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1. CJM Online first

Oikhberg, Timur; Tradacete, Pedro
Almost disjointness preservers
We study the stability of disjointness preservers on Banach lattices. In many cases, we prove that an "almost disjointness preserving" operator is well approximable by a disjointness preserving one. However, this approximation is not always possible, as our examples show.

Keywords:Banach lattice, disjointness preserving
Categories:47B38, 46B42

2. CJM Online first

Hartz, Michael
On the isomorphism problem for multiplier algebras of Nevanlinna-Pick spaces
We continue the investigation of the isomorphism problem for multiplier algebras of reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces with the complete Nevanlinna-Pick property. In contrast to previous work in this area, we do not study these spaces by identifying them with restrictions of a universal space, namely the Drury-Arveson space. Instead, we work directly with the Hilbert spaces and their reproducing kernels. In particular, we show that two multiplier algebras of Nevanlinna-Pick spaces on the same set are equal if and only if the Hilbert spaces are equal. Most of the article is devoted to the study of a special class of complete Nevanlinna-Pick spaces on homogeneous varieties. We provide a complete answer to the question of when two multiplier algebras of spaces of this type are algebraically or isometrically isomorphic. This generalizes results of Davidson, Ramsey, Shalit, and the author.

Keywords:non-selfadjoint operator algebras, reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces, multiplier algebra, Nevanlinna-Pick kernels, isomorphism problem
Categories:47L30, 46E22, 47A13

3. CJM Online first

Cascante, Carme; Fàbrega, Joan; Ortega, Joaquín M.
Sharp norm estimates for the Bergman operator from weighted mixed-norm spaces to weighted Hardy spaces
In this paper we give sharp norm estimates for the Bergman operator acting from weighted mixed-norm spaces to weighted Hardy spaces in the ball, endowed with natural norms.

Keywords:weighted Hardy space, Bergman operator, sharp norm estimate
Categories:47B38, 32A35, 42B25, 32A37

4. CJM Online first

Guo, Xiaoli; Hu, Guoen
On the commutators of singular integral operators with rough convolution kernels
Let $T_{\Omega}$ be the singular integral operator with kernel $\frac{\Omega(x)}{|x|^n}$, where $\Omega$ is homogeneous of degree zero, has mean value zero and belongs to $L^q(S^{n-1})$ for some $q\in (1,\,\infty]$. In this paper, the authors establish the compactness on weighted $L^p$ spaces, and the Morrey spaces, for the commutator generated by $\operatorname{CMO}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ function and $T_{\Omega}$. The associated maximal operator and the discrete maximal operator are also considered.

Keywords:commutator, singular integral operator, compact operator, completely continuous operator, maximal operator, Morrey space
Categories:42B20, 47B07

5. CJM Online first

Kaftal, Victor; Ng, Ping Wong; Zhang, Shuang
Strict comparison of positive elements in multiplier algebras
Main result: If a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$ is simple, $\sigma$-unital, has finitely many extremal traces, and has strict comparison of positive elements by traces, then its multiplier algebra $\operatorname{\mathcal{M}}(\mathcal{A})$ also has strict comparison of positive elements by traces. The same results holds if ``finitely many extremal traces" is replaced by ``quasicontinuous scale". A key ingredient in the proof is that every positive element in the multiplier algebra of an arbitrary $\sigma$-unital C*-algebra can be approximated by a bi-diagonal series. An application of strict comparison: If $\mathcal{A}$ is a simple separable stable C*-algebra with real rank zero, stable rank one, and strict comparison of positive elements by traces, then whether a positive element is a positive linear combination of projections is determined by the trace values of its range projection.

Keywords:strict comparison, bi-diagonal form, positive combinations
Categories:46L05, 46L35, 46L45, 47C15

6. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 309)

Daws, Matthew
Categorical Aspects of Quantum Groups: Multipliers and Intrinsic Groups
We show that the assignment of the (left) completely bounded multiplier algebra $M_{cb}^l(L^1(\mathbb G))$ to a locally compact quantum group $\mathbb G$, and the assignment of the intrinsic group, form functors between appropriate categories. Morphisms of locally compact quantum groups can be described by Hopf $*$-homomorphisms between universal $C^*$-algebras, by bicharacters, or by special sorts of coactions. We show that the whole theory of completely bounded multipliers can be lifted to the universal $C^*$-algebra level, and that then the different pictures of both multipliers (reduced, universal, and as centralisers) and morphisms interact in extremely natural ways. The intrinsic group of a quantum group can be realised as a class of multipliers, and so our techniques immediately apply. We also show how to think of the intrinsic group using the universal $C^*$-algebra picture, and then, again, show how the differing views on the intrinsic group interact naturally with morphisms. We show that the intrinsic group is the ``maximal classical'' quantum subgroup of a locally compact quantum group, show that it is even closed in the strong Vaes sense, and that the intrinsic group functor is an adjoint to the inclusion functor from locally compact groups to quantum groups.

Keywords:locally compact quantum group, morphism, intrinsic group, multiplier, centraliser
Categories:20G42, 22D25, 43A22, 43A35, 43A95, 46L52, 46L89, 47L25

7. CJM Online first

Klep, Igor; Špenko, Špela
Free function theory through matrix invariants
This paper concerns free function theory. Free maps are free analogs of analytic functions in several complex variables, and are defined in terms of freely noncommuting variables. A function of $g$ noncommuting variables is a function on $g$-tuples of square matrices of all sizes that respects direct sums and simultaneous conjugation. Examples of such maps include noncommutative polynomials, noncommutative rational functions and convergent noncommutative power series. In sharp contrast to the existing literature in free analysis, this article investigates free maps \emph{with involution} -- free analogs of real analytic functions. To get a grip on these, techniques and tools from invariant theory are developed and applied to free analysis. Here is a sample of the results obtained. A characterization of polynomial free maps via properties of their finite-dimensional slices is presented and then used to establish power series expansions for analytic free maps about scalar and non-scalar points; the latter are series of generalized polynomials for which an invariant-theoretic characterization is given. Furthermore, an inverse and implicit function theorem for free maps with involution is obtained. Finally, with a selection of carefully chosen examples it is shown that free maps with involution do not exhibit strong rigidity properties enjoyed by their involution-free counterparts.

Keywords:free algebra, free analysis, invariant theory, polynomial identities, trace identities, concomitants, analytic maps, inverse function theorem, generalized polynomials
Categories:16R30, 32A05, 46L52, 15A24, 47A56, 15A24, 46G20

8. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1384)

Graczyk, Piotr; Kemp, Todd; Loeb, Jean-Jacques
Strong Logarithmic Sobolev Inequalities for Log-Subharmonic Functions
We prove an intrinsic equivalence between strong hypercontractivity and a strong logarithmic Sobolev inequality for the cone of logarithmically subharmonic (LSH) functions. We introduce a new large class of measures, Euclidean regular and exponential type, in addition to all compactly-supported measures, for which this equivalence holds. We prove a Sobolev density theorem through LSH functions and use it to prove the equivalence of strong hypercontractivity and the strong logarithmic Sobolev inequality for such log-subharmonic functions.

Keywords:logarithmic Sobolev inequalities
Category:47D06

9. CJM 2014 (vol 66 pp. 1110)

Li, Dong; Xu, Guixiang; Zhang, Xiaoyi
On the Dispersive Estimate for the Dirichlet Schrödinger Propagator and Applications to Energy Critical NLS
We consider the obstacle problem for the Schrödinger evolution in the exterior of the unit ball with Dirichlet boundary condition. Under the radial symmetry we compute explicitly the fundamental solution for the linear Dirichlet Schrödinger propagator $e^{it\Delta_D}$ and give a robust algorithm to prove sharp $L^1 \rightarrow L^{\infty}$ dispersive estimates. We showcase the analysis in dimensions $n=5,7$. As an application, we obtain global well-posedness and scattering for defocusing energy-critical NLS on $\Omega=\mathbb{R}^n\backslash \overline{B(0,1)}$ with Dirichlet boundary condition and radial data in these dimensions.

Keywords:Dirichlet Schrödinger propagator, dispersive estimate, Dirichlet boundary condition, scattering theory, energy critical
Categories:35P25, 35Q55, 47J35

10. CJM 2013 (vol 67 pp. 132)

Clouâtre, Raphaël
Unitary Equivalence and Similarity to Jordan Models for Weak Contractions of Class $C_0$
We obtain results on the unitary equivalence of weak contractions of class $C_0$ to their Jordan models under an assumption on their commutants. In particular, our work addresses the case of arbitrary finite multiplicity. The main tool is the theory of boundary representations due to Arveson. We also generalize and improve previously known results concerning unitary equivalence and similarity to Jordan models when the minimal function is a Blaschke product.

Keywords:weak contractions, operators of class $C_0$, Jordan model, unitary equivalence
Categories:47A45, 47L55

11. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1143)

Plevnik, Lucijan; Šemrl, Peter
Maps Preserving Complementarity of Closed Subspaces of a Hilbert Space
Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{K}$ be infinite-dimensional separable Hilbert spaces and ${\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ the lattice of all closed subspaces oh $\mathcal{H}$. We describe the general form of pairs of bijective maps $\phi , \psi : {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H} \to {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{K}$ having the property that for every pair $U,V \in {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ we have $\mathcal{H} = U \oplus V \iff \mathcal{K} = \phi (U) \oplus \psi (V)$. Then we reformulate this theorem as a description of bijective image equality and kernel equality preserving maps acting on bounded linear idempotent operators. Several known structural results for maps on idempotents are easy consequences.

Keywords:Hilbert space, lattice of closed subspaces, complemented subspaces, adjacent subspaces, idempotents
Categories:46B20, 47B49

12. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1005)

Forrest, Brian; Miao, Tianxuan
Uniformly Continuous Functionals and M-Weakly Amenable Groups
Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $A_{M}(G)$ ($A_{0}(G)$)denote the closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$ in the space of bounded (completely bounded) multipliers of $A(G)$. We call a locally compact group M-weakly amenable if $A_M(G)$ has a bounded approximate identity. We will show that when $G$ is M-weakly amenable, the algebras $A_{M}(G)$ and $A_{0}(G)$ have properties that are characteristic of the Fourier algebra of an amenable group. Along the way we show that the sets of tolopolically invariant means associated with these algebras have the same cardinality as those of the Fourier algebra.

Keywords:Fourier algebra, multipliers, weakly amenable, uniformly continuous functionals
Categories:43A07, 43A22, 46J10, 47L25

13. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 387)

Mashreghi, J.; Shabankhah, M.
Composition of Inner Functions
We study the image of the model subspace $K_\theta$ under the composition operator $C_\varphi$, where $\varphi$ and $\theta$ are inner functions, and find the smallest model subspace which contains the linear manifold $C_\varphi K_\theta$. Then we characterize the case when $C_\varphi$ maps $K_\theta$ into itself. This case leads to the study of the inner functions $\varphi$ and $\psi$ such that the composition $\psi\circ\varphi$ is a divisor of $\psi$ in the family of inner functions.

Keywords:composition operators, inner functions, Blaschke products, model subspaces
Categories:30D55, 30D05, 47B33

14. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 783)

Garcés, Jorge J.; Peralta, Antonio M.
Generalised Triple Homomorphisms and Derivations
We introduce generalised triple homomorphism between Jordan Banach triple systems as a concept which extends the notion of generalised homomorphism between Banach algebras given by K. Jarosz and B.E. Johnson in 1985 and 1987, respectively. We prove that every generalised triple homomorphism between JB$^*$-triples is automatically continuous. When particularised to C$^*$-algebras, we rediscover one of the main theorems established by B.E. Johnson. We shall also consider generalised triple derivations from a Jordan Banach triple $E$ into a Jordan Banach triple $E$-module, proving that every generalised triple derivation from a JB$^*$-triple $E$ into itself or into $E^*$ is automatically continuous.

Keywords:generalised homomorphism, generalised triple homomorphism, generalised triple derivation, Banach algebra, Jordan Banach triple, C$^*$-algebra, JB$^*$-triple
Categories:46L05, 46L70, 47B48, 17C65, 46K70, 46L40, 47B47, 47B49

15. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 641)

Grigor'yan, Alexander; Hu, Jiaxin
Heat Kernels and Green Functions on Metric Measure Spaces
We prove that, in a setting of local Dirichlet forms on metric measure spaces, a two-sided sub-Gaussian estimate of the heat kernel is equivalent to the conjunction of the volume doubling propety, the elliptic Harnack inequality and a certain estimate of the capacity between concentric balls. The main technical tool is the equivalence between the capacity estimate and the estimate of a mean exit time in a ball, that uses two-sided estimates of a Green function in a ball.

Keywords:Dirichlet form, heat kernel, Green function, capacity
Categories:35K08, 28A80, 31B05, 35J08, 46E35, 47D07

16. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 768)

Fuller, Adam Hanley
Nonself-adjoint Semicrossed Products by Abelian Semigroups
Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the semigroup $\mathcal{S}=\sum^{\oplus k}_{i=1}\mathcal{S}_i$, where for each $i\in I$, $\mathcal{S}_i$ is a countable subsemigroup of the additive semigroup $\mathbb{R}_+$ containing $0$. We consider representations of $\mathcal{S}$ as contractions $\{T_s\}_{s\in\mathcal{S}}$ on a Hilbert space with the Nica-covariance property: $T_s^*T_t=T_tT_s^*$ whenever $t\wedge s=0$. We show that all such representations have a unique minimal isometric Nica-covariant dilation. This result is used to help analyse the nonself-adjoint semicrossed product algebras formed from Nica-covariant representations of the action of $\mathcal{S}$ on an operator algebra $\mathcal{A}$ by completely contractive endomorphisms. We conclude by calculating the $C^*$-envelope of the isometric nonself-adjoint semicrossed product algebra (in the sense of Kakariadis and Katsoulis).

Keywords:semicrossed product, crossed product, C*-envelope, dilations
Categories:47L55, 47A20, 47L65

17. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1329)

Izuchi, Kei Ji; Nguyen, Quang Dieu; Ohno, Shûichi
Composition Operators Induced by Analytic Maps to the Polydisk
We study properties of composition operators induced by symbols acting from the unit disk to the polydisk. This result will be involved in the investigation of weighted composition operators on the Hardy space on the unit disk and moreover be concerned with composition operators acting from the Bergman space to the Hardy space on the unit disk.

Keywords:composition operators, Hardy spaces, polydisk
Categories:47B33, 32A35, 30H10

18. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1161)

Neuwirth, Stefan; Ricard, Éric
Transfer of Fourier Multipliers into Schur Multipliers and Sumsets in a Discrete Group
We inspect the relationship between relative Fourier multipliers on noncommutative Lebesgue-Orlicz spaces of a discrete group $\varGamma$ and relative Toeplitz-Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann-Orlicz classes. Four applications are given: lacunary sets, unconditional Schauder bases for the subspace of a Lebesgue space determined by a given spectrum $\varLambda\subseteq\varGamma$, the norm of the Hilbert transform and the Riesz projection on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent a power of 2, and the norm of Toeplitz Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent less than 1.

Keywords:Fourier multiplier, Toeplitz Schur multiplier, lacunary set, unconditional approximation property, Hilbert transform, Riesz projection
Categories:47B49, 43A22, 43A46, 46B28

19. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 183)

Nowak, Adam; Stempak, Krzysztof
Negative Powers of Laguerre Operators
We study negative powers of Laguerre differential operators in $\mathbb{R}^d$, $d\ge1$. For these operators we prove two-weight $L^p-L^q$ estimates with ranges of $q$ depending on $p$. The case of the harmonic oscillator (Hermite operator) has recently been treated by Bongioanni and Torrea by using a straightforward approach of kernel estimates. Here these results are applied in certain Laguerre settings. The procedure is fairly direct for Laguerre function expansions of Hermite type, due to some monotonicity properties of the kernels involved. The case of Laguerre function expansions of convolution type is less straightforward. For half-integer type indices $\alpha$ we transfer the desired results from the Hermite setting and then apply an interpolation argument based on a device we call the convexity principle to cover the continuous range of $\alpha\in[-1/2,\infty)^d$. Finally, we investigate negative powers of the Dunkl harmonic oscillator in the context of a finite reflection group acting on $\mathbb{R}^d$ and isomorphic to $\mathbb Z^d_2$. The two weight $L^p-L^q$ estimates we obtain in this setting are essentially consequences of those for Laguerre function expansions of convolution type.

Keywords:potential operator, fractional integral, Riesz potential, negative power, harmonic oscillator, Laguerre operator, Dunkl harmonic oscillator
Categories:47G40, 31C15, 26A33

20. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1188)

Śliwa, Wiesław; Ziemkowska, Agnieszka
On Complemented Subspaces of Non-Archimedean Power Series Spaces
The non-archimedean power series spaces, $A_1(a)$ and $A_\infty(b)$, are the best known and most important examples of non-archimedean nuclear Fréchet spaces. We prove that the range of every continuous linear map from $A_p(a)$ to $A_q(b)$ has a Schauder basis if either $p=1$ or $p=\infty$ and the set $M_{b,a}$ of all bounded limit points of the double sequence $(b_i/a_j)_{i,j\in\mathbb{N}}$ is bounded. It follows that every complemented subspace of a power series space $A_p(a)$ has a Schauder basis if either $p=1$ or $p=\infty$ and the set $M_{a,a}$ is bounded.

Keywords:non-archimedean Köthe space, range of a continuous linear map, Schauder basis
Categories:46S10, 47S10, 46A35

21. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 862)

Hosokawa, Takuya; Nieminen, Pekka J.; Ohno, Shûichi
Linear Combinations of Composition Operators on the Bloch Spaces
We characterize the compactness of linear combinations of analytic composition operators on the Bloch space. We also study their boundedness and compactness on the little Bloch space.

Keywords: composition operator, compactness, Bloch space
Categories:47B33, 30D45, 47B07

22. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 648)

Ngai, Sze-Man
Spectral Asymptotics of Laplacians Associated with One-dimensional Iterated Function Systems with Overlaps
We set up a framework for computing the spectral dimension of a class of one-dimensional self-similar measures that are defined by iterated function systems with overlaps and satisfy a family of second-order self-similar identities. As applications of our result we obtain the spectral dimension of important measures such as the infinite Bernoulli convolution associated with the golden ratio and convolutions of Cantor-type measures. The main novelty of our result is that the iterated function systems we consider are not post-critically finite and do not satisfy the well-known open set condition.

Keywords:spectral dimension, fractal, Laplacian, self-similar measure, iterated function system with overlaps, second-order self-similar identities
Categories:28A80, , , , 35P20, 35J05, 43A05, 47A75

23. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 533)

Espínola, Rafa; Fernández-León, Aurora
On Best Proximity Points in Metric and Banach Spaces
In this paper we study the existence and uniqueness of best proximity points of cyclic contractions as well as the convergence of iterates to such proximity points. We take two different approaches, each one leading to different results that complete, if not improve, other similar results in the theory. Results in this paper stand for Banach spaces, geodesic metric spaces and metric spaces. We also include an appendix on CAT$(0)$ spaces where we study the particular behavior of these spaces regarding the problems we are concerned with.

Categories:54H25, 47H09

24. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1419)

Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong
BMO-Estimates for Maximal Operators via Approximations of the Identity with Non-Doubling Measures
Let $\mu$ be a nonnegative Radon measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ that satisfies the growth condition that there exist constants $C_0>0$ and $n\in(0,d]$ such that for all $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and $r>0$, ${\mu(B(x,\,r))\le C_0r^n}$, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball centered at $x$ and having radius $r$. In this paper, the authors prove that if $f$ belongs to the $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ of Tolsa, then the homogeneous maximal function $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is not an initial cube) and the inhomogeneous maximal function $\mathcal{M}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is an initial cube) associated with a given approximation of the identity $S$ of Tolsa are either infinite everywhere or finite almost everywhere, and in the latter case, $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S$ and $\mathcal{M}_S$ are bounded from $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ to the $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{RBLO}(\mu)$. The authors also prove that the inhomogeneous maximal operator $\mathcal{M}_S$ is bounded from the local $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{rbmo}(\mu)$ to the local $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{rblo}(\mu)$.

Keywords:Non-doubling measure, maximal operator, approximation of the identity, RBMO(mu), RBLO(mu), rbmo(mu), rblo(mu)
Categories:42B25, 42B30, 47A30, 43A99

25. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 889)

Xia, Jingbo
Singular Integral Operators and Essential Commutativity on the Sphere
Let ${\mathcal T}$ be the $C^\ast $-algebra generated by the Toeplitz operators $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$ on the Hardy space $H^2(S)$ of the unit sphere in $\mathbf{C}^n$. It is well known that ${\mathcal T}$ is contained in the essential commutant of $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in \operatorname{VMO}\cap L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$. We show that the essential commutant of $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in \operatorname{VMO}\cap L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$ is strictly larger than ${\mathcal T}$.

Categories:32A55, 46L05, 47L80
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