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1. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 859)
Nonstandard Ideals from Nonstandard Dual Pairs for $L^1(\omega)$ and $l^1(\omega)$ The Banach convolution algebras $l^1(\omega)$
and their continuous counterparts $L^1(\bR^+,\omega)$
are much
studied, because (when the submultiplicative weight function
$\omega$ is radical) they are pretty much the prototypic examples
of commutative radical Banach algebras. In cases of ``nice''
weights $\omega$, the only closed ideals they have are the obvious,
or ``standard'', ideals. But in the
general case, a brilliant but very difficult paper of Marc Thomas
shows that nonstandard ideals exist in $l^1(\omega)$. His
proof was successfully exported to the continuous case
$L^1(\bR^+,\omega)$ by Dales and McClure, but remained
difficult. In this paper we first present a small improvement: a
new and easier proof of the existence of nonstandard ideals in
$l^1(\omega)$ and $L^1(\bR^+,\omega)$. The new proof is based on
the idea of a ``nonstandard dual pair'' which we introduce.
We are then able to make a much larger improvement: we
find nonstandard ideals in $L^1(\bR^+,\omega)$ containing functions
whose supports extend all the way down to zero in $\bR^+$, thereby solving
what has become a notorious problem in the area.
Keywords:Banach algebra, radical, ideal, standard ideal, semigroup Categories:46J45, 46J20, 47A15 |
2. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 303)
Convergence Factors and Compactness in Weighted Convolution Algebras We study convergence in weighted convolution algebras $L^1(\omega)$ on
$R^+$, with the weights chosen such that the corresponding weighted
space $M(\omega)$ of measures is also a Banach algebra and is the dual
space of a natural related space of continuous functions. We
determine convergence factor $\eta$ for which
weak$^\ast$-convergence of $\{\lambda_n\}$ to $\lambda$ in $M(\omega)$
implies norm convergence of $\lambda_n \ast f$ to $\lambda \ast f$ in
$L^1 (\omega\eta)$. We find necessary and sufficent conditions which
depend on $\omega$ and $f$ and also find necessary and sufficent
conditions for $\eta$ to be a convergence factor for all $L^1(\omega)$
and all $f$ in $L^1(\omega)$. We also give some applications to the
structure of weighted convolution algebras. As a preliminary result
we observe that $\eta$ is a convergence factor for $\omega$ and $f$ if
and only if convolution by $f$ is a compact operator from $M(\omega)$
(or $L^1(\omega)$) to $L^1 (\omega\eta)$.
Categories:43A10, 43A15, 46J45, 46J99 |