Expand all Collapse all | Results 1 - 25 of 46 |
1. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1413)
Generalized KÃ¤hler--Einstein Metrics and Energy Functionals In this paper, we consider a generalized
KÃ¤hler-Einstein equation on KÃ¤hler manifold $M$. Using the
twisted $\mathcal K$-energy introduced by Song and Tian, we show
that the existence of generalized KÃ¤hler-Einstein metrics with
semi-positive twisting $(1, 1)$-form $\theta $ is also closely
related to the properness of the twisted $\mathcal K$-energy
functional. Under the condition that the twisting form $\theta $ is
strictly positive at a point or $M$ admits no nontrivial Hamiltonian
holomorphic vector field, we prove that the existence of generalized
KÃ¤hler-Einstein metric implies a Moser-Trudinger type inequality.
Keywords:complex Monge--AmpÃ¨re equation, energy functional, generalized KÃ¤hler--Einstein metric, Moser--Trudinger type inequality Categories:53C55, 32W20 |
2. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 783)
Infinitesimal Rigidity of Convex Polyhedra through the Second Derivative of the Hilbert-Einstein Functional |
Infinitesimal Rigidity of Convex Polyhedra through the Second Derivative of the Hilbert-Einstein Functional The paper is centered around a new proof of the infinitesimal rigidity
of convex polyhedra. The proof is based on studying derivatives of the
discrete Hilbert-Einstein functional on the space of "warped
polyhedra" with a fixed metric on the boundary.
The situation is in a sense dual to using derivatives of the volume in order to prove the Gauss infinitesimal rigidity of convex polyhedra. This latter kind of rigidity is related to the Minkowski theorem on the existence and uniqueness of a polyhedron with prescribed face normals and face areas.
In the spherical and in the hyperbolic-de Sitter space, there is a perfect duality between the Hilbert-Einstein functional and the volume, as well as between both kinds of rigidity.
We review some of the related work and discuss directions for future research.
Keywords:convex polyhedron, rigidity, Hilbert-Einstein functional, Minkowski theorem Categories:52B99, 53C24 |
3. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 400)
Umbilical Submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ We give a complete classification of umbilical submanifolds of arbitrary dimension and codimension of
$\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$, extending the classification of umbilical surfaces
in $\mathbb{S}^2\times \mathbb{R}$ by Souam and Toubiana as well as the local
description of umbilical hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ by Van der
Veken and Vrancken. We prove that, besides small spheres in a slice,
up to isometries of the ambient space they come in a two-parameter
family of rotational submanifolds
whose substantial codimension is either one or two and whose profile
is a curve in a totally geodesic $\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{S}^2\times
\mathbb{R}$, respectively, the former case arising in a one-parameter
family. All of them are diffeomorphic to a sphere, except for a single
element that is diffeomorphic to Euclidean space. We obtain explicit
parametrizations of all such submanifolds. We also study more general
classes of submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$. In
particular, we give a complete description of all submanifolds in
those product spaces
for which the tangent component of a unit vector field spanning the
factor $\mathbb{R}$ is an eigenvector of all shape operators. We show that
surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and
$\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ having this property are rotational surfaces, and use
this fact to improve some recent results by Alencar, do Carmo, and
Tribuzy.
We also obtain a Dajczer-type reduction of codimension theorem for
submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$.
Keywords:umbilical submanifolds, product spaces $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ Categories:53B25, 53C40 |
4. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1164)
Partial Differential Hamiltonian Systems We define partial differential (PD in the following), i.e., field
theoretic analogues of Hamiltonian systems on abstract symplectic
manifolds and study their main properties, namely, PD Hamilton
equations, PD Noether theorem, PD Poisson bracket, etc.. Unlike in
standard multisymplectic approach to Hamiltonian field theory, in our
formalism, the geometric structure (kinematics) and the dynamical
information on the ``phase space''
appear as just different components of one single geometric object.
Keywords:field theory, fiber bundles, multisymplectic geometry, Hamiltonian systems Categories:70S05, 70S10, 53C80 |
5. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 266)
Les applications conforme-harmoniques Sur une surface de Riemann, l'Ã©nergie d'une application Ã valeurs dans une variÃ©tÃ© riemannienne est une fonctionnelle invariante conforme, ses points critiques sont les applications harmoniques. Nous proposons ici un analogue en dimension supÃ©rieure, en construisant une fonctionnelle invariante conforme pour les applications entre deux variÃ©tÃ©s riemanniennes, dont la variÃ©tÃ© de dÃ©part est de dimension $n$ paire. Ses points critiques satisfont une EDP elliptique d'ordre $n$ non-linÃ©aire qui est covariante conforme par rapport Ã la variÃ©tÃ© de dÃ©part, on les appelle les applications conforme-harmoniques. Dans le cas des fonctions, on retrouve l'opÃ©rateur GJMS, dont le terme principal est une puissance $n/2$ du laplacien. Quand $n$ est impaire, les mÃªmes idÃ©es permettent de montrer que le terme constant dans le dÃ©veloppement asymptotique de l'Ã©nergie d'une application asymptotiquement harmonique sur une variÃ©tÃ© AHE est indÃ©pendant du choix du reprÃ©sentant de l'infini conforme.
Categories:53C21, 53C43, 53A30 |
6. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1401)
A Universal Volume Comparison Theorem for Finsler Manifolds and Related Results In this paper, we establish a universal volume comparison theorem
for Finsler manifolds and give the Berger-Kazdan inequality and
SantalÃ³'s formula in Finsler geometry. Being based on these, we
derive a Berger-Kazdan type comparison theorem and a Croke type
isoperimetric inequality for Finsler manifolds.
Keywords:Finsler manifold, Berger-Kazdan inequality, Berger-Kazdan comparison theorem, SantalÃ³'s formula, Croke's isoperimetric inequality Categories:53B40, 53C65, 52A38 |
7. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 757)
Positively Curved Riemannian Locally Symmetric Spaces are Positively Squared Distance Curved The squared distance curvature is a kind of two-point curvature the
sign of which turned out crucial for the smoothness of optimal
transportation maps on Riemannian manifolds. Positivity properties of
that new curvature have been established recently for all the simply
connected compact rank one symmetric spaces, except the Cayley
plane. Direct proofs were given for the sphere, an indirect one
via the Hopf fibrations) for the complex and quaternionic
projective spaces. Here, we present a direct proof of a property
implying all the preceding ones, valid on every positively curved
Riemannian locally symmetric space.
Keywords:symmetric spaces, rank one, positive curvature, almost-positive $c$-curvature Categories:53C35, 53C21, 53C26, 49N60 |
8. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 66)
On Flag Curvature of Homogeneous Randers Spaces In this paper we give an explicit formula for the flag curvature of
homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type and apply this formula to
obtain some interesting results. We first deduce an explicit formula
for the flag curvature of an arbitrary left invariant Randers metric
on a two-step nilpotent Lie group. Then we obtain a classification of
negatively curved homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type. This
results, in particular, in many examples of homogeneous non-Riemannian
Finsler spaces with negative flag curvature. Finally, we prove a
rigidity result that a homogeneous Randers space of Berwald type whose
flag curvature is everywhere nonzero must be Riemannian.
Keywords:homogeneous Randers manifolds, flag curvature, Douglas spaces, two-step nilpotent Lie groups Categories:22E46, 53C30 |
9. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 778)
Ricci Solitons and Geometry of Four-dimensional Non-reductive Homogeneous Spaces We study the geometry of non-reductive $4$-dimensional homogeneous
spaces. In particular, after describing their Levi-Civita connection
and curvature properties, we classify homogeneous Ricci solitons on
these spaces, proving the existence of shrinking, expanding and steady
examples. For all the non-trivial examples we find, the Ricci operator
is diagonalizable.
Keywords:non-reductive homogeneous spaces, pseudo-Riemannian metrics, Ricci solitons, Einstein-like metrics Categories:53C21, 53C50, 53C25 |
10. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 44)
Surfaces of Rotation with Constant Mean Curvature in the Direction of a Unitary Normal Vector Field in a Randers Space |
Surfaces of Rotation with Constant Mean Curvature in the Direction of a Unitary Normal Vector Field in a Randers Space We consider the Randers space $(V^n,F_b)$ obtained by perturbing the Euclidean metric by a translation, $F_b=\alpha+\beta$, where $\alpha$ is the Euclidean metric and $\beta$ is a $1$-form with norm $b$, $0\leq b\lt 1$. We introduce the concept of a hypersurface with constant mean curvature in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. We obtain the ordinary differential equation that characterizes the rotational surfaces $(V^3,F_b)$ of constant mean curvature (cmc) in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. These equations reduce to the classical equation of the rotational cmc surfaces in Euclidean space, when $b=0$. It also reduces to the equation that characterizes the minimal rotational surfaces in $(V^3,F_b)$ when $H=0$, obtained by M. Souza and K. Tenenblat. Although the differential equation depends on the choice of the normal direction, we show that both equations determine the same rotational surface, up to a reflection. We also show that the round cylinders are cmc surfaces in the direction of the unitary normal field. They are generated by the constant solution of the differential equation. By considering the equation as a nonlinear dynamical system, we provide a qualitative analysis, for $0\lt b\lt \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$. Using the concept of stability and considering the linearization around the single equilibrium point (the constant solution), we verify that the solutions are locally asymptotically stable spirals. This is proved by constructing a Lyapunov function for the dynamical system and by determining the basin of stability of the equilibrium point. The surfaces of rotation generated by such solutions tend asymptotically to one end of the cylinder.
Keywords:Finsler spaces, Randers spaces, mean curvature, Liapunov functions Category:53C20 |
11. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 55)
Pseudolocality for the Ricci Flow and Applications
Perelman established a differential Li--Yau--Hamilton
(LYH) type inequality for fundamental solutions of the conjugate
heat equation corresponding to the Ricci flow on compact manifolds.
As an application of the LYH inequality,
Perelman proved a pseudolocality result for the Ricci flow on
compact manifolds. In this article we provide the details for the
proofs of these results in the case of a complete noncompact
Riemannian manifold. Using these results we prove that under
certain conditions, a finite time singularity of the Ricci flow
must form within a compact set. The conditions are satisfied by
asymptotically flat manifolds. We also prove a long time existence
result for the K\"ahler--Ricci flow on complete nonnegatively curved K\"ahler
manifolds.
Categories:53C44, 58J37, 35B35 |
12. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1264)
Holomorphic variations of minimal disks with boundary on a Lagrangian surface Let $L$ be an oriented Lagrangian submanifold in an $n$-dimensional
KÃ¤hler manifold~$M$. Let $u \colon D \to M$ be a minimal immersion
from a disk $D$ with $u(\partial D) \subset L$ such that $u(D)$ meets
$L$ orthogonally along $u(\partial D)$. Then the real dimension of
the space of admissible holomorphic variations is at least
$n+\mu(E,F)$, where $\mu(E,F)$ is a boundary Maslov index; the minimal
disk is holomorphic if there exist $n$ admissible holomorphic
variations that are linearly independent over $\mathbb{R}$ at some
point $p \in \partial D$; if $M = \mathbb{C}P^n$ and $u$ intersects
$L$ positively, then $u$ is holomorphic if it is stable, and its
Morse index is at least $n+\mu(E,F)$ if $u$ is unstable.
Categories:58E12, 53C21, 53C26 |
13. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1037)
Riemann Extensions of Torsion-Free Connections with Degenerate Ricci Tensor
{Correspondence} between torsion-free connections with {nilpotent skew-symmetric curvature operator} and IP Riemann
extensions is shown. Some consequences are derived in the study of
four-dimensional IP metrics and locally homogeneous affine surfaces.
Keywords:Walker metric, Riemann extension, curvature operator, projectively flat and recurrent affine connection Categories:53B30, 53C50 |
14. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 52)
An Algebraic Approach to Weakly Symmetric Finsler Spaces In this paper, we introduce a new algebraic notion, weakly symmetric
Lie algebras, to give an algebraic description of an
interesting class of homogeneous Riemann--Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric
Finsler spaces. Using this new definition, we are able to give a
classification of weakly symmetric Finsler spaces with dimensions $2$
and $3$. Finally, we show that all the non-Riemannian reversible weakly
symmetric Finsler spaces we find are non-Berwaldian and with vanishing
S-curvature. This means that reversible non-Berwaldian Finsler spaces
with vanishing S-curvature may exist at large. Hence the generalized
volume comparison theorems due to Z. Shen are valid for a rather large
class of Finsler spaces.
Keywords:weakly symmetric Finsler spaces, weakly symmetric Lie algebras, Berwald spaces, S-curvature Categories:53C60, 58B20, 22E46, 22E60 |
15. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 320)
Some Rigidity Results Related to MongeâAmpÃ¨re Functions The space of Monge-AmpÃ¨re functions, introduced by J. H. G. Fu, is
a space of rather rough functions in which the map $u\mapsto \operatorname{Det} D^2
u$ is well defined and weakly continuous with respect to a natural
notion of weak convergence. We prove a rigidity theorem for
Lagrangian integral currents that allows us to extend the original
definition of Monge-AmpÃ¨re functions. We also
prove that if a Monge-AmpÃ¨re function $u$ on a bounded set
$\Omega\subset\mathcal{R}^2$ satisfies the equation $\operatorname{Det} D^2 u=0$ in a
particular weak sense, then the graph of $u$ is a developable surface,
and moreover $u$ enjoys somewhat better regularity properties than an
arbitrary Monge-AmpÃ¨re function of $2$ variables.
Categories:49Q15, 53C24 |
16. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 3)
On the Asymptotic Behavior of Complete KÃ¤hler Metrics of Positive Ricci Curvature Let $( X,g) $ be a complete noncompact KÃ¤hler manifold, of
dimension $n\geq2,$ with positive Ricci curvature and of standard type
(see the definition below). N. Mok proved that $X$ can be
compactified, \emph{i.e.,} $X$ is biholomorphic to a quasi-projective
variety$.$ The aim of this paper is to prove that the $L^{2}$
holomorphic sections of the line bundle $K_{X}^{-q}$ and the volume
form of the metric $g$ have no essential singularities near the
divisor at infinity. As a consequence we obtain a comparison between
the volume forms of the KÃ¤hler metric $g$ and of the Fubini--Study
metric induced on $X$. In the case of $\dim_{\mathbb{C} }X=2,$ we
establish a relation between the number of components of the divisor
$D$ and the dimension of the groups $H^{i}( \overline{X},
\Omega_{\overline{X}}^{1}( \log D) )$.
Categories:53C55, 32A10 |
17. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1357)
On a Class of Landsberg Metrics in Finsler Geometry In this paper, we study a long existing open problem on Landsberg
metrics in Finsler geometry. We consider Finsler metrics defined by a
Riemannian metric and a $1$-form on a manifold. We show that a
\emph{regular} Finsler metric in this form is Landsbergian if and only if it
is Berwaldian. We further show that there is a two-parameter family of
functions, $\phi=\phi(s)$, for which there are a Riemannian metric
$\alpha$ and a $1$-form $\beta$ on a manifold $M$ such that the scalar
function $F=\alpha \phi (\beta/\alpha)$ on $TM$ is an almost regular
Landsberg metric, but not a Berwald metric.
Categories:53B40, 53C60 |
18. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1201)
Invariant Einstein Metrics on Some Homogeneous Spaces of Classical Lie Groups A Riemannian manifold $(M,\rho)$ is called Einstein if the metric
$\rho$ satisfies the condition \linebreak$\Ric (\rho)=c\cdot \rho$ for some
constant $c$. This paper is devoted to the investigation of
$G$-invariant Einstein metrics, with additional symmetries,
on some homogeneous spaces $G/H$ of classical groups.
As a consequence, we obtain new invariant Einstein metrics on some
Stiefel manifolds $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$.
Furthermore, we show that for any positive integer $p$ there exists a
Stiefel manifold $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$
that admits at least $p$
$\SO(n)$-invariant Einstein metrics.
Keywords:Riemannian manifolds, homogeneous spaces, Einstein metrics, Stiefel manifolds Categories:53C25, 53C30 |
19. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 740)
On Geometric Flats in the CAT(0) Realization of Coxeter Groups and Tits Buildings Given a complete CAT(0) space $X$ endowed with a geometric action of a group $\Gamma$, it is known that if
$\Gamma$ contains a free abelian group of rank $n$, then $X$ contains a geometric flat of dimension $n$. We
prove the converse of this statement in the special case where $X$ is a convex subcomplex of the CAT(0)
realization of a Coxeter group $W$, and $\Gamma$ is a subgroup of $W$. In particular a convex cocompact subgroup
of a Coxeter group is Gromov-hyperbolic if and only if it does not contain a free abelian group of rank 2. Our
result also provides an explicit control on geometric flats in the CAT(0) realization of arbitrary Tits
buildings.
Keywords:Coxeter group, flat rank, $\cat0$ space, building Categories:20F55, 51F15, 53C23, 20E42, 51E24 |
20. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 721)
SubRiemannian Geometry on the Sphere $\mathbb{S}^3$ We discuss the subRiemannian
geometry induced by two noncommutative
vector fields which are left invariant
on the Lie group $\mathbb{S}^3$.
Keywords:noncommutative Lie group, quaternion group, subRiemannian geodesic, horizontal distribution, connectivity theorem, holonomic constraint Categories:53C17, 53C22, 35H20 |
21. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 641)
Characterization of Parallel Isometric Immersions of Space Forms into Space Forms in the Class of Isotropic Immersions |
Characterization of Parallel Isometric Immersions of Space Forms into Space Forms in the Class of Isotropic Immersions For an isotropic submanifold $M^n\,(n\geqq3)$ of a space form
$\widetilde{M}^{n+p}(c)$ of constant sectional curvature $c$, we
show that if the mean curvature vector of $M^n$ is parallel and the
sectional curvature $K$ of $M^n$ satisfies some inequality, then
the second fundamental form of $M^n$ in $\widetilde{M}^{n+p}$ is
parallel and our manifold $M^n$ is a space form.
Keywords:space forms, parallel isometric immersions, isotropic immersions, totally umbilic, Veronese manifolds, sectional curvatures, parallel mean curvature vector Categories:53C40, 53C42 |
22. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1201)
HÃ¶lder Compactification for Some Manifolds with Pinched Negative Curvature Near Infinity We consider a complete noncompact Riemannian manifold $M$ and give
conditions on a compact submanifold $K \subset M$ so that the outward
normal exponential map off the boundary of $K$ is a diffeomorphism
onto $\MlK$. We use this to compactify $M$ and show that pinched
negative sectional curvature outside $K$ implies $M$ has a
compactification with a well-defined H\"older structure independent of
$K$. The H\"older constant depends on the ratio of the curvature
pinching. This extends and generalizes a 1985 result of Anderson and
Schoen.
Category:53C20 |
23. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 822)
Maximum Principles for Subharmonic Functions Via Local Semi-Dirichlet Forms Maximum principles for subharmonic
functions in the framework of quasi-regular local semi-Dirichlet
forms admitting lower bounds are presented.
As applications, we give
weak and strong maximum principles
for (local) subsolutions of a second order elliptic
differential operator on the domain of Euclidean space under conditions on coefficients,
which partially generalize the results by Stampacchia.
Keywords:positivity preserving form, semi-Dirichlet form, Dirichlet form, subharmonic functions, superharmonic functions, harmonic functions, weak maximum principle, strong maximum principle, irreducibility, absolute continuity condition Categories:31C25, 35B50, 60J45, 35J, 53C, 58 |
24. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1245)
On Gap Properties and Instabilities of $p$-Yang--Mills Fields We consider the
$p$-Yang--Mills functional
$(p\geq 2)$
defined as
$\YM_p(\nabla):=\frac 1 p \int_M \|\rn\|^p$.
We call critical points of $\YM_p(\cdot)$ the $p$-Yang--Mills
connections, and the associated curvature $\rn$ the $p$-Yang--Mills
fields. In this paper, we prove gap properties and instability theorems for $p$-Yang--Mills
fields over submanifolds in $\mathbb{R}^{n+k}$ and $\mathbb{S}^{n+k}$.
Keywords:$p$-Yang--Mills field, gap property, instability, submanifold Categories:58E15, 53C05 |
25. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 381)
Extremal Metric for the First Eigenvalue on a Klein Bottle The first eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a surface can be viewed
as a functional on the space of Riemannian metrics of a given
area. Critical points of this functional are called extremal
metrics. The only known extremal metrics are a round sphere, a
standard projective plane, a Clifford torus and an equilateral
torus. We construct an extremal metric on a Klein bottle. It is a
metric of revolution, admitting a minimal isometric embedding into
a sphere ${\mathbb S}^4$ by the first eigenfunctions. Also, this
Klein bottle is a bipolar surface for Lawson's
$\tau_{3,1}$-torus. We conjecture that an extremal metric for the
first eigenvalue on a Klein bottle is unique, and hence it
provides a sharp upper bound for $\lambda_1$ on a Klein bottle of
a given area. We present numerical evidence and prove the first
results towards this conjecture.
Keywords:Laplacian, eigenvalue, Klein bottle Categories:58J50, 53C42 |