, quasi-Hamiltonian
Categories:53D20, 53D30

12. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 362)

Goldin, R. F.; Martin, S.
Cohomology Pairings on the Symplectic Reduction of Products
Let $M$ be the product of two compact Hamiltonian $T$-spaces $X$ and $Y$. We present a formula for evaluating integrals on the symplectic reduction of $M$ by the diagonal $T$ action. At every regular value of the moment map for $X\times Y$, the integral is the convolution of two distributions associated to the symplectic reductions of $X$ by $T$ and of $Y$ by $T$. Several examples illustrate the computational strength of this relationship. We also prove a linear analogue which can be used to find cohomology pairings on toric orbifolds.


13. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1314)

Zhitomirskii, M.
Relative Darboux Theorem for Singular Manifolds and Local Contact Algebra
In 1999 V. Arnol'd introduced the local contact algebra: studying the problem of classification of singular curves in a contact space, he showed the existence of the ghost of the contact structure (invariants which are not related to the induced structure on the curve). Our main result implies that the only reason for existence of the local contact algebra and the ghost is the difference between the geometric and (defined in this paper) algebraic restriction of a $1$-form to a singular submanifold. We prove that a germ of any subset $N$ of a contact manifold is well defined, up to contactomorphisms, by the algebraic restriction to $N$ of the contact structure. This is a generalization of the Darboux-Givental' theorem for smooth submanifolds of a contact manifold. Studying the difference between the geometric and the algebraic restrictions gives a powerful tool for classification of stratified submanifolds of a contact manifold. This is illustrated by complete solution of three classification problems, including a simple explanation of V.~Arnold's results and further classification results for singular curves in a contact space. We also prove several results on the external geometry of a singular submanifold $N$ in terms of the algebraic restriction of the contact structure to $N$. In particular, the algebraic restriction is zero if and only if $N$ is contained in a smooth Legendrian submanifold of $M$.

Keywords:contact manifold, local contact algebra,, relative Darboux theorem, integral curves
Categories:53D10, 14B05, 58K50

14. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 750)

Sabourin, Hervé
Sur la structure transverse à une orbite nilpotente adjointe
We are interested in Poisson structures to transverse nilpotent adjoint orbits in a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, and we study their polynomial nature. Furthermore, in the case of $sl_n$, we construct some families of nilpotent orbits with quadratic transverse structures.

Keywords:nilpotent adjoint orbits, conormal orbits, Poisson transverse structure
Categories:22E, 53D

15. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 114)

Flaschka, Hermann; Millson, John
Bending Flows for Sums of Rank One Matrices
We study certain symplectic quotients of $n$-fold products of complex projective $m$-space by the unitary group acting diagonally. After studying nonemptiness and smoothness of these quotients we construct the action-angle variables, defined on an open dense subset, of an integrable Hamiltonian system. The semiclassical quantization of this system reporduces formulas from the representation theory of the unitary group.


16. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 553)

Mohammadalikhani, Ramin
Cohomology Ring of Symplectic Quotients by Circle Actions
In this article we are concerned with how to compute the cohomology ring of a symplectic quotient by a circle action using the information we have about the cohomology of the original manifold and some data at the fixed point set of the action. Our method is based on the Tolman-Weitsman theorem which gives a characterization of the kernel of the Kirwan map. First we compute a generating set for the kernel of the Kirwan map for the case of product of compact connected manifolds such that the cohomology ring of each of them is generated by a degree two class. We assume the fixed point set is isolated; however the circle action only needs to be ``formally Hamiltonian''. By identifying the kernel, we obtain the cohomology ring of the symplectic quotient. Next we apply this result to some special cases and in particular to the case of products of two dimensional spheres. We show that the results of Kalkman and Hausmann-Knutson are special cases of our result.

Categories:53D20, 53D30, 37J10, 37J15, 53D05

17. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 3)

Alekseev, A.; Kosmann-Schwarzbach, Y.; Meinrenken, E.
Quasi-Poisson Manifolds
A quasi-Poisson manifold is a $G$-manifold equipped with an invariant bivector field whose Schouten bracket is the trivector field generated by the invariant element in $\wedge^3 \g$ associated to an invariant inner product. We introduce the concept of the fusion of such manifolds, and we relate the quasi-Poisson manifolds to the previously introduced quasi-Hamiltonian manifolds with group-valued moment maps.


18. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 30)

Treloar, Thomas
The Symplectic Geometry of Polygons in the $3$-Sphere
We study the symplectic geometry of the moduli spaces $M_r=M_r(\s^3)$ of closed $n$-gons with fixed side-lengths in the $3$-sphere. We prove that these moduli spaces have symplectic structures obtained by reduction of the fusion product of $n$ conjugacy classes in $\SU(2)$ by the diagonal conjugation action of $\SU(2)$. Here the fusion product of $n$ conjugacy classes is a Hamiltonian quasi-Poisson $\SU(2)$-manifold in the sense of \cite{AKSM}. An integrable Hamiltonian system is constructed on $M_r$ in which the Hamiltonian flows are given by bending polygons along a maximal collection of nonintersecting diagonals. Finally, we show the symplectic structure on $M_r$ relates to the symplectic structure obtained from gauge-theoretic description of $M_r$. The results of this paper are analogues for the $3$-sphere of results obtained for $M_r(\h^3)$, the moduli space of $n$-gons with fixed side-lengths in hyperbolic $3$-space \cite{KMT}, and for $M_r(\E^3)$, the moduli space of $n$-gons with fixed side-lengths in $\E^3$ \cite{KM1}.


19. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1123)

Arnold, V. I.
First Steps of Local Contact Algebra
We consider germs of mappings of a line to contact space and classify the first simple singularities up to the action of contactomorphisms in the target space and diffeomorphisms of the line. Even in these first cases there arises a new interesting interaction of local commutative algebra with contact structure.

Keywords:contact manifolds, local contact algebra, Diracian, contactian
Categories:53D10, 14B05

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