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51. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1142)

Binding, Paul; Ćurgus, Branko
Form Domains and Eigenfunction Expansions for Differential Equations with Eigenparameter Dependent Boundary Conditions
Form domains are characterized for regular $2n$-th order differential equations subject to general self-adjoint boundary conditions depending affinely on the eigenparameter. Corresponding modes of convergence for eigenfunction expansions are studied, including uniform convergence of the first $n-1$ derivatives.

Categories:47E05, 34B09, 47B50, 47B25, 34L10

52. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 998)

Dimassi, Mouez
Resonances for Slowly Varying Perturbations of a Periodic Schrödinger Operator
We study the resonances of the operator $P(h) = -\Delta_x + V(x) + \varphi(hx)$. Here $V$ is a periodic potential, $\varphi$ a decreasing perturbation and $h$ a small positive constant. We prove the existence of shape resonances near the edges of the spectral bands of $P_0 = -\Delta_x + V(x)$, and we give its asymptotic expansions in powers of $h^{\frac12}$.

Categories:35P99, 47A60, 47A40

53. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 1031)

Sampson, G.; Szeptycki, P.
The Complete $(L^p,L^p)$ Mapping Properties of Some Oscillatory Integrals in Several Dimensions
We prove that the operators $\int_{\mathbb{R}_+^2} e^{ix^a \cdot y^b} \varphi (x,y) f(y)\, dy$ map $L^p(\mathbb{R}^2)$ into itself for $p \in J =\bigl[\frac{a_l+b_l}{a_l+(\frac{b_l r}{2})},\frac{a_l+b_l} {a_l(1-\frac{r}{2})}\bigr]$ if $a_l,b_l\ge 1$ and $\varphi(x,y)=|x-y|^{-r}$, $0\le r <2$, the result is sharp. Generalizations to dimensions $d>2$ are indicated.

Categories:42B20, 46B70, 47G10

54. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 756)

Froese, Richard
Correction to: Upper Bounds for the Resonance Counting Function of Schrödinger Operators in Odd Dimensions
The proof of Lemma~3.4 in [F] relies on the incorrect equality $\mu_j (AB) = \mu_j (BA)$ for singular values (for a counterexample, see [S, p.~4]). Thus, Theorem~3.1 as stated has not been proven. However, with minor changes, we can obtain a bound for the counting function in terms of the growth of the Fourier transform of $|V|$.

Categories:47A10, 47A40, 81U05

55. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 506)

Davidson, Kenneth R.; Kribs, David W.; Shpigel, Miron E.
Isometric Dilations of Non-Commuting Finite Rank $n$-Tuples
A contractive $n$-tuple $A=(A_1,\dots,A_n)$ has a minimal joint isometric dilation $S=\break (S_1,\dots,S_n)$ where the $S_i$'s are isometries with pairwise orthogonal ranges. This determines a representation of the Cuntz-Toeplitz algebra. When $A$ acts on a finite dimensional space, the $\wot$-closed nonself-adjoint algebra $\fS$ generated by $S$ is completely described in terms of the properties of $A$. This provides complete unitary invariants for the corresponding representations. In addition, we show that the algebra $\fS$ is always hyper-reflexive. In the last section, we describe similarity invariants. In particular, an $n$-tuple $B$ of $d\times d$ matrices is similar to an irreducible $n$-tuple $A$ if and only if a certain finite set of polynomials vanish on $B$.

Category:47L80

56. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1221)

Hopenwasser, Alan; Peters, Justin R.; Power, Stephen C.
Nest Representations of TAF Algebras
A nest representation of a strongly maximal TAF algebra $A$ with diagonal $D$ is a representation $\pi$ for which $\lat \pi(A)$ is totally ordered. We prove that $\ker \pi$ is a meet irreducible ideal if the spectrum of $A$ is totally ordered or if (after an appropriate similarity) the von Neumann algebra $\pi(D)''$ contains an atom.

Keywords:nest representation, meet irreducible ideal, strongly maximal TAF algebra
Categories:47L40, 47L35

57. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 849)

Sukochev, F. A.
Operator Estimates for Fredholm Modules
We study estimates of the type $$ \Vert \phi(D) - \phi(D_0) \Vert_{\emt} \leq C \cdot \Vert D - D_0 \Vert^{\alpha}, \quad \alpha = \frac12, 1 $$ where $\phi(t) = t(1 + t^2)^{-1/2}$, $D_0 = D_0^*$ is an unbounded linear operator affiliated with a semifinite von Neumann algebra $\calM$, $D - D_0$ is a bounded self-adjoint linear operator from $\calM$ and $(1 + D_0^2)^{-1/2} \in \emt$, where $\emt$ is a symmetric operator space associated with $\calM$. In particular, we prove that $\phi(D) - \phi(D_0)$ belongs to the non-commutative $L_p$-space for some $p \in (1,\infty)$, provided $(1 + D_0^2)^{-1/2}$ belongs to the non-commutative weak $L_r$-space for some $r \in [1,p)$. In the case $\calM = \calB (\calH)$ and $1 \leq p \leq 2$, we show that this result continues to hold under the weaker assumption $(1 + D_0^2)^{-1/2} \in \calC_p$. This may be regarded as an odd counterpart of A.~Connes' result for the case of even Fredholm modules.

Categories:46L50, 46E30, 46L87, 47A55, 58B15

58. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 468)

Edmunds, D. E.; Kokilashvili, V.; Meskhi, A.
Two-Weight Estimates For Singular Integrals Defined On Spaces Of Homogeneous Type
Two-weight inequalities of strong and weak type are obtained in the context of spaces of homogeneous type. Various applications are given, in particular to Cauchy singular integrals on regular curves.

Categories:47B38, 26D10

59. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 119)

Edward, Julian
Corrigendum to ``Spectral Theory for the Neumann Laplacian on Planar Domains with Horn-Like Ends''
Errors to a previous paper (Canad. J. Math. (2) {\bf 49}(1997), 232--262) are corrected. A non-standard regularisation of the auxiliary operator $A$ appearing in Mourre theory is used.

Categories:35P25, 58G25, 47F05

60. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 197)

Radjavi, Heydar
Sublinearity and Other Spectral Conditions on a Semigroup
Subadditivity, sublinearity, submultiplicativity, and other conditions are considered for spectra of pairs of operators on a Hilbert space. Sublinearity, for example, is a weakening of the well-known property~$L$ and means $\sigma(A+\lambda B) \subseteq \sigma(A) + \lambda \sigma(B)$ for all scalars $\lambda$. The effect of these conditions is examined on commutativity, reducibility, and triangularizability of multiplicative semigroups of operators. A sample result is that sublinearity of spectra implies simultaneous triangularizability for a semigroup of compact operators.

Categories:47A15, 47D03, 15A30, 20A20, 47A10, 47B10

61. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 850)

Muhly, Paul S.; Solel, Baruch
Tensor Algebras, Induced Representations, and the Wold Decomposition
Our objective in this sequel to \cite{MSp96a} is to develop extensions, to representations of tensor algebras over $C^{*}$-correspondences, of two fundamental facts about isometries on Hilbert space: The Wold decomposition theorem and Beurling's theorem, and to apply these to the analysis of the invariant subspace structure of certain subalgebras of Cuntz-Krieger algebras.

Keywords:tensor algebras, correspondence, induced representation, Wold decomposition, Beurling's theorem
Categories:46L05, 46L40, 46L89, 47D15, 47D25, 46M10, 46M99, 47A20, 47A45, 47B35

62. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 566)

Ferenczi, V.
Quotient Hereditarily Indecomposable Banach Spaces
A Banach space $X$ is said to be {\it quotient hereditarily indecomposable\/} if no infinite dimensional quotient of a subspace of $X$ is decomposable. We provide an example of a quotient hereditarily indecomposable space, namely the space $X_{\GM}$ constructed by W.~T.~Gowers and B.~Maurey in \cite{GM}. Then we provide an example of a reflexive hereditarily indecomposable space $\hat{X}$ whose dual is not hereditarily indecomposable; so $\hat{X}$ is not quotient hereditarily indecomposable. We also show that every operator on $\hat{X}^*$ is a strictly singular perturbation of an homothetic map.

Categories:46B20, 47B99

63. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 673)

Carey, Alan; Phillips, John
Fredholm modules and spectral flow
An {\it odd unbounded\/} (respectively, $p$-{\it summable}) {\it Fredholm module\/} for a unital Banach $\ast$-algebra, $A$, is a pair $(H,D)$ where $A$ is represented on the Hilbert space, $H$, and $D$ is an unbounded self-adjoint operator on $H$ satisfying: \item{(1)} $(1+D^2)^{-1}$ is compact (respectively, $\Trace\bigl((1+D^2)^{-(p/2)}\bigr) <\infty$), and \item{(2)} $\{a\in A\mid [D,a]$ is bounded$\}$ is a dense $\ast-$subalgebra of $A$. If $u$ is a unitary in the dense $\ast-$subalgebra mentioned in (2) then $$ uDu^\ast=D+u[D,u^{\ast}]=D+B $$ where $B$ is a bounded self-adjoint operator. The path $$ D_t^u:=(1-t) D+tuDu^\ast=D+tB $$ is a ``continuous'' path of unbounded self-adjoint ``Fredholm'' operators. More precisely, we show that $$ F_t^u:=D_t^u \bigl(1+(D_t^u)^2\bigr)^{-{1\over 2}} $$ is a norm-continuous path of (bounded) self-adjoint Fredholm operators. The {\it spectral flow\/} of this path $\{F_t^u\}$ (or $\{ D_t^u\}$) is roughly speaking the net number of eigenvalues that pass through $0$ in the positive direction as $t$ runs from $0$ to $1$. This integer, $$ \sf(\{D_t^u\}):=\sf(\{F_t^u\}), $$ recovers the pairing of the $K$-homology class $[D]$ with the $K$-theory class [$u$]. We use I.~M.~Singer's idea (as did E.~Getzler in the $\theta$-summable case) to consider the operator $B$ as a parameter in the Banach manifold, $B_{\sa}(H)$, so that spectral flow can be exhibited as the integral of a closed $1$-form on this manifold. Now, for $B$ in our manifold, any $X\in T_B(B_{\sa}(H))$ is given by an $X$ in $B_{\sa}(H)$ as the derivative at $B$ along the curve $t\mapsto B+tX$ in the manifold. Then we show that for $m$ a sufficiently large half-integer: $$ \alpha (X)={1\over {\tilde {C}_m}}\Tr \Bigl(X\bigl(1+(D+B)^2\bigr)^{-m}\Bigr) $$ is a closed $1$-form. For any piecewise smooth path $\{D_t=D+B_t\}$ with $D_0$ and $D_1$ unitarily equivalent we show that $$ \sf(\{D_t\})={1\over {\tilde {C}_m}} \int_0^1\Tr \Bigl({d\over {dt}} (D_t)(1+D_t^2)^{-m}\Bigr)\,dt $$ the integral of the $1$-form $\alpha$. If $D_0$ and $D_1$ are not unitarily equivalent, we must add a pair of correction terms to the right-hand side. We also prove a bounded finitely summable version of the form: $$ \sf(\{F_t\})={1\over C_n}\int_0^1\Tr\Bigl({d\over dt}(F_t)(1-F_t^2)^n\Bigr)\,dt $$ for $n\geq{{p-1}\over 2}$ an integer. The unbounded case is proved by reducing to the bounded case via the map $D\mapsto F=D(1+D^2 )^{-{1\over 2}}$. We prove simultaneously a type II version of our results.

Categories:46L80, 19K33, 47A30, 47A55

64. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 538)

Froese, Richard
Upper bounds for the resonance counting function of Schrödinger operators in odd dimensions
The purpose of this note is to provide a simple proof of the sharp polynomial upper bound for the resonance counting function of a Schr\"odinger operator in odd dimensions. At the same time we generalize the result to the class of super-exponentially decreasing potentials.

Categories:47A10, 47A40, 81U05

65. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 658)

Symesak, Frédéric
Hankel operators on pseudoconvex domains of finite type in ${\Bbb C}^2$
The aim of this paper is to study small Hankel operators $h$ on the Hardy space or on weighted Bergman spaces, where $\Omega$ is a finite type domain in ${\Bbbvii C}^2$ or a strictly pseudoconvex domain in ${\Bbbvii C}^n$. We give a sufficient condition on the symbol $f$ so that $h$ belongs to the Schatten class ${\cal S}_p$, $1\le p<+\infty$.

Categories:32A37, 47B35, 47B10, 46E22

66. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 290)

Davidson, Kenneth R.; Popescu, Gelu
Noncommutative disc algebras for semigroups
We study noncommutative disc algebras associated to the free product of discrete subsemigroups of $\bbR^+$. These algebras are associated to generalized Cuntz algebras, which are shown to be simple and purely infinite. The nonself-adjoint subalgebras determine the semigroup up to isomorphism. Moreover, we establish a dilation theorem for contractive representations of these semigroups which yields a variant of the von Neumann inequality. These methods are applied to establish a solution to the truncated moment problem in this context.

Category:47D25

67. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 99)

Izuchi, Keiji; Matsugu, Yasuo
$A_\phi$-invariant subspaces on the torus
Generalizing the notion of invariant subspaces on the 2-dimensional torus $T^2$, we study the structure of $A_\phi$-invariant subspaces of $L^2(T^2)$. A complete description is given of $A_\phi$-invariant subspaces that satisfy conditions similar to those studied by Mandrekar, Nakazi, and Takahashi.

Categories:32A35, 47A15

68. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1117)

Hu, Zhiguo
The von Neumann algebra $\VN(G)$ of a locally compact group and quotients of its subspaces
Let $\VN(G)$ be the von Neumann algebra of a locally compact group $G$. We denote by $\mu$ the initial ordinal with $\abs{\mu}$ equal to the smallest cardinality of an open basis at the unit of $G$ and $X= \{\alpha; \alpha < \mu \}$. We show that if $G$ is nondiscrete then there exist an isometric $*$-isomorphism $\kappa$ of $l^{\infty}(X)$ into $\VN(G)$ and a positive linear mapping $\pi$ of $\VN(G)$ onto $l^{\infty}(X)$ such that $\pi\circ\kappa = \id_{l^{\infty}(X)}$ and $\kappa$ and $\pi$ have certain additional properties. Let $\UCB (\hat{G})$ be the $C^{*}$-algebra generated by operators in $\VN(G)$ with compact support and $F(\hat{G})$ the space of all $T \in \VN(G)$ such that all topologically invariant means on $\VN(G)$ attain the same value at $T$. The construction of the mapping $\pi$ leads to the conclusion that the quotient space $\UCB (\hat{G})/F(\hat{G})\cap \UCB(\hat{G})$ has $l^{\infty}(X)$ as a continuous linear image if $G$ is nondiscrete. When $G$ is further assumed to be non-metrizable, it is shown that $\UCB(\hat{G})/F (\hat{G})\cap \UCB(\hat{G})$ contains a linear isomorphic copy of $l^{\infty}(X)$. Similar results are also obtained for other quotient spaces.

Categories:22D25, 43A22, 43A30, 22D15, 43A07, 47D35

69. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 736)

Fendler, Gero
Dilations of one parameter Semigroups of positive Contractions on $L^{\lowercase {p}}$ spaces
It is proved in this note, that a strongly continuous semigroup of (sub)positive contractions acting on an $L^p$-space, for $1
Categories:47D03, 22D12, 43A22

70. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 100)

Lance, T. L.; Stessin, M. I.
Multiplication Invariant Subspaces of Hardy Spaces
This paper studies closed subspaces $L$ of the Hardy spaces $H^p$ which are $g$-invariant ({\it i.e.}, $g\cdot L \subseteq L)$ where $g$ is inner, $g\neq 1$. If $p=2$, the Wold decomposition theorem implies that there is a countable ``$g$-basis'' $f_1, f_2,\ldots$ of $L$ in the sense that $L$ is a direct sum of spaces $f_j\cdot H^2[g]$ where $H^2[g] = \{f\circ g \mid f\in H^2\}$. The basis elements $f_j$ satisfy the additional property that $\int_T |f_j|^2 g^k=0$, $k=1,2,\ldots\,.$ We call such functions $g$-$2$-inner. It also follows that any $f\in H^2$ can be factored $f=h_{f,2}\cdot (F_2\circ g)$ where $h_{f,2}$ is $g$-$2$-inner and $F$ is outer, generalizing the classical Riesz factorization. Using $L^p$ estimates for the canonical decomposition of $H^2$, we find a factorization $f=h_{f,p} \cdot (F_p \circ g)$ for $f\in H^p$. If $p\geq 1$ and $g$ is a finite Blaschke product we obtain, for any $g$-invariant $L\subseteq H^p$, a finite $g$-basis of $g$-$p$-inner functions.

Categories:30H05, 46E15, 47B38
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