CMS/SMC
Canadian Mathematical Society
www.cms.math.ca
Canadian Mathematical Society
  location:  Publicationsjournals
Publications        
Search results

Search: MSC category 53 ( Differential geometry )

  Expand all        Collapse all Results 51 - 74 of 74

51. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 750)

Sabourin, Hervé
Sur la structure transverse à une orbite nilpotente adjointe
We are interested in Poisson structures to transverse nilpotent adjoint orbits in a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, and we study their polynomial nature. Furthermore, in the case of $sl_n$, we construct some families of nilpotent orbits with quadratic transverse structures.

Keywords:nilpotent adjoint orbits, conormal orbits, Poisson transverse structure
Categories:22E, 53D

52. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 114)

Flaschka, Hermann; Millson, John
Bending Flows for Sums of Rank One Matrices
We study certain symplectic quotients of $n$-fold products of complex projective $m$-space by the unitary group acting diagonally. After studying nonemptiness and smoothness of these quotients we construct the action-angle variables, defined on an open dense subset, of an integrable Hamiltonian system. The semiclassical quantization of this system reporduces formulas from the representation theory of the unitary group.

Category:53D20

53. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1228)

Ho, Nan-Kuo; Liu, Chiu-Chu Melissa
On the Connectedness of Moduli Spaces of Flat Connections over Compact Surfaces
We study the connectedness of the moduli space of gauge equivalence classes of flat $G$-connections on a compact orientable surface or a compact nonorientable surface for a class of compact connected Lie groups. This class includes all the compact, connected, simply connected Lie groups, and some non-semisimple classical groups.

Keywords:moduli space of flat $G$ connections
Category:53

54. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 776)

Lim, Yongdo
Best Approximation in Riemannian Geodesic Submanifolds of Positive Definite Matrices
We explicitly describe the best approximation in geodesic submanifolds of positive definite matrices obtained from involutive congruence transformations on the Cartan-Hadamard manifold ${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\Bbb R})^{++}$ of positive definite matrices. An explicit calculation for the minimal distance function from the geodesic submanifold ${\mathrm{Sym}}(p,{\mathbb R})^{++}\times {\mathrm{Sym}}(q,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ block diagonally embedded in ${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ is given in terms of metric and spectral geometric means, Cayley transform, and Schur complements of positive definite matrices when $p\leq 2$ or $q\leq 2.$

Keywords:Matrix approximation, positive, definite matrix, geodesic submanifold, Cartan-Hadamard manifold,, best approximation, minimal distance function, global tubular, neighborhood theorem, Schur complement, metric and spectral, geometric mean, Cayley transform
Categories:15A48, 49R50, 15A18, 53C3

55. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 590)

Ni, Yilong
The Heat Kernel and Green's Function on a Manifold with Heisenberg Group as Boundary
We study the Riemannian Laplace-Beltrami operator $L$ on a Riemannian manifold with Heisenberg group $H_1$ as boundary. We calculate the heat kernel and Green's function for $L$, and give global and small time estimates of the heat kernel. A class of hypersurfaces in this manifold can be regarded as approximations of $H_1$. We also restrict $L$ to each hypersurface and calculate the corresponding heat kernel and Green's function. We will see that the heat kernel and Green's function converge to the heat kernel and Green's function on the boundary.

Categories:35H20, 58J99, 53C17

56. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 566)

Ni, Yilong
Geodesics in a Manifold with Heisenberg Group as Boundary
The Heisenberg group is considered as the boundary of a manifold. A class of hypersurfaces in this manifold can be regarded as copies of the Heisenberg group. The properties of geodesics in the interior and on the hypersurfaces are worked out in detail. These properties are strongly related to those of the Heisenberg group.

Keywords:Heisenberg group, Hamiltonian mechanics, geodesic
Categories:53C22, 53C17

57. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 553)

Mohammadalikhani, Ramin
Cohomology Ring of Symplectic Quotients by Circle Actions
In this article we are concerned with how to compute the cohomology ring of a symplectic quotient by a circle action using the information we have about the cohomology of the original manifold and some data at the fixed point set of the action. Our method is based on the Tolman-Weitsman theorem which gives a characterization of the kernel of the Kirwan map. First we compute a generating set for the kernel of the Kirwan map for the case of product of compact connected manifolds such that the cohomology ring of each of them is generated by a degree two class. We assume the fixed point set is isolated; however the circle action only needs to be ``formally Hamiltonian''. By identifying the kernel, we obtain the cohomology ring of the symplectic quotient. Next we apply this result to some special cases and in particular to the case of products of two dimensional spheres. We show that the results of Kalkman and Hausmann-Knutson are special cases of our result.

Categories:53D20, 53D30, 37J10, 37J15, 53D05

58. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1080)

Kellerhals, Ruth
Quaternions and Some Global Properties of Hyperbolic $5$-Manifolds
We provide an explicit thick and thin decomposition for oriented hyperbolic manifolds $M$ of dimension $5$. The result implies improved universal lower bounds for the volume $\rmvol_5(M)$ and, for $M$ compact, new estimates relating the injectivity radius and the diameter of $M$ with $\rmvol_5(M)$. The quantification of the thin part is based upon the identification of the isometry group of the universal space by the matrix group $\PS_\Delta {\rm L} (2,\mathbb{H})$ of quaternionic $2\times 2$-matrices with Dieudonn\'e determinant $\Delta$ equal to $1$ and isolation properties of $\PS_\Delta {\rm L} (2,\mathbb{H})$.

Categories:53C22, 53C25, 57N16, 57S30, 51N30, 20G20, 22E40

59. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1000)

Graczyk, P.; Sawyer, P.
Some Convexity Results for the Cartan Decomposition
In this paper, we consider the set $\mathcal{S} = a(e^X K e^Y)$ where $a(g)$ is the abelian part in the Cartan decomposition of $g$. This is exactly the support of the measure intervening in the product formula for the spherical functions on symmetric spaces of noncompact type. We give a simple description of that support in the case of $\SL(3,\mathbf{F})$ where $\mathbf{F} = \mathbf{R}$, $\mathbf{C}$ or $\mathbf{H}$. In particular, we show that $\mathcal{S}$ is convex. We also give an application of our result to the description of singular values of a product of two arbitrary matrices with prescribed singular values.

Keywords:convexity theorems, Cartan decomposition, spherical functions, product formula, semisimple Lie groups, singular values
Categories:43A90, 53C35, 15A18

60. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 266)

Kogan, Irina A.
Two Algorithms for a Moving Frame Construction
The method of moving frames, introduced by Elie Cartan, is a powerful tool for the solution of various equivalence problems. The practical implementation of Cartan's method, however, remains challenging, despite its later significant development and generalization. This paper presents two new variations on the Fels and Olver algorithm, which under some conditions on the group action, simplify a moving frame construction. In addition, the first algorithm leads to a better understanding of invariant differential forms on the jet bundles, while the second expresses the differential invariants for the entire group in terms of the differential invariants of its subgroup.

Categories:53A55, 58D19, 68U10

61. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 112)

Shen, Zhongmin
Finsler Metrics with ${\bf K}=0$ and ${\bf S}=0$
In the paper, we study the shortest time problem on a Riemannian space with an external force. We show that such problem can be converted to a shortest path problem on a Randers space. By choosing an appropriate external force on the Euclidean space, we obtain a non-trivial Randers metric of zero flag curvature. We also show that any positively complete Randers metric with zero flag curvature must be locally Minkowskian.

Categories:53C60, 53B40

62. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 449)

Akrout, H.
Théorème de Vorono\"\i\ dans les espaces symétriques
On d\'emontre un th\'eor\`eme de Vorono\"\i\ (caract\'erisation des maxima locaux de l'invariant d'Hermite) pour les familles de r\'eseaux param\'etr\'ees par les espaces sym\'etriques irr\'e\-ductibles non exceptionnels de type non compact. We prove a theorem of Vorono\"\i\ type (characterisation of local maxima of the Hermite invariant) for the lattices parametrized by irreducible nonexceptional symmetric spaces of noncompact type.

Keywords:réseaux, théorème de Vorono\"\i, espaces symétriques
Categories:11H06, 53C35

63. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 3)

Alekseev, A.; Kosmann-Schwarzbach, Y.; Meinrenken, E.
Quasi-Poisson Manifolds
A quasi-Poisson manifold is a $G$-manifold equipped with an invariant bivector field whose Schouten bracket is the trivector field generated by the invariant element in $\wedge^3 \g$ associated to an invariant inner product. We introduce the concept of the fusion of such manifolds, and we relate the quasi-Poisson manifolds to the previously introduced quasi-Hamiltonian manifolds with group-valued moment maps.

Category:53D

64. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 30)

Treloar, Thomas
The Symplectic Geometry of Polygons in the $3$-Sphere
We study the symplectic geometry of the moduli spaces $M_r=M_r(\s^3)$ of closed $n$-gons with fixed side-lengths in the $3$-sphere. We prove that these moduli spaces have symplectic structures obtained by reduction of the fusion product of $n$ conjugacy classes in $\SU(2)$ by the diagonal conjugation action of $\SU(2)$. Here the fusion product of $n$ conjugacy classes is a Hamiltonian quasi-Poisson $\SU(2)$-manifold in the sense of \cite{AKSM}. An integrable Hamiltonian system is constructed on $M_r$ in which the Hamiltonian flows are given by bending polygons along a maximal collection of nonintersecting diagonals. Finally, we show the symplectic structure on $M_r$ relates to the symplectic structure obtained from gauge-theoretic description of $M_r$. The results of this paper are analogues for the $3$-sphere of results obtained for $M_r(\h^3)$, the moduli space of $n$-gons with fixed side-lengths in hyperbolic $3$-space \cite{KMT}, and for $M_r(\E^3)$, the moduli space of $n$-gons with fixed side-lengths in $\E^3$ \cite{KM1}.

Category:53D

65. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 780)

Nicolaescu, Liviu I.
Seiberg-Witten Invariants of Lens Spaces
We show that the Seiberg-Witten invariants of a lens space determine and are determined by its Casson-Walker invariant and its Reidemeister-Turaev torsion.

Keywords:lens spaces, Seifert manifolds, Seiberg-Witten invariants, Casson-Walker invariant, Reidemeister torsion, eta invariants, Dedekind-Rademacher sums
Categories:58D27, 57Q10, 57R15, 57R19, 53C20, 53C25

66. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 757)

Hanani, Abdellah
Le problème de Neumann pour certaines équations du type de Monge-Ampère sur une variété riemannienne
Let $(M_n,g)$ be a strictly convex riemannian manifold with $C^{\infty}$ boundary. We prove the existence\break of classical solution for the nonlinear elliptic partial differential equation of Monge-Amp\`ere:\break $\det (-u\delta^i_j + \nabla^i_ju) = F(x,\nabla u;u)$ in $M$ with a Neumann condition on the boundary of the form $\frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} = \varphi (x,u)$, where $F \in C^{\infty} (TM \times \bbR)$ is an everywhere strictly positive function satisfying some assumptions, $\nu$ stands for the unit normal vector field and $\varphi \in C^{\infty} (\partial M \times \bbR)$ is a non-decreasing function in $u$.

Keywords:connexion de Levi-Civita, équations de Monge-Ampère, problème de Neumann, estimées a priori, méthode de continuité
Categories:35J60, 53C55, 58G30

67. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1123)

Arnold, V. I.
First Steps of Local Contact Algebra
We consider germs of mappings of a line to contact space and classify the first simple singularities up to the action of contactomorphisms in the target space and diffeomorphisms of the line. Even in these first cases there arises a new interesting interaction of local commutative algebra with contact structure.

Keywords:contact manifolds, local contact algebra, Diracian, contactian
Categories:53D10, 14B05

68. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 449)

Bahn, Hyoungsick; Ehrlich, Paul
A Brunn-Minkowski Type Theorem on the Minkowski Spacetime
In this article, we derive a Brunn-Minkowski type theorem for sets bearing some relation to the causal structure on the Minkowski spacetime $\mathbb{L}^{n+1}$. We also present an isoperimetric inequality in the Minkowski spacetime $\mathbb{L}^{n+1}$ as a consequence of this Brunn-Minkowski type theorem.

Keywords:Minkowski spacetime, Brunn-Minkowski inequality, isoperimetric inequality
Categories:53B30, 52A40, 52A38

69. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1298)

Milson, Robert
Imprimitively generated Lie-algebraic Hamiltonians and separation of variables
Turbiner's conjecture posits that a Lie-algebraic Hamiltonian operator whose domain is a subset of the Euclidean plane admits a separation of variables. A proof of this conjecture is given in those cases where the generating Lie-algebra acts imprimitively. The general form of the conjecture is false. A counter-example is given based on the trigonometric Olshanetsky-Perelomov potential corresponding to the $A_2$ root system.

Categories:35Q40, 53C30, 81R05

70. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1323)

Sankaran, Parameswaran; Zvengrowski, Peter
Stable parallelizability of partially oriented flag manifolds II
In the first paper with the same title the authors were able to determine all partially oriented flag manifolds that are stably parallelizable or parallelizable, apart from four infinite families that were undecided. Here, using more delicate techniques (mainly K-theory), we settle these previously undecided families and show that none of the manifolds in them is stably parallelizable, apart from one 30-dimensional manifold which still remains undecided.

Categories:57R25, 55N15, 53C30

71. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1162)

Ku, Hsu-Tung; Ku, Mei-Chin; Zhang, Xin-Min
Isoperimetric inequalities on surfaces of constant curvature
In this paper we introduce the concepts of hyperbolic and elliptic areas and prove uncountably many new geometric isoperimetric inequalities on the surfaces of constant curvature.

Keywords:Gaussian curvature, Gauss-Bonnet theorem, polygon, pseudo-polygon, pseudo-perimeter, hyperbolic surface, Heron's formula, analytic and geometric isoperimetric inequalities
Categories:51M10, 51M25, 52A40, 53C20

72. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 696)

Charitos, Charalambos; Tsapogas, Georgios
Geodesic flow on ideal polyhedra
In this work we study the geodesic flow on $n$-dimensional ideal polyhedra and establish classical (for manifolds of negative curvature) results concerning the distribution of closed orbits of the flow.

Categories:57M20, 53C23

73. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 417)

Boe, Brian D.; Fu, Joseph H. G.
Characteristic cycles in Hermitian symmetric spaces
We give explicit combinatorial expresssions for the characteristic cycles associated to certain canonical sheaves on Schubert varieties $X$ in the classical Hermitian symmetric spaces: namely the intersection homology sheaves $IH_X$ and the constant sheaves $\Bbb C_X$. The three main cases of interest are the Hermitian symmetric spaces for groups of type $A_n$ (the standard Grassmannian), $C_n$ (the Lagrangian Grassmannian) and $D_n$. In particular we find that $CC(IH_X)$ is irreducible for all Schubert varieties $X$ if and only if the associated Dynkin diagram is simply laced. The result for Schubert varieties in the standard Grassmannian had been established earlier by Bressler, Finkelberg and Lunts, while the computations in the $C_n$ and $D_n$ cases are new. Our approach is to compute $CC(\Bbb C_X)$ by a direct geometric method, then to use the combinatorics of the Kazhdan-Lusztig polynomials (simplified for Hermitian symmetric spaces) to compute $CC(IH_X)$. The geometric method is based on the fundamental formula $$CC(\Bbb C_X) = \lim_{r\downarrow 0} CC(\Bbb C_{X_r}),$$ where the $X_r \downarrow X$ constitute a family of tubes around the variety $X$. This formula leads at once to an expression for the coefficients of $CC(\Bbb C_X)$ as the degrees of certain singular maps between spheres.

Categories:14M15, 22E47, 53C65

74. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 359)

Sawyer, P.
Estimates for the heat kernel on $\SL (n,{\bf R})/\SO (n)$
In \cite{Anker}, Jean-Philippe Anker conjectures an upper bound for the heat kernel of a symmetric space of noncompact type. We show in this paper that his prediction is verified for the space of positive definite $n\times n$ real matrices.

Categories:58G30, 53C35, 58G11
Page
   1 2 3    

© Canadian Mathematical Society, 2014 : http://www.cms.math.ca/