Expand all Collapse all | Results 101 - 125 of 141 |
101. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1280)
Besov Spaces and Hausdorff Dimension For Some Carnot-CarathÃ©odory Metric Spaces We regard a system of left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{X}=\{X_1,\dots,X_k\}$
satisfying the H\"ormander condition and the related Carnot-Carath\'eodory metric on a
unimodular Lie group $G$. We define Besov spaces corresponding to the sub-Laplacian
$\Delta=\sum X_i^2$ both with positive and negative smoothness. The atomic
decomposition of the spaces is given. In consequence we get the distributional
characterization of the Hausdorff dimension of Borel subsets with the Haar measure
zero.
Keywords:Besov spaces, sub-elliptic operators, Carnot-CarathÃ©odory metric, Hausdorff dimension Categories:46E35, 43A15, 28A78 |
102. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1100)
The Operator Biprojectivity of the Fourier Algebra In this paper, we investigate projectivity in the category of operator
spaces. In particular, we show that the Fourier algebra of a locally
compact group $G$ is operator biprojective if and only if $G$ is
discrete.
Keywords:locally compact group, Fourier algebra, operator space, projective Categories:13D03, 18G25, 43A95, 46L07, 22D99 |
103. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 694)
Cuntz Algebra States Defined by Implementers of Endomorphisms of the $\CAR$ Algebra We investigate representations of the Cuntz algebra $\mathcal{O}_2$
on antisymmetric Fock space $F_a (\mathcal{K}_1)$ defined by
isometric implementers of certain quasi-free endomorphisms of the
CAR algebra in pure quasi-free states $\varphi_{P_1}$. We pay
corresponding to these representations and the Fock special
attention to the vector states on $\mathcal{O}_2$ vacuum, for which
we obtain explicit formulae. Restricting these states to the
gauge-invariant subalgebra $\mathcal{F}_2$, we find that for
natural choices of implementers, they are again pure quasi-free and
are, in fact, essentially the states $\varphi_{P_1}$. We proceed to
consider the case for an arbitrary pair of implementers, and deduce
that these Cuntz algebra representations are irreducible, as are their
restrictions to $\mathcal{F}_2$.
The endomorphisms of $B \bigl( F_a (\mathcal{K}_1) \bigr)$ associated
with these representations of $\mathcal{O}_2$ are also considered.
Categories:46L05, 46L30 |
104. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 634)
Frames and Single Wavelets for Unitary Groups We consider a unitary representation of a discrete countable abelian
group on a separable Hilbert space which is associated to a cyclic
generalized frame multiresolution analysis. We extend Robertson's
theorem to apply to frames generated by the action of the group.
Within this setup we use Stone's theorem and the theory of projection
valued measures to analyze wandering frame collections. This yields a
functional analytic method of constructing a wavelet from a
generalized frame multi\-resolution analysis in terms of the frame
scaling vectors. We then explicitly apply our results to the action
of the integers given by translations on $L^2({\mathbb R})$.
Keywords:wavelet, multiresolution analysis, unitary group representation, frame Categories:42C40, 43A25, 42C15, 46N99 |
105. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 303)
Convergence Factors and Compactness in Weighted Convolution Algebras We study convergence in weighted convolution algebras $L^1(\omega)$ on
$R^+$, with the weights chosen such that the corresponding weighted
space $M(\omega)$ of measures is also a Banach algebra and is the dual
space of a natural related space of continuous functions. We
determine convergence factor $\eta$ for which
weak$^\ast$-convergence of $\{\lambda_n\}$ to $\lambda$ in $M(\omega)$
implies norm convergence of $\lambda_n \ast f$ to $\lambda \ast f$ in
$L^1 (\omega\eta)$. We find necessary and sufficent conditions which
depend on $\omega$ and $f$ and also find necessary and sufficent
conditions for $\eta$ to be a convergence factor for all $L^1(\omega)$
and all $f$ in $L^1(\omega)$. We also give some applications to the
structure of weighted convolution algebras. As a preliminary result
we observe that $\eta$ is a convergence factor for $\omega$ and $f$ if
and only if convolution by $f$ is a compact operator from $M(\omega)$
(or $L^1(\omega)$) to $L^1 (\omega\eta)$.
Categories:43A10, 43A15, 46J45, 46J99 |
106. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 225)
Spaces of Whitney Functions on Cantor-Type Sets We introduce the concept of logarithmic dimension of a compact set.
In terms of this magnitude, the extension property and the diametral
dimension of spaces $\calE(K)$ can be described for Cantor-type
compact sets.
Categories:46E10, 31A15, 46A04 |
107. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 138)
On the Classification of Simple Stably Projectionless $\C^*$-Algebras It is shown that simple stably projectionless $\C^S*$-algebras which
are inductive limits of certain specified building blocks with trivial
$\K$-theory are classified by their cone of positive traces with
distinguished subset. This is the first example of an isomorphism
theorem verifying the conjecture of Elliott for a subclass of the
stably projectionless algebras.
Categories:46L35, 46L05 |
108. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 1223)
Classification of Certain Simple $C^*$-Algebras with Torsion in $K_1$ We show that the Elliott invariant is a classifying invariant for the
class of $C^*$-algebras that are simple unital infinite dimensional
inductive limits of finite direct sums of building blocks of the form
$$
\{f \in C(\T) \otimes M_n : f(x_i) \in M_{d_i}, i = 1,2,\dots,N\},
$$
where $x_1,x_2,\dots,x_N \in \T$, $d_1,d_2,\dots,d_N$ are integers
dividing $n$, and $M_{d_i}$ is embedded unitally into $M_n$.
Furthermore we prove existence and uniqueness theorems for
$*$-homomorphisms between such algebras and we identify the range of
the invariant.
Categories:46L80, 19K14, 46L05 |
109. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 979)
Ranks of Algebras of Continuous $C^*$-Algebra Valued Functions We prove a number of results about the stable and particularly the
real ranks of tensor products of \ca s under the assumption that one
of the factors is commutative. In particular, we prove the following:
{\raggedright
\begin{enumerate}[(5)]
\item[(1)] If $X$ is any locally compact $\sm$-compact Hausdorff space
and $A$ is any \ca, then\break
$\RR \bigl( C_0 (X) \otimes A \bigr) \leq
\dim (X) + \RR(A)$.
\item[(2)] If $X$ is any locally compact Hausdorff space and $A$ is
any \pisca, then $\RR \bigl( C_0 (X) \otimes A \bigr) \leq 1$.
\item[(3)] $\RR \bigl( C ([0,1]) \otimes A \bigr) \geq 1$ for any
nonzero \ca\ $A$, and $\sr \bigl( C ([0,1]^2) \otimes A \bigr) \geq 2$
for any unital \ca\ $A$.
\item[(4)] If $A$ is a unital \ca\ such that $\RR(A) = 0$, $\sr (A) =
1$, and $K_1 (A) = 0$, then\break
$\sr \bigl( C ([0,1]) \otimes A \bigr) = 1$.
\item[(5)] There is a simple separable unital nuclear \ca\ $A$ such
that $\RR(A) = 1$ and\break
$\sr \bigl( C ([0,1]) \otimes A \bigr) = 1$.
\end{enumerate}}
Categories:46L05, 46L52, 46L80, 19A13, 19B10 |
110. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 1031)
The Complete $(L^p,L^p)$ Mapping Properties of Some Oscillatory Integrals in Several Dimensions We prove that the operators $\int_{\mathbb{R}_+^2} e^{ix^a \cdot
y^b} \varphi (x,y) f(y)\, dy$ map $L^p(\mathbb{R}^2)$ into itself
for $p \in J =\bigl[\frac{a_l+b_l}{a_l+(\frac{b_l r}{2})},\frac{a_l+b_l}
{a_l(1-\frac{r}{2})}\bigr]$ if $a_l,b_l\ge 1$ and $\varphi(x,y)=|x-y|^{-r}$,
$0\le r <2$, the result is sharp. Generalizations to dimensions $d>2$
are indicated.
Categories:42B20, 46B70, 47G10 |
111. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 809)
Asymptotic $K$-Theory for Groups Acting on $\tA_2$ Buildings Let $\Gamma$ be a torsion free lattice in $G=\PGL(3, \mathbb{F})$ where
$\mathbb{F}$ is a nonarchimedean local field. Then $\Gamma$ acts freely
on the affine Bruhat-Tits building $\mathcal{B}$ of $G$ and there is an
induced action on the boundary $\Omega$ of $\mathcal{B}$. The crossed
product $C^*$-algebra $\mathcal{A}(\Gamma)=C(\Omega) \rtimes \Gamma$
depends only on $\Gamma$ and is classified by its $K$-theory. This article
shows how to compute the $K$-theory of $\mathcal{A}(\Gamma)$ and of the
larger class of rank two Cuntz-Krieger algebras.
Keywords:$K$-theory, $C^*$-algebra, affine building Categories:46L80, 51E24 |
112. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 546)
Multi-Sided Braid Type Subfactors We generalise the two-sided construction of examples of pairs of
subfactors of the hyperfinite II$_1$ factor $R$ in [E1]---which arise
by considering unitary braid representations with certain
properties---to multi-sided pairs. We show that the index for the
multi-sided pair can be expressed as a power of that for the
two-sided pair. This construction can be applied to the natural
examples---where the braid representations are obtained in connection
with the representation theory of Lie algebras of types $A$, $B$, $C$,
$D$. We also compute the (first) relative commutants.
Category:46L37 |
113. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 631)
K-Theory of Non-Commutative Spheres Arising from the Fourier Automorphism For a dense $G_\delta$ set of real parameters $\theta$ in $[0,1]$
(containing the rationals) it is shown that the group $K_0 (A_\theta
\rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4)$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}^9$, where
$A_\theta$ is the rotation C*-algebra generated by unitaries $U$, $V$
satisfying $VU = e^{2\pi i\theta} UV$ and $\sigma$ is the Fourier
automorphism of $A_\theta$ defined by $\sigma(U) = V$, $\sigma(V) =
U^{-1}$. More precisely, an explicit basis for $K_0$ consisting of
nine canonical modules is given. (A slight generalization of this
result is also obtained for certain separable continuous fields of
unital C*-algebras over $[0,1]$.) The Connes Chern character $\ch
\colon K_0 (A_\theta \rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4) \to H^{\ev} (A_\theta
\rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4)^*$ is shown to be injective for a dense
$G_\delta$ set of parameters $\theta$. The main computational tool in
this paper is a group homomorphism $\vtr \colon K_0 (A_\theta
\rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4) \to \mathbb{R}^8 \times \mathbb{Z}$
obtained from the Connes Chern character by restricting the
functionals in its codomain to a certain nine-dimensional subspace of
$H^{\ev} (A_\theta \rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4)$. The range of $\vtr$
is fully determined for each $\theta$. (We conjecture that this
subspace is all of $H^{\ev}$.)
Keywords:C*-algebras, K-theory, automorphisms, rotation algebras, unbounded traces, Chern characters Categories:46L80, 46L40, 19K14 |
114. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 592)
Ideal Structure of Multiplier Algebras of Simple $C^*$-algebras With Real Rank Zero We give a description of the monoid of Murray-von Neumann equivalence
classes of projections for multiplier algebras of a wide class of
$\sigma$-unital simple $C^\ast$-algebras $A$ with real rank zero and stable
rank one. The lattice of ideals of this monoid, which is known to be
crucial for understanding the ideal structure of the multiplier
algebra $\mul$, is therefore analyzed. In important cases it is shown
that, if $A$ has finite scale then the quotient of $\mul$ modulo any
closed ideal $I$ that properly contains $A$ has stable rank one. The
intricacy of the ideal structure of $\mul$ is reflected in the fact
that $\mul$ can have uncountably many different quotients, each one
having uncountably many closed ideals forming a chain with respect to
inclusion.
Keywords:$C^\ast$-algebra, multiplier algebra, real rank zero, stable rank, refinement monoid Categories:46L05, 46L80, 06F05 |
115. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 565)
Spaces of Lorentz Multipliers We study when the spaces of Lorentz multipliers from $L^{p,t}
\rightarrow L^{p,s}$ are distinct. Our main interest is the case when
$s Keywords:multipliers, convolution operators, Lorentz spaces, Lorentz-improving multipliers Categories:43A22, 42A45, 46E30 |
116. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 325)
Ext and OrderExt Classes of Certain Automorphisms of $C^*$-Algebras Arising from Cantor Minimal Systems |
Ext and OrderExt Classes of Certain Automorphisms of $C^*$-Algebras Arising from Cantor Minimal Systems Giordano, Putnam and Skau showed that the transformation group
$C^*$-algebra arising from a Cantor minimal system is an $AT$-algebra,
and classified it by its $K$-theory. For approximately inner
automorphisms that preserve $C(X)$, we will determine their classes in
the Ext and OrderExt groups, and introduce a new invariant for the
closure of the topological full group. We will also prove that every
automorphism in the kernel of the homomorphism into the Ext group is
homotopic to an inner automorphism, which extends Kishimoto's result.
Categories:46L40, 46L80, 54H20 |
117. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 355)
$R$-Diagonal Elements and Freeness With Amalgamation The concept of $R$-diagonal element was introduced in \cite{NS2},
and was subsequently found to have applications to several problems
in free probability. In this paper we describe a new approach to
$R$-diagonality, which relies on freeness with amalgamation.
The class of $R$-diagonal elements is enlarged to contain examples
living in non-tracial $*$-probability spaces, such as the
generalized circular elements of \cite{Sh1}.
Category:46L54 |
118. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 161)
Classification of Simple Tracially AF $C^*$-Algebras We prove that pre-classifiable (see 3.1) simple nuclear tracially AF
\CA s (TAF) are classified by their $K$-theory. As a consequence all
simple, locally AH and TAF \CA s are in fact AH algebras (it is known
that there are locally AH algebras that are not AH). We also prove
the following Rationalization Theorem. Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital
separable nuclear simple TAF \CA s with unique normalized traces
satisfying the Universal Coefficient Theorem. If $A$ and $B$ have the
same (ordered and scaled) $K$-theory and $K_0 (A)_+$ is locally
finitely generated, then $A \otimes Q \cong B \otimes Q$, where $Q$ is
the UHF-algebra with the rational $K_0$. Classification results (with
restriction on $K_0$-theory) for the above \CA s are also obtained.
For example, we show that, if $A$ and $B$ are unital nuclear separable
simple TAF \CA s with the unique normalized trace satisfying the UCT
and with $K_1(A) = K_1(B)$, and $A$ and $B$ have the same rational
(scaled ordered) $K_0$, then $A \cong B$. Similar results are also
obtained for some cases in which $K_0$ is non-divisible such as
$K_0(A) = \mathbf{Z} [1/2]$.
Categories:46L05, 46L35 |
119. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 51)
A Continuous Field of Projectionless $C^*$-Algebras We use some results about stable relations to show that some of the
simple, stable, projectionless crossed products of $O_2$ by $\bR$
considered by Kishimoto and Kumjian are inductive limits of type I
$C^*$-algebras. The type I $C^*$-algebras that arise are pullbacks
of finite direct sums of matrix algebras over the continuous
functions on the unit interval by finite dimensional $C^*$-algebras.
Categories:46L35, 46L57 |
120. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1164)
Perforated Ordered $\K_0$-Groups A simple $\C^*$-algebra is constructed for which the Murray-von
Neumann equivalence classes of projections, with the usual
addition---induced by addition of orthogonal projections---form the
additive semi-group
$$
\{0,2,3,\dots\}.
$$
(This is a particularly simple instance of the phenomenon of
perforation of the ordered $\K_0$-group, which has long been known in
the commutative case---for instance, in the case of the
four-sphere---and was recently observed by the second author in the
case of a simple $\C^*$-algebra.)
Categories:46L35, 46L80 |
121. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 999)
Compact Groups of Operators on Subproportional Quotients of $l^m_1$ It is proved that a ``typical'' $n$-dimensional quotient $X_n$ of
$l^m_1$ with $n = m^{\sigma}$, $0 < \sigma < 1$, has the property
$$
\Average \int_G \|Tx\|_{X_n} \,dh_G(T) \geq
\frac{c}{\sqrt{n\log^3 n}} \biggl( n - \int_G |\tr T| \,dh_G (T)
\biggr),
$$
for every compact group $G$ of operators acting on $X_n$, where
$d_G(T)$ stands for the normalized Haar measure on $G$ and the average
is taken over all extreme points of the unit ball of $X_n$. Several
consequences of this estimate are presented.
Categories:46B20, 46B09 |
122. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 920)
Real Interpolation with Logarithmic Functors and Reiteration We present ``reiteration theorems'' with limiting values
$\theta=0$ and $\theta = 1$ for a real interpolation method
involving broken-logarithmic functors. The resulting spaces
lie outside of the original scale of spaces and to describe them
new interpolation functors are introduced. For an ordered couple
of (quasi-) Banach spaces similar results were presented without
proofs by Doktorskii in [D].
Keywords:real interpolation, broken-logarithmic functors, reiteration, weighted inequalities Categories:46B70, 26D10, 46E30 |
123. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 789)
The Dunford-Pettis Property for Symmetric Spaces A complete description of symmetric spaces on a separable measure
space with the Dunford-Pettis property is given. It is shown that
$\ell^1$, $c_0$ and $\ell^{\infty}$ are the only symmetric sequence
spaces with the Dunford-Pettis property, and that in the class of
symmetric spaces on $(0, \alpha)$, $0 < \alpha \leq \infty$, the only
spaces with the Dunford-Pettis property are $L^1$, $L^{\infty}$, $L^1
\cap L^{\infty}$, $L^1 + L^{\infty}$, $(L^{\infty})^\circ$ and $(L^1 +
L^{\infty})^\circ$, where $X^\circ$ denotes the norm closure of $L^1
\cap L^{\infty}$ in $X$. It is also proved that all Banach dual
spaces of $L^1 \cap L^{\infty}$ and $L^1 + L^{\infty}$ have the
Dunford-Pettis property. New examples of Banach spaces showing that
the Dunford-Pettis property is not a three-space property are also
presented. As applications we obtain that the spaces $(L^1 +
L^{\infty})^\circ$ and $(L^{\infty})^\circ$ have a unique symmetric
structure, and we get a characterization of the Dunford-Pettis
property of some K\"othe-Bochner spaces.
Categories:46E30, 46B42 |
124. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 849)
Operator Estimates for Fredholm Modules We study estimates of the type
$$
\Vert \phi(D) - \phi(D_0) \Vert_{\emt} \leq C \cdot \Vert D - D_0
\Vert^{\alpha}, \quad \alpha = \frac12, 1
$$
where $\phi(t) = t(1 + t^2)^{-1/2}$, $D_0 = D_0^*$ is an unbounded
linear operator affiliated with a semifinite von Neumann algebra
$\calM$, $D - D_0$ is a bounded self-adjoint linear operator from
$\calM$ and $(1 + D_0^2)^{-1/2} \in \emt$, where $\emt$ is a symmetric
operator space associated with $\calM$. In particular, we prove that
$\phi(D) - \phi(D_0)$ belongs to the non-commutative $L_p$-space for
some $p \in (1,\infty)$, provided $(1 + D_0^2)^{-1/2}$ belongs to the
non-commutative weak $L_r$-space for some $r \in [1,p)$. In the case
$\calM = \calB (\calH)$ and $1 \leq p \leq 2$, we show that this
result continues to hold under the weaker assumption $(1 +
D_0^2)^{-1/2} \in \calC_p$. This may be regarded as an odd
counterpart of A.~Connes' result for the case of even Fredholm
modules.
Categories:46L50, 46E30, 46L87, 47A55, 58B15 |
125. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 633)
Chern Characters of Fourier Modules Let $A_\theta$ denote the rotation algebra---the universal $C^\ast$-algebra
generated by unitaries $U,V$ satisfying $VU=e^{2\pi i\theta}UV$, where
$\theta$ is a fixed real number. Let $\sigma$ denote the Fourier
automorphism of $A_\theta$ defined by $U\mapsto V$, $V\mapsto U^{-1}$,
and let $B_\theta = A_\theta \rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}/4\mathbb{Z}$ denote
the associated $C^\ast$-crossed product. It is shown that there is a
canonical inclusion $\mathbb{Z}^9 \hookrightarrow K_0(B_\theta)$ for each
$\theta$ given by nine canonical modules. The unbounded trace functionals
of $B_\theta$ (yielding the Chern characters here) are calculated to obtain
the cyclic cohomology group of order zero $\HC^0(B_\theta)$ when
$\theta$ is irrational. The Chern characters of the nine modules---and more
importantly, the Fourier module---are computed and shown to involve techniques
from the theory of Jacobi's theta functions. Also derived are explicit
equations connecting unbounded traces across strong Morita equivalence, which
turn out to be non-commutative extensions of certain theta function equations.
These results provide the basis for showing that for a dense $G_\delta$ set
of values of $\theta$ one has $K_0(B_\theta)\cong\mathbb{Z}^9$ and is
generated by the nine classes constructed here.
Keywords:$C^\ast$-algebras, unbounded traces, Chern characters, irrational rotation algebras, $K$-groups Categories:46L80, 46L40 |