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1. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 757)

Delanoë, Philippe; Rouvière, François
Positively Curved Riemannian Locally Symmetric Spaces are Positively Squared Distance Curved
The squared distance curvature is a kind of two-point curvature the sign of which turned out crucial for the smoothness of optimal transportation maps on Riemannian manifolds. Positivity properties of that new curvature have been established recently for all the simply connected compact rank one symmetric spaces, except the Cayley plane. Direct proofs were given for the sphere, an indirect one via the Hopf fibrations) for the complex and quaternionic projective spaces. Here, we present a direct proof of a property implying all the preceding ones, valid on every positively curved Riemannian locally symmetric space.

Keywords:symmetric spaces, rank one, positive curvature, almost-positive $c$-curvature
Categories:53C35, 53C21, 53C26, 49N60

2. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 66)

Deng, Shaoqiang; Hu, Zhiguang
On Flag Curvature of Homogeneous Randers Spaces
In this paper we give an explicit formula for the flag curvature of homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type and apply this formula to obtain some interesting results. We first deduce an explicit formula for the flag curvature of an arbitrary left invariant Randers metric on a two-step nilpotent Lie group. Then we obtain a classification of negatively curved homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type. This results, in particular, in many examples of homogeneous non-Riemannian Finsler spaces with negative flag curvature. Finally, we prove a rigidity result that a homogeneous Randers space of Berwald type whose flag curvature is everywhere nonzero must be Riemannian.

Keywords:homogeneous Randers manifolds, flag curvature, Douglas spaces, two-step nilpotent Lie groups
Categories:22E46, 53C30

3. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1201)

Arvanitoyeorgos, Andreas; Dzhepko, V. V.; Nikonorov, Yu. G.
Invariant Einstein Metrics on Some Homogeneous Spaces of Classical Lie Groups
A Riemannian manifold $(M,\rho)$ is called Einstein if the metric $\rho$ satisfies the condition \linebreak$\Ric (\rho)=c\cdot \rho$ for some constant $c$. This paper is devoted to the investigation of $G$-invariant Einstein metrics, with additional symmetries, on some homogeneous spaces $G/H$ of classical groups. As a consequence, we obtain new invariant Einstein metrics on some Stiefel manifolds $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$. Furthermore, we show that for any positive integer $p$ there exists a Stiefel manifold $\SO(n)/\SO(l)$ that admits at least $p$ $\SO(n)$-invariant Einstein metrics.

Keywords:Riemannian manifolds, homogeneous spaces, Einstein metrics, Stiefel manifolds
Categories:53C25, 53C30

4. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 282)

Fels, M. E.; Renner, A. G.
Non-reductive Homogeneous Pseudo-Riemannian Manifolds of Dimension Four
A method, due to \'Elie Cartan, is used to give an algebraic classification of the non-reductive homogeneous pseudo-Riemannian manifolds of dimension four. Only one case with Lorentz signature can be Einstein without having constant curvature, and two cases with $(2,2)$ signature are Einstein of which one is Ricci-flat. If a four-dimensional non-reductive homogeneous pseudo-Riemannian manifold is simply connected, then it is shown to be diffeomorphic to $\reals^4$. All metrics for the simply connected non-reductive Einstein spaces are given explicitly. There are no non-reductive pseudo-Riemannian homogeneous spaces of dimension two and none of dimension three with connected isotropy subgroup.

Keywords:Homogeneous pseudo-Riemannian, Einstein space
Category:53C30

5. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 776)

Lim, Yongdo
Best Approximation in Riemannian Geodesic Submanifolds of Positive Definite Matrices
We explicitly describe the best approximation in geodesic submanifolds of positive definite matrices obtained from involutive congruence transformations on the Cartan-Hadamard manifold ${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\Bbb R})^{++}$ of positive definite matrices. An explicit calculation for the minimal distance function from the geodesic submanifold ${\mathrm{Sym}}(p,{\mathbb R})^{++}\times {\mathrm{Sym}}(q,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ block diagonally embedded in ${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ is given in terms of metric and spectral geometric means, Cayley transform, and Schur complements of positive definite matrices when $p\leq 2$ or $q\leq 2.$

Keywords:Matrix approximation, positive, definite matrix, geodesic submanifold, Cartan-Hadamard manifold,, best approximation, minimal distance function, global tubular, neighborhood theorem, Schur complement, metric and spectral, geometric mean, Cayley transform
Categories:15A48, 49R50, 15A18, 53C3

6. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1000)

Graczyk, P.; Sawyer, P.
Some Convexity Results for the Cartan Decomposition
In this paper, we consider the set $\mathcal{S} = a(e^X K e^Y)$ where $a(g)$ is the abelian part in the Cartan decomposition of $g$. This is exactly the support of the measure intervening in the product formula for the spherical functions on symmetric spaces of noncompact type. We give a simple description of that support in the case of $\SL(3,\mathbf{F})$ where $\mathbf{F} = \mathbf{R}$, $\mathbf{C}$ or $\mathbf{H}$. In particular, we show that $\mathcal{S}$ is convex. We also give an application of our result to the description of singular values of a product of two arbitrary matrices with prescribed singular values.

Keywords:convexity theorems, Cartan decomposition, spherical functions, product formula, semisimple Lie groups, singular values
Categories:43A90, 53C35, 15A18

7. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 449)

Akrout, H.
Théorème de Vorono\"\i\ dans les espaces symétriques
On d\'emontre un th\'eor\`eme de Vorono\"\i\ (caract\'erisation des maxima locaux de l'invariant d'Hermite) pour les familles de r\'eseaux param\'etr\'ees par les espaces sym\'etriques irr\'e\-ductibles non exceptionnels de type non compact. We prove a theorem of Vorono\"\i\ type (characterisation of local maxima of the Hermite invariant) for the lattices parametrized by irreducible nonexceptional symmetric spaces of noncompact type.

Keywords:réseaux, théorème de Vorono\"\i, espaces symétriques
Categories:11H06, 53C35

8. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1298)

Milson, Robert
Imprimitively generated Lie-algebraic Hamiltonians and separation of variables
Turbiner's conjecture posits that a Lie-algebraic Hamiltonian operator whose domain is a subset of the Euclidean plane admits a separation of variables. A proof of this conjecture is given in those cases where the generating Lie-algebra acts imprimitively. The general form of the conjecture is false. A counter-example is given based on the trigonometric Olshanetsky-Perelomov potential corresponding to the $A_2$ root system.

Categories:35Q40, 53C30, 81R05

9. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1323)

Sankaran, Parameswaran; Zvengrowski, Peter
Stable parallelizability of partially oriented flag manifolds II
In the first paper with the same title the authors were able to determine all partially oriented flag manifolds that are stably parallelizable or parallelizable, apart from four infinite families that were undecided. Here, using more delicate techniques (mainly K-theory), we settle these previously undecided families and show that none of the manifolds in them is stably parallelizable, apart from one 30-dimensional manifold which still remains undecided.

Categories:57R25, 55N15, 53C30

10. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 359)

Sawyer, P.
Estimates for the heat kernel on $\SL (n,{\bf R})/\SO (n)$
In \cite{Anker}, Jean-Philippe Anker conjectures an upper bound for the heat kernel of a symmetric space of noncompact type. We show in this paper that his prediction is verified for the space of positive definite $n\times n$ real matrices.

Categories:58G30, 53C35, 58G11

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