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51. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 961)

Aleman, Alexandru; Duren, Peter; Martín, María J.; Vukotić, Dragan
Multiplicative Isometries and Isometric Zero-Divisors
For some Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disk (weighted Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet-type spaces), the isometric pointwise multipliers are found to be unimodular constants. As a consequence, it is shown that none of those spaces have isometric zero-divisors. Isometric coefficient multipliers are also investigated.

Keywords:Banach spaces of analytic functions, Hardy spaces, Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet space, Dirichlet-type spaces, pointwise multipliers, coefficient multipliers, isometries, isometric zero-divisors
Categories:30H05, 46E15

52. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 845)

Samei, Ebrahim; Spronk, Nico; Stokke, Ross
Biflatness and Pseudo-Amenability of Segal Algebras
We investigate generalized amenability and biflatness properties of various (operator) Segal algebras in both the group algebra, $L^1(G)$, and the Fourier algebra, $A(G)$, of a locally compact group~$G$.

Keywords:Segal algebra, pseudo-amenable Banach algebra, biflat Banach algebra
Categories:43A20, 43A30, 46H25, 46H10, 46H20, 46L07

53. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)

Ouyang, Caiheng; Xu, Quanhua
BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces
This paper studies the relationship between vector-valued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1-|z|)^{q-1}\|\nabla f(z)\|^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\|f(z)-f(z_0)\|^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$-uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1-|z_0|^2}{|1-\bar{z_0}z|^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$-uniformly smooth norm.

Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spaces
Categories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20

54. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 889)

Xia, Jingbo
Singular Integral Operators and Essential Commutativity on the Sphere
Let ${\mathcal T}$ be the $C^\ast $-algebra generated by the Toeplitz operators $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$ on the Hardy space $H^2(S)$ of the unit sphere in $\mathbf{C}^n$. It is well known that ${\mathcal T}$ is contained in the essential commutant of $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in \operatorname{VMO}\cap L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$. We show that the essential commutant of $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in \operatorname{VMO}\cap L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$ is strictly larger than ${\mathcal T}$.

Categories:32A55, 46L05, 47L80

55. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 595)

Martínez, J. F.; Moltó, A.; Orihuela, J.; Troyanski, S.
On Locally Uniformly Rotund Renormings in C(K) Spaces
A characterization of the Banach spaces of type $C(K)$ that admit an equivalent locally uniformly rotund norm is obtained, and a method to apply it to concrete spaces is developed. As an application the existence of such renorming is deduced when $K$ is a Namioka--Phelps compact or for some particular class of Rosenthal compacta, results which were originally proved with \emph{ad hoc} methods.

Categories:46B03, 46B20

56. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 305)

Hua, He; Yunbai, Dong; Xianzhou, Guo
Approximation and Similarity Classification of Stably Finitely Strongly Irreducible Decomposable Operators
Let $\mathcal H$ be a complex separable Hilbert space and ${\mathcal L}({\mathcal H})$ denote the collection of bounded linear operators on ${\mathcal H}$. In this paper, we show that for any operator $A\in{\mathcal L}({\mathcal H})$, there exists a stably finitely (SI) decomposable operator $A_\epsilon$, such that $\|A-A_{\epsilon}\|<\epsilon$ and ${\mathcal{\mathcal A}'(A_{\epsilon})}/\operatorname{rad} {{\mathcal A}'(A_{\epsilon})}$ is commutative, where $\operatorname{rad}{{\mathcal A}'(A_{\epsilon})}$ is the Jacobson radical of ${{\mathcal A}'(A_{\epsilon})}$. Moreover, we give a similarity classification of the stably finitely decomposable operators that generalizes the result on similarity classification of Cowen-Douglas operators given by C. L. Jiang.

Keywords:$K_{0}$-group, strongly irreducible decomposition, Cowen—Douglas operators, commutant algebra, similarity classification
Categories:47A05, 47A55, 46H20

57. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 646)

Rupp, R.; Sasane, A.
Reducibility in AR(K), CR(K), and A(K)
Let $K$ denote a compact real symmetric subset of $\mathbb{C}$ and let $A_{\mathbb R}(K)$ denote the real Banach algebra of all real symmetric continuous functions on $K$ that are analytic in the interior $K^\circ$ of $K$, endowed with the supremum norm. We characterize all unimodular pairs $(f,g)$ in $A_{\mathbb R}(K)^2$ which are reducible. In addition, for an arbitrary compact $K$ in $\mathbb C$, we give a new proof (not relying on Banach algebra theory or elementary stable rank techniques) of the fact that the Bass stable rank of $A(K)$ is $1$. Finally, we also characterize all compact real symmetric sets $K$ such that $A_{\mathbb R}(K)$, respectively $C_{\mathbb R}(K)$, has Bass stable rank $1$.

Keywords:real Banach algebras, Bass stable rank, topological stable rank, reducibility
Categories:46J15, 19B10, 30H05, 93D15

58. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 242)

Azagra, Daniel; Fry, Robb
A Second Order Smooth Variational Principle on Riemannian Manifolds
We establish a second order smooth variational principle valid for functions defined on (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifolds which are uniformly locally convex and have a strictly positive injectivity radius and bounded sectional curvature.

Keywords:smooth variational principle, Riemannian manifold
Categories:58E30, 49J52, 46T05, 47J30, 58B20

59. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1239)

Davidson, Kenneth R.; Yang, Dilian
Periodicity in Rank 2 Graph Algebras
Kumjian and Pask introduced an aperiodicity condition for higher rank graphs. We present a detailed analysis of when this occurs in certain rank 2 graphs. When the algebra is aperiodic, we give another proof of the simplicity of $\mathrm{C}^*(\mathbb{F}^+_{\theta})$. The periodic $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras are characterized, and it is shown that $\mathrm{C}^*(\mathbb{F}^+_{\theta}) \simeq \mathrm{C}(\mathbb{T})\otimes\mathfrak{A}$ where $\mathfrak{A}$ is a simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra.

Keywords:higher rank graph, aperiodicity condition, simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra, expectation
Categories:47L55, 47L30, 47L75, 46L05

60. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1262)

Dong, Z.
On the Local Lifting Properties of Operator Spaces
In this paper, we mainly study operator spaces which have the locally lifting property (LLP). The dual of any ternary ring of operators is shown to satisfy the strongly local reflexivity, and this is used to prove that strongly local reflexivity holds also for operator spaces which have the LLP. Several homological characterizations of the LLP and weak expectation property are given. We also prove that for any operator space $V$, $V^{**}$ has the LLP if and only if $V$ has the LLP and $V^{*}$ is exact.

Keywords:operator space, locally lifting property, strongly locally reflexive

61. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 503)

Baranov, Anton; Woracek, Harald
Subspaces of de~Branges Spaces Generated by Majorants
For a given de~Branges space $\mc H(E)$ we investigate de~Branges subspaces defined in terms of majorants on the real axis. If $\omega$ is a nonnegative function on $\mathbb R$, we consider the subspace \[ \mc R_\omega(E)=\clos_{\mc H(E)} \big\{F\in\mc H(E): \text{ there exists } C>0: |E^{-1} F|\leq C\omega \mbox{ on }{\mathbb R}\big\} . \] We show that $\mc R_\omega(E)$ is a de~Branges subspace and describe all subspaces of this form. Moreover, we give a criterion for the existence of positive minimal majorants.

Keywords:de~Branges subspace, majorant, Beurling-Malliavin Theorem
Categories:46E20, 30D15, 46E22

62. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 282)

Bouya, Brahim
Closed Ideals in Some Algebras of Analytic Functions
We obtain a complete description of closed ideals of the algebra $\cD\cap \cL$, $0<\alpha\leq\frac{1}{2}$, where $\cD$ is the Dirichlet space and $\cL$ is the algebra of analytic functions satisfying the Lipschitz condition of order $\alpha$.

Categories:46E20, 30H05, 47A15

63. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 241)

Azamov, N. A.; Carey, A. L.; Dodds, P. G.; Sukochev, F. A.
Operator Integrals, Spectral Shift, and Spectral Flow
We present a new and simple approach to the theory of multiple operator integrals that applies to unbounded operators affiliated with general \vNa s. For semifinite \vNa s we give applications to the Fr\'echet differentiation of operator functions that sharpen existing results, and establish the Birman--Solomyak representation of the spectral shift function of M.\,G.\,Krein in terms of an average of spectral measures in the type II setting. We also exhibit a surprising connection between the spectral shift function and spectral flow.

Categories:47A56, 47B49, 47A55, 46L51

64. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 124)

Dijkstra, Jan J.; Mill, Jan van
Characterizing Complete Erd\H os Space
The space now known as {\em complete Erd\H os space\/} $\cerdos$ was introduced by Paul Erd\H os in 1940 as the closed subspace of the Hilbert space $\ell^2$ consisting of all vectors such that every coordinate is in the convergent sequence $\{0\}\cup\{1/n:n\in\N\}$. In a solution to a problem posed by Lex G. Oversteegen we present simple and useful topological characterizations of $\cerdos$. As an application we determine the class of factors of $\cerdos$. In another application we determine precisely which of the spaces that can be constructed in the Banach spaces $\ell^p$ according to the `Erd\H os method' are homeomorphic to $\cerdos$. A novel application states that if $I$ is a Polishable $F_\sigma$-ideal on $\omega$, then $I$ with the Polish topology is homeomorphic to either $\Z$, the Cantor set $2^\omega$, $\Z\times2^\omega$, or $\cerdos$. This last result answers a question that was asked by Stevo Todor{\v{c}}evi{\'c}.

Keywords:Complete Erd\H os space, Lelek fan, almost zero-dimensional, nowhere zero-dimensional, Polishable ideals, submeasures on $\omega$, $\R$-trees, line-free groups in Banach spaces
Categories:28C10, 46B20, 54F65

65. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 50)

Chen, Huaihui; Gauthier, Paul
Composition operators on $\mu$-Bloch spaces
Given a positive continuous function $\mu$ on the interval $0
Categories:47B33, 32A70, 46E15

66. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1010)

Galé, José E.; Miana, Pedro J.
$H^\infty$ Functional Calculus and Mikhlin-Type Multiplier Conditions
Let $T$ be a sectorial operator. It is known that the existence of a bounded (suitably scaled) $H^\infty$ calculus for $T$, on every sector containing the positive half-line, is equivalent to the existence of a bounded functional calculus on the Besov algebra $\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha(\R^+)$. Such an algebra includes functions defined by Mikhlin-type conditions and so the Besov calculus can be seen as a result on multipliers for $T$. In this paper, we use fractional derivation to analyse in detail the relationship between $\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha$ and Banach algebras of Mikhlin-type. As a result, we obtain a new version of the quoted equivalence.

Keywords:functional calculus, fractional calculus, Mikhlin multipliers, analytic semigroups, unbounded operators, quasimultipliers
Categories:47A60, 47D03, 46J15, 26A33, 47L60, 47B48, 43A22

67. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1108)

Lopez-Abad, J.; Manoussakis, A.
A Classification of Tsirelson Type Spaces
We give a complete classification of mixed Tsirelson spaces $T[(\mathcal F_i,\theta_i)_{i=1}^{r}]$ for finitely many pairs of given compact and hereditary families $\mathcal F_i$ of finite sets of integers and $0<\theta_i<1$ in terms of the Cantor--Bendixson indices of the families $\mathcal F_i$, and $\theta_i$ ($1\le i\le r$). We prove that there are unique countable ordinal $\alpha$ and $0<\theta<1$ such that every block sequence of $T[(\mathcal F_i,\theta_i)_{i=1}^{r}]$ has a subsequence equivalent to a subsequence of the natural basis of the $T(\mathcal S_{\omega^\alpha},\theta)$. Finally, we give a complete criterion of comparison in between two of these mixed Tsirelson spaces.

Categories:46B20, 05D10

68. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 975)

Boca, Florin P.
An AF Algebra Associated with the Farey Tessellation
We associate with the Farey tessellation of the upper half-plane an AF algebra $\AA$ encoding the ``cutting sequences'' that define vertical geodesics. The Effros--Shen AF algebras arise as quotients of $\AA$. Using the path algebra model for AF algebras we construct, for each $\tau \in \big(0,\frac{1}{4}\big]$, projections $(E_n)$ in $\AA$ such that $E_n E_{n\pm 1}E_n \leq \tau E_n$.

Categories:46L05, 11A55, 11B57, 46L55, 37E05, 82B20

69. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 703)

Toms, Andrew S.; Winter, Wilhelm
$\mathcal{Z}$-Stable ASH Algebras
The Jiang--Su algebra $\mathcal{Z}$ has come to prominence in the classification program for nuclear $C^*$-algebras of late, due primarily to the fact that Elliott's classification conjecture in its strongest form predicts that all simple, separable, and nuclear $C^*$-algebras with unperforated $\mathrm{K}$-theory will absorb $\mathcal{Z}$ tensorially, i.e., will be $\mathcal{Z}$-stable. There exist counterexamples which suggest that the conjecture will only hold for simple, nuclear, separable and $\mathcal{Z}$-stable $C^*$-algebras. We prove that virtually all classes of nuclear $C^*$-algebras for which the Elliott conjecture has been confirmed so far consist of $\mathcal{Z}$-stable $C^*$-algebras. This follows in large part from the following result, also proved herein: separable and approximately divisible $C^*$-algebras are $\mathcal{Z}$-stable.

Keywords:nuclear $C^*$-algebras, K-theory, classification
Categories:46L85, 46L35

70. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 520)

Chen, Chang-Pao; Huang, Hao-Wei; Shen, Chun-Yen
Matrices Whose Norms Are Determined by Their Actions on Decreasing Sequences
Let $A=(a_{j,k})_{j,k \ge 1}$ be a non-negative matrix. In this paper, we characterize those $A$ for which $\|A\|_{E, F}$ are determined by their actions on decreasing sequences, where $E$ and $F$ are suitable normed Riesz spaces of sequences. In particular, our results can apply to the following spaces: $\ell_p$, $d(w,p)$, and $\ell_p(w)$. The results established here generalize ones given by Bennett; Chen, Luor, and Ou; Jameson; and Jameson and Lashkaripour.

Keywords:norms of matrices, normed Riesz spaces, weighted mean matrices, Nörlund mean matrices, summability matrices, matrices with row decreasing
Categories:15A60, 40G05, 47A30, 47B37, 46B42

71. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 189)

Lin, Huaxin
Furstenberg Transformations and Approximate Conjugacy
Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be two Furstenberg transformations on $2$-torus associated with irrational numbers $\theta_1,$ $\theta_2,$ integers $d_1, d_2$ and Lipschitz functions $f_1$ and $f_2$. It is shown that $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are approximately conjugate in a measure theoretical sense if (and only if) $\overline{\theta_1\pm \theta_2}=0$ in $\R/\Z.$ Closely related to the classification of simple amenable \CAs, it is shown that $\af$ and $\bt$ are approximately $K$-conjugate if (and only if) $\overline{\theta_1\pm \theta_2}=0$ in $\R/\Z$ and $|d_1|=|d_2|.$ This is also shown to be equivalent to the condition that the associated crossed product \CAs are isomorphic.

Keywords:Furstenberg transformations, approximate conjugacy
Categories:37A55, 46L35

72. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1135)

Björn, Anders; Björn, Jana; Shanmugalingam, Nageswari
Sobolev Extensions of Hölder Continuous and Characteristic Functions on Metric Spaces
We study when characteristic and H\"older continuous functions are traces of Sobolev functions on doubling metric measure spaces. We provide analytic and geometric conditions sufficient for extending characteristic and H\"older continuous functions into globally defined Sobolev functions.

Keywords:characteristic function, Newtonian function, metric space, resolutivity, Hölder continuous, Perron solution, $p$-harmonic, Sobolev extension, Whitney covering
Categories:46E35, 31C45

73. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 966)

Forrest, Brian E.; Runde, Volker; Spronk, Nico
Operator Amenability of the Fourier Algebra in the $\cb$-Multiplier Norm
Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and let $A_{\cb}(G)$ denote the closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$, in the space of completely bounded multipliers of $A(G)$. If $G$ is a weakly amenable, discrete group such that $\cstar(G)$ is residually finite-dimensional, we show that $A_{\cb}(G)$ is operator amenable. In particular, $A_{\cb}(\free_2)$ is operator amenable even though $\free_2$, the free group in two generators, is not an amenable group. Moreover, we show that if $G$ is a discrete group such that $A_{\cb}(G)$ is operator amenable, a closed ideal of $A(G)$ is weakly completely complemented in $A(G)$ if and only if it has an approximate identity bounded in the $\cb$-multiplier norm.

Keywords:$\cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, operator amenability, weak amenability
Categories:43A22, 43A30, 46H25, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25

74. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1029)

Kalton, N. J.; Koldobsky, A.; Yaskin, V.; Yaskina, M.
The Geometry of $L_0$
Suppose that we have the unit Euclidean ball in $\R^n$ and construct new bodies using three operations --- linear transformations, closure in the radial metric, and multiplicative summation defined by $\|x\|_{K+_0L} = \sqrt{\|x\|_K\|x\|_L}.$ We prove that in dimension $3$ this procedure gives all origin-symmetric convex bodies, while this is no longer true in dimensions $4$ and higher. We introduce the concept of embedding of a normed space in $L_0$ that naturally extends the corresponding properties of $L_p$-spaces with $p\ne0$, and show that the procedure described above gives exactly the unit balls of subspaces of $L_0$ in every dimension. We provide Fourier analytic and geometric characterizations of spaces embedding in $L_0$, and prove several facts confirming the place of $L_0$ in the scale of $L_p$-spaces.

Categories:52A20, 52A21, 46B20

75. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 897)

Bruneau, Laurent
The Ground State Problem for a Quantum Hamiltonian Model Describing Friction
In this paper, we consider the quantum version of a Hamiltonian model describing friction. This model consists of a particle which interacts with a bosonic reservoir representing a homogeneous medium through which the particle moves. We show that if the particle is confined, then the Hamiltonian admits a ground state if and only if a suitable infrared condition is satisfied. The latter is violated in the case of linear friction, but satisfied when the friction force is proportional to a higher power of the particle speed.

Categories:81Q10, 46N50
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