Expand all Collapse all | Results 26 - 50 of 144 |
26. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 485)
Filters in C*-Algebras In this paper we analyze states on C*-algebras and
their relationship to filter-like structures of projections and
positive elements in the unit ball. After developing the basic theory
we use this to investigate the Kadison-Singer conjecture, proving its
equivalence to an apparently quite weak paving conjecture and the
existence of unique maximal centred extensions of projections coming
from ultrafilters on the natural numbers. We then prove that Reid's
positive answer to this for q-points in fact also holds for rapid
p-points, and that maximal centred filters are obtained in this case.
We then show that consistently such maximal centred filters do not
exist at all meaning that, for every pure state on the Calkin algebra,
there exists a pair of projections on which the state is 1, even
though the state is bounded strictly below 1 for projections below
this pair. Lastly we investigate towers, using cardinal invariant
equalities to construct towers on the natural numbers that do and do
not remain towers when canonically embedded into the Calkin algebra.
Finally we show that consistently all towers on the natural numbers
remain towers under this embedding.
Keywords:C*-algebras, states, Kadinson-Singer conjecture, ultrafilters, towers Categories:46L03, 03E35 |
27. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 755)
Homotopy Classification of Projections in the Corona Algebra of a Non-simple $C^*$-algebra We study projections in the corona algebra of $C(X)\otimes K$, where K
is the $C^*$-algebra of compact operators on a separable infinite
dimensional Hilbert space and $X=[0,1],[0,\infty),(-\infty,\infty)$,
or $[0,1]/\{ 0,1 \}$. Using BDF's essential codimension, we determine
conditions for a projection in the corona algebra to be liftable to a
projection in the multiplier algebra. We also determine the
conditions for two projections to be equal in $K_0$, Murray-von
Neumann equivalent, unitarily equivalent, or homotopic. In light of
these characterizations, we construct examples showing that the
equivalence notions above are all distinct.
Keywords:essential codimension, continuous field of Hilbert spaces, Corona algebra Categories:46L05, 46L80 |
28. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 705)
Pure Infiniteness of the Crossed Product of an AH-Algebra by an Endomorphism It is shown that simplicity of the crossed product of
a unital AH-algebra with slow dimension growth by an endomorphism
implies that the algebra is also purely infinite, provided only that
the endomorphism leaves no trace state invariant and takes the unit
to a full projection.
Keywords:purely infinite $C^*$-algebras, crossed products Category:46-xx |
29. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 544)
On the Simple Inductive Limits of Splitting Interval Algebras with Dimension Drops A K-theoretic classification is given of the simple inductive limits
of finite direct sums of the
type I $C^*$-algebras known as splitting interval algebras with
dimension drops. (These are the subhomogeneous $C^*$-algebras, each
having spectrum a finite union
of points and an open interval, and torsion $\textrm{K}_1$-group.)
Categories:46L05, 46L35 |
30. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 805)
Quantum Random Walks and Minors of Hermitian Brownian Motion Considering quantum random walks, we construct discrete-time
approximations of the eigenvalues processes of minors of Hermitian
Brownian motion. It has been recently proved by Adler, Nordenstam, and
van Moerbeke that the process of eigenvalues of
two consecutive minors of a Hermitian Brownian motion is a Markov
process; whereas, if one considers more than two consecutive minors,
the Markov property fails. We show that there are analog results in
the noncommutative counterpart and establish the Markov property of
eigenvalues of some particular submatrices of Hermitian Brownian
motion.
Keywords:quantum random walk, quantum Markov chain, generalized casimir operators, Hermitian Brownian motion, diffusions, random matrices, minor process Categories:46L53, 60B20, 14L24 |
31. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1161)
Transfer of Fourier Multipliers into Schur Multipliers and Sumsets in a Discrete Group We inspect the relationship between relative Fourier
multipliers on noncommutative Lebesgue-Orlicz spaces of a discrete
group $\varGamma$ and relative Toeplitz-Schur multipliers on
Schatten-von-Neumann-Orlicz classes. Four applications are given:
lacunary sets, unconditional Schauder bases for the subspace of a
Lebesgue space determined by a given spectrum $\varLambda\subseteq\varGamma$, the
norm of the Hilbert transform and the Riesz projection on
Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent a power of 2, and the norm of
Toeplitz Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with
exponent less than 1.
Keywords:Fourier multiplier, Toeplitz Schur multiplier, lacunary set, unconditional approximation property, Hilbert transform, Riesz projection Categories:47B49, 43A22, 43A46, 46B28 |
32. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 573)
Fundamental Group of Simple $C^*$-algebras with Unique Trace III We introduce the fundamental group ${\mathcal F}(A)$ of
a simple $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ with unique (up to scalar multiple)
densely defined lower semicontinuous trace.
This is a generalization of ``Fundamental Group of Simple
$C^*$-algebras with Unique Trace I and II'' by Nawata and Watatani.
Our definition in this paper makes sense for stably projectionless $C^*$-algebras.
We show that there exist separable stably projectionless $C^*$-algebras such that
their fundamental groups are equal to $\mathbb{R}_+^\times$
by using the classification theorem of Razak and Tsang.
This is a contrast to the unital case in Nawata and Watatani.
This study is motivated by the work of Kishimoto and Kumjian.
Keywords:fundamental group, Picard group, Hilbert module, countable basis, stably projectionless algebra, dimension function Categories:46L05, 46L08, 46L35 |
33. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 455)
On Cardinal Invariants and Generators for von Neumann Algebras We demonstrate how most common cardinal invariants associated with a von
Neumann algebra $\mathcal M$ can be computed from the decomposability number,
$\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M)$, and the minimal cardinality of a generating
set, $\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)$.
Applications include the equivalence of the well-known generator
problem, ``Is every separably-acting von Neumann algebra
singly-generated?", with the formally stronger questions, ``Is every
countably-generated von Neumann algebra singly-generated?" and ``Is
the $\operatorname{gen}$ invariant monotone?" Modulo the generator problem, we
determine the range of the invariant $\bigl( \operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M),
\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \bigr)$,
which is mostly governed by the inequality $\operatorname{dens}(\mathcal M) \leq
\mathfrak C^{\operatorname{gen}(\mathcal M)}$.
Keywords:von Neumann algebra, cardinal invariant, generator problem, decomposability number, representation density Category:46L10 |
34. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 798)
Representing Multipliers of the Fourier Algebra on Non-Commutative $L^p$ Spaces We show that the multiplier algebra of the Fourier algebra on a
locally compact group $G$ can be isometrically represented on a direct
sum on non-commutative $L^p$ spaces associated with the right von
Neumann algebra of $G$. The resulting image is the idealiser of the
image of the Fourier algebra. If these spaces are given their
canonical operator space structure, then we get a completely isometric
representation of the completely bounded multiplier algebra. We make
a careful study of the non-commutative $L^p$ spaces we construct and
show that they are completely isometric to those considered recently
by Forrest, Lee, and Samei. We improve a result of theirs about module
homomorphisms. We suggest a definition of a Figa-Talamanca-Herz
algebra built out of these non-commutative $L^p$ spaces, say
$A_p(\widehat G)$. It is shown that $A_2(\widehat G)$ is isometric to
$L^1(G)$, generalising the abelian situation.
Keywords:multiplier, Fourier algebra, non-commutative $L^p$ space, complex interpolation Categories:43A22, 43A30, 46L51, 22D25, 42B15, 46L07, 46L52 |
35. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1188)
On Complemented Subspaces of Non-Archimedean Power Series Spaces The non-archimedean power series spaces, $A_1(a)$ and $A_\infty(b)$, are the
best known and most important examples of non-archimedean nuclear FrÃ©chet spaces.
We prove that the range of every continuous linear map from $A_p(a)$ to $A_q(b)$
has a Schauder basis if either $p=1$ or $p=\infty$ and the set $M_{b,a}$ of all
bounded limit points of the double sequence
$(b_i/a_j)_{i,j\in\mathbb{N}}$ is bounded. It
follows that every complemented subspace of a power series space $A_p(a)$ has a
Schauder basis if either $p=1$ or $p=\infty$ and the set $M_{a,a}$ is bounded.
Keywords:non-archimedean KÃ¶the space, range of a continuous linear map, Schauder basis Categories:46S10, 47S10, 46A35 |
36. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 551)
Topological Free Entropy Dimensions in Nuclear C$^*$-algebras and in Full Free Products of Unital C$^*$-algebras |
Topological Free Entropy Dimensions in Nuclear C$^*$-algebras and in Full Free Products of Unital C$^*$-algebras In the paper, we introduce a new concept,
topological orbit dimension of an $n$-tuple of elements in a unital
C$^{\ast}$-algebra. Using this concept, we conclude that Voiculescu's
topological free
entropy dimension of every finite family of self-adjoint generators of a
nuclear C$^{\ast}$-algebra is less than or equal to $1$. We also show that the
Voiculescu's topological free entropy dimension is additive in the full free
product of some unital C$^{\ast}$-algebras. We show that the unital full free
product of Blackadar and Kirchberg's unital MF
algebras is also an MF algebra. As an application, we obtain that
$\mathop{\textrm{Ext}}(C_{r}^{\ast}(F_{2})\ast_{\mathbb{C}}C_{r}^{\ast}(F_{2}))$ is not a group.
Keywords: topological free entropy dimension, unital C$^{*}$-algebra Categories:46L10, 46L54 |
37. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 460)
Monotonically Controlled Mappings We study classes of mappings between finite and infinite dimensional
Banach spaces that are monotone and mappings which are differences
of monotone mappings (DM). We prove a RadÃ³-Reichelderfer estimate
for monotone mappings in finite dimensional spaces that remains
valid for DM mappings. This provides an alternative proof of the
FrÃ©chet differentiability a.e. of DM mappings. We establish a
Morrey-type estimate for the distributional derivative of monotone
mappings. We prove that a locally DM mapping between finite
dimensional spaces is also globally DM. We introduce and study a new
class of the so-called UDM mappings between Banach spaces, which
generalizes the concept of curves of finite variation.
Keywords: monotone mapping, DM mapping, RadÃ³-Reichelderfer property, UDM mapping, differentiability Categories:26B05, 46G05 |
38. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 381)
A Complete Classification of AI Algebras with the Ideal Property Let $A$ be an AI algebra; that is, $A$ is the $\mbox{C}^{*}$-algebra inductive limit
of a sequence
$$
A_{1}\stackrel{\phi_{1,2}}{\longrightarrow}A_{2}\stackrel{\phi_{2,3}}{\longrightarrow}A_{3}
\longrightarrow\cdots\longrightarrow A_{n}\longrightarrow\cdots,
$$
where
$A_{n}=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{k_n}M_{[n,i]}(C(X^{i}_n))$,
$X^{i}_n$ are $[0,1]$, $k_n$, and
$[n,i]$ are positive integers.
Suppose that $A$ has the
ideal property: each closed two-sided ideal of $A$ is generated by
the projections inside the ideal, as a closed two-sided ideal.
In this article, we give a complete classification of AI algebras with the ideal property.
Keywords:AI algebras, K-group, tracial state, ideal property, classification Categories:46L35, 19K14, 46L05, 46L08 |
39. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 500)
One-Parameter Continuous Fields of Kirchberg Algebras. II Parallel to the first two authors' earlier classification of separable, unita
one-parameter, continuous fields of Kirchberg algebras with torsion free
$\mathrm{K}$-groups supported in one dimension, one-parameter, separable, uni
continuous fields of AF-algebras are classified by their ordered
$\mathrm{K}_0$-sheaves. Effros-Handelman-Shen type theorems are pr separable
unital one-parameter continuous fields of AF-algebras and Kirchberg algebras.
Keywords:continuous fields of C$^*$-algebras, $\mathrm{K}_0$-presheaves, Effros--Handeen type theorem Category:46L35 |
40. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 436)
Simplicial Complexes and Open Subsets of Non-Separable LF-Spaces
Let $F$ be a non-separable LF-space homeomorphic to
the direct sum $\sum_{n\in\mathbb{N}} \ell_2(\tau_n)$,
where $\aleph_0 < \tau_1 < \tau_2 < \cdots$.
It is proved that
every open subset $U$ of $F$ is homeomorphic to the product $|K| \times F$
for some locally finite-dimensional simplicial complex $K$ such that
every vertex $v \in K^{(0)}$ has the star $\operatorname{St}(v,K)$
with $\operatorname{card} \operatorname{St}(v,K)^{(0)} < \tau = \sup\tau_n$
(and $\operatorname{card} K^{(0)} \le \tau$),
and, conversely, if $K$ is such a simplicial complex,
then the product $|K| \times F$ can be embedded in $F$ as an open set,
where $|K|$ is the polyhedron of $K$ with the metric topology.
Keywords:LF-space, open set, simplicial complex, metric topology, locally finite-dimensional, star, small box product, ANR, $\ell_2(\tau)$, $\ell_2(\tau)$-manifold, open embedding, $\sum_{i\in\mathbb{N}}\ell_2(\tau_i)$ Categories:57N20, 46A13, 46T05, 57N17, 57Q05, 57Q40 |
41. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 123)
Strong and Extremely Strong Ditkin sets for the Banach Algebras $A_p^r(G)=A_p\cap L^r(G)$
Let $A_p(G)$ be the Figa-Talamanca,
Herz Banach Algebra on $G$; thus $A_2(G)$
is the Fourier algebra. Strong Ditkin (SD) and
Extremely Strong Ditkin (ESD) sets for the Banach algebras
$A_p^r(G)$ are investigated for abelian and nonabelian
locally compact groups $G$. It is shown that SD and ESD sets
for $A_p(G)$ remain SD and ESD sets for $A_p^r(G)$,
with strict inclusion for ESD sets. The case for the strict
inclusion of SD sets is left open.
A result on the weak sequential completeness of $A_2(F)$
for ESD sets $F$ is proved and used to show that Varopoulos,
Helson, and Sidon sets are not ESD sets for $A_2(G)$, yet they
are such for $A_2^r(G)$ for discrete groups $G$, for
any $1\le r\le 2$.
A result is given on the equivalence of the sequential and the net
definitions of SD or ESD sets for $\sigma$-compact groups.
The above results are new even if $G$ is abelian.
Keywords:Fourier algebra, Figa-Talamanca-Herz algebra, locally compact group, Ditkin sets, Helson sets, Sidon sets, weak sequential completeness Categories:43A15, 43A10, 46J10, 43A45 |
42. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 222)
Limit Theorems for Additive Conditionally Free Convolution
In this paper we determine the limiting distributional behavior for
sums of infinitesimal conditionally free random variables. We show that the weak
convergence of classical convolution and that of conditionally free convolution
are equivalent for measures in an infinitesimal triangular array,
where the measures may have unbounded support. Moreover, we use these
limit theorems to study the conditionally free infinite divisibility. These results
are obtained by complex analytic methods without reference to the
combinatorics of c-free convolution.
Keywords:additive c-free convolution, limit theorems, infinitesimal arrays Categories:46L53, 60F05 |
43. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 3)
Free Bessel Laws
We introduce and study a remarkable family of real probability
measures $\pi_{st}$ that we call free Bessel laws. These are related
to the free Poisson law $\pi$ via the formulae
$\pi_{s1}=\pi^{\boxtimes s}$ and ${\pi_{1t}=\pi^{\boxplus t}}$. Our
study includes definition and basic properties, analytic aspects
(supports, atoms, densities), combinatorial aspects (functional
transforms, moments, partitions), and a discussion of the relation
with random matrices and quantum groups.
Keywords:Poisson law, Bessel function, Wishart matrix, quantum group Categories:46L54, 15A52, 16W30 |
44. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 961)
Multiplicative Isometries and Isometric Zero-Divisors
For some Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disk
(weighted Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet-type spaces), the
isometric pointwise multipliers are found to be unimodular constants.
As a consequence, it is shown that none of those spaces have isometric
zero-divisors. Isometric coefficient multipliers are also
investigated.
Keywords:Banach spaces of analytic functions, Hardy spaces, Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet space, Dirichlet-type spaces, pointwise multipliers, coefficient multipliers, isometries, isometric zero-divisors Categories:30H05, 46E15 |
45. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)
BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces This paper studies the relationship between vector-valued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1-|z|)^{q-1}\|\nabla f(z)\|^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\|f(z)-f(z_0)\|^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$-uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1-|z_0|^2}{|1-\bar{z_0}z|^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$-uniformly smooth norm.
Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spaces Categories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20 |
46. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 845)
Biflatness and Pseudo-Amenability of Segal Algebras We investigate generalized amenability and biflatness properties of various (operator) Segal algebras in both the group algebra, $L^1(G)$, and the Fourier algebra, $A(G)$, of a locally compact group~$G$.
Keywords:Segal algebra, pseudo-amenable Banach algebra, biflat Banach algebra Categories:43A20, 43A30, 46H25, 46H10, 46H20, 46L07 |
47. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 595)
On Locally Uniformly Rotund Renormings in C(K) Spaces A characterization of the Banach spaces of type $C(K)$ that admit an equivalent locally uniformly rotund norm is obtained, and a method to apply it to concrete spaces is developed. As an application the existence of such renorming is deduced when $K$ is a Namioka--Phelps compact or for some particular class of Rosenthal compacta, results which were originally proved with \emph{ad hoc} methods.
Categories:46B03, 46B20 |
48. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 889)
Singular Integral Operators and Essential Commutativity on the Sphere Let ${\mathcal T}$ be the $C^\ast $-algebra generated by the Toeplitz operators $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$ on the Hardy space $H^2(S)$ of the unit sphere in $\mathbf{C}^n$. It is well known that ${\mathcal T}$ is contained in the essential commutant of $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in \operatorname{VMO}\cap L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$. We show that the essential commutant of $\{T_\varphi : \varphi \in \operatorname{VMO}\cap L^\infty (S,d\sigma )\}$ is strictly larger than ${\mathcal T}$.
Categories:32A55, 46L05, 47L80 |
49. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 646)
Reducibility in A_{R}(K), C_{R}(K), and A(K) Let $K$ denote a compact real symmetric subset of $\mathbb{C}$ and let
$A_{\mathbb R}(K)$ denote the real Banach algebra of all real
symmetric continuous functions on $K$ that are analytic in the
interior $K^\circ$ of $K$, endowed with the supremum norm. We
characterize all unimodular pairs $(f,g)$ in $A_{\mathbb R}(K)^2$
which are reducible.
In addition, for an arbitrary compact $K$ in $\mathbb C$, we give a
new proof (not relying on Banach algebra theory or elementary stable
rank techniques) of the fact that the Bass stable rank of $A(K)$ is
$1$.
Finally, we also characterize all compact real symmetric sets $K$ such
that $A_{\mathbb R}(K)$, respectively $C_{\mathbb R}(K)$, has Bass
stable rank $1$.
Keywords:real Banach algebras, Bass stable rank, topological stable rank, reducibility Categories:46J15, 19B10, 30H05, 93D15 |
50. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 242)
A Second Order Smooth Variational Principle on Riemannian Manifolds We establish a second order smooth variational principle valid for functions defined on (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifolds which are uniformly locally convex and have a strictly positive injectivity radius and bounded sectional curvature.
Keywords:smooth variational principle, Riemannian manifold Categories:58E30, 49J52, 46T05, 47J30, 58B20 |